1854 – 1875

The second of the name

 

On a field of blue, riding in water barry wavy. White and Blue, a mounted Cossack proper

 

 

The Chronology and Log of HMS COSSACK

 

1854 – 1875

 

The Second of the name

[as known at April 2019]

Editorial Notes

Times follow the 24 hour clock to make it easier to understand when things happened during the day.

Unless otherwise stated position by latitude and longitude is for noon and by the observed and not dead reckoning.

For full details of activities between 9 December 1868 and 19 September 1870 see the  journals of Midshipman C.S Nedham (later promoted to Acting Lt). these are held by the RN Museum at Portsmouth.

Some of the detail in the handwritten log are difficult to read and the  names of some of the places have now changed  or do not exist.

Background

Ordered by Russia for the Black Sea Fleet in December 1852 for the cost of 290,000 silver roubles

Work had begun by September 1853.

When relations between Britain and Russia deteriorated Russia, fearing possible confiscation of the vessels, sold the vessels to the Hamburg trading house of Henry Mersk & Co. 

VITYAZ (Knight) and VOYN (Warrior) were being built by W & H Pitcher, Northfleet when they were seized on 5 April 1854, following the outbreak of war, for the Royal Navy who also requisitioned the machinery building by Maudslay Son and Field.

Note: the transliteration of the Russian names is “Continental style” i.e. with the W and J being pronounced as V and I (or Y)

Original contract price to the Russians for the WITJAS (COSSACK) was £46,198 (including £16,750 for machinery) The Admiralty  then paid £9,591 to the contractors to complete the contract (including £4,187  for machinery) plus £751 for tonnage in excess of specification , and £2,206 for modification for HM Service

(VOYN became TARTAR.)

COSSACK CLASS – First Class corvettes of 20 guns.

HMS COSSACK

Dimensions and tonnage – 195ft, 172ft 1 ¾ inches x 38ft 6 inches overall. (38 feet for tonnage) x 22ft 3 inches.

Light draught – 17ft 7inches (Forward).  17ft 8 inches (Aft) 1,322 60/94 bm.

1,965 Displacement.

Crew   270

Guns    18 x 8 inch (60cwt/8ft 10 inches) MLSB – on broadside trucks

            2 x 68 pounders (98cwt/10ft) on pivot mountings

Machinery 2 cylinder (55inch diameter, 2 ¼ ft stroke) horizontal single expansion.

            Single screw. 25onhp (870ihp = 9.055 knots) (250 horsepower)      

15 May 1854 Launched

 

 

 

The above is for illustration purposes only to assist the reader in knowing where the various sails were on the Cossack

28 July 1854              Commissioned (Partial fitting by builders) then at Chatham from 10 October 1854 for sea. Cost of fitting at Chatham £8,611

Total cost of build £57, 730

19 August 1854            Fully commissioned under Captain Edward Gennys Fanshaw for the Baltic during the Russian War

1855                            In the Baltic during the early and middle part of the year,

28 March 1855           Left the Downs on 28 March 1855.

 12 May 1855              Along with other vessels she is employed reconnoitring Sweaborg.

26 May 1855               ESK and COSSACK went to Hango Head and destroyed some
small Russian vessels. The fleet then went off to explore various options ie coastal towns or facilities to attack.

5 June 1855                COSSACK was sent back to Hango Head to land prisoners captured during the previous visit and others taken elsewhere. What followed appears to have been a bit of catastrophe as Captain Fanshawe, the Commanding Officer of the Cossack, appears not to have followed the correct procedure for sending a landing party ashore under a flag of truce which resulted in seven men in the party being killed and the others, some of whom were wounded, being taken prisoner by Russian troops, who claimed they didn’t see the flag of truce (A History from the Earliest Times to the Death of Queen Victoria by Sir Wm. L Clowes: pages 480-482 refer). “For this dastardly act, in which six of our seamen were killed, four wounded and the remainder taken prisoner, the admiral could obtain no satisfaction. Captain H.R. Yelverton of the ARROGAN (46 guns) therefore was sent with the MAGICIENNE (21 guns) and the gunboat RUBY to take vengeance where he could on the coast of Finland.(The British Navy by Earnest Protheroe : page 460) ( Note the difference in the number killed)

21 July 1855               After much “to-ing and fro-ing” by the Anglo/French fleet, COSSACK is again involved in action with other ships against some shore batteries at Frederickshamn, on the Finland (sic) Coast where some damage was caused to the enemy and their installations with little damage being caused to the attacking ships, despite several direct hits.

26 July 1855               The Island of Kotka was attacked, but the garrison had already departed: barracks, stores and magazines etc were destroyed and the squadron left, leaving COSSACK in charge of the Island.

9 – 11 August 1855      COSSACK appears back with the Fleet in time to join in the attack on Sweaborg on, which appears to have caused much damage, but achieved little in military terms. With the prospect of winter approaching further activity in the area appears to have been aborted

21 August 1855           Under Captain James Horsford Cockburn in the Baltic.

January 1856             Devonport

April 1856                   Particular Service

July 1856                    To North America and West Indies. Chiefly at Greytown, Nicaragua

23 Apr 1856,               Present at Fleet Review, at Spithead, to celebrate the end of the war (Captain Cockburn).

15 July 1857               Paid off

September 1857          At Sheerness

1859                            Refitted for sea at Sheerness (£12,075)

16 June 1859               Captain Richard Moorman for North America and the West Indies then to China.

1860                            COSSACK was serving on the North America and West
Indies

Extracts from the Times newspaper
Date Extract
We 9 January 1861 The Edgar, 91, screw, Capt. James Katon, flagship of Rear-Admiral J.E. Erskine, left Portsmouth harbour yesterday morning, and took up a berth to the eastward of the ships at Spithead. The ships now anchored at Spithead, in addition to the Edgar, comprise the Algiers, 91, screw, Capt. G.D. O’Callaghan; the Trafalgar, 91, screw, Capt. Fanshawe; the Immortalité, 51, screw, Capt. G. Hancock; the Diadem, 32, screw, Capt. G. Cockburn; the Cossack, 20, screw, Capt. R. Moorman; the Desperate, 7, screw, Commander Ross; and the Triton, 3, paddle, Lieut-Commander R. Burton; the whole representing a force of 477 guns, and 4,410-horse power, nominal..,

March 1861                   Portsmouth

Sunday 7 April 1861   Portsmouth Harbour (Census)

June 1861                      Cape of Good Hope Station.

22 August 1862           Paid off at Sheerness

September 1862          Sheerness

19 May 1863               Re-commissioned under Captain William Rae Rolland for the Mediterranean

June 1863                    Mediterranean Station

26 May 1865               Under Captain Richard Dunning White in the Mediterranean

 

23 February 1867       Paid off at Sheerness

April 1867                   Sheerness

9 – 15 December 1868 Sheerness Harbour under Captain John Edward Parish checking masts and running gear.

16 -19 December 1868 Sheerness Harbour.  Cleaning holds, receiving stores and ordnance.

20 December 1868      Sheerness Harbour. Ship’s company to church

21-24 December 1868 Sheerness Harbour. Continued to provision ship

25 December 1868      Sheerness Harbour – Christmas Day.

26 – 28 December 1868 Sheerness Harbour. Preparing ship

29 December 1868.     Sheerness Harbour.  Warped into dry dock.

30 December 1868      Sheerness Harbour. Raised screw. Scrubbed ship’s bottom. Drew and fitted sails.

31 December 1868.     Sheerness Harbour. Ship undocked and taken into the stream.

1 January 1869           Sheerness Harbour. Checking Chronometer

2 January 1869           Sheerness Harbour. Swinging ship to adjust compass. Squared yards and cleaned decks.  (See compass deviation table on next page.)

3 January 1869           Sheerness Harbour. Mustered by Divisions. Slipped port bridle and veered 2 ½ shackles.

4 January 1869           Sheerness Harbour. Weighed port anchor. Sent Port Watch to dockyard to draw sails. Bent on jib, spanker, top gallant and Royals.

5 January 1869.          Sheerness Harbour. Working party to yard to draws stores. Bent on trysail

6 January 1869           Sheerness harbour. Ship inspected by Captain Hall with ship at General and Fire Quarters.

7 January 1869           Sheerness. Up steam. On mast and sail covers. 0930 slipped moorings and proceeded out of harbour 1200 Secured to moorings.

8 January 1869           Sheerness Starboard Watch drawing stores from dockyard. Received firewood. Received a diving apparatus. Preparing for sea.

9 January 1869           Sheerness. 0800 Steam up. 1100 Slipped mooring under steam with pilot. Wind force 2. 1240 passed East Oaze buoy. 1700 Came to off Dover. 2300 anchored .

10 January 1869         Dover. 0750 Weighed anchor and proceeded westward. 0845 Set fore and aft sail.  Passed Dungeness and set foresail. 1400 set Top sails. 2020 passed St Catherine’s Ligh.t Midnight. Portland Light

11 January 1869         0745. Shortened and furled sails. 0930. Fired a 17 gun salute which was returned by a 7 gun salute by the ROYAL ADELAIDE. 1000. Anchored in Plymouth Sound

12 January 1869         Plymouth Sound. Coaling from lighter.

13 January 1869.        Plymouth Sound. Officers attended a Court Marshal onboard the ROYAL ADELAIDE.

14 January 1869         Plymouth Sound. Took on 27 tons of water. Wind WSW Force 4-7. Barometer 29.65

15-16 January 1869    Plymouth Sound. Working with Top gallant masts.

17 January 1869.        Plymouth Sound. 1000 lit fires. 1110. Shortened cable. 1130. Weighed and proceeded under steam bound for Madeira.  2130. Lost light of the Lizard.

18 January 1869         Latitude 48.20 N 7.05 W.

19 January 1869         Latitude 46.20 North 9.26 West. Set fore and aft sails followed by Staysail.  Laid down chain cable. Served out soap and tobacco.  Under steam.

20 January 1869         Latitude   44.16 N Longitude 11.47 W.  Light airs. 0420 In fore and aft sails. Blacksmith making patent iron nippers. Watches making rope stoppers, sennet and mats. Steaming.

21 January 1869         Latitude 42.14 N 12.45 W.  Wind SW Force 4. Set sails and stopped steaming. Make and mend clothing.

22 January 1869         Latitude 40.04 N Longitude 13.37 W. Carpenter making shot racks. Sailmaker making arm covers. [the end of the yards] Clothes line rigged.

23 January 1869         Latitude 38.51N Longitude 15.39W. Wind WSW. Force 1 rising to 5. Barometer 30.26 inches. Set Spanker and top Staysail. One hour later took in Royals and Flying Jib.

24 January 1869         Latitude 36.18N. Longtitude15.03 W. Wind Force 4/5. Slung clean hammocks. Under sail at Midnight on the Starboard tack.

25 January 1869         Latitude 35.06N Longitude 15.31W. Lit fire in one boiler for condensing. 1715 Scrubbed hammocks.

26 January 1869         Latitude 33.24N 14.43W. Wind 4/5 easing to 2. After Quarter at gun drill. 1330. Tacked and set Top gallant. Clean hammocks inspected. Stars obscured.

27 January 1869         Latitude 33.00N Longitude 15.02W. Wind WSW. Course SSW changing to NW. A division of the watch at gun drill. PM. Missed stays and filled sails 20 minutes later and tacked. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Carpenter altered boats oars.

28 January 1869         Latitude 33.36N Longitude 16.15W. Wind Force 3 increasing to 8. Course NNW. 0745. Top gallants taken in and Top Sails reefed. Down Royals. As wind eased to Force 3 at midnight sails reset.

29 January 1869          Latitude 33.21N Longitude 16.21 W. Course SSW to South. 0830 sighted land off the Starboard bow.  1800 commenced steaming.

30 January 1869          Latitude 32.58N Longitude 16.49W. Wind Force 5/6 increasing 9 to 11 at noon.  1500 Wind calm increasing to force 11 at midnight. Sails altered accordingly.

31 January 1869          Madeira in sight at 0400. Commenced steaming with fore Trysail set. Latitude by Sirius 32.42 N.

1 February 1869          Anchored in Funchal Bay. Saluted Portuguese Fort with 21 guns which was returned. British Consul came aboard and was saluted with 7 guns.

2 February 1869         At Anchor off Funchal. Setting up lower rigging. Carpenter altering netting. Sailmaker fitting boat awnings.

3 February 1869         At anchor. Coaling – 131 tons. Cleaned ship.

4 February 1869         At anchor.3 ½ tons of water taken onboard. Make and mending of clothes.

5 February 1869         At anchor. Pointed yards to wind. Watch making mats.

6 February 1869         At anchor. Shortened in cable and squared yards. Hoisted in bullocks. Furled sails. 

7 February 1869         Sent diver down to reeve reeving lines of screw purchase.. Divine service.

8 February 1869         Ship received some deal planks. Carpenter altered hammock netting. Prepared for sea. 1830. weighed anchor. 1940. Pointed yards to wind, set fore and aft sails save for Trysails.

9 February 1869         Course SW ¼ S. Wind force 3. Rigged sails and hoisted screw up. Latitude 30.30N Longitude 17.56W.  2200 Lost by accident log lines number

10 February 1869       Latitude 27.32N Longitude 18.59W.  At daylight land on the port quarter. First guns crew at rifle drill.

11 February 1869       Latitude 24.10N Longitude 19.18W.Course SSW. Wind Force 4/5 SSE. Cleaned canvas coaling shoes. Make and mend. Served out slops. Cape Blanco bearing S31E 237 miles.

12 February 1869       Latitude 20.51N Longitude 19.35W. Course SW ¼ W Wind Force 3/5 Easterly. Late pm exercised making and shortening sail. Latitude by Proycyon 19.45 N

13 February 1869       Latitude 17.41N Longitude 19.41W. On course from Madeira to Sierra Leone. 0630.  Dried bedding and cleaned ship. 1700. Served out clean hammocks.

14 February 1869       Latitude 15.04 N Longitude 19.35W. Course S by W ¼ W. Wind Force 2/3. Performed Divine Service.

15 February 1869       Latitude 12.45N Longitude 19.00W. Wind Force 3. 0630. Took reef in Top sail. Carpenter making lockers for forward. PM. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. 1650. Reefed Topsail. Sierra Leone bearing S52E 423 miles.

16 February 1869       Latitude 11.37N Longitude 18.14W. Course SSE with light winds from the East. 0210. Up courses. 0645. Shook out reefs and set Royals. Sierra Leone bearing S57E 341 miles. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. Inspection of cleaned hammocks. Scrubbed and marked clothing. 2145. Braced round. 2330. At general quarters and fired one gun with blank cartridge.

17 February 1869. Latitude 11.03N Longitude 17.46W. Course SSE. Light Northerly wind. Sierra Leone bearing  S60E 304 miles. 0645. Punished Michael Wade with 21 cuts of the birch. 0915. Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at target. 1100. Set and trimmed Foresail. PM. Carpenter and blacksmith altered port quarter nettings. 1750. Quarters. Shortened sail to single reefed Topsail.

18 February 1869. Latitude 10.27N. Longitude 17.18W.  Course SSE Wind light airs from NW changing to south westerly. Sierra Leone bearing S64E 264 miles. 0315. Set Top gallant and courses. 0440. Squared yards. Up mainsail.0600 Out refs of Topsails. Set Royals. 0900. Quarters. Marines at rifle drill. Magazine men at drill. Hammock lost overboard by accident.  1315 Trimmed and set mainsail. Making and mending clothes. 1840 Up Courses. 2130 Set Courses.

19 February 1869. Latitude 9.50N. Longitude 16.51W  Course head from SSE to ESE. Calm to light winds. 0240. Trim and up windward clew of Mainsail. 0730. Up Courses. 0800. Down head sail. 0915. Braced round on Starboard tack. 4th and 6th gunners at drill. 1200 .Sounded in over 131 fathoms. Course at 1215 SE by East. 1315 Squared yards and set Foresail. Down Staysail. Set Top gallant and stud sails. Midshipmen at rifle drill. 1530. In Stud sails. 1710. Sounded no bottom at 150 fathoms. 2100. Braced round. 2250. Sounded in 130 fathoms – no bottom.

20 February 1869. Latitude 9.30N longitude 16.14W. Sierra Leone bearing S69E. Course SW changing to WSW. 0100. Squared yards. 0600. Observed raft on Starboard beam. Hauled to wind on starboard tack. Hove to – up Foresail. Sent boat to board raft. 0630. Sounded in 130 fathoms – bottom sand. 0700. boat returned. 0730. Filled; tacked; set Courses. 0830. Shortened sail. Hove to; raft alongside. 0930. Filled and set Royals; Flying jib and Spanker. Cleaned ship. 1150. Sounded in 87 fathoms – sand. 1215. Course SE by E ¼ East. 1530. Braced forward. 1700. Sounded in 70 fathoms – sand. 1810. Stars obscured. 2250. Sounded in 75 fathoms- sand. Wind WNW Force 2.

21 February 1869. Latitude 9.12N Longitude 15.04W. Sierra Leone  bearing S69E 113 miles. Wind northerly Force 2. 0330. Braced round. 0345. Sounded in 70 fathoms – sand. 0415. Sounded in 60 fathoms. 0545. Sounded in 36 fathoms. 0945. Mustered by Divisions. 1000. Set Mainsail. Divine Service. 1150. Sounded in 35 fathoms bottom sand and broken shell. 1240. Course SE ½ E. 1645 Quarters. 1830. Up mainsail and squared yards. 0000.Sounded in 35 fathoms – sand and shell.

22 February 1869. Latitude 8.49 N Longitude 14.13W. Wind Southerly and calm. Sounded in 34 fathoms – sand and shell. 0900. Mustered at Quarters. Cutlass men of Fore Quarters at drill. 1000.. Sounded in 25 fathoms. 1315. Tacked and trimmed sails. 1630. Mustered at Quarters. Reefed Top sail. Sunset saw Barque bearing NWN. 2000. Sounded in 24 fathoms. Observed a boat on the Port beam. Hove to. In Top gallant and Royals. 2100. Filled and sounded in 17 fathoms. Shortened and furled sails. Came to with Broken bottom in 17 fathoms. Veered to 50 fathoms. Anchored off Sierra Leone. Wind South force 4.

23 February 1869. At anchor.  0400. Up steam in one boiler. Down screw and shortened cable. 0715. Weighed and proceeded under steam. Course SE by E ½ E. 0945. Quarters and squared yards. 0950. Stopped and then proceeded. 1200. Came to in broken bottom. 16 fathoms. Centre Barracks bearing S ½ E. PM. At single anchor. Shipped in 12 shore men. 1800. sunset.

24 February 1869. (Wednesday)  At single anchor off Sierra Leone. 0900. Quarters. Prayers. 1000. Let go lifebuoy – all correct. PM. Hoisted in provisions – received bread. Hoisted in boats.

25 February 1869.  At single anchor. Wind NW force . 0915. Mustered at Quarters.. prayers. Cutlass men of watch at drill. PM. Make and mend clothes. 1645. Quarters. Sunset Up boats.

26 February 1869. At anchor. Wind SW Force 1. 0915. Mustered at Quarters. Read prayers.  Bow pivot. 1 and 2 guns crews at rifle drill. Carpenter altering hammock netting. 1200. English mail steamer ATHENIAN arrived. 1420. Shortened in cable. 1535. Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam. 1700. Sierra Leone Lighthouse SE by S 1 ½ miles 1710. Quarters. 20.20. Set fore and aft sail and pointed yards to the wind.  WSW force 2.

27 February 1869. Latitude 7.22N Longitude 14.17W. Course W ¼ S for the Cape. Wind NW by W Force 2 gusting 3. 0400. Sounded in 15 fathoms. 0530. Made sail to Top sails, Top gallant and Courses. 0605. Stopped engine. 0620. Trimmed sails. Course SSW. Cleaned ship. 1150. Sounded in 70 fathoms – sand. 1315. Trimmed and set Royals and Flying jib. Set Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Stars obscured.

28 February 1869. Sunday. Latitude 4.51N Longitude 14.11W. Cape Palmas S26E 392 miles. Wind NW light airs. Barometer 30.05 inches Temperature 84 F. 0940. Mustered for Divine Service. 1230. Course south. 1315. Braced in. 164.5 Secured anchors unbending cables. 2005. Up Courses, in Stud sails, Royals and Jib. 2205. Braced forward.

1 March 1869. Latitude 3.59 N. Longitude 13.51W. WSW / West/ S by E / S ½ E / South / SE. Wind SSW Force 2. 0410. Set Foresai.l Wore round. Set mainsail and Spanker.0600 Set Royals and jib.0915. Quarters. Read prayers. Cleaned sail rooms. PM. Restoring holds. Scrubbed hammocks. Set Topmast staysail. 2220. In Royals and Jib.

2 March 1869. Latitude 2.50N. longitude 12.29W Equator bearing S10E 175 miles. Wind SW changing to WSW Force 3. 0600. Reset sails. 0915. Quarters. Prayers. Set Royals and Flying jib. 1000. Set Starboard top and Top gallant stud sail. In Spanker. 3rd 27th Guns crews at rifle drill. PM. Small arms men of 4 26th guns crew at rifle drill. Fitted spar onto Top sail. Sailmaker making wind sail. Mustered at Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. 2030. In Stud sails, Royals and Flying Jib.

3 March 1869. Latitude 1.37N Longitude 11.16W. Wind SW to WSW Force 2 rising to 4. Course southerly. Equator 11.W S9E 98 miles. 0800. Making mats. Sailmaker making wind sails. 1140. Set Royals and Flying Jib.1315. Set port Top gallant and Top stud sails. Small arms men of 1st and 3rd guns at rifle drill. 1650. Quarters. 2020. in Royals, Flying Jib and Stud sails. 2100. Up courses. 1045. Set courses.

4 March 1869. Latitude 0.50N. Longitude 10.32W. Equator 11W SSE 59 miles. Wind WSW Force 1 rising to 4. Course SW /SSE /SW by S. 0800. Exercised at General Quarters. Fitted spare main topsail. PM. Making and mending clothes. Sailmakers still making wind sails. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Washed clothes. 2015. In Topsails, Stud sails, Royals and Flying jib. 2350. Trimmed sails.

5 March 1869. Latitude 0.19N.Longitude 10.00W. Course SW to SSW. Wind North Westerly force 2 rising to 5. Barometer 30.03 inches. Temperature 82 F. 0015. Taken aback. Shortened to Topsails and Jib. Trimmed to squalls. 0615. Braced round yards. 0850. Wore ship. 0920. Quarters and prayers. 1000. Set Courses.1115. Set Top gallant and flying Top Stay sail. Even numbers of 1st and 2nd gun at rifle drill. PM. Carpenter altering Quarterdeck netting. 1650 .Up Mainsail. Lit fires in one boiler. 1830. Commenced steaming. Shortened and furled sails. Pointed yards to the wind. Set fore and aft sails, except Flying jib.

6 March 1869. Latitude 0.55S Longitude 9.34W. Ascension Island bearing S35W 512 miles. Course SW by S. Wind South Force 2 to 5. Temperature 82 rising to 85F.. Daylight – a sail on the Port beam. Exchanged colours with French Brig. Cleaned ship PM. 1650. Mustered at Quarters.

7 March 1869. Latitude 2.20 S longitude 10.15W. Course SW ½ W Wind SSE. Force 2 rising to 4. Barometer 30.01 inches rising to 30.05inches over 4 hours. Ascension bearing S37W 416 miles. 0015. Made sail to Topsail and Courses. Stopped steaming.
0415. In Fore and main trysails. 0605. Set Top gallant sails. 10.00. Set flying trysail. Division . Divine Service. 1545. Set Royals and Flying Jib. 165.0 Mustered at Quarters.2016. Set Trysail.

8 March 1869. Latitude 3.56S. Longitude 11.31 W. Course South Westerly. Wind SSE Force 3 to 5 with broken cloud. 0211. Observed a very brilliant meteor. 0315. In Royals and Flying Jib. 0600.. Reset sails. In Trysail. 7th and 5th gun crews of the watch at rifle drill. PM. 4th and 6th gun crews at rifle drill. Fitting spare Main Topsail. 1650. Mustered at Quarters. Scrubbed and washed clothes. Horizon obscured.

9 March 1869. Latitude 5.28S. Longitude 13.12 W. Course Southerly changing to WSW at midday then back to southerly in the afternoon. Wind south to SSW force 5 reducing to 4 by evening. Ascension bearing S26W 164 miles. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. 0910. Mustered at Quarters – prayers. 0940. Set Royals and Top gallant. 1020. In Royals and Top gallant. PM. Cutlass men of the watch at cutlass drill. 1650. Mustered at Quarters. Reefed Top sails and took in Top gallant. 2020. Set Trysail.

10 March 1869. Latitude. 6.49S. Longitude 14.08W. Course SSW. Wind SE to South. Force 4 lowering to 2 and then rising to 4 PM. Barometer 29.96 inches rising to 31.03inches at Midday. Ascension bearing S14W 68 miles. 0600. In Trysails. Reset sails. 0730. Set Royals and Flying jib. Exercised at General Quarters. 1000. In Royals and Flying jib.1535. Observed Ascension SW by S. 1650. Exercised at fire quarters. 1800. Ascension SSW. 1910. In Top gallant sails. 2010. Tacked and set Top gallant sails

11 March 1869. Latitude 7.40S Longitude. 14.08W.Course SWS. Wind SSE. Force ¾. Ascension S47W 23 miles. 0420. Tacked. 0600. Set Mainsail. 0630. Observed Ascension SW. Aired bedding. 090.0 Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Marines at drill. 1000. Up Mainsail. Lit fires in boiler. 1200. Green Mountain SW. 1430. Shortened and furled sail. 1530. Came to with broken bottom in 12 ½ fathoms. Veered to 50 fathoms in Clarence Bay. Fort Thornton South by West. 1545. Down Top gallant and Royal yards.. 171.5 Mustered at Quarters.

12 March 1869. At single anchor. Wind SE Force 2/5 AM. 2/3 PM. Loading coal lighters and coaling ship.

13 March 1869. At anchor. AM. Cleaned ship throughout. PM. Let lifebuoy go for trails. Preparing for sea. 1745. Shortened in cable. 1800. Weighed and proceeded. Made sail to Top gallant sails, Jib and courses.

14 March 1869. Latitude 9.11S Longitude 15.18W. Course South Westerly. Wind South to SSE. Force 3/4 Barometer 30.07 inches dropping to 29.98 at 1800 before rising to 31.08 at Midnight. Temperature 83F. Daylight – One sail in sight. 0930. Performed Divine Service.

15 March 1869. Latitude. 10.50S. Longitude 15.51W.  Wind SSE . Course south westerly. AM.. Small arms men at rifle drill. Fitting spare Mizzen topsail. PM. Bow and odd guns crews at rifle drill.1640. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

16 March 1869. Latitude 12.25S Longitude 16.19W. Wind SE. Course south westerly Refitting Fore topsail (spare). Aft party at rifle drill. 1315. Set Royals and Flying jib. 1408. Exchanged Colours with English brig. 4th and 6th guns crews at drill. 1700. Unbent cable and secured the anchor.

17 March 1869. Latitude 14.25S Longitude 17.03W. Course south westerly. Wind SE Force 3. 0900. In Royals and Flying jib. 0910. General Quarters. Continued with fitting spare Fore topsail. PM. Scrubbed hammocks.

18 March 1869. Latitude 16.08S. Longitude 17.09W.  Course southerly. Wind east to ESE Force 1 to 4. Scraping and blacking guns. Cleaning sail room. 1030. Up Mainsails. In Spanker. 1155. Set mainsail.. PM. making and mending clothes. 1530. Let Royals and Flying jib. 16.45 Mustered at Quarters and inspected clean hammocks. Boys of watch at sail drill.

19 March 1689. Latitude 17.13S Longitude 17.27W. Course southerly SE / ESE. starting force 2 increasing to force 4. 0400. Young gents at rifle drill. 0800. Exchanged Colours with a Dutch barque “PALLIS.  In Top gallant sails and Flying jib. Quarter cutlass men at drill. 1030. Set Top gallant sails. 1415. Set Royals and Flying jib. Cutlass men of watch at drill.1650. Exercised at General Quarters  firing shot and shell at target.

20 March 1869. Latitude 18.19S Longitude 17.51W. Course south westerly. Wind South to ESE. Force 3 to 5 reducing to 1 at midday; increasing to 6 by midnight. 0050. In Royals and Flying jib. 0300. In Top gallant sails. 0430. Up Courses. In Jib and Spanker. 0440. Lowered Main Top sail to a squall from SE. 0630. Set Courses and Jib. Cleaned ship throughout. 1130. Set Top gallant, Royals and Flying jib. 1650. In reef of Topsails. 1950. In Top gallant sails.2020. Up mainsails ; down jib. 2120. Set Mainsails. 2200. Stars obscured.

21 March 1869.Latitude 19.50 S Longitude 17.56W. Course Southerly Wind ESE / SE by E / ESE Force 3 to 5. Barometer 30.12 inches rising to 30.17 inches. 0600. Set Mainsails and Jib. 0930. Divisions for Divine Service.1115. Set Top gallant sails. 1750. In Top gallant sails. 1925. Set top gallant sails.

22 March 1869. Latitude 21.37S. Longitude 17.26W. Course SSE Wind ESE Force 3 / 4 AM. 2/3 PM. Cape of Good Hope bearing S68E 2070 miles. 0550. Out reef of Top sails. Blacking of guns. PM. Pointing of ropes. Sailmaker altering awning. 1500. Set Royals and Flying jib. 1650. Quarters – scrubbed and washed clothes. 2110. In Royals and Flying jib.

23 March 1869. Latitude 23.04S Longitude 16.46W. Course southerly. Wind easterly Force 2 to 3. Cape of Good Hope bearing S70E 1980 miles. 0420. Up Courses. 0610. Set Courses, Royals and Flying Jib. 0650. Punished two boys with 24 cuts of the birch. 0810. In Royals and Flying jib. 0910. Prayers and 2nd company of small arms men firing blank cartridges. PM. Company of small arms men at rifle drill firing blank cartridges. 1650. Mustered at Quarters and read stations. Shifted  Topsail.

24 March 1869. Latitude 24.44S longitude 16.39W. Course southerly. Wind force 5 lowering to 2 then increasing 4 until noon. PM. Force 2 increasing to 5 at 2300. Barometer 30.26 inches rising to 30.38 inches. Temperature 79 to 81 F.  0105. Up Mainsail. 0300. Set mainsail. 0750. Hove to and lowed cutter to pick up a hammock. 0805.. Up foresail. 0820. Filled, set courses and exercised at General Fire Quarters. PM. Pistol men and young gentlemen firing at target. 1650. Quarters followed by putting gin reef in topsails.. Shifted Jib.

25 March 1869. Latitude 26.51S. Longitude 16.48 W. Couse south westerly. Wind SE by E Force 4 to 5. Cape of Good Hope bearing S76E 1880 miles. 0100. In Mizzen Top sail. 0550. Out reef of Topsail. Set Mizzen and Flying jib. 0910. Quarters, prayers, marines at drill. PM. Making and mending of clothes. 1650. Quarters followed by in 1st reef of Topsail. Exercised shifting Jib. In Mizzen Topsail.

26 March 1869. Latitude 29.21S. Longitude 17.15 W Course SSW to SSE ½ S. Wind SE to ESE to E by N. Force 3 to 4. Cape of Good Hope bearing S81E 1860.  0910. Performed Divine Service. Longitude at Noon 17.10W.PM. Barometer 30.44 inches. Temperature 76F.

27 March 1869. Latitude 30.24S Longitude 16.30W. Course SSE. Wind east changing to north force 1 increasing to 4. Barometer dropping from 30.45 inches to 30.33 inches. Cape of Good Hope bearing S82E 1790 miles. 0340. Up Courses. Cleaned ship. 0730. Set Courses.1120. Course SE by E. Trimmed and set all plain sail save Spanker, Fore topsail and Top gallant stud sails. 131.5 Set Stud sails and cleaned ship. Boys at sail drill  In Royals, Flying jib and Stud sails save for Topsail stud sail. 2330 . In Top stud sail. Sailing to a squall.                                                                     

28 March 1869. Latitude 30.49S Longitude 14.45W. Course easterly. Wind NNE changing to south at midnight. Force 3 to 5. 0725. Set lee clew on Main sail, Royals, port topsail and Top gallant stud sails. 0945. Mustered by Open List.

Open List

‘One of a ship’s books, which contains the whole of the names of the actual officers and crew, in order to regulate their victualing. The crew are mustered by the open list.’

It appears this practice involved each crew member publically coming forward and stating their details (name, rank etc) which would then be listed and this used as the basis for musters going forward. This was apparently an attempt to prevent corruption in that those in charge of pay or victuals on board a ship may try to list non-existent crewmen and then keep their ‘pay’ for themselves.

 

1000 Performed Divine service. 1225. Course ESE. 1450. In Royals and Top gallant stud sails.1510. In top Stud sails and up Mainsail. Braced forward on starboard tack. 1650. Double reefed Topsails. 1700. Set mainsails 1850. Trimmed sails.

29 March 1869. Latitude 30.58S longitude 13.10W. Course E by  N/ ENE / SE by S. Wind SE by S  then southerly. Force  2/3 decreasing to 1  and increasing to 5 by midnight. Cape of Good Hope bearing S82E 1620 miles. Out second reef of Topsails.0550. Out first reef of Top sails. 0600. Set Royals, Flying jib and Spanker. 0900. Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters firing at target. 1145. Set Courses. PM. Marines and 1st Company of small arms men at rifle practice. 154.5 Tacked. 1700. Quarters. 1830. In Royals and Flying jib. 1900. In first reef of Topsail.

30 March 1869. Latitude 31.17S longitude 11.41 W.  course SE wind/ N / NWN Force 3 – 6. 0400 In Spanker

0415 Trimmed sails. 0730 Out reef and set Royals, Flying jib and Topsail stud sails.

0900 Mustered at quarters Read Articles of War. Set Port lower stud sails. and  Top gallant  stud sails. Cutlass men of watch at drill. PM Variation by Azimuth 19.40W. 1645 Quarters, inspection and clean hammocks. 1815 In Top gallant and lower stud sails, royals and Flying jib. 1900. In Top sail and Main Top gallant sails. In Top stud sails. 2050 Up Mainsail. Squared yards.

31 March 1869. Latitude 32.07. Longitude 8.45. Course SE Wind SSW Force 8 reducing to 1. Barometer 30.18 rising to 30.32. Temperature 72/75F. Cape of Good Hope bearing S85E 1370 miles. 0005. In Main, Top gallant and jib. Lowered Top sails to a squall from the SW. double reefed Topsail. Trimmed. Hoisted Top sails. 0300. In third reef of main Topsail. 0735 Out second reef of Main  and third reef of Mizzen Top sail. Set mainsail and Jib. Prayers and exercised at General Quarters. Out refs of Topsails. Set Top gallant sails. 1020. Set Royals and Flying jib. 1225 Course SE by E 13.20 Set Starboard Top sail and Top Gallant stud sails. Refitted Main Top sail. 1650. Mustered at Quarters  and shifted Top gallant sails. 1815 In Stud sail, Royals, Courses and Flying jib. 2015 Braced round and set Courses. 2300 Up mainsail. Swell from SW.

1 April 1869. Latitude 32.16S.Longitude 7.41W. Course SE by E. Wind SSW to noon then NNE / N / NNW. Force 2 increasing to 5. 0100. Set mainsail. Swell from SW. 0-730 Up Courses. 0905 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. A heavy swell from West.  Odd and 1st guns crew at cutlass drill.. 1040 Trimmed and set Foresail and lee clew of mainsail, flying jib and Royals. Set Stud sails.

  1. Made and mended clothes. Sailmakers repairing main Top sail. 1640 In Royals, flying jib, Top gallant and Stud sails. 2115 Trimmed sails. Up windward clew of mainsail.

2 April 1869. Latitude 32.47S. longitude 4.20 W. course SE by E. Wind North Westerly Force 4 to 5. Cape of Good Hope bearing S85E 1150 miles. Speed 6/7 knots. 0540 Set Royals, Flying jib and Port stud sails. Down top staysail 09oo Small arms men of watch at drill. PM First guns crew of watch at cutlass drill. Fitting of main top sail. 1650 In Stud sails and first reef of Top sails. Variation by azimuth 190 W. 1950 Up mainsail and squared yards. In Royals and Flying jib.

3 April 1869. Latitude 33.31S Longitude 1.11E. Course SE by E. wind NNW changing to S by W to south. Force 5 reducing to 3. 0033 Latitude by Spica 33.28S. barometer rising 30.13 – 30.28 inches. 0800 clean ship. 1120 Wind shifted suddenly to SW. Trimmed and set mainsails, Topmost staysail. PM cleaning all wood and brass work. 1640 Trimmed sails. 16 50 Quarters. 1720 Trimmed sails. 2112 Latitude by Regulus 33.41S  (Regulus is the brightest star in the constellation Leo the Lion. It is a bluish star).

4 April 1869. Latitude 32.44S  Longitude 0.19E. Course variable. Wind south / SSE / East by S / ESE / SE / ESE . Force 1 / 2. Speed 2 knots. Cape of Good Hope bearing S84 E 930 miles. 031 Spica 32.44 S. (Spica is the brightest star in the constellation Virgo, and the 15th brightest star in the night sky.) 0610. Out reefs. Variation by amplitude 26W. 0950 Divisions and Divine Service. 1130. Set Spanker. Tacked – in Spanker. PM 1650 In first reef of Top sails. In Royals and Flying jib. Up courses.

5 April 1869. Latitude 33.14S Longitude 0.34E. Course south Easterly. Wind E by N / North / NW. Force 1 rising to 6 at midnight Barometer dropping from 30.26 to 30.02 inches. Temperature 70F. Speed through the water 2 to 9 knots. 0645 Punished Jas Ferns(?) with birch as per warrant. 1055. Trimmed and set Royals, Flying jib. Out reef of Top sails. 1315 Trimmed and up windward clew of mainsail. Sailmakers altering Main Deck Awning. In first reef of Top sail. 1740 Up mainsail and squared yards. Down Flying jib and staysail. In Royals, Flying jib, top gallant sail. Set Flying jib staysail. 1950 Trimmed sails. 1110. In mainsail and Flying jib. Trimmed sails.

6 April 1869. Latitude 33.58S Longitude 4.03E. Course SE to SE by E. Wind SW / WSW / West force 6 to 8. Maximum speed through the water 9 knots. 0015 in third reef. Trimmed and down jib, 0200 On preventer and braced (A Preventer is an extra rope to back up another) 0600 Trim and set mainsail. 0650 Down Top gallant and Royals. 0800 course SE by E. 0900 Out 2nd reef of main topsail; out 2nd and 3rd reef  of Main topsail.  1140 Crossed yards. Refitting upper yards. 1215 course SE by E 3/4 S. Fitting of Royal yards. Sailmakers altering awning. 1700 Quarters. In 2nd reef of Topsail and close reefeden.1715 Shipped Norman Head. (A wooden bar thrust into the head of the rudder to prevent the loss of the rudder) and hooked on relieving tackle. 2359. Variation by amplitude 26.39W

7 April 1869. Latitude 3332S longitude 8.05E. Cape of Good Hope bearing S84E 525 miles. Course SE by ¾ E. Wind West / SW by W / SSW force 6 rising to 8 and later falling to 5 at2200. Maximum speed through the water 10 knots falling to 6 knots. 0400 Lost overboard the log line and ship (31 feet) line. 0600 Up mainsail. Trimmed sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Exercised at Fire Quarters. In Mizzen, Topsail. Set Mainsail. 1225. Course SE by E. 1400 trimmed sails. Fitted spare Topsail  to yard, parrels etc. (Parrell – those bands of rope or sometimes iron collars  by which the centre of the yards are fastened at the slings to the mast so as to slide up and down freely when needed.) 1650. Quarters.1655. Out two reefs of Fore and Main topsail; third reef of Mizzen topsail. Set Top gallant sails and Jib. 1900 In Top gallant sails and down jib.

8 April 1869. Latitude 35.19S Longitude 10.47E. Course SE by E /ESE / E by S / E ½ S / East /E ½ S. Wind Southerly. Force 4 to 6 AM. 4 to 7 PM decreasing to 4 at Midnight. Speed through the water 4 to 8 knots.  0400. Barometer 30.43 inches Temperature 64F rising to 66F.  0610 set Top gallant sails and Jib. Served out soap and tobacco. Made mats. Sailmakers altering Main deck awning.  1330 trimmed followed by making and mending of clothes. 1650 Quarters. In second reef of Main topsail and third reef of Mizzen Top sail. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1900 In Top gallant sails and down jib. 1200 Barometer 30.52 inches

9 April 1869. Latitude 31.55S longitude 12.50E. Course Easterly until 1900 then Westerly. Wind SSE. Force 6 rising to 8. 0215 Barometer 30.40 inches falling to 30.21 at 0800.  0215. In third reef of Main topsails. Furled Mizzen topsail. Weather Topsail brace stranded. Spliced together and preventer parrel put on. 0800 Rove new Topsail brace and Main tack. Fitting topsail parrel. PM Reeving new main Top sail brace. Carpenter repairing bulkhead and sheep pens. Sailmakers fitting new deck awning. 1650 Quarters. Wore ship (the opposite of tacking – the head of the ship is turned away from the wind and is known today as gybing) Reefed Main sail and down Top gallant yards.

10 April 1869. Latitude 32.33 S Longitude 11.24 E. Course SW by ¼ W / WSW /E by S /East / E ¼ N / East / E ½ S / E by S / E by S ½ S.  Wind SSE. Force 8 occasionally dropping to 6. Barometer continuing to drop to 30.13 inches. 1135 Wore ship. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. 1940 Up mainsail. Up Foresail and reefed it. Down Forward Top staysail; set Fore staysail.2240 Set foresail.

11 April 1869. (Sunday) Latitude 31.22S Longitude 12.21E. Course Easterly until 1800 when it changed to South easterly. Wind south to SSW Force 7 dropping to 4 at Midnight. Barometer dropped to 29.97 inches before rising to 30.00 inches. Temperature 67 rising to 69 F.  Ships speed 2 to 5 knots. Cape of Good Hope bearing S60E 362 miles. 0730 in main topsail. Set reefed mainsail and Forward Top staysail. 0930 Mustered by the Open List; read prayers. 1200 Sail in sight. 1315 passed an English ship standing to the North. 1540 Out third reef and forth reef of and main topsails.1650 Mustered at Quarters. In Fore staysail. 1845 In third reef of Fore and Main topsail. 2240 Out third reef of Fore and Main Top sail.

12 April 1869. Latitude 3106S Longitude 1525E. Course Easterly until 0635 then Westerly until 1040 when Easterly again and becoming South Easterly in the afternoon.  Barometer slowly rising to 30.10 inches with the temperature reaching 72F.   0300 Out reefs of courses and third reef of fore topsail. Set Jib and main top sail. 0635 Wore ship and crossed Top gallant yards, set Top gallant sails. 0930 Quarters; read prayers. 1040. Set Spanker. 1115. In Spanker and tacked. Fitting of Main topsail. Set Spanker. PM 5th guns crew at cutlass drill. 1530 Up Mainsail and set Main trysail. Lit fires.  1640 Started steaming. 1640 Quarters. Furled sails and pointed yards to the wind. 1720. Set Fore staysail and Fore trysail. Tacked and braced.

13 April 1869. Latitude 31.51S Longitude 1326E. Course South Easterly. Wind southerly. Force 2 increasing to 4. Barometer dropping to 30.05 inches. 0315. In Fore trysail. Daylight one sail in sight0735. Set Fore trysail. Read prayers and mustered at General Quarters. 0945. Put Mr White under arrest. 0955. Tacked. Fitted Main topsails and making mats. 1330. Exchanged Colours with a Dutch vessel. Fourth gun’s crew at cutlass drill. Two sails in sight. Continued fitting Main topsail and pointing ropes (The tapering of the ends of ropes) 1650 Mustered at Quarters with clean hammocks. Variation by azimuth 32W. 2020 Set Main trysail, Fore and Fore topsail stay sail.

14 April 1869. Latitude 32.51S Longitude 15.49 E. Course SSE. Wind SSW Force 1 to 3. Barometer rising to 30.17 inches. Cape of Good Hope bearing S 56 E 162 miles. 0145 Observed light on Starboard beam. 0250 stopped. 0255 Proceeded. 0550 Set Jib, Spanker and Foresail. Down Fore staysail. 0730 Furled Fore sail. Mustered at General Quarters and read prayers. Employed scraping mast and booms. 1230 Course SSE. 1400 Exchanged Colours with English ship – Benonn of London (?). Continued to scrape masts and booms. Bent on cable. 1650 Mustered for Quarters and then scrubbed hammocks. 200 Observed a bright meteor. 2340 Observed another bright meteor.

15 April 1869. Arrived at Cape of Good Hope.. Course SSE. Wind SW / South / North. Light airs to Force 6. Speed through water 7 knots. 0430 Observed Cape Light  0615 In Fore and Aft sails.0700 Started steaming. 0800 Cape of Good Hope Light  House S 40 E. 1000 Rounded Cape of Good Hope inside Bellon’s. Mustered at Quarters. Squared yards and mended sails. 1130 Saluted Commodore Dolph with guns. 1210 Came to with B B in 7 fathoms and veered to 8 shackles . Let go SB (Ships boat?) Moored ship on swivel with 4 shackles on each cable. Out dinghy and gig. Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. 1730 Hoisted out boom boats. Up boats.

16 April 1869. Moored in Simon’s Bay South Africa. Wind force 1. 0915 Coal lighter came alongside. Coaled ship. Issued fishing gear to ship’s company. PM Carried on coaling followed by scrubbing and washing decks.

17 April 1869. Wind force 1 increasing to 7. Cleaned ship throughout and  watered ship from tank.1140 loosed sails PM Received 32 tons of water. 1330 Down Top gallant yards. Unbent sails and cleaned booms. Carpenters and Blacksmiths on shore. 1715 Mustered at quarters.

18 April 1869. Broken cloud with wind varying from 1 to 7. 100 Mustered by Divisions and performed ?Divine Service. PM Gave special and privilege leave to both watches.1700 Quarters. 1720 down Top gallant masts and up boats.

19 April 1869. Employed setting up Topmast rigging. Caulkers from shore caulking upper deck. PM Setting up Topmast rigging. Up boats.

20 April 1869.  Wind southerly force 2/3. Broken cloud . Temperature 66 F. Rattling down rigging and refitting. Upper deck still being caulked. PM Refitting ship. 1700 Crossed Topsail Yards.

21 April 1869.  No wind with broken cloud cover. Upper deck still being caulked. Commodore inspected “Racoon” (Sailing boat) .  Ship’s company carried out rattling and blacking. Down rigging and painting the outside of the ship. PM Gave general leave to Port watch. Received powder and shell. Upper deck still being caulked.

22 April 1869. Wind from SSE Force 0 increasing to 7. Barometer dropping from 30.24 to 30.10 inches. Cleared holds.  Upper deck still being caulked. 1130 Sailed “Racoon”. Pm Re-stowed ballast.

23 April 1869. Wind SSE Force 4 / 5. Caulking of Upper deck still being carried out. Cleaning and stowing holds. PM Stowing of provisions

24 April 1869. Wind Northerly Force 1 to 3. Barometer rising to 30.14 inches. Temperature 67 F.  Cleaned ship throughout. PM rove screw reeving line.

25 April 1869. Calm with broken cloud. Mustered by Open List and performed divine Service. 1750 Mustered at Quarters. Up boats at Sunset.

26 April 1869. Wind Westerly Force 1. 0600 Up Top gallant masts. Cleaned holds. Gave 48 hour shore leave to Starboard Watch. Provisioned ship.1130. Arrived H.M.G Boat “Hornet”. PM As per the Forenoon. 1500 Dutch Frigate sailed. Finished provisioning. Stored slop and Bread Rooms.

27 April 1869. Wind SSW switching to SSE Force 1 gradually increasing to 5. Barometer increasing to 30.36 inches. 0200 “Petrel” arrived. Rove screw purchase. Raised screw and cleaned it. Cleaned masts, yards and booms. Fitted foretails. PM as forenoon followed by lowering of the screw.

28 April 1869.Wind Se Force 6/7 decreasing to 3/4. Temperature 69F. 0945 English steamer “Tynmouth” arrived. Repaired sails. PM as the forenoon plus scraping Trysail mast. 1600 Watch made up sails for bending.

29 April 1869. Wind SE Force 2/3.Broken cloud. 0800 Bent sails on. Sent boom boats away armed firing shot and shell at dock, held Court of Inquiry. Pm Furled sails and crossed Top gallant yards.  1715 Mustered at Quarters.

30 April 1869. Wind calm, broken cloud with temperature of 72 F. 0900 Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Set up top Gallant rigging. 1130 In boom boats. Sailmakers altering boats sails. 1715 Mustered at quarters and then rove messenger in copper punt. 1750 HMS “Octavia” arrived and anchored.

1 May 1869. Moored in Simon s Bay with Cape of Good Hope 6 miles away. Wind SSW Force 1. 0900 HMS Hornet sailed. Preparing for sea. 1000 Weighed and proceeded under steam. 1100. In company with HMS Serpent at 7 knots. 1200 Shaping course to the South. 1400 Set Fore and aft sails. Fitted chaffing gear. 1450 Shortened sail. 1500 Pointed yards to wind. 1600. Four sails in sight. Lost sight of HMS Hornet NW by W. 1700 extreme of land bearing E by S ¼ S Midnight. One sail in sight.

2 May 1869. Latitude 36.50 S. Longitude 20.02E. Course South. Wind variable Force 1/2 with broken cloud. Barometer rising to 30.75 inches. Speed through water 6/7 knots. 0340 Braced round. 0415 Set Head sails, Main trysail and Spanker. 0615 In Main Trysail 0900 Exchanged Colours and numbers with Swedish ship “Octavia”. 0930 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1200 Steaming easy. 1650 mustered at Quarters.  Deviation by amplitude 30’W whilst heading South. 1800 Swell from South. 2000 Steaming.

3 May 1869. Latitude 38.32 S Longitude 21.00E. On passage to Trincomalee, Ceylon (Shri Lanka). Course Southerly. Wind light airs from the west increasing to 4 by Midnight. 0400 Steaming. 0630 Braced round – set Fore topsail and fore sail. 0650 Stopped engine. 0730. Made all plain sail save the Royals. Boys at sail drill. A party at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. 1225. Course SE. 1315 Braced in. Midshipmen at rifle drill. Boys at seamanship. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsail. 2135 Trimmed.

4 May 1869. Latitude 38.50S. Longitude 23.35E. Course Southerly changing to Easterly to Northerly and back to Southerly. Wind SW / SE / ESE / East / East by North. Force 2 increasing to 4. Barometer dropping g through the day. 0230 Observed ship on the weather bow. 0730 Out reefs of Topsail, set Spanker and trimmed.  Midshipmen at rifle drill. 4th and 6th guns crews at rifle drill. PM Refitting of Mainsail.. Ropemakers making up junk. 1700 after Quarters tacked and in first reef of Topsail, Fore and main Topgallant sails. 1840 In second reef of Topsail. In Top gallant sail. Down Jib and in Spanker.

5 May 1869. Latitude 38.17S longitude 24.53E. Course SE changing to Easterly. Wind ENE to North Force 4 gusting 5. Barometer falling. 0620 Course ESE. 0625 Set Fore and main top gallants. 0845 prayers and exercised at General Quarters.

Out second reef of Topsails.. Set Jib. Stored anchors and unbent the cables. Out reefs. Set Mizzen top gallant sail and crossed Royal yards. 1240. Course SE by E. 1315. Trimmed and set Topsails and Top gallant studsails.. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1645 Exercised at Fire Quarters. 1800 Trimmed and shortened sails to Topsails, Fore sail and Fore top staysail.

6 May 1869. Latitude 38.22S Longitude 28.00E Course South Easterly. Wind Easterly Force 4 reducing to 1 and then increasing 5/6 towards Midnight. AM Out reefs of Topsail Set Flying jib sail.. 0900 Prayed and braced up on Port tack. 1030 Set mainsail and Jib. PM Making and mending clothes.. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Fore and Main topsails. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2330 In Top gallant sails. 2359. A long swell from the West.

7 May 1869. Latitude 39.22S Longitude 30.41E. Cape Natal bearing N2E 568 miles. Course South Easterly changing to Easterly. Wind Northerly Force 6 to 9. Barometer 29.41 inches dropping to 29.10 inches over 15 hours then rising to 29.40 inches at Mid night. Temperature 71F dropping to 68F.  Maximum sped through the water 7 knots. 0010. In second reef of fore and main topsails. Down Jib. In third reef of Mizzen topsail. Down royal yards. In third reef of Fore top sail. Furled Mizzen topsail. Down Top gallant yards. 0415 Reefed Mainsail; on preventer, braced.0545 Up Courses. In third reef of Main top sail. In fourth reef of Fore topsail. Set Fore staysail. Down Flying Jib staysail. 0715 Wind shifted suddenly to NW. Squared yards and furled Courses. 1315. Braced forward on Port tack. 1350. Course ESE. 1400 Heavy squall from North accompanied by rain. 1515 Course East. 1630 Down Top gallant masts. Close reefed main top sails. 2015 Course E by S.

8 May 1869. Latitude 38.30 S Longitude 34.43E. Course Easterly. Wind NW to W Force 7 to 9 reducing to 8 about 1600. Barometer rising from 29.43 to 29.78 over the 24 hours. Cape of St Mary Madagascar N55E 936 miles. AM Lightning from the SW. 0800 course East. 0810 Sea struck Port waist damaging the nettings. 0900 Set Foresail. 1020 Out fourth reef of the Fore and Main topsails Set Fore top stay sails. 1310 Fore staysail halliard carried away. Down Fore Staysail and spliced halliard. 1335 A heavy squall of rain and hail from the NW shifting to West. Stars obscured

9 May 1869. Latitude 36.05S longitude 37.28E. Course ENE. Wind Westerly Force 5 to 7. Maximum temperature 68F. speed through water 8 knots. Cape St Mary bearing N33E 740 miles. 0610 Out third reef of Main topsail 0800 Squared yards. 1015 Set sails. Read prayers. 1300 Course NE. 1315 Trimmed and set lee clew of mainsail. 1650 Mustered at Quarters.

10 May 1869. Latitude 33.23S longitude 38.57E. Course NE. Wind Westerly Force 4 to 6 AM 4/5 PM. 0200 Out third reef of Fore Topsail and reef of Mainsail. Set windward clew of the Mainsail. 0600. Up Mainsail and out second reef. Set single reefed Mizzen topsail. Quarters and prayers. Crossed Top gallant yards. Braced up on Port tack. Set Top gallant sails and the clew of Mainsail and Jib. Up stud sails and losing sails to dry. PM Watch pointing and grafting. 1300 Course NE by ½ N.  Carpenters making lockers on lower deck. Boys at Seamanship. Shifted Fore and Mizzen topsails.

11 May 1869. Latitude 30.50S longitude 39.47E. Course NE ½ N. Wind southerly Force varying between 2 and 5 during the day. Speed through the water 2 to 7 knots. Cape of St Mary bearing N42E 428 miles. 0800 Mustered at Quarters. 0915 Out reefs. Crossed Royal yards and set the sails. PM Served out slops to ship’s company. Passed a Dutch sailing ship passing to the NW. A swell from the SW. 1720 Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. Trimmed and set windward clew of Mainsail. 2245 In Royals.

12 May 1869. Latitude 29.00S Longitude 39.50 E. Course NE ½ N. Wind E by N changing to South Westerly at 1000. Force 4 occasional 5 reducing to 2/3 at Midnight. 0800 quarters. Prayers. Out reefs. Crossed Royal yards. Set Royals. PM Served out Slop’s  to Ship’s Company. Passed a Dutch ship standing to the NW. Watch fitting Mainsail. A swell from the SW. 1720. Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. Trimmed and set weather clew of Mainsail. 2245 In Royals.

13 May 1869. Latitude 29.08S. Longitude 40.58E. Course Easterly until 1500 then NE by N. Wind North Easterly until 2340 then SW. force 5 reducing to 2 and then increasing to 4 during the morning. 4 to 6 pm reducing to force 2 at Midnight. 0550. Up courses. 0730 Set Courses and second reef to Topsails, Fore Jib staysail and Top gallant sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters Set Spanker. Crew fitting sails while Marines at rifle drill. Carpenters making gratings. PM Make and mend clothing. 1500 course NE by N. In Spanker. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 2220. Up Mainsail. 2243. Squared yards.

14 May 1869. Latitude 27.24S longitude 41.52 E. Course Northerly until 1300 then South until 1400 then NNE to 1600 then Easterly. Wind NNE force 2/3 increasing to 5 from the South before decreasing to 2 from the SSE becoming force 1 from the East at Midday. It then increased to 4 from the NW before decreasing to 1 at Midnight. Broken cloud becoming overcast. Barometer 30.12 dropping to 30.10 inches before rising to 30.15 inches. Temperature 69 to 78F. 0030 Braced round on Starboard tack. 0200 Tacked  and set mainsail. 0345 lowered Topsails to a squall with heavy rain. Set Topsails. 0500 Squared yards. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Small arms men at rifle drill. 1030. Braced sharp up. (To cause the yards to have the smallest possible angle with the keel for the ship to have headway – usually 20o with the keel) 1145. Shortened sail to Topsails. In Jib and Flying jib staysail.

PM cutlass men of watch at drill. 1315. Ware ship. Set courses, Top gallant sails and Royals. 16.45 Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1810 Set Courses. 2345 latitude by Spica 26.37S.

15 May 1869. Latitude. 27.07S Longitude 43.01E. Course Easterly until 1600 when becalmed. Then SW / North. Wind force light airs. Barometer rising through the day to 30.20 inches. Cape of St Mary bearing N52E 143 miles. 0010 Up courses. Employed in cleaning ship throughout. 1450 Ware ship. Issued clean hammocks.1650 Mustered at Quarters.

16 May 1869. Latitude 26.98S Longitude 42.52E.  Course Northerly. Wind S / ESE Force 1 increasing to 4 by Midnight. 0245 Trimmed and made all plain sail except Spanker. 0500 Up Windward clew of Mainsail. 0630 Set Starboard Topsail and Top gallant stud sails. 0945 mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1650 Mustered at Quarters.

17 May 1869. Latitude 24.18S Longitude 41.37E. Course Northerly. Wind Easterly changing to North at 1800 Force 4/5 decreasing to 3 / 1 about 0800. Europa Island bearing N50 W 136 miles. 0230. Set windward clew of mainsail. 0400 course North.

0820 In Top gallant sails, Stud sails. Trimmed. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Men of Watch at drill. 1315 In Topmasts and Top gallant stud sails. Trimmed. 1640 Quarters. Variation 22o W. 2010 Ware ship.

18 May 1869. Latitude 23.27S Longitude 42.2E. Course Northerly Wind N / NW / WNW / West by South / SSW during the day. Force 1 / 2 AM 2 to 5 PM. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Broadside gun’s crews of watch at gun drill. Trimmed and set Topsail and Top gallant stud sails. 1225 Course N by E ½ E. Men of watch at gun drill. 1650 Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. Trimmed. 1940 In Stud sails, Royals and flying Jib. Up Mainsail and trimmed.

19 May 1869. Latitude 21.02S Longitude 42.09E. Course N by E ½ E. Wind SSW. Force 5 to 6 reducing 4/5 AM 4 / 3 increasing to 5 PM. 0040 In Top gallant sails. In first and second reefs of mizzen topsail. 0730 Set Main Top gallant sails. 0800 set Starboard Topsail stud sail followed by prayers. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Mainsail being repaired and boys at seamanship. PM course N by E ¼ E.. Mainsail still being repaired. 1650 Quarters. 1845 Trimmed. 2000 course N by E

  1. In Fore Top gallant Stud sail.

20 May 1869. Latitude 18.54S. Longitude 41.58E. Course N by E. Wind South Westerly Force 2 to 3 increasing to 4 at 1600 before falling to 2.. Broken cloud. 0600 Trimmed on Starboard tack. Made all plain sail save weather clew of mainsail. Set Starboard stud sails. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Sailmakers repairing mainsail. 1230 Course N by E 1/4E. Making and mending clothing while Sailmakers continued to repair mainsail. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2345 In Stud sails and braced round.

21 May 1869. Latitude 16.56S Longitude 41.53E. Course N by E ½ E. Wind SE Force 2. Johanna Isle bearing N29E 322 miles. 0740 Braced round on Starboard tack. Up weather clew of mainsail. Set lee clew of mainsail and Starboard Stud sail.. 1140 Trimmed and set lower Stud sails. 1230 course NE by N. Training party at drill. Boys of watch at seamanship. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. In lower Stud sails. Trimmed Singled tacks and sheets. Latitude by Centauri 16.26S.  (Centauri is the name given to what appears as a single star to the naked eye and the brightest star in the southern constellation of Centaurus.). 2340 Shortened sail to Topsails, Top gallant sails, Jib and Foretop staysail.

22 May 1869. Latitude 15.43S. Longitude 42.26E. Course North Easterly. Wind SE / ESE / SE. Force 1 increaseing to 4 at Midday and then decreasing to 2. 0100. Set Royals, Courses and Jib. 0230 Latitude by Mer alt Vega 16.12S.  1750 In Royals and Fore Jib. 0800 Course NE. Cleaned ship throughout. 1000 Observed waterspout on Starboard Quarter. 1050 Trimmed. 1400 Set Royals and Fore Jib. Cleaned ship. 1650 Quarters In first reef of Topsails 1900 course NE ½ E. Latitude by Crucis  15.25 S.

(Alpha Crucis is the brightest star in constellation Crux.)

23 May 1869.  Off Johanna Isle. Course NE ½ E. Wind 2 increasing to 5 by midday then decreasing to 0. Wind SSE. 0015  Out reefs and set fore stud sails. Daylight observed Johanna Isle Madagascar off Port bow. Trimmed. In Top stud sail. Training party at cutlass drill. Men of watch at drill. Set Royals and Fore Jib. Squared yards and set both Top sails and main Top gallant sail. PM shortened sails. 1300. Commenced steaming. 1600 Steaming. 1725 Came to off Johanna Isle. With (BB) in 10 fathoms. Veered to 36 Fathoms. Beacon SE by E Black rock E ½ N East extremity NE ¼ N.  (BB is believed to stand for Bad Berth – foul or rocky anchorage.)

 

25 May 1869. Anchored in Johanna Roads. Light airs. Temperature 80 to 86 F. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and prayers. Exercised firing shot and shell at a mark. Small arms men firing at a target.

26 May 1869. Calm with maximum temperature of 86F. 0900 prayers. Exercised General Quarters; loaded with blank cartridge. PM Sent cutter and galley for Sultan and suite and they came onboard. Fired a Royal Salute on their leaving. Fort returned the salute. 21.40 Exercised at General Quarters firing of blank cartridge.

27 May 1869. Calm increasing to force 5 at midday from a Southerly direction. Barometer dropping from 30.16 to 30.07 over 5 hours. Mustered a t Quarters. Prayers. In dinghy and copper punt. Rove messenger. Carpenter making gratings hatchways. Blacksmith at work. 1315. Wind force 5 decreasing to 1 at 2000 and then increasing to 4 at Midnight. Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam. 1440 Stopped and made all plain sail. 1455 NE Point Johanna SSE 2 miles. Shaped course NE ½ N. 1700 Quarters. 11850 Up Courses. Steaming. Stopped and set Courses.

28 May 1869. Latitude 10.29S Longitude 45.30E. Course NE ½ N making for Trincomalee Ceylon (Now Shri Lanka) Wind South to SSW Force ¾ gusting 5. 0210 latitude by observation 11.18S. 0625 Set Starboard Top stud sail. 1010. Squared yards. Up Mainsail. Small arms men of the watch at drill. 1230 Course NE by E. 1315. Trimmed.. making and mending clothing. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Shifted upper sails on deck. In one reef of Topsail and in Top stud sail. 2115 Trimmed and set Mainsail. 2200 In Royals.

29 May 1869. Latitude 9.59S. Longitude 46.30E. Course NE by E / ENE / NE by E. Wind 2 to 3 increasing to 5 at midday and to 6 at Midnight. Barometer dropping from 30.12 inches to 30.07 over 5 hours before recovering to 30.11 inches. Temperature 81F. 0635 Course ENE. Trimmed. )730 Trimmed. Swell from SE. Cleaned ship throughout.1110 in Top gallant sail. 1140 Down jib. PM continued to clean ship. 1650 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. In second reef of Top sails. Trimmed. 1700 Course NE by E. 1810 Up mainsail. Trimmed. Set mainsail.

30 May 1869. Latitude 6.36S Longitude 48.25E. Course NE by E until 1400 then ENE. Wind SSE Force 5 to 6. Barometer dropping from 30.16 inches to 30.08 inches over four hours and then to 30.00 inches at 1400. Reading at Midnight 30.05 inches. Speed through the water 5 to 7 knots. 0200. Up mainsail. In Mizzen top sails. Latitude by Altair 7.9S (Altair (α Aquilae, α Aql) is the brightest star in the constellation Aquila and the twelfth brightest star in the night sky) 0645 Set lee clew of Mainsail. 0945 Divisions – read prayers. 0200 altered course to ENE. 1645 Mustered at Quarters.

31 May 1669. Latitude 5.00S Longitude 49.24E. Course ENE. Wind SSE force 4 to 6. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Boys at seamanship. 1400 Out 2nd reef of Top sail. Set Weather clew of Mainsail. Swell from SE. 1850 Mustered at Quarters. Scrubbed hammocks.

1 June 1869. Latitude 5.31S longitude 51.50E. Course ENE. Wind Southerly Wind Force 4 increasing to 6. 0550. Set Mizzen top sail. Out reefs of topsails. Trimmed. Set Top gallant sail and Jib. Set Starboard topmast stud sail. Quarters and prayers. 1530 In Fore Top Stud sail 1650. Quarters Inspected clean hammocks. In first reef of Top sails. Stored anchors and unbended cables.

2 June 1869. Latitude 1.45S Longitude 54.54E.Course ENE. Wind SSE Force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3 to 4. Equator bearing 58EN by E 218 miles. A heavy swell from SE. 0600 Out reefs. 0730 Set Foretop stud sail. 0900 Prayers and exercised at General Quarters. Set lower stud sails. 1315 In lower stud sails. Trimmed. Training party of watch at drill. Fitting of spare Foretop yard. 16590 Mustered at Quarters. Exercised at fire quarters..23.37 latitude by Antares 1.10S. (Antares is a red supergiant star that is nearing the end of its life. Once there is no more fuel left to burn, the star will collapse and explode into a supernova )

3 June 1869. Latitude 0.47S. Longitude 57.31E. course ENE. Wind Southerly Force 2 to 4. 0400. Up windward clew of Mainsail.0415. Trimmed. 0910 Quarters and prayers.. marines at rifle drill. Fitting spare foretop gallant yard.. Set Royals and lower stud sail. PM Making and mending clothes. 1650 Mustered at quarters. Scrubbed and washed clothes. In Royals and lower stud sails.

4 June 1869. Latitude 0.21N. Longitude 60.52E. Course ENE. Wind southerly Force 3 increasing to 5 early morning before dropping to 3. 0120. In Top stud sails.
0800 swell from South. 0900 Quarters and prayers.. 1230 altered course to E ¼ N. 1430 Set Royals and Fore stud sail.. 1630 Quarters.. 1815 In Mizzen Roya;. Set Fore trysail. 2045 Trimmed.. 2320 In Royals and Fore stud sail. Trimmed.

5 June 1869. Latitude 0.49N. Longitude 63.19E. Course Easterly until 0600 then Northerly until Midday; then Easterly. Wind Southerly Force 2 to 4 before reducing to 1. 0330 Up Mainsail. In Top gallant sails . Trimmed. 0440 Trimmed. 0910 Set Mainsail and Top gallant sails. Cleaned ship. 1440 Trimmed. 1525 Set Royals, Flying Jib and stud sails. 1630 course E ¼ S . Mustered at Quarters. In reef of Top sails and Top starboard stud sail.. In Royals and Flying Jib.2340. Up courses.

6 June 1869. Latitude.1.20 N. Longitude 65.17 E. Course ENE / NE by E / ENE / East / E ¾ S / E by S. Wind Southerly. Force 2/3 Becoming 1 / 2. 0310 Braced forward. 1610 Set Courses. Out reefs and set Royals and Top stud sails.. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1600. Quarters. Lightening to SSW. 2120 In Royals and Fore Stud sail . 2240 Up courses. 2340 Trimmed.

7 June 1869. Latitude 1.34N. Longitude 65.49. Course Round the compass (Becalmed) Eventually E by S. Wind Northerly Force 0 to 2. 0445. Trimmed and set Foresail. 0745 Trimmed. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Training party at gun drill. Served main tack and covering of clew line. (Serving – to cover part of the rope in spun yarn to make it smooth.) 1315 Made all lain sail save the Spanker. Set Fore top stud sails. Trimmed. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. 1640 Quarters.

8 June 1869. Latitude 1.32N. Longitude 67.31E. course ESE. Wind NW Force 1 / 2. 0730. Set Top gallant stud sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters.. Up windward clew of Mainsail. Trimmed.. Prayers. Small arms men of watch at drill and firing blanks. Boys at sail drill. Set lower stud sails. Set windward clew of mainsail. Up mainsail. 1300 Cutlass men at drill. 1330 Wind shifted suddenly to SW with heavy rain. In stud sails, Royals and Flying jib.. Braced round. Up Courses. 1945 Set Courses. 22.20 Up lee clew of mainsail. Braced round.

9 June 1869. Latitude 1.19N. Longitude 70.11E. Course E by S ½ S. Wind South-westerly Force 1 to 3. 0610 Trimmed. Made all plain sail save spanker. Exercised at General Quarters. Squared yards. Up mainsail. 1250.In Royals. Down Flying Jib. 1410. Trimmed and up Foresail. 14.45 Set Foresail.. 1940 set le clew of mainsail. 2130Up mainsail. 2150. Braced round to a light breeze from the North. Up Foresail and braced round.

10 June 1869. Latitude 0.56N Longitude 71.16E. Course East until 1300 and then NE by E. Wind Starting SW / West / NW / West / NNW / calm. Force 2 to 4 dying to a calm. 0120 main Top gallant sheet carried away and was spliced. Set Top Gallant sail.. Trimmed. In Top gallant sails. A squall from the west at force 4. Trimmed and set Foresail.. Set fore and main Top gallant sails. Set Port stud sails. Mustered at Quarters. Boys at rifle drill. 1040 Up mainsails and squared yards. Course at Midday NE by S. 1300 commenced steaming. In Stud sails. Braced forward. Employed making and mending clothes. Exchanged Colours with a French Mail steamer.. 1750In Royals and Flying Jib. 1955 Stopped steaming. Course E by N. 2040 In Tow gallant sails and up Foresail. Commenced steaming.

11 June 1869. Latitude 1.22N Longitude. 73.38E. Course ENE changing to NE by N. wind Northerly Force calm rising to 4 and falling back to I before rising again to 6. Daylight observed a barque. 0535 Stopped steaming. Reefed topsails. Course NE by E. Out reefs and set Topgallant sails, Courses and top Stud sail. Quarters. Inspected arms. Exercised at General Quarters firing at a target. Boys at cutlass drill.. 1237 course NE by N. Training party at drill. Carpenters working on gratings. 1550 In Top gallant stud sails, top stud sails Royals and Flying Jib. 1655. Quarters In first and second refs of Top sail. 2230 In Top gallant sails.2315 Down Jib.

12 June 1869. Latitude 2.47N Longitude 76.03E. Course Northerly. Wind NW. Force 4 to 5 dropping to 3 / 4 before increasing to 5 at Midnight. 0010 Set Top gallant sails and Jib. 0630 Out second reef of Topsails. Cleaned ship throughout. 1040 Out reefs. Set Top stud sails. 1130 In Top gallant sails and top stud sails. 1400 Set Top gallant sails and Top Starboard stud sails. 1650 Divisions. In first reef of Top sails and Top stud sail. 2255 In Top stud sail and top gallant sails.

13 June 1869. Latitude 4.21N Longitude 78.154E. Course Northerly. Wind NNW to West. Force 3 rising to 6 at 0200 before dropping to 2/3. 0045 Up Main sail. 0300 set Set Main sail. 0550 Set Top Gallant sails and trimmed. 0745 Trimmed. 0935 Mustered by Divisions. Performed divine Service. 1600 Wind shifted to SE. 1615 Braced round. Up windward clew of Main sail. Course NE by E. Quarters. Trimmed. 1945 Trimmed. Up main sail.

14 June 1869. Latitude 5.52N Longitude 80.48E. Wind Westerly Force 4/5. Squared yards 0100 course ENE. Cables surveyed. 0555 land observed on Port bow. Course NE by E. Trimmed. Course NE. Surveying and paying down cables. Bent on cables. Left extent of land. PM Employed at cleaning ship and scraping masts and booms. 1740 Course East. Scrubbed hammocks. 1900 Up Foresail and lowered Top gallant sails. Sounded in 57 fathoms. Wind increased from 4 to 6. Top Gallant port sheet carried away and re-spliced. 2330 Trimmed and set lee clew of main sail. Course North.

15 June 1869. Latitude 7.19N Longitude 82.16 E. Course NW by W Wind Westerly am changing to southerly from 1500. Force 5/6 moderating to 3 by midday and then further to1/2. 0600 course N by W. 0815 Set Fore Jib staysail and windward clew of main sail. Training party of watch at drill. Set fore and main Top gallant sails. 100 Westminster Abbey South73West. 1130 Out reefs. Set main Top gallant sail. 1330 Trimmed. 1515 Set Royals. Course NNW. Made up Stud sails. Divisions – Inspected clean hammocks. 1800 Friars Hood N88W. 1845 Trimmed, 2200 sounded in 65 Fathoms. 0000 sounded in 52 fathoms

16 June 1869. Latitude 8.23N Longitude 21.38 E. Course Northerly. Wind SW moving to westerly. Force ½ increasing to 4/5. 0200 Sounded in 58 fathoms – sand and coral. 0400 Sounded in39 fathoms – sand and coral. Lit fires in one boiler. In Royals and Top gallant sails. Up mainsail. 0550. Proceeded under steam. Furled sails. Exercised at General Quarters. Set forward Main topsail double reefed. 1320. Observed Foul point Light House W3/4E Furled sails and shaped course for Light House. 1340 Lit fires in second boiler. Preparing for harbour. 1600 Passed Foul Point. 1705 Came to off the Dock Yard Trincomalee. In 14 fathoms and veered 56 fathoms

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17 June 1869. At anchor at Trincomalee Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Wind SW force 4/5 with broken cloud. Temperature 84 to 89 F Barometer 29.90 inches. 0630 Coal lighter alongside. Coaling ship. 15.15 finished coaling ship Received 104 tons of coal.

18 June 1869. Wind SW 4/5 decreasing to ¾. 0915 Quarters and prayers. Marines firing at a target. Warrants read to five men for prison for 42 days. PM. Small arms men firing at a target. Midshipmen firing at a target with a 12 pounder. Rove anchor gear. Up propeller for examination and lowered it again.

19 June 1869. Wind SW force 4 to 6 decreasing to 3/5. Temperature 83 F. Clean ship and watering from tank. PM Received rum and candles. 1415 Carpenter’s tackle block split. Quarters. Storing of spirit rooms.

20 June 1869. (Sunday) Wind SW Force 4/5 0900 Dressed ship and fired a Royal Salute in honour of the anniversary of of Her Majesty. Divisions and Divine Service. PM. Gave leave to Special leave men of both watches. Quarters. Crossed Top gallant yards. Rove messenger. Watering ship. 2100 Finished.

21 June 1869. Wind SW later westerly force 3/4 increasing to 4/5. O400 . Shortened cable. 0630 Weighed and proceeded under steam. Passed HMS Bullfinch steering for Trincomalee. 0715 Foul Point Lighthouse E by 8 ½ S. Course North . 0745 Made sail and stopped steaming. Bent on Trysail.1120 Out reefs. Bending on Studsails. Noon position latitude 9.05N Longitude 81.14 E. Course N by W. Madras lighthouse bearing N14W 247 miles. Wind W by S force ¾ increasing to 5/6. Temperature 86F. 1315 Crossed Royal yards and set Royals and Fore Jib. Training party at rifle drill. 1615 Course NW ½ W. Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1940 In Top gallant sails

22 June 1869. Latitude 12.9N Longitude 80.19E. Course northerly. Wind force 4/5 decreasing to 3. Speed 4 to 9 knots through the water. Barometer 29.85 inches and falling. Temperature 84F. 0740 In Topmast staysail. 0857 Set Topmast staysail. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Course NNW. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Rove new Fore Top gallant sheet. 1230. Course NW by N. 1310 Set Top gallant sails. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1430 Trimmed. 1545 land on Port bow. Up weather clew of mainsail. 1645 Quarters. 1800 Finger Peak W ½ S. 1920 observed light ahead. 2000 Light bore NNW. 0820 In Top gallant sails. Up Main sail. Grounded in 30 fathoms. Furled sails and came to with Jib in 10 1/4 fathoms – veered to 4 shackles. Bearing Madras Light House NW ¾ W. St Thomas Mount SW by W ¾ W.

23 June 1869. Anchored in Madras Roads. Wind South-westerly force 4/5. 0735 Rove messenger. 0800 Shortened in cable to two shackles. Made sail to Top sails. Weighed, set Courses, Top gallant sails and jib. 0910 Tacked. 1010 Tacked.1020 Shortened and furled sails. 1030 anchored in 8 ½ fathoms – sandy bottom. And veered to 56 fathoms. PM Wind increasing to 5 before dying to force 1. Temperature 90F. Refitting Top gallant and Royal yards. Pointing and grafting of ropes. Carpenters making gratings. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. 1900 A squall from the West with a sandstorm.

24 June 1869. Wind SW turning NW and then back to SW. Force 1 increasing to 5 before decreasing to 4. Barometer 29.73 inches. 0800 Loosed sails. Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Furled sails. Sailmakers altering deck awnings. PM. Crew making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

25 June 1869. Wind WSW force 1 increasing to ¾ before dropping to force1 at midnight. 0730 A P &O steamer arrived from Calcutta. Scraping and blacking guns. PM Boys at seamanship and gun drill. Carpenters about gratings. Sent invalids to mail steamer MONGOLIAN. 2140 Steamer left harbour.

26 June 1869. Wind WSW changing to SSE force 2 to 4 reducing to 1 at Midnight. Temperature 85F. Barometer 29.78 inches. Cleaned ship throughout all day.1715 Mustered at Quarters.

27 June 1869. Wind S by E. Midday SW changing to NE Force 1 increasing to 2/3. Barometer increasing to 29.89 inches with maximum temperature reaching 91F. 0930 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Rove Dressing lines. Lightning to NE.

28 June 1869. Wind WSW / SSW /SW Force 1 to 3. Midday 2/4; evening 2/3. Barometer falling to 29.77 inches. 0800 Dress ship. Cleared holds. Received provision and stored holds.. 1200 Saluted with21 guns the Anniversary of coronation of Queen Victoria. Fort also saluted

29 June 1869. Wind SW by W to SSW. Force 0 increasing through the day to 4.Maximum temperature 96F falling to 88F. Barometer steady. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Training party at drill boys at seamanship. Received £4000 for FORTE. Bent Royals. Down Top gallant yards and bent on Top gallant sails.

30 June 1869. In Madras Roads. Wind SW force 2 to 6. Maximum temperature 89F. 0900 Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters and Fire Quarters. Boys watch at gunnery. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

1 July 1869. Wind SW later SE. Force 4/5 dropping to ½. 0800 Loaded sails. Quarters and prayers. Watch employed refitting Foresail 1115 Furled sails. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Gave leave to Starboard Watch 1500 P & O mail steamer MOOLTAN arrived. 1715 Quarters.

2 July 1869. Wind SW force 3 /WNW force 2/4 SE. force 1/3. Blacking guns. Cutlass men at drill. Carpenter making badges for Ports. Forecastle men re-fitting Foresail.
P&) Steamer MOOLTAN sailed. PM Watch Cutlass men at drill. 1620 French mail packet sailed. Exercised stations for manning and arming boats.

3 July 1869. Wind SW 3 / SE 1/2 Cleaning ship throughout. Aired bedding. 1525 Mustered by Divisions and inspected bedding. Quarters. Issued clean hammocks.

4 July 1869. Wind SW / NW force 2/3 88 F. Barometer rising. 0945 mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. 1300 Steamer arrived. 1600 |Mustered at Quarters.

5 July1869. Wind WSW changing to West at Midday and to the East at Midnight. Force 2 rising to 5 at Midday before dropping to 2. 0800 Loosed sails. Watch employed picking oakum. PM. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Scrubbed hammocks.

6 July 1969. Wind from the West force 3 / 4 dropping to 2/3 in the afternoon and becoming easterly. Temperature 85 rising to 90 with the barometer dropping from 29.88 to 29.78 inches. 0800 Crossed Top gallant yards and loosed sails. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Re fitted hammock gantlines. Carpenters altering Forecastle awning. PM. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1600 Furled sails. 1715 Mustered at Divisions and received provisions. Exercised at Fore Topsail and Top gallant yard – furling, loosing and furling sails.

7 July 1869. At anchor in Madras Roads. Wind at 0400 SSE force 2. 0800 Wind West force 3. 0800 received provisions and stored in after hold. 1500. Wind East force2. Shortened cable to three shackles. 1640. Wind S by E force 2. Weighed and proceeded under steam. 1755. Shaped course and set fore and aft sails.1940. Pointed yards to wind. 1940. Wind southerly force 2 to 3. In forward sails. Madras lighthouse bearing NW.

8 July 1869. Latitude 11.53N Longitude 80.34E. Course south-easterly at 2 knots increasing to 5. Wind south-westerly force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2. Pigeon Island bearing S12E 195 miles. 0215 Set fore and aft sails. Lightening to the NE. 0630 Lit fires in second boiler. 0900 Mustered at Divisions and said prayers. Marines at rifle drill. PM Making and mending clothes. 1545. Tacked. 1645 mustered at Quarters. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2200. Tacked.

9 July 1869. Latitude 9.53N Longitude 80.49E course SSE Max. 6 knots. Wind SSW at 0300; SE by E at 1600 and SSW at 2300. Force varying 1 to 3. Altered course to S by E ½ E. 0100 Passed large steamer standing to the north. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Small arms men of watch at drill. Carpenters altering compressor. 1220 course SSE. Training party of watch at rifle drill. 1600 Braced round yards.1615 In fore and aft sails. 1645 Mustered at quarters.1730 Observed land on starboard bow. Sounded in 80 fathoms. Stopped and sounded66 fathoms. 2340. Braced round.

10 July 1869. Course South easterly at 1 to 4 knots. Wind SSW Barometer rising to 29.90 before falling to 29.90 inches. Temperature 80F rising to 90F. Just after midnight observed Foul Point lighthouse S by a ¼ E. 1240 set fore and aft sails. Stopped. 0200 Sounded in 50 fathoms. 0315 In Fore trysail and spanker. Squared yards. 0400 Foul Point S by W ½ W. In fore and aft sails. Proceeded. 0745 Saluted the flag of Commodore Heath CB with 9 guns. 0800. Came to in 11 fathoms with sand berth and veered to 50 fathoms. Cleaned ship throughout. PM Employed hoisting provision out for FORTE and DRYAD. 1600. Sent provisions to FORTE.

11 July 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 3. Temperature 82F. Just after Midnight Paymaster Mitford attempted to swim ashore and the gig was sent away. 0200 The gig returned with his clothes not having seen anything of him. 0800. The body was found. Sent 8000 lbs of bread to FORTE. Mustered by Divisions. 1630 Funeral party went ashore to inter the remains of the Paymaster. 1915 Funeral party returned.

12 July 1869. Wind SW force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3. 045 Crossed upper yards. 0900 Commodore heath came onboard to inspect the ship. Mustered by the Open List. Divisions. Exercised at General and Fir Quarters. 1300 The Commodore left the ship. 1500 Raised screw. 1530 Made up and stored away studsails. 1720. Out boats. Down Top gallant yards.

13 July 1869. Wind SW force 3to 4 increasing to 6 at midday. Temperature 84F. 0800 Fired a gun and hoisted a Court Martial flag. 0900. Court Martial assembled onboard. 1330 Sent launch pinnace, 1st and 2nd cutters out sailing for exercise. 1915 Officers of Court Martial left the ship.

14 July 1869. Wind SW by W force 3 to 5. 0800. Fired a gun and hoisted Court Martial Jack. 0900 Court assembled onboard. 1105 court closed. Hauled down Jack. Crew fitting the rigging. PM Sent boats away sailing. Received water from Tank. Unbent small sails and Trysail. Sunset. Up and moored boats.

15 July 1869. Wind SW force 4 to 6 decreasing to 4. 0545. Loosed sails. 0800 Unbent sails and sent sails on shore to dockyard. Held a court of Inquiry on Mr Ommany Assistant Paymaster. PM Making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

16 July 1869. Wind SW switching to W SW at Midday. Maximum temperature 88F. 0800 fired a gun and hoisted the Court Marital Jack. Crew employed refitting upper yards and sent condemned rope to the dockyard. PM continues fitting Upper yards. 1730 Court adjourned.

17 July 1869. Wind SW force 2 increasing to 5. Barometer steady at 29.90 inches. Fired a gun and hoisted the Court Martial Jack. 0900 Court Martial assembled. Discharged supernumeraries to FORTE. PM Issued soap and tobacco to Ship’s Company. 1600 HMS Forte and BULLFINCH sailed.

18 July 1869. Wind South –westerly force 1 increasing to 5 at midnight. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special and privilege leave to Starboard Watch. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.

19 July 1869. Wind SW force 3 to 6 decreasing to 2/3. Down top gallant masts. Lowered masts and Top sail yards. Commenced re-fitting ship. Stayed Foremast and setting up lower rigging. PM. Setting up lower rigging. Sent cutter to dockyard. Set up Topmast rigging.

20 July 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 4.Setting up Topmast stays and rigging. Hauled up launch in the dockyard. PM as for the Forenoon. Re – stayed Fore topmast.

21 July 1869. Wind SW force2 increasing to 4. Temperature 87 degrees. Refitting and cleaning spars. Shifted Quarterdeck davits. 1600. Up lower and topsail yards.

22 July 1869.Wind SW force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3 / 4. Rattling down. (Fixing the Ratlines in place). Rigging Top gallant and Royal funnel. PM Rattling down and staying Fore topmast. 1500 wind shifted suddenly to the North. 1730 Up Top gallant masts.

23 July 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 4. Temperature 85F. Rattling down rigging. Carpenters shifting davits. PM Blacking down rigging.

24 July 1869. Employed cleaning ship. PM Scrubbed masts and yards.

25 July 1869. Wind WSW to SW force 0/1.0940 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1130 Divisions. Issued clean hammocks. 1715 Quarters. Lowered and scrubbed gaffs. Sent gaffs up.

26 July 1869. Wind SW force 1. Temperature 86F. Scraping gun carriages. 1125 Sent field pieces to dockyard. PM. Wind shifted to NE. Carpenters shifting davits. 1520 Shortened in cable to 31/2 fathoms. Cleaned hammocks.

27 July 1869. Wind SW with light airs.0900. Mustered by Divisions. Shifted davits.PM. painted masts. Paid monthly money to Starboard Watch and sent them on 48 hours leave. Painting masts and yards.

28 July 1869. Wind SW switching to NE before returning to SW force 1 to 2. Painting yards. PM as in forenoon. Paid Port watch monthly money. Painting aloft.

29 July 1869. Wind WSW force 2 increasing to 4. Employed painting masts and yards. A working party is ashore. Carpenters are about the davits.. PM. Painting aloft. Cleaning paintwork.

30 July 1869. Wind SW force 3 to 4 decreasing to 1. Painting ship. Sent shot racks on shore.

31 July 1869. Wind SW force 2/3. Painting ship. Sent working party to dockyard. Sent pinnace to dockyard where it was hauled up.

1 August 1869. (Sunday) Wind SW force3/4 decreasing to 1. Mustered by Divisions. Gave Special and Privilege leave.

2 August 1869. Wind South to SW. Force 1 to 3 reducing to 0. Temperature 84F. 0500 Sent small arms men companies on shore for drill and exercise. 0900 Shore party returned. Painting ship continued. Working party on shore. 1530 Small arms men on shore drilling.

3 August 1869. Wind Light airs changing to force 2/3 from the NE. 0530 Small arms men companies and marines landed for drill. 0630. Drill party returned. Working party ashore at dockyard. PM Painting ship. Landed small arms men for drill.

4 August 1869. At anchor in Trincomalee Harbour. Wind SW calm. Temperature at midday 84F. 0500. Sent small arms men and marines ashore. 0700. Small arms party and marines returned onboard. Working party ashore. Painting ship and gun carriages. PM. Landed small arms mend for drill. Second cutter and dinghy launched. Hauled up first gig. Small arms party returned onboard.

5 August 1869. Wind SW until noon and then south force 1 to 2. 0515 Sent small arms company , Midshipmen and Marines ashore for drill. 0700 Shore party returned to ship. PM Sent sails to Dockyard. Watch employed scraping, cleaning and painting shot. Port Watch scrubbing clothes onshore. Landed small arms men who later returned.

6 August 1869. W. Force 4 to 5 increasing to 6 at midday before decreasing to 2. 0520 Landed small arms men for drill who later returned. Painting gun carriages. Working party on shore. Carpenters repairing boats.. PM Sent small arms companies on shore and they returned at 1700. Hoisted in accommodation ladder for repairing.

7 August 1869. Wind SW force 23 to 4. Maximum Temperature 86. Barometer 29,85 inches. Scrubbed wind sails. Cleaned ship throughout. PM Working party ashore. Gave leave to Starboard watch for 48 hours. Received second cutter from dockyard.

8 August 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 3. 0915. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave general leave to Starboard Watch.

9 August 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 3 decreasing to 0. Watch employed ashore launching and hauling up boats.. 1020 Let go lifebuoy for trial – all correct. 1500. Sent launch away for 24 hour cruise. 1715 Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. 1730. DRYAD sailed. Stored booms.

10 August 1869. Wind calm. Temperature 84F all day. Drew stores.PM. Hoisted in powder and engineering stores. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. 1720 launch returned from cruising.

11 August 1869. Wind Calm. 0515 Sent field piece crews ashore for drill. They subsequently returned onboard. Laid out hawser and swung ship. ( To check the compass against known bearings) Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at mark.PM. Sent pinnace away for 24 hour cruise. Mustered by Divisions with clean hammocks.

12 August 1869. Wind SW force 1 to 3. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Received engineering stores. Got up slops.. PM. Issued slops to Ship’s Company. Make and mend clothes. Pinnace returned. Gave special and privilege leave to both watches. Mustered at Quarters.

13 August 1869. Wind SW force1 to 3. Sent Dockyard party ashore. Coal lighter came alongside. PM Coaled ship.

14 August 1869. Wind South switching to WSW force 1 to 2. Cleaned ship throughout. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

15 August 1869. Wind calm. Temperature 84F. Mustered by Divisions. Performed Divine Service. PM Gave special and privilege leave . 17 20 Mustered by Quarters.

16 August 1869. Wind SW force 1 to 2 rising to 3 / 4. Sent second company of small arms men ashore for drill. Hauled up launch in Dockyard. Received Carpenter’s stores. 1015. Small arms men returned onboard. PM Restoring booms. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

17 August 1869. Wind WSW force 3 to 5 decreasing to force 2 through the day. 0500. Sent marines on shore for rifle practice. Sent dockyard party on shore. Shifted guns. 100 Mustered at Quarters. PM. Storing booms and pointing ropes. Artificers ashore

18 August 1869. Wind SW by W to SW force 2 to 5. 1000. Exercised at General Quarters. Party at Dockyard getting off sails. Hoisted in sails. PM. Received stores from dockyard. Stored sails and booms. 1600 Bent on Upper sails. Mustered at Quarters. Bent on sails and crossed Top gallant yards.

19 August 1869. Wind SW to WSW force 4 to 3 dropping to 2 at midday and then increasing to 5 later. AM Employed cleaning after hold. Received provisions and rum. Restocking holds.PM Stored spirit Room and hold.

20 August 1869. Wind WSW / SW force 1 increasing to 5 through the day. AM. Dockyard party on shore. Drawing stores and storing booms. PM. Watch employed storing junk. Shipped 1st gig’s davits. 1700 mustered at Quarters

21 August 1869. Wind south westerly force 2 to 3. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout. PM. 1715 Divisions. Issued clean hammocks.

22 August 1869. Wind south westerly force 2 to 3.. Temperature 85F. 1000. Mustered by Divisions to perfo9rm Divine Service. Noon Gave special and privileged leave. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

23 August 1869. Wind South westerly switching to creasing to 5. AM Dockyard party ashore. 0900 mustered at Quarters. Up screw and cleaned it and lowered it. Restored booms. 1530 In launch. Held survey on Mr S. M Spry -Navigator. Lt. acknowledged him for preservation of life.

24 August 1869. Wind south westerly force to 3 increasing 3 to 4 later. Dockyard party ashore. Employed making boat’s gripes. Foremost Pivot, odd and first guns crews of watch at drill. PM Boys away sailing. Sent Galley to Dockyard to haul up and paint. Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks.

25 August 1869. Wind south westerly force 3 to 5. Dockyard party ashore. 0900 Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Employed making boats gripes. PM Cutlass party at drill. 1715. Mustered at Quarters. Loading and furling sails. Down upper yards.
26 August 1869. Wind SW force 4 to 5. Temperature 84F. 0800. Crossed Top gallant and Royal yards. 0900 Quarters. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1130. Read Warrants for imprisonment. PM making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

27 August 1869. Wind South westerly force 3 increasing to 5 at midday before decreasing to 1 with gusts up to 4. 0700. Steamship arrived with troops. Mustered at Quarters. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Sent Mr Spry and Mr Honey to steamer. PM B.J company steamer left harbour. Brought in pinnace. Prepared for sea.

28 August 1869. At anchor at Trincomalee. Wind SW force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3. Barometer 29.99 inches. Temperature 82F rising to 84F. boiler. 0640 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam. Shaped course for Seychelles SE by E. 1045 made sail to single reefed topsail, courses and staysail. 11225. Stopped steaming. Employed cleaning ship.1340 Course SE by S ¾ S. 1440. Out reefs. Set Top gallant sails and top starboard stud sail. 1715 Quarters. 1750. In stud sail. Braced up. 1940 Up Courses. 2040. Set Courses. SE by S. Sounded in 60 fathoms (Fine sand). Midnight. Up Courses

29 August 1869. Latitude 8.30N Longitude 82.12E. Wind South west by south force 1 to 2 increasing steady top 5. Course SE by S.0150 sounded in 80 fathoms. 0210 Set Courses. Sounded in 76 fathoms. 0615 Friars Hood S77W. Set Royals and Forward jib. Swell from the south. 1030 Mustered by open List. Performed divine Service. 1600 Mustered at Quarters. In 1st reef of Topsail. In Royals and Forward jib. 2300 In Top gallant sails.

30 August 1869. Latitude 6.24N Longitude 83.50E (Equator bearing 85E 890 miles) Course SE by S. Wind SW force 5 to 6 decreasing over the day to 3 to 4. 0015. In jib. 0100.In second reefs. Trimmed, down Royal yards.. 0740. Out second reef of main topsail. 0900. Quarters. Prayed. 0920 set jib. Out second reef of foretopsail.. PM. Employed making mats.1530 trimmed. 1650. Quarters. In second reef of the fore and main top sails.2015. Out second reef of Topsails. 2100 Set main topgallant sail.

31 August 1869.Latitude 4.47N longitude 84.46E.course South easterly until noon and then Northwesterly. Wind SW force3 to 4. (Foul Point bearing N48W 304 miles. 0500. Reset sails. 0700 Punished G. Gibson, Boy, with 24 cuts of the birch. Out reefs. Set Spanker, Fore and main Top gallant sails. Quarters. Prayers. Riflemen of watch at drill. 1000. Found bowsprit sprung and rotten. Held survey on deck. 1040 tacked. 1320 Set Port forward topmost stud sail. 1320. In Port foremost Port forward topmost stud sail and Top gallant sails. Carpenters repairing deck. 16.40 Mustered at Quarters. Shifted Main Top gallant sail. 1745. Set Top gallant sails. 2015. In first reed of Topsails and maintop gallant sails.

1 September 1869. Latitude 6.47N Longitude 83.11E. Course North westerly at 6 knots. Wind SW by S force 4 to 5.. 0400 Found Upper Batten on main topsail yard. 0910 Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed fishing Bowsprit. Repairing the bowsprit with fish pieces – a long piece of hardwood convex on one side and concave on the other. They are bound on to a spar with bolts and hoops or stout rope called woolding. 1315. Out reefs in topsails. 1515. Crossed Royal yards. Set Royals, Forward jib and Main Top gallant. 1645. Quarters. In first reef. Bent cable and unstored anchor. 1915 In Royals, Forward jib and Spanker. 19145 Trimmed. 2100 Course NW.

2 September 1869. Latitude 8.5N Longitude 81.35E. Course NNW. Wind variable force 1 to 3. 0245 Furled sails and got up steam in one boiler. 0405 Proceeded under easy steam. 0400 Down Top gallant and Royal yards. Unbent Stus sails. Watch rigging spar and topmast as a derrick for getting out bowsprit. Noon course NW by N. 1340 Reduced speed. Employed making and mending clothes. Quarters. Down Top gallant yards. Land on both bows. Sent in Jib boom. 1800 sounded in 80 fathoms. Observed foul Point Light. 194.5 Course NE. Set Fore and main Trysails. Stopped steaming.0000.Foul Point Light N ¼ S.

3 September 1869. Course W by N. Wind force 2 to 3 increasing to 5 at midday before decreasing to 2 to 3. 0200 sounded in 80 fathoms. 1415. Commenced steaming. . In fore and aft sails. 0700 Passed foul Point light House. 0900 Quarters. Squared yards. Anchored in 11 fathoms on a sandy bottom. . Shifted berth and anchored in 12 fathoms and veered to 42 fathoms. Outer buoy of dockyard S42W. York shoal buoy N45W. Out boats. Employed in setting up derrick and its rigging. Housed fore topmast. PM Sailmakers making boats covers. Rigged derrick. 1600 Out bowsprit. Hauled up Bowsprit in yard.

4 September 1869. Wind SW force 2 to 3. 0400 cleaned ship. 1130 Punished J Clarke with 12 cuts of birch. 1600 Mustered by Divisions with clean hammocks. Mended furl of sails. Hauled up Pinnace and second cutter.

5 September 1869. South-westerly force 1 to 3. Temperature 86F. Barometer 29.91 rising to 30.00 inches. 0015 Tom. Peter Kroomen died. Mustered by Divisions. Performed Divine worship. PM Gave special leave to both watches and privileged leave to watch. 1700 Sent a funeral party to inter the remains of the deceased.

6 September 1869. At anchor. Calm with temperatures reaching 84F. AM Sent Dockyard party ashore. Down main Topsail yard. 0800. Loosed sails to Dockyard. Mustered at Quarters. Employed making and refitting head gear. 1400 Out stream and kedge anchor. Complete with cables.. launch away with diving party. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.

7 September 1869. Wind North- easterly force 0 to 2. AM. Sent Dockyard party ashore. Swung ship for deviation of compass. Carpenters repairing Mizzen Top sail yards. Sailmakers fitting boat awnings. PM . Restoring stream and kedge anchors. 1715. Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. Unbent upper sails.

8 September 1869. Wind South -westerly force 1. 0800. Loosed sails. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed reeling up hawsers. PM. Cleaned boats. Making up and storing away small sails. 1615 Furled sails an up boats.

9 September 1869. Wind south-westerly force 1 to 2. AM. Sent Dockyard party ashore. 0800 Loosed sails. Quarters. Read prayers followed by the Articles of War. Carpenters working on the Bowsprit. 1130 Furled sails. PM Gave special leave to both watches and privileged leave to watch. Making and mending clothes. Mustered at Quarters. Coal lighter came alongside.

10 September 1869. Wind South-westerly switching to WSW PM. Force2 increasing to 4 before decreasing to 2. AM Sent dockyard party ashore. Coaled ship receiving 24 tons. Cleaned ship. PM Watch employed making sennets and scraping jib boom. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

11 September 1869. Wind South-westerly force 2 to 4 degreasing to 3. AM. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Party ashore clothing Bowsprit. Carpenters repairing boats. 1715. Quarters

12 September 1869. Wind SW force 2. Temperature 83F. Barometer 29.23 inches.. 0945 Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service.. PM Gave special leave to and privilege leave to Starboard watch. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.

13 September 1869. Wind WSW force 2 to 3 changing to South-westerly force 1 to 2. Temperature 84F. 0800. Received new Bowsprit. 0830. In Bowsprit. Down derrick. Launched pinnace and cutter. PM Employed gammoning Bowsprit. Seven or eight turns of a rope lashing passed alternatively over the Bowsprit and through the large hole in the cut-water the better to support the stays of the foremast, after all the turns are drawn as firm as possible the two opposite are braced together under the bowsprit by a frapping. It was essence of a Seaman’s ability and only forecastle men under the Boatswain executed it. Now days galvanised chains are used. Carpenters plaining spare Topmast. Blacksmith employed about the nippers.

14 September 1869. Wind South-westerly force1 to 2. Overcast becoming broken cloud.AM. Completed gammoning of Bowsprit. Setting up Bobstays. Ropes used to confine the Bowsprit downwards. Sent launch away for target practice. PM. Employed setting up fore rigging and striking down provisions. Up fore topmast. Out Jib and and flying boom with gear and dolphin striker.

15 September 1869. Wind south-westerly force1 to 2 increasing to 3 later. 0900 Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. 1130 Up screw. Boys sailing in pinnace. 1400. Down screw. Exercised cutter firing rockets. Pinnace away firing shot at mark. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

16 September 1869. Wind South-westerly force1 to 2. 0800 Up top gallant masts. Quarters. Prayers. Read return of Court Martial. Carpenters repairing nettings. 1130 Furled sails. PM Gave special leave. Employed making and mending clothes. Quarters. Bent on head sails.

17 September 1869. Wind South-westerly changing to WSW at noon. Force 2 to 4 decreasing to 3.before changing back to South-westerly. 0800. Crossed Top gallant and Royal yards. 0915 quarters and read prayers. Employed making sennets and scrapping blocks. PM. Carpenters planning Spanker boom remainder continued to make sennets and scrape blocks. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Took in boats. Bent Stud sails on and rove anchor gear. Sent up out rigger.

18 September 1869. Wind South –westerly force 3 to 4 increasing to 5until 1600 when it decreased to 3from WSW. 0800 Employed cleaning ship throughout. Watered ship. 0930 lit fire in two boilers. 1115 weighed and proceeded under steam. 1400 made plain sail save Royals and Forward jib. Course SSE. 1500 Stopped steaming. 1555 In Mizzen and Top gallant sail. 1645 Quarters. In first reef of Top sails. 2145.Sounded in 50 fathoms ( sand and shell) 2359. Land on starboard beam

19 September 1869. Latitude. 7.12 N. longitude 82.19E Equator 85E. S21E 414 miles. Course ENE until 0400 then SSE ½ S. Wind SSW force 1 increasing through the day to 5. 0015 Shortened sail. Furled the after sails. Sounded in 46 fathoms ( gravel) . 0147 Commenced steaming. 0200 sounded in 60 fathoms. 0600 made sail to single reef Topsail Courses and Top gallant sails. 0622 Stopped steaming. Daylight showed land on the starboard beam. 0900 Trimmed. 0945. Divisions and Divine Service. 1430 Westminster Abbey S85W. 1645 Divisions with clean hammocks. Unbent cables and stored anchors. Swell from South. 1945. In Topgallant sails and Jib. 2130 Down Royal yards.2315

20 September 1869. Latitude 5.32 N. longitude 83.42 E. course SSE. Wind SW by W force 5 to 6 decreasing to 4 to 5. Maximum speed through the water 6 knots. 0100 In second reef of Top sail. On preventer to Top sail braces. 0545 Out second reef of main Top sail. 0910. Mustered at Quarters.. 0930 Out 2nd reef of Fore and Main topsail. Set jib and main Top gallant sail. Employed scraping blocks and making swabs. 1215. In Main top gallant sails and Jib.. Employed fitting boats awnings. Trained men at gunnery instruction. 1645 Quarters. In second reef of Topsails. 2010 Up mainsail. 2115 Set mainsail.

21 September 1869. Longitude 3.20N 84.17E. Course S ¾ E Wind SW by S changing to WSW. Force 3 to 4. 0015 Set main Top gallant sail and jib. 0149, out second reef of Topsail and se forward Top gallant sail. 0900. Mustered ay Quarters. Prayers.. Trined men of watch at drill. Employed clearing and cleaning bread room. PM. Training men of watch at rifle and cutlass drill. Boys at seamanship. 1645 Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. In second reef of Topsails. Employed storing Bread Room. 1820. Out second reefs.

22 September 1869. Latitude 1.27N Longitude 85.00 E. Course south-easterly. Wind WSW force 2 to 3 decreasing to 2 until noon and then increasing to 4 before decreasing to 2. 0545 Out reef of Topsails. Set Mizzen top gallant sail. 0745. Trimmed. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Observed a waterspout on starboard bow. Set starboard topsail stud sail. PM. Passed two ships standing to the North. 14.40 In stud sail. 1645 mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsails.

23 September 1869. Latitude.0.18S. Longitude 85.3E. Course south-westerly. Wind WNW force 2 to 3. 0545 Altered course to S by W. 0550 Out reef of Topsails. 0720 Set Topsails and top gallant stud sails. Divisions and prayers. 0930 In stud sails. Trimmed. PM making and mending c1600 Trimmed sails. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1855. Shortened sail to Topsails.

24 September 1869. Latitude 0.53S. Longitude 85.10E. Course South-westerly. Diego Garcia bearing S62W 852 miles. Wind started with light airs from the east before becoming south west force 4 and then south-easterly 1 to 2. 0200 Lowered Topsails. Down Jib. 0230. Set courses. 0300 Set Topsails . 0500 Up mainsail. Furled courses. 0730 Shortened and furled sails. Lit fire in one boiler 0900 Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at a target. Proceeded under steam at 5 knots. Set fore and aft sails as well as Foresail. PM Watch making sennets. 1530 In fore and aft sails. Up Foresail. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 2200 Exercised at Night quarters firing blank cartridge.

25 September 1869. Latitude 3.28. Longitude 84.19E. Course S buy W. Wind South to SE force 1 to 2. 0400 82F Employed cleaning ship. 0730. Set Fore and aft sails and Foresail. Continued cleaning ship throughout. .PM continued to clean ship. 1645.Quarters. 1830 set Fore trysail..

26 September 1869. Latitude 5.08S Longitude 83.47E. Course SW making 5 knots through the water. Wind light airs from the SE. Barometer 20.04 inches. Temperature 84 F. 0155 Set main and Mizzen top sail plus top gallant sails.. 0600. Reset sails.
0945 Mustered by the Open List and performed Divine Service. 1235 altered course to SW. 1600 One sail in sight. 1645 Quarters. Braced round. In Trysail. Exercised Colours with English ship standing to Southward.2035. Shortened and furled sails.

27 September 1869. Latitude 7.50S Longitude 82.29E. Course SW. Wind calm increasing to force 3 in the afternoon. 0910 Mustered at Quarters. Set fore and aft sails, forward jib and Spanker. 1045 Made sail to Topsails and topgallant sails and fore sail. Party at cutlass drill. 1230 Paid monthly money to Ship’s company. Stopped steaming.. 1315 Plain sail save Spanker. 2010 Set spanker.

28 September 1869. Latitude 8.49S Longitude 81.12E. course SW to SW by W. Wind SSE force 2 increasing steadily to 4. 0740. Trimmed, set Topmast stud sails.. 0800 Course SW by W. Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Second company of small arms men at drill. Pistol men firing at a target. PM Pistol men and Midshipmen firing at a target. 15.15 Trimmed sails. In Spanker. 1645. Quarters. In Royals. Fore jib and forward Topsail.

29 September 1869. Latitude 10.58S. Longitude 79.4 E. course SW by W. Wind SSE until noon then changing to ESE before settling to SE again.at force2 to 3. 0045 Set Topmast Stud sail.
0540. reset sails and forward Jib. Trimmed and set Royals. 0900 Prayed. Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers making Quarter Deck awning.PM Carpenters altering Quarter Deck awning and netting. 1315 Course West. Squared yards. Up Mainsail. In fore Trysail. Set lower port and Top gallant stud sails. Down forward jib and Topmast staysail. Quarters. 1840 Trimmed and set clew of mainsail.

30 September 1869. Latitude 10.4S. longitude 76.40E. Course West. Wind SSE force 2 to 3. Speed through the water 4 to 5 knots. 0600 Aired bedding. 0900 mustered at Quarters and prayed.. Boys at seamanship. Marines at rifle drill.
PM Employed making and mending clothes. Carpenters altering Quarterdeck netting. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Trimmed. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

1 October 1869. Latitude 9.58S. longitude 73.50E. Course West. Wind SSE force 3 to 4. 0605 Set windward clew of mainsail. 0900 mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Cleared Sail room Inspected Marines accoutrements. PM. Trained men of watch at drill. Employed making up and storing away sails. 1645 Mustered at Quarters.

2 October 1869. Latitude 9.58S. longitude 70.30E. Course West. Wind SSE to south force 3 to 4 and the ship making way at 4 to 6 knots. 0800 Employed cleaning ship throughout. Carpenters altering second deck nettings.
PM Employed cleaning ship. 1650 Mustered at quarters. Issued clean hammocks.

3 October 1869. Latitude 9.53S Longitude 6821E. course West. Wind SSE force 3 to 4. Best speed 7 knots. 0400 reset sails. 0940 Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. 1645 Quarters. 1845 in lower Stud sails.

4 October 1869. Latitude 9,53S. Longitude 65.0E. Course West to 0900 then N by ½ W. Wind S by E becoming southerly force4 to 5 decreasing to 2 to 3 at noon.
0445. Trimmed sails.0630. In top gallant stud sails, Royals and forward jib. 0800 Prayers. 0900 Braced forward on port tack. Set Mainsail. PM. Watch on making sennets. Trained men of watch at cutlass drill. 1645Quarters. Scrubbed hammocks. 2150 Up Mainsail, squared yards.

5 October 1869. Latitude 8.50S. Longitude 62.34E. Course NW ¾ W. Wind SE force 2 to 3. 0800 Trimmed. Divisions and prayers. Heavy swell from South. Carpenters repairing gun carriages. 1230. Course NW ¾ W. 1315 Set Royals. Fore jib and mainsail. Boys at seamanship
1650 Quarters. 1820 Up Mainsail. Squared yards. In Top stud sail, Royals and Forward jib

6 October 1869. Latitude 8.0S. Longitude 61.41E Course NW ¾ W. Wind SE moving to SSE force 2 to 3. 0800 Quarters and prayers. Set Royals, forward jib and port Topsail stud sails. Employed fitting main top starboard staysail and stay. Pm Employed making and mending clothes. 1600. Passing through strong tide rips. Making way at 3 to 4 knots. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2200 passing through several more tide rips. Short ripplings which result from eddies or the passage ofof the tide overran uneven bottom. Also observed in the ocean where two tides meet, but not appearing to affect a ship’s course.

7 October 1869. Latitude 6.42S. longitude 58.49E. Course NW ¾ W. Wind SE /SSE force 2 to 4. Barometer at0300 30.02 inches rising to 20.10 at noon before falling to 30.07 inches at Midnight. Temperature at noon 78F. 0340 In top studsail. 0530 In Port top stud sail and Royals. 0900 Prayers and exercised at General Quarters. 1030 Set royals and Port topsail. Trimmed. PM. Trained men of watch at drill. 1720 Quarters. Set Starboard to stud sail.

8 October 1869. Latitude 8.45S. Longitude 57.14E. Course NW ¾ W. Wind SE by S changing suddenly at 0420 to North east. 0300 Squared yards. Up clew of mainsail. 0420 Sudden shift in wind. In stud sails. Trimmed. Set both to stud sails. 0900 Divisions and prayers. 1000. Broadside. Guns crews of watch at drill.PM. Training party at cutlass drill. Midshipmen at gun drill. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Bent on cables. Scraped masts and boom. 2200 In Top mast stud sails. Hove to and sounded in 34 fathoms (Coral). Filled sails. 2359 Hove to and sounded in 37 fathoms.

9 October 1869. Latitude 4.45S. Course NW ¾ W. Wind NE changing to east at 1600 force 3 dying to 0 at 2000. 0400 Sounded in 38 fathoms. 0540 Observed Isle of Mache on Starboard Bow. 0600 Braced forward and set Spanker. 0700 Cleaning ship. 0945 Up mainsail and furled it. Set fires in one boiler.1100. Commenced steaming. Noon In upper sails, forward jib and spanker.. 1345. Shortened and furled sails. 1420 Pilot came onboard. 1510 Came to in 10 fathoms with sandy bottom. Moored with 3 ½ on Sandy bottom and 3 ½ on bad bottom in the Seychelles. 1645 mustered at Quarters

10 October 1869. Moored in the Seychelles. Wind SE force 0 to 2. Broken cloud. 0940 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special and privileged leave to both watches. 1700 Quarters. Down top gallants and Royal yards.

11 October 1869. Wind South easterly force0 rising to 3 before falling back to 1. 0600. Out boom boats. 0715. Saunders( A carpenter) came onboard drunk and was placed under arrest. Quarters and prayers. Employed refitting Top gallant yards. PM Trained men at cutlass drill. Let go lifebuoy for trials – all correct. Scrubbed and washed clothes. Launch away watering.

12 October 1869. Moored. Wind SSE to SE force 1. Temperature at noon 83F. Barometer 30.08 inches. 0800. Crossed upper yards. Loosed sails. Quarters and prayers. Boys at seamanship. Trained men at gun drill. Employed fitting a seine. ( large fishing net). PM Sent a seining party away. 1715 Quarters. Seining party returned.

13 October 1869. Moored. Wind S by W to SE force 1 increasing to 3. Temperature at noon 82F. Barometer falling to 30.02 inches. 0900 Read prayers and Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers making boat rifle covers. Making sennit. A flat cordage formed by plaiting five or seven rope yarns together. Pm Trained men at gun drill. Sail makers making rifle covers. Mustered at Quarters.

14 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE / SE by E / SSE force 1 to 3.Temperature at noon 81F Barometer dropping to 30.02 inches. AM Quarters and prayers. Trained men at gun drill. Sent invalids to hospital. PM. Making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

15 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE / SSE / SE. Noon temperature 82 arometer rising to 30.04 inches. AM. Launch away watering. Quarters and prayers. Second company of small arms men at drill. Watering ship. Noon. Gig away sounding with Lt Taylor.
Boys away in pinnace. 1715 Quarters.

16 October 1869. Moored. Wind Se force 1 to 2 Barometer rising to 30.12 inches.. AM. Employed cleaning ship. Launch away watering. 1715 Mustered by Divisions.

17 October 1869. Moored. Wind E by E / SE / South force 1 to 2. 0900 A French schooner arrived. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special leave. Mustered at Quarters

18 October 1869. Moored. Wind Calm. 0800 Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Mustered at Quarters. 1000 Furled sails. Prayers. Manned and armed boats. 1100. Unarmed boats. PM. Gave 48 hour leave to Port Watch. Sent seining party away. Quarters.

19 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE force 1 to 3 increasing to 3 with barometer rising to 30.11 inches. 0800 fired a gun to set clock on shore. 0940 Mustered at Quarters. Employed painting rifle covers. 1500. Seining party returned. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

20 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE force 1 to 2. Broken cloud becoming overcast with barometer dropping to 30.09 inches. 0900 Exercised at General Quarters. Carpenters scraping down gun carriages. Sailmakers making sail covers for the launch. PM Cutlass men of watch at drill. Boys at seamanship. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

21 October 1869. Moored. Wind SW 0 to 1.Barometer dropping to 30.00 inches. AM launch away watering. Mustered at Quarters Prayers. Issued soap and tobacco. Sailmakers making covers for launch sails. PM. Making and mending clothes. Served out slops to Ship’s Company. Scrubbed and washed clothes..

22 October 1869. Moored. Wind Calm. Barometer dropping to 29.99 inches before rising to 30.05.. 0800 Crossed Royal yard and loosed sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. 1115 Furled sails. Up screw. Carpenters scraping gun carriages. PM. Pinnace and dinghy away placing buoys . Numbers 3 and 4 of gun crews firing at targets with brass gun. 1700 Mustered at Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks.

23 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE by E force 1 to 3. 0710 Loosed sails. Employed cleaning hammocks and ship throughout. 1400 French mail steamer arrived. Mustered at Quarters. 1900 French mail steamer sailed.

24 October 1869. Moored. Wind SE force 1 to 2.Temperature at noon 81F. AM. Mustered by the Open List. Performed divine service. PM. Gave special leave to both watches. 1810 Mustered at Quarters. Rove anchor gear. Up preventer backstays.

25 October 1869. Brachois Mache. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 3. Barometer rising from 30.04 to 30.09 inches. AM. Sent launch away. 1000. Quarters and prayers. Preparing for sea. 1100. Weighed starboard anchor. Shortened in cable to 3 shackles. PM Lit fire in one boiler. 1420 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam with pilot. Set headsail. 1600. Course SW by W. Quarters. Set fore and aft sails, foresail and Fore top sail. 1930 Course SW.2200 sounded in 33 fathoms – fine sand.

26 October 1869.Latitude 5.37S (Dead reckoning) Longitude 53.53E (Dead reckoning) Course south westerly. Wind SE by S / NW by W / WNW
/ SE. Force2/3 increasing 3 to 4 before dying to 2. 0200. Sounded in 60 fathoms (coral bottom) 0220. Set main and Mizzen topsails and mainsail. 0130. Stopped steaming.. Banked fires. Sounded in 50 fathoms (coral bottom). 0410. Down forward jib. Set Top gallant sail. In Spanker. Sounded in 70 fathoms. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and rad prayers. 1040. Up Main sail . In Trysails. 100 wore ship. Watch employed at restoring hold. Noon altered course to south. 1315 Trimmed. Shortened and furled sails.1420 Proceeded under easy steam passing small tide rips. 1800 Washed clothes. 2000 course SW by S. Set foresail jib and top gallant staysail. Stopped steaming. Made sail. 2200 Altered course to SW by S ½ S.

27 October 1869. Latitude 5.46S. longitude 53.19E. course South westerly. Wind SE / SSE force2 to 4. 0200 Passing tide rips. Set Top gallant sails. 0520 In top gallant sails. 0630. In Main trysail. Set top gallant sails. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Employed making sennet. Boys at seamanship. 1340 Set port fore top stud sails. 1430 Bent and set Main top staysails. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1600 Set royals an forward jib.. 1640 Observed land on the starboard bow. Quarters. In first reef of Topsail and stud sails. 1715 In stud sails and staysail . Shortened and furled sails. 1850Proceeded.2200 made sail. Stopped steaming.

28 October 1869. Latitude 7.45S. Longitude 52.5E. course SW / W by S/ West. Wind southerly to SSE force 2 to 4. Barometer rising to 30.11 before dropping to 30.02 inches at midnight. 0245. Altered course to W by S and trimmed.. 0600 Reset sail. 0915 quarters and prayers. Set main topmast staysail. In Spanker and Main trysail. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Carpenters repairing lower deck lockers and making gratings.. 1800 Passing through tide rip. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

29 October 1869. Latitude 7.57S. Longitude 48.55E. Course West. Wind SSE / S by E force 2 to 3. Maximum speed through the water 6 knots. 0210 latitude by Mir altitude Aldebaran. 7.55S Aldebaran is an orange giant star located about 65 light years away. It is the brightest star in the zodiac constellation of Taurus. It varies slowly in brightness 0900 Mustered at Quarters and prayers. .Broadside guns crews at drill. Watch employed making sennet. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck awning. PM. Midshipmen at rifle drill. Trained men and Seamen under instruction. Boys at seamanship. 1645Mustered at Quarters. Trimmed. 2315 latitude by Achernar 8.14S Sometimes spelled Achenar, is the brightest star in the constellation Eridanus and the tenth-brightest star in the night sky.

30 October 1869. Latitude 8.30 S. Longitude 46.21E. Course Westerly Wind southerly force 3 to 4. 0215 latitude by Aldebaran 8.18 S. 0750. Altered course to W by S. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1330. Course SW by W 1410. Braced forward course SW ½ S. Employed cleaning ship.1640 Mustered at Quarters

31 October 1869. Latitude 10.56S. longitude 45.9E. Course South-westerly changing to south / south- easterly. Wind SE by E/ ESE / E by S / East force 4 to 5 decreasing to 2 in the afternoon. 0630 altered course to S by W and trimmed. 0950 mustered by Divisions and performed divine Service. 1010. In Royals, forward jib and Top gallant stud sails. 1200 In main topmast staysails and trimmed. Set royals and Forward jib. 1320 Shaped course south.1430 Course S ½ E. 1655. Mustered at Quarters. 1715. Trimmed. 1815. Saw Cornaro Mountains W by S. latitude by Markab 11.37S
Alpha Pegasi (α Peg, α Pegasi) is the third brightest star in the constellation Pegasus and one of the four stars in the asterism known as the Great Square of Pegasus. It has the traditional name Markab (or Marchab), which comes from an Arabic word مركب markab, “the saddle of the horse”, or is mistranscription of Mankib comes from an Arabic phrase منكب الفرس Mankib al-Faras, “(the Star of) the Shoulder (of the Constellation) of the Horse” for β Pegasi.
Markab has a stellar classification of B9 III, indicating that it is a B-type giant star that has exhausted the hydrogen at its core and has evolved beyond the main sequence. It is rotating rapidly, with a projected rotational velocity of 125 km/s giving a lower bound on the azimuthal velocity along the star’s equator. The effective temperature of the photosphere is nearly 10,000 K and the star has expanded to nearly five times the radius of the Sun.
1 November 1869. Approaching Johanna. (Modern name Nzwani) Course south- easterly. Wind easterly force 2 to 3. 0020 Shortened sail to topsails. 0130 Observed land ahead. 0245 wore ship. 0600 Wore ship and made plain sail save Spanker. 0810. In royals and forward jib.. In top gallant sails and Spanker. 0915. Shortened all sail and came to with sandy bottom in 8 ½ fathoms. Veered to 4 shackles. Anchor bearing Beacon (White Stone ) bearing S75E; Flag staff at fort bearing N78E; NE extreme N87E. Mustered at Quarters and furled sails. PM At single anchor off Johanna. Trained men and boys at gun drill. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck awning. Blacksmith making gear for davits. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.
2 November 1869. At single anchor. Wind SSW with light airs. 0450 Sentry on duty on top gallant gave alarm for man overboard. Sent cutter in direction of man. Cutter returned. Found Oswald Edge missing. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Gun crews of watch at gun drill. PM Trained men at gun drill Boys at seamanship.. employed at making mats.. 1500 Oswald Edge Boy First Class was brought onboard. 1715. Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks.
3 November 1869. 0800 Loosed sails. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at a target.. Carpenters making gratings. Boys away drilling in second cutter. 1330 Furled sails. Trained men and seaman gunners at drill. Boys away in cutter. Employed making mats. Mustered at Quarters. Rove anchor gear.
4 November 1869. Preparing to sail around the island to Pornony. Wind NNW / N by E force 0 to 2. 0820 Lit fires under starboard boiler. 0920 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. 1015 Weighed and proceeded for Pornony. Made all plain sail. 1047. Stopped steaming. Sailmakers repairing sick bay screen. Observed dhow on port bow. 1245. Squared yards commenced steaming 1310 Saddle at NE Point in one and SW Point S48E 1335 Cutter returned, Stopped. Proceeded. Shaped course to SW. Employed making and mending clothes. 1410 course SE by ½ E and trimmed. Stopped. Set Mainsail .1540 E by S ½ S. 1645 Went ahead. Mustered at quarters. Shortened and furled sails.1615 Came to with (Sandy bottom) in 9 ¼ fathoms. Veered to 56 fathoms – anchor bearings Sunley’s chimney NE by E,SW Point S32E, Outer Beacon N6W.
5 November 1869. 0400 Calm barometer 30.09 inches. Temperature 78F. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Read warrants and returns of court marshals. Boys at seamanship. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Employed making sennet. PM boys of watch at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Quarterdeck awning. Scrubbed and washed clothes. Temperature 82F.
6 November 1869. At single anchor. Wind calm. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Rove messengers. Prepared for sea. 1135 Weighed and proceeded out of anchorage under steam. Shaped course south. 1400 Observed dhow on Starboard bow.. 1430 made sail. 1500 Stopped steaming and set mainsail. Wind force 1 to 2. 1530 Up Courses. Quarters. 1800 commenced steaming. 1830. Fired a gun for Chase? To heave to. 1910 Set foresail and lee clew of mainsail. Shaped cours S by W. Lond swell from NE.
7 November 1869 Latitude. 15.25S. Longitude 44.00E. Cape St Andrew bearing south 166 miles. Course SW. Wind NE force 2. Daylight observed Isle of Mayotta North Point N by 6 E and south point S 89 E. 0900. Squared yards. Up mainsail. 0950 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1545 Braced forward on starboard tack to a light breeze from NE. Observed a dhow bearing E by S. Mustered at Quarters. 1830 Braced forward. 2350. Squared yards.
8 November 1869. Latitude 14.5S. Longitude 44.31E. Cape St Andrews bearing south at 126 miles. Course S by W. Wind NW changing to SW to Westerly. Force 2 increasing to 3 in the afternoon. 0045 Braced forward. 0600 Set Royals and forward jib.. Up clew of mainsail. Midshipmen at rifle drill. Quarters and prayers. Set Starboard Topsail studsails. Employed mending seine. 1145 Braced forward and set windward clew of mainsail. 1315 Studsails braced forward. Employed making sennit. Trained men at rifle drill. Scrubbed and mended clothes.1910 rounded in. Set Starboard Topsail studsail.
9 November 1869. Latitude 14.55S longitude 44.49E. Cape St Andrews S13W 78 miles. Course South westerly1800 and then North westerly. Wind Westerly force 3 falling to 1 at noon before rising to 4. 0110 Braced forward. In Topsail stud sail. 0440. Up courses. 0745 Set Courses. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Rounded in and set starboard top and Top gallant studsail. Broadside guns crew of watch at drill.1300. Course S ½ E. Rounded in. Trained men of watch at rifle drill. Employed pointing cutter falls.1545. In Royals, forward Jib and top gallant stud sails. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Ware. In Top studsails and first and second reefs of Topsails and Main top staysail.
10 November 1869. Latitude 13.26S longitude 44.4 E. Pomba Bay N12W 101 miles. Course North westerly. Wind Westerly force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.00 inches . Temperature 82F at noon. 0300. Out reefs of Topsails. 0900 Prayers. Exercise at General Quarters. Employed at making boats fenders and pointing ropes. Sailmakers making shell bags and Quarter Deck awning. PM. Boys at seamanship. Employed making seine Carpenters making gratings. 1645 mustered at Quarters. Exercised shifting topsails.
11 November 1869. Latitude 13.26S. Longitude 44.4E. Course Westward. Wind calm later increasing to 2 from the North. Temperature 85F at noon. 0400 Aired bedding. 0830 up courses. 0900 Mustered at Quarters – prayers. Marines at rifle drill. Boys at seamanship. 1150 sounded – 400 fathoms. 1315 Braced round on starboard tack. Making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1900 Set courses, Royals and Forward jib.
12 November 1869. Latitude 14.7S. Longitude 42.59E. Pomba Bay N64W 159 miles. Course South easterly until 2200 and then North westerly. Wind North easterly force 2 increasing to 5. 0610 Set starboard top studsail and Maintop staysail. 0950 Observed a sail bearing SW by S. altered course for SW. Mustered at Quarters and prayers. 1100. In studsail and commenced steaming. 1315 Set port topmast and top gallant studsails. 1500 Stopped steaming. Ame up with chase. Hove to. Sent cutter to across.. 1530 Filled and set foresail, Wore and set mainsail. Course NW by N. mustered at Quarters.1800. In Royals and Flying Jib.
13 November 1869. Latitude 13.25S longitude 41.39E. Course North westerly. Wind North easterly force 3 to 4. 0327 Latitude by Sirius 13.40S. cleaned ship throughout. 1645 mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1800 Observed a brig bearing SW ¾ S. 2100 wore.
14 November 1869. Latitude 13.54S. Longitude 40.41E. Course Northerly . Westerly from 0600. Midday ESE followed by SE by E before coming round to North westerly. Wind North East force3 to 4. Early morning. Up courses. Wore ship. In Top gallant sails. Down Fore top staysail/ 0420 Observed a comet NW by W Altitude 10o. 0600 Made all plain sail except Spanker. Shaped course West. 0950 Hauled to the wind. Mustered by Divisions for Divine Service. Set Spanker and tacked. 1520.Lost sight of land. 1650. Mustered at Quarters. 2015 Tacked.
15 November 1869. Latitude 14.02S. Longitude 41.16E. Course Northerly until 1600 then easterly until 2000. Wind Northerly changing to ENE and back to North. Force3 reducing to 1. 0445 Up Courses. 0600 Set Courses. 0745 Rounded in and set Top and Top gallant stud sails. Mustered at Quarters. In stud sails. Trained men of watch at drill. Sailmakers making canvas bags for shell. 1200 Observed land bearing W by S.1320. Tacked. Trained men of watch at cutlass drill In Spanker and down gaff to put head earing cleat on. Set Spanker. Small arms men of bow and odd guns crew of watch at rifle drill. Scrubbed hammocks.
16 November 1869.Latitude 14.41S longitude 42.7E. Course South easterly until 0500 then Easterly until 1700 then North easterly. Wind Northerly calm to force 1. 0900. Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Set Courses. Small arms men of 2nd starboard and 4th guns crews at drill. Watch reeving throat halyards.. PM Boys learning signals and at seamanship. Guns crews of watch at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Top stud sail. 1645. Mustered by Divisions. Shifted Top sail. 2215 Up Courses.
17 November 1869. Latitude 14.13S Longitude 42.17E. Course South to SSE until 0500 then North to west until 2000 then SE to southerly. Wind calm. 0720 sounded in 120 fathoms. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers repairing fore Topsail. Watch the refitted Fore Topsail.PM Cutlass men of watch at cutlass drill. Boys at seamanship and truck gun drill. Watch making mats. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 2010 In Royals and For jib. Wore. Made all plain sail.
18 November 1869. Latitude 13,39S. Longitude 42.7E. Course Northerly. Wind North changing to southerly at 1600. Daylight. Braced forward.0900 Mustered at Quarters and read prayers.. 0935 Wore. Watch employed making sennit mats. Marines firing at target. Sailmakers repairing Fore Topsail.. PM Making and mending of clothes.. Carpenters altering hammock netting. 1430 Up courses. In royals and Top gallant. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. 1600 A French brig passed steering north.. 1630 Braced in. Course N ¼ E. Squared yards. Scrubbed and washed clothes.
19 November 1869. Latitude 13.9S. longitude 42.40E. Course Northerly until midday and then westerly for two hours before resuming a northerly course.. Wind East changing to northerly force calm to 2. 0900 Braced forward. Set Courses. Mustered at Quarters and read prayers. 0930 Braced forward. Small arms men of watch at drill. PM. Wore. Set Courses. Small arms men of bow, odd and second guns screws at rifle drill. Employed making mats and fenders. 1445. Braced in. Braced forward. Mustered at Quarters. Exercised at Fire Quarters.
20 November 1869. Latitude 12.50S Longitude 43.12 E. Course NW to SW until 0400 then northerly. Wind Easterly switching to northerly force 0 to 4. 040 Up Courses. 1730. Saw an Island NE by e. 0550 Wore and made all plain sail. Employed cleaning ship. PM as in forenoon. Altered course to NNW.
21 November 1869. Latitude 11.59S longitude 42.44E. course Northerly. Wind North easterly force 4 decreasing to 1.0200 Up Mainsail. Hove to. Sounded in 100 fathoms. In top gallant sails and Royals. 0300 Up courses. 0400 Sounded in 140 fathoms. Set upper sails and Courses. Braced in and set starboard topmast and Top gallant stud sails. 0930 in stud sails. Braced round to wind from NW. 1200 Land bearing E by N.1645 Mustered at Quarters.1800 Wore ship.1945 Trimmed. Course N by W. Braced round. 100 Braced forward and set mainsail.
22 November 1869. Latitude 11.0S Longitude 42.2 East. Course Northerly. Wind N by E to ENE force 2 to 3. 0910 Mustered at Quarters and read prayers. Watch employed refitting main and Mizzen topsails.. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Sailmakers repairing main topsail.. 1100 In Royals and Fore Jib. 1350 Up Courses. Ordinary seamen and boys at gun drill. 1600 One sail in sight. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2010 Set courses. Altered course to the north. 21. Latitude by Achernar 10.28S also known as Alpha Eridani – is the 9th brightest star in Earth’s sky and the flattest star known. … This is the constellation Eridanus the River, and Achernar is its brightest star.
23 November 1869. Latitude 9.50S longitude 41.2 E. Course North. Wind Easterly force 3 to 4. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. First company of small arms men at drill. Midshipmen at seamanship. Sailmakers altering Quarter Deck awning.. 1315 Set Royals and fore Jib. Small arms men of bow, fourth and sixth guns crews at drills. Sailmakers repairing Fore and Mizzen topsails. 1645 Quarters. Shifted Courses and topsails. Observed land W by S ¼ S. 2230 In Royals and fore jib.
24 November 1869. Latitude 8.4S. Longitude 40.44E. Course NNE. Wind Easterly force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2. 0630 Rounded in. 0900 Read prayers and exercised at General Quarters and Fire Quarters. Employed overhauling fore Topsail and fore sail. Making sennit mats. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck awning.1220 Altered course n ½ E. rounded in. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Boys at seamanship. Watch refitting fore topmast and fore sail. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Top sail. 2020 Course N by E. 2300 sounded in 75 fathoms
25 November 1869. Latitude 6.40S Longitude 40.12 E. course Northerly. Wind easterly changing to NE force 1 to 2. Sounded in 100 fathoms. 0110 Braced forward.. 0450 sounded in100 fathoms. 0600 Out reefs. Set Royals and forward Jib. . Aired bedding. Quarters and prayers. Marines at rifle drill. Refitting spars – Topsails and Courses .Course W by N. Up Mainsail. Squared yards. PM. Making and mending of clothes. Artificers making good small defects. 1515. Observed land SW ¾ W. Altered course for Latham island.. Braced forward.1800 Latham island SW ¾ S about 4 miles. 1900 Up courses. In Royals and fore jib. Wore. 1910 sounded in 60 fathoms. 1945 In Top gallant sails. Course W by S. Lowered top sails. Squared yards course West.2100 Passed through a strong rip tide.

26 November 1869. Moored at 1416. Course west changing to SAE by S then northerly. Wind light airs from the east changing to north force 1 to 2. 0030 Latitude by Rigek 6.42S. 0150 Sounded at 90 fathoms. 0345 Observed land to the North. Sounded in 82 fathoms (sand). Hoisted Topsails. Set foresail. Altered course to south. 0400 Braced forward and set Mainsail. 0425 commenced steaming. Furled square sails. Sounded in 45 fathoms (coral). Course SW by W. 0730. Set course west. 0845 Course NW by N. 1030 Course NNW. Sailmakers repairing windsails. 1130 Furled headsails. PM HMS Dryad made her number. 1415 Stopped steaming and came to with broken bottom in 10 ½ fathoms. Moored with 4 shackles on sandy bottom and 5 on broken bottom. 1545 Saluted Sultan of Zanzibar with 21 guns. Zanzibar man of war returned the salute. Mustered at Quarters. Out boom boats. Anchor bearings – English flag staff S20E / Chomby Isle S12W / North point Banry N69W.
27 November 1869. Calm airs with broken cloud increasing to force 1. Barometer 30.02 inches. Temperature at noon 81 F. 0710 Loosed sais. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1315 Furled sails. Down Royal yards. 1740 Mustered at Quarters. Issued clan hammocks. Mended furl of sails.
28 November 1869. Calm airs from the east. Barometer 30.04 inches. Temperature at noon 88F. AM Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service.PM. Given special leave to both watches and privilege leave to Port Watch. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
29 November 1869. Light airs from NE force 1 to 2. Maximum temperature 88F. Barometer 30.02 inches. 0800 Loosed sails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Bow and odd guns crews of watch at cutlass drill. Sailmakers altering awning curtains. PM Political Agent visited the ship. Saluted him with 11 guns. Party at cutlass drill. Watch making matts and sennit etc. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
30 November 1869.Wind NNW changing to East force 0 to 2. AM. Sent mail for England to DRYAD. 0700 DRYAD left the harbour. Coal lighter came alongside. 1915 Commenced coaling ship and received 73 ½ tons of coal. PM coaling ship. 1700 received 125 tons of coal.
1 December 1869. Wind NE with broken cloud. Temperature at 30.05 inches.. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout.PM Carpenters making Scotsmen for guns . Sailmakers making main deck awning curtains. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. Condensing
2 December 1869. Wind NE / NNW / SW force 1 to 2. 0915 Mustered at Quarters and prayed.. Watch employed white washing after hold, making mats and boats fenders. Sailmakers repairing Main sail and making Quarterdeck awning. PM. Prussian Consul visited the ship. Saluted him on leaving with 9 guns. Making and mending clothes. 1730 mustered at Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. Finished condensing.
3 December 1869. Wind NNW changing to East force 0 to 3. Maximum temperature 82F. Barometer at noon 29.98 inches. 0900 Mustered at Quarters followed by prayers. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. Carpenters making Scotsmen for guns. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck awning. PM Two French corvette VOLTA arrived. Party at gun drill. Watch employed making sennit. 1650 Mustered at Quarters Mended furl of sails.
4 December 1869. Wind NE force 1.Temperature at noon 84. Barometer 29.98 inches. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout. PM as for the Forenoon. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
5 December 1869. Wind North changing to ENE force0 to 2. 0920 Mustered by the Open List. Performed divine Service. PM Scrubbed and washed clothes.
6 December 1869. Wind calm force 0. Temperature 82F Barometer 30.06 inches. 0730 Loosed sails. 0940 Furled sails. Employed clearing away after hold. Receiving and storing bread. PM Provisioning ship and unmooring and weighed. Employed storing hold and Spirit Room.
7 December 1869. Wind calm force 0 to 2. Temperature 84F. Barometer 30.07 inches. 0600 Catted and fished starboard anchor. 0800 In boom boats. 0900 Quarters. Prayers. Sailmakers making new quarterdeck awning. 100 In dinghy and copper punt. 1345 Weighed and proceeded to Bububu 1450 Came to with broken bottom in 5 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Carpenters making Scotsmen. Mustered at Quarters. Ship’s Company bathed.
8 December 1869. Winds westerly Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Boys at Seamanship instruction. Employed pointing ropes, making sennit. Sailmakers making Quarter Deck Awning. 1300 Weighed and proceeded under steam. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Scrubbed washed clothes.17030 Came to off Osnranrmba? With broken bottom in 15 fathoms and veered to 3 ½ shackles.
9 December 1869. At anchor. Wind ESE changing to NW force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 84F. Barometer 30.07. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Marines at drill. Watch employed making mats, sennit etc. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck awning. Carpenters making Scotsmen for guns. 1200 Sent 2nd cutter to Zanzibar. Making and mending clothes. 1715 Quarters. 1755 ship’s company bathed.
10 December 1869. Wind NNE changing to S force 1. 0900 mustered at quarters. Prayers. 2nd company of small arms men at drill firing blank cartridge. Carpenters making Scotchmen. PM small arms men of watch firing ball cartridge. Boys at Seamanship. 1600 Up screw. Down screw 1650 Mustered at quarters. Ship’s company bathed. Second cutter returned from Zanzibar.
11 December 1869. Wind N by W changing to NE force 1 to 2. Temperature 83F. Brometer30.06 inches. 0620 Loaded sails. Cleaned ship throughout. 1120 Furled sails. PM Second cutter away sounding. Mustered at Quarters and issued clean hammocks. Ship’s company bathed. 1715 Boats returned from surveying.
12 December 1869. At anchor. Wind NE force 3 to 4 0920 Mustered by Division and performed Divine Service. 1715 mastered at Quarters. Sip’s company bathed
13 December 1869. Wind NE force 1 to 3. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. 0935 made all plain sail. Shortened in cable. Up anchor. Set forward Topmast staysail and Spanker. Carpenters making Scotsmen. Watch employed reeving anchor gear. PM Boys at rifle drill. Remainder employed making sennit. 1640 Commenced steaming. Mustered at Quarters. Tacked. Shortened and furled sails. 1720 Came to with broken bottom in 13 ½ fathoms and veered to 3 ½ shackles.

14 December 1869. At anchor. Wind NE by N changing to ENE. Temperature 83F. Barometer 30.05 inches. AM Finished condensing. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Second company at rifle drill and firing at a target. Sailmakers altering boats awnings Cutters away sounding.. PM Watch employed making sennit Midshipmen and boys firing at a target. Cutters returned. Mustered by division. Inspected cleaned hammocks.
15 December 1869. At Anchor. Wind NE force 3 reducing to 2.. 0800 rove messenger. Shortened in cable, made sail to Top sails and Top gallant sails. 0845. Weighed anchor and made sail on starboard tack. Mustered at General Quarters. 1030. Working to windward to clear Hog Point. Carpenters making capstan top. 1100 Tacked. Employed unreeving anchor gear.1230 Tacked. Cutlass men of watch at drill. 1530 Tacked. 1645 Quarters. Tacked1725 commenced steaming. Tacked. In Top gallant sails. 1830. Tacked.. 1900 Tacked. Set Forward and main Top gallant sails.2130 Set Main topsail, stopped steaming. 1800. East of Zanzibar S14E. North end of Moina S43W. Course South easterly
16 December 1869. Latitude 6.19S longitude 40.35E. Course South easterly. Wind NE force 2 increasing to 4. Speed through the water 4 knots. Barometer 29.95 0050 Rounded in. 0105 Drew fires forward. 0117 Commenced steaming. 0522 Stopped steaming.0900. Quarters and prayers. Marines at rifle drill. Employed making mats. Carpenters making Scotsmen.1250. Course SE by S. Employed making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1855 In Top gallant sails and first reef of Topsails. Latitude by Mir alt of moon 7.48S.
17 December 1869. Latitude 8.12S. longitude 42.4E. Pornony bearing S30E 202 nautical miles. Course South easterly. Wind North easterly force 4 to 5 decreasing 3 to 2. AM latitude by Mir Alt. of Castor 7.36S. 0630 Out reefs. Set forward and main Top gallant sails. 0900 Quarters. Prayers. Small arms men of watch at rifle drill firing blank cartridge. Sailmakers repairing awnings and windlass. Carpenters making Scotchmen. 1245 course SE by ½ E.. second and fourth guns crews at cutlass drill. 1500 Set p[ort top mast and Top gallant studsails. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Shifted courses. 2200 latitude by Mir alt Aldefram 9.5S.
18 December 1869. Latitude 10.7S. Longitude 42.39E. Course South easterly. Wind ene by E changing to NE by E force 3. AM Employed cleaning ship.1115 Braced in. 1410 Braced forward in Top gallant stud sails. Continued to clean ship. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 2230 latitude by Capella 10.40S. Capella is the brightest star in the constellation Auriga, the sixth brightest in the night sky and the third brightest in the northern celestial hemisphere, after Arcturus and Vega. Its name is derived from the diminutive of the Latin feminine capra “goat”, hence “little she goat”. Capella also bears the Bayer designation Alpha Aurigae (often abbreviated to α Aurigae, α Aur or Alpha Aur). Although it appears to be a single star to the naked eye, it is actually a star system of four stars in two binary pairs. The first pair consists of two bright, type-G giant stars, designated Capella Aa and Capella Ab, in a very tight circular orbit some 0.76 AU apart and a derived orbital period of 104 days.
Capella Aa is the brighter of the two at spectral class G8III (G8 Giant) whereas Ab is slightly smaller and of spectral class G0III (G0 Giant). Aa has a calculated mass of 3.05 times that of the Sun and Ab some 2.57 times that of the Sun. These two stars have both exhausted their core hydrogen fuel and become giant stars, though it is unclear exactly what stage they are on the stellar evolutionary pathway. The second pair, around 10,000 astronomical units from the first, consists of two faint, small and relatively cool red dwarfs. They are designated Capella H and Capella L. The stars labelled Capella C through to G and I through to K are actually unrelated stars in the same visual field. The Capella system is relatively close, at only 42.8 light-years (13.1 pc) from Earth.
19 December 1869. Latitude 11.2S. Longitude 43.42E. On course from Hog Point to Johanna. Wind NE by E changing to ENE force 3 to 2 then increasing to 3 to 4.. 0500 observed Comoro Island BJ Se by S. 0545. Reset sails. 0715 braced forwards. Course SE by E. 0900.In topmast stud sails. Set Spanker. 0930 tacked. 0945 Mustered by the Open List. Issued Slops to Ships company. Preformed Divine Service. 1140 Tacked.1645 Mustered at Quarters. 1845 tacked.
20 December 1869. Latitude 12.23 S Longitude 42.46 E. Course N by E until 0118 and then south easterly. Wind ENE changing to NE by E force2 to 3 dying to 0 at midnight. 0118 tacked. Daybreak observed Comos Island SE by S. Set Mizzen and Top gallant sail. Crossed Royal yards and set Royals plus Flying jib. 0900 Mustered art Quarters. Prayers. Pistolmen of watch firing at target. Employed making sennit gaskets. 1245. Altered course to SSE. 1300 Course SE by E. 1315. Rounded in and set port top stud sail and Top gallant stud sails. 1500 In studsails and braced forward. Midshipmen at cutlass drill.1555 course South. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2130 Up Courses. 2145. Exercised at night quarters firing blank cartridges. 2015. Shortened and furled sails. Lit fires.2330. Commenced steaming.
21 December 1869. Latitude 12.6S Longitude 43.40E. Pomony bearing ESE 46 miles. Course Easterly changing to South easterly. Wind calm from ENE. Barometer at noon 30.09 inches. Temperature 85F. 0045 Course ESE. 0500 Observed Mohilla bearing SE ½ S and Johanna bearing SE by ½ E. 0630 Set fore and aft sails. 0800 steaming. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Exercised Number 1 Company of small arms men at drill. In fore and aft sails. Carpenters altering model and making scotsmen. PM. Bow and odd guns crews of watch at cutlass drill. Boys and 2nd class ordinaries at seamanship. Sailmakers altering Quarterdeck awning. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1845 course SE by E.2300 Stopped steaming. Set Jib and main trysail.
22 December 1869. SSW before for mooring. Wind calm with broken cloud before increasing to 1 to 3 from NE at midnight. 0400 Saddle Island NE by N. 0525. Progressed under steam on course E by N ½ N. 0545. In Main trysail and Jib. Squared yards. Came to on sandy bottom in 9 fathoms – veered to 9 shackles. Let go in broken bottom in 11 fathoms. Moored ship with 50 fathoms on port cable and 52 fathoms on starboard cable. Out boom boats. Anchor bearing Outer beacon N 11 E. Large tree landing place S72E. Sunley’s chimney S40E. 1330. Manned and armed boats. Boats away firing shot and shell. Shifted berth with steam. Moored with 2 ½ shackles on broken bottom and 6 ¾ on sandy bottom. 1800 down upper yards. 1915 Observed Camaro Mountain burning.

See extract below from “The Seaman’s Guide to the Navigation of the Indian ocean and China Sea” by William Henry Rosser and James Fredrick Imray 1867

23 December 1869. Moored. Wind calm. 0515. Camaro still burning. 0800 Crossed Royal yards. Loosed sails. 0915 Quarters and prayers. Marines at rifle drill. Furled sails. Down royal yards. Employed strapping blocks. PM. Making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1900 Camaros in state of eruption.
24 December 1869. Moored. Wind calm with broken cloud. Barometer 30.0f inches. Temperature 84F. Daylight Camaros still burning. Cleaned ship. PM. Continued to clean ship. Received sugar. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Seining party away.
25 December 1869. (Saturday) Moored Wind calm with broken cloud. Temperature 85F. 1000 Mustered by divisions and performed Divine Service. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
26 December 1869. Moored. Wind calm to force 1. AM Mustered by divisions and performed Divine Service. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. In boom boats. Rove messenger.

27 December 1869. In Pomony Harbour. Wind calm increasing to force 4. 0400. Hove in to 1 shackle on broken bottom and veered to 8 on sandy bottom.. 0715 Lit fires in port boiler. 0815 Unmoored. 0845 Weighed and proceeded under steam out of harbour. Course northerly Exercised at General Quarters firing shell and cartridge at a target. 1145 Proceeded to Round Saddle Island. 1315 Set fore and main Trysail. Pointed yards to wind. Set Foresail and Spanker. Carpenters making scotchmen for guns. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. Issued clean hammocks. 2045 Down Flying jib.

28 December 1869. Latitude 10.55S longitude 44.25E. wind North easterly force 1 to 2. Course Northerly. 0300 Tacked. Lightening from NW to W. 0400 up chain cable for survey.. Daylight – Camaros WSW. 0750 
Tacked. 0920 In fore and aft sails . Up Foresail course NE by E. Employed surveying chain cable, cleaning and white washing chain locker.. Stowed chain locker.. PM Scrubbed hammocks. 2200 Braced round.

29 December 1869. Latitude9.52 S. Longitude 44.41 E. Wind NE by N force 1 to 2 becoming calm. Course NE by E. 0400. Steaming. 0800. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Making swabs, stoppers and fixing new Spanker boom topping lift. Sailmakers making covers for netting lockers. Blacksmith making tye bands. (A chain which forms part of the purchase used for hoisting the Topsail and Top gallant yards.) 1230. Course NE. Boys of watch at gun drill. Watch making sennit etc.. 1645 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. Exercised at Fire Quarters.

30 December 1869. Latitude 8.41 S. Longitude 45.34 E. Wind NW calm to 1. Course North easterly. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and prayers. 0925 Stopped steaming. Crossed Royal yards and made all plain sail save Spanker. Artificers making good deficits. 1100 Trimmed forward. PM employed making and mending clothes. 1730 Set Driver. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2245. In Royals and Forward jib. In spanker. Up Courses.

31 December 1869. Latitude 8.21 S. Longitude 45.59 E. Wind North westerly calm increasing to force 4 at Midnight. Course Northerly until 2100 then SE ½ S. AM split Fore top gallant sails which were brought in. 0730 Shifted fore top gallant sail. In Main and Main top gallant sail.. 0810 Set upper sails and Forward jib. Mustered at Quarters and prayers. Read Articles of War and Warrants. Set courses. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. PM Paid ship’s company money. Bow and odd guns crews of the watch and boys at cutlass drill. Artificers making good small defects. 1515. Set Port top and starboard Top gallant stud sails. Heavy swell from NNW.. Mustered at Quarters. In upper sails. Down Topmast stud sails. Braced round. 2045 Braced rotund.
1 January 1870. Latitude 8.16 S. longitude 4.8 E. Light winds from the East changing to West force 2 at 0800, NW force 1 at midday, calm an hour later before coming from the East force2 at 1600. The direction was SE force 2 at 2000, West force 2 at 2200 and force 1 from the NW at Midnight. Course Northerly. 0030 Set Foresail and wore. Set Top gallants sails and Royals. Forward jib. 0200 Drew fires.. 0300 In upper sails and up foresail. 0730 Wore. 0810 Set Top gallant sails and Royals, Foresail and lee clew of Mainsail. Employed cleaning ship. 1040 Braced forward. Set Spanker. 1440 Shortened sails to Top sails an Jib. 1515 Braced round and made all plain sail. 15.15. mustered at Quarters. 2115. Up mainsail. In Spanker, Royals and Jib. Braced round to a light breeze from the West. 2355. Braced forward Set. Mainsail..

2 January 1870. Latitude 7.56 S. Longitude 46.22 E. Wind calm increasing to force 1 from the NNE at 1500 and force 4 from SSE at 1600. Course Northerly to SW. 0130 Up Courses. 0920 Braced round to light airs from SW. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1420. Braced forward on port tack to light airs from NW. Set courses. Speed 1 knot.. 1640 mustered at Quarters. 1815. Taken aback from SE. Up mainsail and braced round. Up Foresail. In Top gallant sails.2230. Braced round
3 January 1870. Latitude 7.24 S. Longitude 46.47 E. North African Islands N68E 420 miles. Wind West force 1 until 0800 then SW force 1 increasing to force 3 from the west ; then north at 1600. Course Northerly. 0145 Braced round and set Top gallant sails, Foresails and lee clew of mainsail. 0600 set Royals. 0915 mustered at Quarters. Prayers.. Up mainsail. Squared yards, set Top mast and Top gallant stud sails on both sides. 1315 In starboard Stud sails. Braced forward. Course ENE. Rove new main brace purchase. Cutlass men and boys of watch at rifle drill. 1500 In stud sails, Top gallant sails and Royals.. Braced forward. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1850 Set top gallant sails, Mainsail and Spanker.

4 January 1870. Latitude 6.58 S. Longitude 47.41 E. Wind Northerly force 2 increasing to 3 before decreasing in the afternoon to force 2. Course ENE. Maximum speed 3 knots. 0550 Set Royals and forward jib. 0750. In Royals and Jib. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers.. Set top gallant sails. Guns crew of watch at drill. Sailmakers repairing wind sails. Boys at seamanship. 1315. Rounded in. Set Royals, port topmast and top gallant stud sails. In Spanker. Boys at rifle drill. 1530. In Main top gallant. Shifted main topsail. Passed several tide rifts. Sailmakers repairing Main top gallant sail. Quarters. Shifted Main top gallant sail. Starboard Forward top gallant sheet carried away. Braced forward. 1000 In Stud sails. Braced forward.

5 January 1870. Latitude 6.44 S. longitude 49.2 E. wind Northerly force calm to force 2. Course ENE to NE and back to ENE. AM Passing through strong tide rips. 0550 Shortened sail to topsails, Jib and Top stay sail. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Carpenters making boom boats. Sailmakers repairing Mainsail and main top gallant sails. 1350. Made all plain sail save Spanker. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Boys at seamanship. 1530 Rounded in. Set port topmast and top gallant stud sails. Mustered at Quarters. Braced forwards. In Top gallant stud sails. Passing tide rifts.
6 January 1870. Latitude 6.27 S. longitude 49.33 E. Wind Calm and light airs becoming force 3 to 4 at midnight. Course ENE becoming NE. Maximum temperature 84 F. 0400 In Topmast stud sails, Royals and forward jib. Up Courses. 0730 Braced round to a breeze from south. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers.. marines at drill. Sailmakers repairing main and main top gallant sails. 1310 Braced round. Set Royals and forward jib.. making and mending clothes. Passed through a tide rip. Washed clothes. 2025 Set Courses.2215 Braced forward. Set Spanker.2300 In royals and Forward Jib.

7 January 1870. Latitude 6.78 S. Longitude 50.24 E.. Wind NNW force 3 to 5 decreasing to 1 from SW at noon. It then became variable before settling from the NNW at force 1 at 2000. Course North easterly Pomony to Maki. 0025 Up Mainsail and in spanker. Braced round. 0230 Up Foresail. In Top gallant sails. 0450 Squared yards. 0550 Braced forward. All plain sail save spanker. Quarters and prayers. Exercised second company at Rifle drill. Watch employed variously.1030. Up mainsail and squared yards. Set both Top mast and top gallant stud sails. 1300 made all plain sail. Course NEN. Braced forwards. Port tack. Set Royals, Topmast top gallant stud sails and lee clew of Mainsail. Cutlass men and riggers at rifle drill.in stud sails. Braced round. Up mainsail. 1630 Shortened sail to Topsails. Quarters.. Trimmed as necessary to light airs. Set Foresail and Top gallant sails. 2320 In top gallant sails and up Foresail.
8 January 1870. Latitude 5.25 S. . Longitude 51.7.E. Wind WNW force 2 to 4 becoming NW force 1 to 3. Overcast becoming broken cloud. 0600 made sail except Spanker.. 0730 Shortened sail to Top sails, Jib and staysail.. 1015 Set courses. 1030 Up Mainsail. Employed cleaning ship. 100. Braced round to a breeze from NW. 1315 made plain sail. Employed cleaning guns. 1445. Furled Fore top gallant sail and Royals. Clewed up and lowered Forward topsail for repairs. 1425. Made sail. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. 1745 rounded in. In Royals and forward jib.

9 January 1870. Latitude 4.52 S. Longitude 52.26 E. Wind NW force 1 changing to southerly force 3 to 4 after 2000. Course North easterly am changing to E by N. PM. 0345 Set Royals and Forward jib.. 0450 In Royals and Forward jib. Up mainsail. 0620 Finished condensing and banked fires. 0730 Set Royals, Top gallants and Mainsail. Mustered by Divisions. Performed Divine Service. 1150 Drew fires. 1225 course E by N. 1240 In Royals, Forward jib. Up Courses. 1320 Set Royals and Foresail. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1720 In Royals, Top gallant sails and courses.1830. Braced forward. Squared yards. 2100. Braced forward.

10 January 1870. Latitude 4.19 S. Longitude 55.16 E. Wind WNW force 2 to 3 quietening to 0. Course Easterly. 0200 Sounded in 40 fathoms. 0450 Rounded in . 0730 made all plain sail save Forward jib and weather clew of mainsail. Set port topmast and Top gallant stud sails. 0800 Course East. Quarters and prayers.. Backward men and boys at rifle drill. Employed making sennit.. Sailmakers employed repairing mast covers. Carpenters making good small deficits. 1300 Course e By S. In port Stud sails. Braced round, set starboard top and Top gallant stud sails. 1440 Lit fires under starboard boiler. Shortened and furled sails. Proceeded as in Forenoon.
11 January 1870. Latitude 4.28S. Longitude 54.56 E. wind north westerly calm increasing to force 3 at noon before decreasing to calm. Course E by S changing to SE by E ½ E before anchoring. 0150 Stopped. Sounded in 35 fathoms. 0200 Proceeded. Set Trysails, Jib and Topmast staysail and Spanker. 0350 stopped and sounded in 35 fathoms ( white sand) . Proceeded. Observed the Isle of Silhouette E by ½ S. (Seychelles) Made all plain sail on the Fore. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Second company of small arms men at drill. Employed fitting Top tyes and Top gallant tyes . Sailmakers making covers for Foremast. 1415. Shortened and furled sails. Squared yards. 1515 Took pilot onboard. 1530 Proceeded. Sailmakers continued to make cover. 1630 Came to with broken bottom in 12 fathoms. Let go on sandy bottom. Moored ship with 2 shackles on port cable and 3 on starboard cable. On swivel. Mustered by Divisions. With clean hammocks. Out boats. Down Top gallant and Royal yards. Discharged E M. Ommany – Assistant Paymaster – to shore as per Admiralty order.

12 January 1870. Moored in Barachois, Mahe. (Seychelles) Wind WNW force 1 to 2 changing to NW and increasing to 3. Barometer 29.96 inches. Temperature 82F. AM Mr Neville, Acting Navigating Lieutenant joined. Down top gallant masts and rigging. 0615 loosed sails. Refitting rigging. 1115 Unbent sails.. PM Refitting, staying topmasts and setting up topmast rigging. Up boats.
13 January 1870. Wind calm – later west force becoming NW force 2. Maximum temperature 83F. AM Employed refitting ship. PM Ratting down rigging.

14 January 1870. Wind NW force 1 to 2 rising to 3 before decreasing to 2. AM Refitting ship. PM Up Top gallant mast. Blacking down rigging. 1715 French mail steamer MOZAMBIQUE arrived.
15 January 1870. Wind calm becoming west force 2 to 3 and then NNW 2 to 4. AM French mail steamer left. 0815French man of war schooner LEVERETT arrived and anchored. Cleaned ship throughout. PM American consul visited ship – saluted with 7 guns and again when he left. Mustered at Quarters.

16 January 1870.Wind NW changing to WNW then West force 2 to 3. 100 Mustered by the Open List. Performed divine Service.PM Gave leave to special leave men of both watches. Washed clothes.
17 January 1870. Wind NNW Changing west and then NW force 3 to 5 decreasing to 1 at midnight. Barometer 29.97 inches. Temperature 78F at noon increasing to 83F at midnight.. AM. Employed cleaning starboard holds and provision rooms. Hoisting up ballast. Gave leave to Port Watch.PM Whitewashed holds and stored ballast.
18 January 1870. Wind WNW then NW force 0 increasing to 2. Barometer rising to 30.02 inches. Temperature at noon 84F. AM Employed striking down ballast and re storing holds. Noon – cleared port holds and getting up ballast. 1530 French schooner shifted berth. Clearing and cleaning holds and ballast.

19 January 1870. Wind NW force 0 to 2. Maximum temperature 80F. AM Employed striking down ballast and provisions. Port watch returned from leave. PM. Gave general leave to starboard watch. Cleaning shell locker and storing forward hold. Sent launch for water. 1630. French mail ship arrived. Discharged Lt Skibsted for Mediter and Mr Shill and three invalids for England.
20 January 1870. Wind N by W force 3 to 4 decreasing to 1 from NW. Temperature 78F. AM Storing shot locker. Mail steamer sailed.. Carpenters making backboard for 1st gig. Blacksmiths making stay for pinnace’s rain awning stanchion. Cleared shell room. PM Storing shell room and cleared fore hold. Watered ship by launch receiving 7 tons.
21 January 1870.Wind NW becoming SW later. Starting at force 1, increasing to 3 and later 4 before becoming calm at midnight. Barometer at dawn 29.97 inches rising to 30.06 inches at midnight. Maximum temperature 81F. AM Watering by launch. Employed overhauling Topsails. Sailmakers roaching Main topsail. PM Topsail continued to be overhauled. Received 20 casks of flour from shore. Completed watering.
22 January 1870. Wind NW to NNW force 1. Barometer steady at 30.02. Temperature 78 F. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1315 French schooner LEVERETTE sailed. Employed bending upper sails. Bent sails, crossed Top gallant yards. 1829 Sent in flying booms.
23 January 1870. Wind NW to NNW becoming West. Force 2 to 3. 1000 Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. PM Gave special leave to both watches. Preparing for coaling.
24 January 1870. Wind West / WNW becoming NW force 1 to 2. Temperature 78F. AM French barque came alongside. 0635 commenced coaling. Noon. Received 62 tons of coal. 1530 Finished coaling receiving 110 tons. Barque hauled off. Continued with coaling.
25 January 1870. Wind WSW becoming NW before changing to NNW at midnight. Force1 to 3. AM. Employed cleaning ship. Fitting Top gallant tyes. Sailmakers repairing windsails. PM Up Top gallant out riggers.
26 January 1870. Wind NNW / NW force 1 increasing to 3. Moored at single anchor. AM Watering ship by launch. Let go of lifebuoy for trial. 0915. In boats. Unmoored. Weighed port anchor and shortened in on broken bottom to 2 shackles. 100 Up steam in port boiler. Preparing for sea. 1130 Pilot came on board. 1310 weighed anchor and proceeded. Pilot left the ship 1600 Set fore and aft sails NE St Anne S45E; La Dique N75E. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Bent on starboard stud sail. Pointed yards to wind. 200 West extreme Silhouette N by E. Course WNW.
27 January 1870. Latitude 4.21 S. Longitude 54.18 E. Wind NNW force 2 to 3. Course N by W changing to W ½ N. Hog Point bearing S85W 902 miles. 0530 Day light – Silhouette Island E by S. Set Foresail. 0600 Set Topsails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Sounded in 33 fathoms (fine sand) Watch employed in getting up soap and tobacco. Carpenters making backboards for 2nd cutter. Sounded in 12 fathoms. Noon. Issued soap and tobacco. Paid monthly money.. 1320 sounded in 15 fathoms. 1400 sounded in 77 fathoms (coral). Set mainsail. Washed clothes. 1915 set Top gallant sails and stopped steaming.
28 January 1870. Latitude 4.25 S. longitude 52.50 E. Wind NNW force 3 decreasing to 2. Course westerly at 3 / 4 knots. 0610 in Trysail. 0900 mustered at Quarters. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. Sailmakers roaching Main topsail. Carpenters making backboards for cutters. 1130. Set starboard topsail stud sail. PM watch at cutlass drill. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. Sailmakers roaching Main topsail. Blacksmiths making iron nippers. Marines cleaning dinghy. 1600 Mustered at Quarters. 2015 In Top stud sails. Braced forward.
29 January 1870.Latitudde 51.24 E. wind N by W force 2 increasing to 3. Course Westerly at 3 / 4 knots. O500. Punished Jas Thomas B.I. C.; Jno Lee and Abra Gibson with 24 cuts of the birch.. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1040 In spanker. Read warrant for disrating J Muriston QM to Captain M S Knight Carpe RMLI to private., C Cousins Musician 1 GCB. W. Pope, J Sanderson, Thomas Grey to 2nd class seaman.
PM Mustered by divisions. Served out clean hammocks. 2030 In Top gallant sails. 0925. Set top gallant sails. 2245 latitude by Procyon 4.33E (The Dog Star, Sirius, is easy to spot because it’s the sky’s brightest star. Procyon – the other Dog Star – is always near its brighter brother on the sky’s dome. … The Dog Stars are Sirius in the constellation Canis Major, and Procyon in the constellation Canis Minor)
30 January 1870.Latitude 5.16 S. Longitude 50.14 E. Wind north westerly force 2 to 3. Course west to southerly. 0056 Latitude by Regulus 4.80S. 0915 Mustered by Divisions to perform divine service.1650 Mustered by Quarters. 1815 Deviation by Amplitude 25W. (Head SW). 2258 Latitude by Pollux 5.51S. (Pollux, also known as Beta Geminorum is an orange-hued evolved giant star approximately 34 light-years from the Sun in the northern constellation of Gemini. B−V color index‎: ‎+1.00 Constellation‎: ‎Gemini U−B color index‎: ‎+0.86 Temperature‎: ‎4666±95 K)

31 January 1870.latitude 5.53 S. Longitude 49.54 E. Wind NW by West changing to westerly force 2. Course south westerly until 0700 and then northerly. Hog point N89W 633 miles. 0326. Latitude by ???? 5.46S. 0430 Passed through a tide rip. 0900 Mustered at Quarters to read prayers and Returns of Court Marshals. Inspected diving apparatus – all correct. Blacksmiths making iron nippers. Employed making mats etc. Passed through several tide rips.
PM Quarters of watch at cutlass drill. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Carpenters making good small defects. Sailmakers roaching main topsail. 1835 set spanker. 2136 latitude by Procyon 5.21 S.

1 February 1870. Latitude 5.45 S. longitude 49.54 E. Wind Northerly calm. Barometer 30.02 inches. Temperature 80F. Course westerly at I knot.. Hog point West 631 miles. 0100. Up courses. In Topgallant sail and Spanker.. 0430 Set Foresail. Wore. 0600 made all plain sail. Crossed royal yards.. 0900 Quarters and prayers. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. Sailmakers roaching main topsail. Carpenters making good small defects.. PM. Cutlass men of watch at rifle drill. Watch making Main mast cover and fitting guys. 1645 Mustered by Divisions and inspected cleaned hammocks. 1840 Up Courses. In Top gallant sails, Royals and Fore jib.

2 February 1870. Latitude 6.3 S. Longitude 49.46 E. Wind calm with some light airs from the north. Course variable. Barometer 29.97 inches Maximum temperature 83F. 0600. Made all plain sail. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Magazine men and boys handing up powder etc. Sailmakers roaching main topsail.. PM Cutlass men of watch at cutlass drill. Boys at seamanship. Sailmakers roaching main topsail. 1645 mustered at Quarters. 1945 Shortened sail to topsails. 2300 made all plain sail save Spanker.

3 February 1870. Latitude 6.17 S. Longitude 49.28 E. Light airs from the north becoming force 2 towards evening. Course westerly Barometer falling to 29.88 inches before rising to 30.03 inches. Hog Point West 609 miles. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Read Articles of War. Marines at Company drill. In Main top gallant sail and Royals for repair.. Carpenters making good small defects. 1145. Set Main top gallant sail and Royals. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Issued slops to Ship’s company. 1735 In Mizzen, Top gallant sails and Royals. Lowered Mizzen top sail for repair. 1800 Made plain sail save for Spanker.

4 February 1870. Latitude 6.23 S. longitude 48.43 E. wind Northerly force 1 to 2. Course westerly maximum 3 knots. 0730 Shifted mizzen topsail. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Second company of small arms men at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Mizzen topsail. Cutlass men of watch at drill. PM Guns crew of watch at cutlass drill. Sailmakers repairing main topsail. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Passed through several tide rips. Washed clothes. 1845 In Topmast stud sails and braced forward.

5 February 1870. Latitude 6.00 S. Longitude 47.30 E. Wind northerly force 2 to 3. Course NWN ( Seychelles to Zanzibar) maximum 5 knots. 0400 Deviation by Amplitude 20W (head WNW). Passed through tide rips. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1040. Braced in. Set starboard Topmast stud sail. 1140 Braced forward. Set starboard Topgallant stud sails.
1230. Course NW by W. passed through several heavy tide rips. 2350. Braced forward. In Topgallant stud sails.
6 February 1870. Latitude 6.1 6. Longitude 46.5 E. wind Northerly force 2 to 3. Course north westerly at maximum of 4 knots. Barometer dropping to 29.93 inches before rising to 29.97 inches. 0044. Latitude by Bequlus 6.2 S. 0945. Mustered by Open List and performed Divine Service. 1245. Course WNW. 1550 In Topmast stud sails.1645 mustered at Quarters. Deviation by amplitude 2.40 west.. 2100 Latitude by Canopus 5.49 S. 2315 in royals and Flying jib.
7 February 1870. Latitude 6.54 S. Longitude 45.22 E. Wind Northerly force 2 decreasing to 1 before increasing to 3. 0110. Set royals and Flying jib. 0730 Braced forward.. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Quarters of Watch at drill. Employed becketing breechings and stropping blocks. Carpenters making good small defects. 1315 Braced in. Small arms men at cutlass drill. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Sailmakers making launch cloths. Watch becketing breechings and making mats. Scrubbed and washed clothes.2010 Braced foreward.2000 Braced forward.
8 February 1870. Latitude 5.0 S. Longitude 44.25 E. Wind Northerly force 3 decreasing to 2 before increasing back to 3 during the afternoon. Course westerly. Hog Point west 303 miles. 0600 Reset sail. 0900 Mustered at Quarters; read prayers. Second company of small arms men at rifle drill firing blank cartridge. Watch fitting beckets.1100 Rounded in. set port Topmast stud sails. PM Cutlass men of watch at rifle drill. Midshipmen at gun drill. Sailmakers making hammock cloths. 1650 mustered at Quarters. In topmast stud sail. Braced forward.
9 February 1870. Latitude 5.20 S. longitude 43.6 E. Wind Northerly force 2 to 3. Course westerly with maximum speed of 4 knots. 0440 Rounded in. 0600 Rounded in. reset sail of starboard Topmast stud sail. Read prayers. Exercised at general Quarters. Watch making mats and pointing breechings. 100 Set top gallant stud sails.. PM altered course w by N. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Employed making bucketing breechings, making sennit and fitting main topsail . 1350 In stud sails and braced forward. 1645 Quarters. 2030 Braced in. 2105 latitude by Sirius 5.40S
10 February 1870. Latitude 5.38 S. Longitude 41.39 E. Wind Northerly force 2 to 3 increasing to 5 by midnight. Maximum sped through the water 5 knots. 0600 Rounded in. Set starboard Stud sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayed. 0915 In lower stud sails. Braced forward. Marines at rifle drill. Watch refitting breechings and making sennit. 1240. Course W by N ½ N. 1315. In top gallant sails and Stud sails. Braced forward. Employed making and mending clothes. 1535. In Royals, flying jib and top stud sail. Washed clothing.. 1845 In Top gallant sails and first reef of Top sails. 2020 Rounded in. 2100 Up mainsail. 2115close reefed Mizzen topsail . Up Foresail. In second reef Forward and main topsails.
11 February 1870. Latitude 5.31. S. Longitude 39.55 . Wind NE becoming East at midday and then NEN at 2000. Force 4 decreasing to 3. Course SE becoming westerly. Hog Point S66W 31 miles. 0320 Wore. 0430. Set Foresail. 0615. Made sail to Top gallants and jib. Mustered at Quarters. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. 1020.Proceeded under steam at 6 knots. 1145 Observed land WNW.1315. Rounded in and set starboard Forward top studs sails. 1445. Observed Zanzibar SW by W.t cutlass drill. Mustered at Quarters. Rove anchor gear and messenger. 1740 Braced forward on port tack. 1820. Shortened and furled sails. Came to with sand and broken bottom in 13 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles.
12 February 1870. At anchor with a north to NE / NNE wind force 2 increasing to 5at noon before decreasing to 1 at midnight. Barometer 29.98 inches. Temperature maximum 81 F. 0400. Draw fires forward. 0530 Weighed and proceeded under steam. 0900 Came to off Zanzibar with sandy bottom in 10 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Anchor bearings Minaret S87E. Flag staff / English S46E. Chornby 18W Employed cleaning throughout until 1600 when mustered by Divisions. 1630 . Weighed under steam and proceeded to anchorage off Bubooboo. (Bububu?) 1730. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 9 fathoms and veered to42 fathoms. Anchor bearing cliff end SE by ½ S. N East Chappany S58W. Chango S87W.
13 February 1870.At anchor. Wind northerly calm increasing to force 4 at noon before decreasing to 2. AM mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. 1140 Finished condensing. 1715 Mustered by Quarters. Up boats
14 February 1870. Wind northerly force 1 increasing to 4. AM Exchanged Colours with a North German Confederation brig Diana. 100. Sent cutter to Zanzibar. Employed scraping and blacking guns.1315. Up screw. 1500 Cutter returned. 1522 Down screw. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.
15 February 1870. Wind NEE force 1 to 2 with broken cloud. Maximum temperature 82F. 0915. Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Employed making mats etc. Artificers making good small defects. Noon Second company of small arms men firing at a target at 300 yards. Making mats and pointing breechings. Mustered at Quarters.
16 February 1870. Wind Northerly force 1 to 2. AM. Out target for practice. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at General quarters firing shell and case at target. Received provisions per dhow. Cleared holds. PM employed storing hold. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Striking down provisions.
17 February 1870. Wind NNE force 1 with a maximum temperature of 79F. barometer 30.05 inches. AM. Employed cleaning holds. 0900 Dhow came alongside. Cleared Decks and provisioned ship until late afternoon. Stored holds and spirit room. 1750 Mustered at Quarters.

18 February 1870. Wind NNE force 1 increasing to 4 before decreasing to 2. Temperature 83F. Draught of water – forward 16 feet 1 inch, aft 18 feet. Employed blacking guns. Let go lifebuoy for trial. PM. Employed making mats and stropping blocks. Dhow came alongside with provisions.
19 February 1870. Wind northerly force 1 increasing to 4 before decreasing to calm at midnight. Maximum temperature 85F. Barometer falling from 30.02 inches to 29.96 inches. AM cleaning ship throughout.. Boarded English Barque “Golden Wave” of London. PM. Preparing for sea. Mustered at Quarters. On chafing gear.
20 February 1870. Wind northerly and calm increasing to force 4 before decreasing to 3. Barometer rising to 30.10 inches with a maximum temperature of 82F. 0420. Draw fires forward. 0530. Weighed and proceeded under steam. 0910 Came to off Turnbat (?) in 10 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
21 February 1870. Latitude 5.88 S. Longitude 39.25 E. Wind East becoming northerly force 3 to 4. At anchor until 0530. 0505 Drew fires forward. 0530 weighed and proceeded under steam to the north. Exchanged Colours with an English ship number 1589. 0740. Down royal yards. 0900. Mustered at Quarters and prayed. Set fore and aft sails. Training party at gun drill. 1100 Set Foresail. Tack lashing of Jib carried away – down jib. 1315. Course Est.. 13020. Set single reefed Topsails, main and Jib. 1340 Stopped steaming. Set Top gallant sails. Employed making sennit and pointing breech lashings. 1500. In Trysails and Top gallant sails. Washed clothes. In second reef of fore and main topsails.
22 February 1870. Latitude 6.22 S. Longitude 40.38 E. Wind North easterly force 3 to 4. Course South easterly at 3 knots with North African Isles bearing n68E 768 miles. Barometer rising to 30.07 inches with a maximum temperature of82F. 0015. Set Spanker. 0540 Out reefs. Set jib. 0600 Drew fires. 0750. Braced forward. 0900 Quarters and prayers.. employed making sennit mats, stropping blocks, pointing breechings etc. Watch at cutlass drill. 1045. Set Top gallant sails. PM Guns crews of watch at cutlass drill. Employed as forenoon. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of top sails. 2120 latitude by Procyon 6.42 S.
23 February 1870. Latitude 6.51 S. longitude 42.1 E. Wind north easterly force 3 to 4 reducing to 2 later. Course easterly. Barometer rising to 30.12 inches before falling to 30.04 inches in the afternoon. 0600 Out reefs. 0900. Prayers and exercised at General Quarters. Men qualifying for seaman gunners and trained men under instruction. PM. Training party at gun drill. Boys at seamanship. Midshipmen at steam instruction. 1600 Mustered at Quarters and exercised at Fire Quarters. 2100 Latitude by Castor 6.50 S.
24 February 1870. Latitude 7.22 S. Longitude 44.25 E. Wind north easterly force1 to 2. Course easterly until noon and then south easterly. Barometer dropping from 30.04 inches to 29.98 inches before recovering at midnight. 0110 Passed through tide rips. 0900 Mustered at Quarters and the Open List read characters to Ship’s Company. Employed clearing after sail tear and pointing breechings. Condemned and threw overboard 42 lbs of pressed and boiled beef. PM. Paid monthly advance to ship’s company. Employed making and mending clothes. Carpenters altering after nettings. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2327. Latitude by Regulus 7.27 S.
25 February 1870. Latitude 7.22 S. longitude 44.25 E. Wind northerly force 1 to 2. 0625 Braced in. In spanker. 0730 Crossed Fore and Main Royal yards. Set Royals, flying jib and port top stud sail.. 0810 Crossed Main royal yards. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Braced forward. Men training at gun drills. In Royals. Down main and Fore Yards. PM. Young gentlemen training party and boys at gun drill. Watch employed fitting breechings and gun gear. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. In Fore topmast stud sails. Exercised shifting Top gallant mast. 1900 Up courses, in Royals.
26 February 1870. Latitude 7.22 S. Longitude 44.47 E. Wind light airs from the SE increasing to force 3. Course north easterly to easterly at a maximum of 2 knots. 0730 Wore ship and set Courses. 0800. Employed in cleaning ship throughout. 1650 Mustered by Divisions. Issued clean hammocks. Passed through several small tide rips. 2100 latitude by Pollux 7.24S.
27 February 1870. Latitude 6.49 S. Longitude 45.6 E. Wind SE /ESE / NE force 3 decreasing to calm. Course north easterly changing to north westerly. 0330 latitude 6.50 S.. 0945 mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. Passed through several small tide rips. PM Mustered at Quarters. 1710 – Up Courses.
28 February 1870. Latitude 6.45 S. Longitude 44.53 E. wind northerly calm increasing to force 3 at 1500 before decreasing to calm. Barometer fell from 30.02 to 29.98 inches at 1500. Course variable from northerly to easterly. 0640. Lit fires under port boiler for condensing. 0900 Read prayers. Up Steam. Exercised at General Quarters firing at target. Steaming as requisite.. 1330 Up Courses. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. 2200 Latitude by Pollux 6. 51S.
1 March 1870. Latitude 7.16 S. Longitude 45.14 E. Wind calm airs. Course variable at maximum of1 knot. 0910 Mustered at Quarters and read prayers. Employed fitting breechings and making mats. Training party at gun drill.. PM. Employed a making mats, pointing breechings. Training party of watch at gun drill. Artificers making good small defects. Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. Down top gallant masts
2 March 1870. Latitude 7.9 S. Longitude 45.20 E. Wind calm before becoming force 1 to 3 from the north. Course round the compass until 0500 then easterly. Maximum temperature 83F. 0730 set courses. Employed scraping Top gallant masts and fitting gun gear. 0930. Up mainsail. 1130 Squared yards. 1445 Trimmed sails and set main sail. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Crossed top gallant and Royal yards. 1900 courses. 2045 Braced forward on port tack.
3 March 1870. Latitude 7.12 S. longitude 45.34 E. wind Northerly. Calm increasing to force 2. Course Easterly. North African Isles N 72E at 465 miles. 0600 Trimmed. 0900. Read prayers. Made all plain sail. Exercised at General Quarters. 0950 Braced forward. Employed pointing breechings. PM. Making and mending clothes. 1600 Washing clothes.
4 March 1870. Latitude 7.42 S. Longitude 46.36 E. Wind NE starting force 1 to 2 decreasing to calm. Course mainly easterly at a maximum of 2 knots. Early morning. Passing tide rips. 0630 In Royals and flying Jib. Up Mainsail. 0735 lowered main top gallant sail. Braced round. Set mainsail. Trimmed. Up mainsail. Wore. employed pointing breechings. 1315 Braced forward. Set courses. Employed fitting gun gear.1540 Up courses. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Condemned and threw overboard beefing unfit for issue and a cask of pork. 2045 Braced round. Horizon obscured.
5 March 1870. Latitude 7.32 S. longitude 46.42 E. Wind light airs from east or SE. course generally northerly at a maximum of 1 knot.. Maximum temperature 84F. 0630 set Course. Cleaned ship throughout until 1410 when Up Courses 1520 Set courses.1645 Mustered at quarters. 1845. Up Courses. 2100 In Top gallant sails. Trimmed sails
6 March 1870. Latitude 7.11S. Longitude 47.2E. Wind from SE / ENE / NE force 1 to 2 later increasing to 4 at noon before dying to 1 at midnight.. Course NE /SSE / NW / NNE at I knot increasing to 3 knots at noon before decreasing to 1 knot. 0130 Taken aback. Braced round. 0600 Wore. Set Top gallant sails and Courses. Passed several small tide rips. 0930. Mustered by the Open List. 1000. Performed Divine Service. 1600. Mustered at Quarters. 1945. Up mainsail. Wore ship. Set mainsail.
7 March 1870. Latitude 7.8S. Longitude 47.7E. Wind NNE becoming SE and then ENE force 2 to 3 dying to 1. Course ESE / SE / NNW / N by E. 0115 In Top gallant sails. 0600. Wore. Set op gallant sails. Read prayers and mustered at Quarters. Carpenters altering netting. Artificers making good small defects. Watch employed pointing breechings. 1125 Wore. Set Royals, Flying jib, Topsails, Top gallant stud sails. PM as per AM plus refitting gun tackle. 1400. In Top sails and Top gallant stud sails. Up Mainsail, squared yards. 1545 Braced forward on Starboard tack. Set mainsail. Washed clothes 2045. Longitude by Regulus 46.56S ( also known as Alpha Leonis is the brightest star in the constellation of Leo)
8 March 1870. Latitude 5.28S. Longitude 47.13E. Wind Easterly becoming South-easterly force 1 to 2. Course North – easterly. 0500 Lit fires under port boiler for condensing. 0545. Trimmed. 0810 Shifted Mainsail. Mustered Quarters and prayed.. 3rd class of drills at cutlass drill. Pointing breechings and making mats. PM. First company of small arms men at rifle drill. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Employed refitting gun gear. Sailmakers repairing mainsail. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Shifted top gallant masts. Latitude of Regulus 6.15S.
9 March 1870. Latitude 5.50S.Longitude 47.42E. Wind Easterly with light winds. Course North easterly becoming easterly at 2000. 0400 reset sails. Prayers. Exercised at General quarters. Boys under instruction. Employed refitting gun gear. Sailmakers repairing mainsail. PM. Training party at gun drills. 1645. Mustered at Quarters and exercised at Fire Stations. Shortened sails to topsails. 2220 Set Courses and top gallant sails.
10 March 1870. Latitude 5.18S. Longitude 48.8E. Wind calm and variable, course variable. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Read prayers. 0930 Up Courses. Watch employed fitting new Forward top gallant yard rope and Main top gallant mast rope. Pointing breechings. Fitting gun tackles Marines at drill firing.
PM Employed making and mending clothes. 1515. Wore. Scrubbed and washed clothes. Braced forward. Set Courses. 2105 Altered course to E by N.
11 March 1870. Latitude 4.50S. Longitude 48.55E. Wind northerly force 2 increasing to 3. Course E by N. 0605. Rounded in.0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayed. 3rd class at cutlass drill. Marines at gun drill. Sailmakers making good small defects. 0930 Set Royals, Port topmast and Top gallant stud sails.. 1330 altered course to East. Midshipmen and boys at gun drill. Second company of small arms men at rifle drill. Training party at gun drill. Pointing breechings. Mustered at Quarters. Shifted Mainsail.2351 In Stud sails. Braced forward.
12 March 1870. Latitude 4.57S. Longitude 51.6E. wind NNE force 2 to 3 decreasing later to 1. Course Easterly. 0400 Passing through tide rips. 0800 employed cleaning ship throughout. Passed through tides rips. 29lbs of salt pork thrown overboard as unfit for use.. 1500 Up steam in one boiler. Shortened and furled sails. Passed through several tide rips. 1611. Commenced steaming. 1650. Mustered at Quarters. Set fore and aft sails except Forward jib. 1945. Latitude by the moon 4.53S
13 March 1870. Latitude 4.48S. Longitude 53.6E. Silhouette Island N.81E 133 miles. Wind north easterly force 1. Course Easterly becoming northerly.. 0715 In fore and aft sails and Foresail. 0800. Course East. 0930. Observed land SE to NE.( African Isle). 100 Course North. Mustered by Divisions. Divine Service. 1110. sounded in 80 fathoms.1250 Course NE by E.1320 Set Head sails and Trysail. 1430. Course E by E. 1650 Muster by Divisions.2015. Done Head sails and in Trysail. 2145. Sounded in 12 fathoms on edge of bank. 2230. Sounded in 25 fathoms(sand and coral) and 21 fathoms.
14 March 1870. Latitude 4.32S. Longitude 55.27E. Wind at 0100 NE force 1 becoming calm until 1600 when it came from the west at force 1 until 2000 when it became calm again. Course Easterly.0200 Altered course to east. 0345 Sounded in 35 fathoms (sand). 0415. Observed land bearing east to ESE. 0435. Altered course to E by S. 0800. Squared yards. Mustered at Quarters. 0930 North Isle and Silhouette Island in one bearing N by E1/4 E. Praslin Island ENE (Praslin Island – the second largest island of the Seychelles, lying 44 km northeast of Mahé. Praslin has a population of around 7,533 people and comprises two administrative districts: Baie Sainte Anne and Grand’ Anse. Wikipedia
Area: 38 km²). Training party at gun drill. Watch fitting gun gear. 1310. Received pilot on board.. 1400 Came to with broken bottom in 11 fathoms.. Moored ship with 4 shackles on broken bottom and three on sandy bottom. Out small boats. Unrove messenger. Employed scrubbing hammocks and washing clothes. Anchorage bearings – English church W1/2 N; North Maki N ½ E
15 March 1870. At anchor. Wind calm. Barometer 29.98 inches. Temperature at noon 85F. 0600 Out boom boats. 0900 Crossed Top gallant and Royal yards. Loosed sails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Pointing breechings and refitting gear. Sailmakers repairing main Deck awnings..1340. Furled sails. Employed restoring booms and storing away sails. 1715 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. Down Top gallant yards.
16 March 1870. Wind mainly calm with barometer rising to 30.00 inches and temperature at noon 86F. 0100. Launch returned from watering. 0800 Crossed Top gallant and Royal yards and loosed sails. Mustered at General Quarters. Watch employed on making mats. 1110. Unbent sails. Down Top gallant yards. PM. Watch employed pointing breechings, making mats and sennets. Training party at gun drill. Watering by launch. 1650 Manned and armed boats. Boats away – shot shell and rockets at a target. 1730. Boats returned.
17 March 1870. Wind calm. 0030. French mail ship arrived. 0800. Crossed top gallant and Royal yards. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Marines and pistolmen firing at a target. 1100. French mail ship sailed.. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Gave leave to special leave men. Launch returned with water. 1630 Down Upper yards.
18 March 1870. Wind calm. Temperature at noon 90F. 0915 Quarters and prayers. Second company of small arms men at a target firing. Sailmakers repairing Forward Top gallant sail. Artificers making good small defects. 1130. Up screw and lowered again. PM First company of small arms men firing at a target. Employed scrubbing masts and booms
19 March 1870. Wind calm. Temperature at noon 85F. Barometer 30.00 inches. AM Employed cleaning ship. Scraping masts and booms. Hove overboard 12lbs of preserved beef unfit for issue. PM. Carpenters altering hammock nettings.1630 Scraping masts and booms.
20 March 1870. Wind calm. Temperature at noon 88F.Barometer 30.01 inches. AM. Launch away watering.. 0945 Mustered by the Open List.. Performed Divine Service. 1000. HMI Schooner LEVERETTE sailed. PM Gave special leave to to both watches. 1520 Mustered at Quarters. Hoisted launch.
21 March 1870. Wind calm. Temperature at noon 89F. Barometer 30.08 inches. AM Gave 36 hours leave to starboard watch. Employed scrubbing paintwork. PM Employed in preparing for painting of ship.
22 March 1870. Wind calm occasional force . Temperature at noon 89F. Barometer rising to 30.06 inches. Employed painting ship. Sailmakers repairing forward Top gallant sail and Royal. PM. Employed as in the forenoon. 1320 French frigate AMOURIQUE arrived
23 March 1870. Wind calm rising to force 1. Temperature at noon 89F. Barometer continues to rise to 30.08 inches. AM Employed painting ship etc. Gunners refitting gun gear. Sailmakers repairing Forward Top gallant sail and wind sails. PM. painting ship and gun carriages. Refitting gun gear.
24 March 1870. Wind calm rising to force 3 from the SE. Temperature at noon 87F. Barometer 30.06 inches.. AM Employed painting ship and refitting side tackles. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Painting the inside of the ship.
25 March 1870. Wind calm. Temperature at noon 84 F. Barometer falling to 30.04 inches. AM Employed refitting gun tackles and strapping blocks.. PM as the forenoon.1735. Mustered by Divisions.
26 March 1870. Temperature at noon 85F. Barometer continues to fall – 29.99 inches. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
27 March 1870. Wind north westerly force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 84F with barometer falling to 29.77 inches. AM. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. PM Gave General leave to both watches. 1730. Mustered at Quarters.
28 March 1870. Wind variable in direction force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 86F. Barometer continues to drop to 29.96 inches. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Second company of small arms men at drill. Pistolmen firing at target. PM Training party and acting seaman gunners at rifle drill. Employed refitting gun gear. Gave general leave to Port watch, Scrubbed and washed clothes.
29 March 1870. Wind westerly force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 82F. Barometer 29.97 inches. 0715 Veered to 5 shackles to allow AMOURIQUE to weigh. 0735. AMOURIQUE sailed. Saluted French Commodore with 11 guns which were returned.. Hove back to mooring swivel. PM Fired a time gun. Employed refitting clothes lines, pointing ropes and gripes. Artificers making good small defects.
30 March 1870. Wind calm increasing to force 2 from the NNW. Noon temperature 84F. Barometer dropping to 29.93 inches. 0900 Port watch returned from leave. Employed refitting new hammocks, clothes etc. 1110. Up ships screw and lowered again. PM Exercised at General quarters. Watch employed repairing foresail and cleaning nettings. Gave general leave to starboard watch. 1750 down top gallant masts.
31 March 1870. Wind north westerly. Force 1 to 3. Noon temperature 86F. barometer 29.96 inches. AM Watch employed rigging Top gallant funnels and refitting Foresail. 1115. Up Top gallant masts. PM making and mending clothes. Carpenters making lockers in after nettings. Scrubbed and washed clothes.
1 April 1870. Wind force 1 to 3 north westerly. Temperature at noon 85F. Barometer 29.90 inches. AM Employed restoring sail room. Carpenters and artificers altering hammock nettings. Part of watch at rifle drill. PM. Sent boys away sailing in pinnace for exercise.. Let go life buoy 1720 Mustered at Quarters. Bent sails. Crossed Top gallant yards. and all correct.
2 April 1870. Wind northerly force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 84F. Barometer steady. AM Watering ship from launch. Employed cleaning ship throughout. PM As required. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Issued clean hammocks. 1810. In boom boats.
3 April 1870. Wind North westerly force 1 to 2. Temperature at noon 86F. AM. Through overboard 6lbs of bad beef. Received 880lbs of sugar.100. Mustered by Divisions for Divine Service. PM Gave special leave to both watches. 1600 Rove messengers. Mustered at Quarters. In small boas. Rove port anchor gear.
4 April 1870. Wind north westerly force 1. Temperature at noon 86F Barometer rising – 29.91 inches. AM. Watering ship by launch. Employed cleaning tiers and after sail tiers and repositioning the same. 1100. Out small boats.1115. Out boom baots.PM. Training party at rifle drill. Unrove anchor gear. Artificers making good small defects. Off steaming covers. Observed steaming standing forward.
5 April 1870. Wind north westerly to WNW force 2 increasing to 4. Temperature at noon 83F. Barometer 30.03 inches.. 045. HMS at cutlass drill. Training party at rifle drill. Watch employed as required. Carpenters making lockers.
6 April 1870. Wind north westerly force 2 to 3. Barometer rising from 29.93 inches to 29.98 inches before falling to 29.90 inches. Crossed yards and loosed sails.0915 Exercised at General Quarters. Watch employed stropping blocks. Carpenters making lockers. Received stores from NYMPH. Sailmakers altering hatchway hood.. PM Employed stropping blocks and striking down stores. Pinnace and gig laying down buoys.
7 April 1870. Wind north westerly calm to force 1. Barometer steady. Maximum temperature 84F. AM. Employed cleaning after hold for survey.. Employed in striking down provisions and restoring main hold. PM Employed as in forenoon. Carpenters making lockers. Scrubbed and washed clothes.
8 April 1870. Wind calm with barometer rising to 29.95 inches. Broken cloud.0755 Loosed sails. Employed getting up soap and tobacco. Third class of the watch at cutlass drill. Carpenters about the lockers. PM. Exercised second company of small arms men. Discharged Mr Chalmers. Sub Lt. to NYMPH. Joined Mr Reynard – acting Sub Lt. received 54,000 Rupees. 1715 Quarters and in boom boats.
9 April 1870. Wind calm rising to force 2 from the NW. Barometer rising to to 30.01 inches with the noon temperature 87F. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout.. PM As in the forenoon. 1750 Rove messenger. On steaming covers 1910 Mail Steamer arrived and anchored.20.30 steamer left.
10 April 1870. Wind West to north west force 2 rising to 3. Barometer rising to 30.02 inches. 0400 Off mooring swivel. Shortened in to 2 shackles on starboard cable. 0510 Lit fires under starboard boiler. 0745 Weighed. Under steam. And proceeded out in charge of pilot.. Course NE. Set Jib, fore jib and Spanker. Performed Divine Service. West Cousin N56W. South point La Digue – East. 1215. Course NE by E ¾ E. 1310. Down Jib, in Spanker. 1440 Came to in 7 fathoms with sandy bottom. Veered to 3 ½ shackles. 172- Quarters. Hoisted in small boats and pinnace. Unrove messenger. Out fires. Anchorage bearings – Booby Island N48W ; South Point of Curieuse N50E
11 April 18970. Wind westerly force 2 to 4 with the barometer dropping to 29.96 inches before rising to 30.05 inches. Moored in Curieuse Bay (Curieuse Island is a small granitic island 1.13 sq mi (2.9 km2) in the Seychelles close to the north coast of the island of Praslin. ) AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Artificers making good small defects. Training party at gun drill. Employed repairing Mizzen topsail. PM. Artificers as in the forenoon. Training party of both watches at gun drill.. Watch and sailmakers repairing Mizzen top sail and stropping blocks .
12 April 1870. Wind West force 2 rising to 5. AM. Seining party returns. 0800. Crossed Top gallant an. Training party of watch passing for Seamen Gunners and trained men. Watch repairing Mizzen topsail and converting Main to plain deck awning.. 0100 Furled sails. Down Royal Yards. Training party firing shell at target. 17125 Quarters. In pinnace and small boats.
13 April 1870. At anchor. Wind westerly force 2 to 4 increasing to 5. 0440Light fire under one boiler. 0715. Weighed under steam and proceeded out of Curieuse Bay under charge of pilot. 0600. Pointed yards to wind. 0900 Read prayers. Exercised at Quarters. Set fore and aft sails except Main trysail. 0948.Set Foresail. Training party at cutlass drill. 18lbs of condemned preserved beef thrown overboard. 1315. In Foresail and fore and aft sails. Squared yards. 1415. Anchored in the Barochois in 11 fathoms with broken bottom. Veered to 9 ½ shackles. Let go – sandy bottom in 10 ½ fathoms. Moored ship with 5 ½ shackles on broken bottom and 3 ½ on sandy bottom. 1715 . Mustered at Quarters. Out boats. Beacon Isle bearing SE5E and Mamille isle N44E.
14 April 1870. At anchor at Maki. Wind NW to westerly force3 to 4 increasing to 6. Barometer at miday 29.97 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. 0300. Mail steamer arrived. 0530 Sent J. Jones – Master at Arms, Robert Roberts Quartermaster and J. Matthews Boy First Class to the mail steamer for portage – invalids. 0900. Crossed Royal yards, loosed sails. Mustered ar Quarters. Prayed. Marines at rifle drill. 1100. Mail steamer sailed. 1130Furled sails. Down Royal yards. Noon received 6 tons of water. Employed making and mending clothes. Washed clothes.
15 April 1870. (Good Friday). Wind northerly becoming westerly force 3 to 7 decreasing to 3 to 6. Barometer am 29.94 inches rising 30.00 inches Maximum temperature 83F. 0930 Mustered by Divisions and read prayers. 1200.Gave special leave to both watches.. 1720 Mustered at Quarters. 2300. Mr Flood – Midshipman – jumped overboard and when brought back on board was found to be drunk and so violent as to be placed under restraint
16 April 1870. 0100. Wind shifted to SW force 3 to 7. Barometer rising to 29.98 inches with a maximum temperature of 87F. Received provisions from NYMPH and employed in storing them away. Cleaning ship throughout. 11held Court of Enquiry into conduct of Mr Flood – Midshipman. 1200 Discharged Mr Flood to NYMPH for passage to FORTE. Received bread from NYMPH. 1640 NYMPH sailed. Mustered by Divisions and issued clean hammocks. NYMPH anchored in outer anchorage.
17 April 1870. Wind varying in direction force 1 to 2 decreasing to calm. Barometer rising. 0515 NYMPH sailed. Watering by launch. Performed Divine Service. PM Gave special leave to both watches. 1715 mustered at Quarters
18 April 1870. Wind calm to force 2 variable in direction. Barometer rising to 30 inches.0930. Mustered by divisions. Training party at cutlass drill. Let go Lifebuoy for trial – all correct. Watch fitting Top gallant lifts. Sailmakers repairing Main and Mizzen Top gallant sails. PM Training party at cutlass drill. Employed as in the forenoon. 1315 . Furled sails. Scrubbed and washed clothes.
19 April 1870. Wind NNW force 1 to 2. Barometer beginning to fall – 29.94 at midday.0540. Commenced coaling. Carpenters making lockers. PM Employed coaling ship. Paid savings to Ship’s Company. One shovel accidently lost overboard. 1730. Completed coaling – 96 tons. Employed cleaning ship.
20 April 1870. Wind calm increasing to force 2 from the North. Barometer rising to 30.05 inches. Temperature at noon 82F. 0800 Read prayers.0900 Loosed sails and exercised t General Quarters. Watering by launch.1315. Furled sails. Training party of watch at cutlass drill. Sailmakers converting Main Deck awning. 1715. Quarters. Inspected clean hammocks. 1800 In boom boats. Set up Top gallant rigging. Rove messenger.
21 April 1870. Maki to Zanzibar. Wind East force 1 switching to west force 320500 Weighed port anchor and shortened starboard cable to 2 shackles.0645Lit fires in port boiler.0910 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam. 1010. Shaped course for W by N. Sailmakers converting Main Deck awning. 1240. Altered course to W by S. 1345 course W by N ½ N at 4 knots . Employed making and mending clothes. Washed clothes. 1830 Lost sight of Silhouette bearing ESE. 2000 Patent log31 ¾ miles.
22 April 1870.Latitude 4.13S Longitude 53.44E. Wind west changing to south westerly. Force 1 increasing to 4. Barometer rising to 30.07 inches. Course W ½ S . 0125 Struck soundings in 14 fathoms. 0200. Set fore and aft sails. 0140 to 0300 sounding in 11 fathoms. 0400. Steaming. 0430. In fore and aft sails. Course W ½ S. Sounded in 5 fathoms. 0730. Set Topsails, Courses, Jib and Topmast Staysail. Stopped steaming. Quarters. Set Top gallant sails. Training party of watch at stick practice and rifle drill.1315 Crossed Royals. Set royals and forward jib. Carpenters making capstan top men at rifle drill. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. In one reef of top sails. Down Royal yards. 1910. Finished condensing. Drew fires.
23 April 1870. Latitude 4.32S. Longitude 51.57E. Wind southerly force 3 to 4. Barometer rising to 30.07 inches. Course W ½ S. 0010. Course by Arcturus 4.31S.0325. Up mainsail. In Top gallant sails and forward Jib. 0410 Rounded in. 0440. Braced forward.. 0600 Out reefs. Set Top gallant sails and mainsail.. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 100 Crossed Royal yards and set Royals, flying jib and port Top stud sail. 1420. Rounded in. Watch employed as required. 1600 Mustered at Quarters. 2316. Latitude by sighting -4.34S
24 April 1870. Latitude 4.54S Longitude 50.10E.Wind SSE force 2 to 3 Course W ½ S at 4 knots. Barometer rising to 30.07 inches. 0216. Latitude by Antares 4.31S. 0630 Set port Top gallant stud sails. 0945 Mustered by the Open List. Performed divine services. Patent log showed 107 ¾. 1600 Mustered at Quarters. 2015 Latitude by Crucis 5.10S [Crucis is the brightest star in constellation Crux].
25 April 1870. Latitude 5.10S Longitude 48.41E. Wind south easterly. Course w ½ S changing to SW before becoming south easterly again. Force3 to 4. 0715 In Studsails and braced forward. 0810 In Royals and Forward jib.. 0910 Mustered at Quarters. Trimmed. Artificers making good small defects. Watch employed making sennit and fitting reef tackle pendants. 1315. Rounded in . Set port Top stud sail. Training party at rifle drill. Sailmakers altering Main Deck awning. 1515. Down Topmast staysail. Washed clothes. 2020. Latitude by Crucis 5.8S.
26 April 1870. Latitude. 5.25S Longitude 47.2E. Wind south easterly force 4 decreasing to 3 before increasing back to 4. Course W ½ S 4 to 5 knots. 0545 Reset sails. 0730 rounded in. Set royals and Forward jib; port top gallant stud sail. 0900 Quarters and prayers. Set port lower stud sails. Boys under instruction at seamanship. Sailmakers making and altering Main deck awning. Artificers making good small defects. PM Training party of watch at gun drill. Boys of the watch at seamanship. Artificers making good small defects. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. In port stud sails, Royals and Forward jib.. 2000 In Top gallant sails and Royals. Up mainsail.
27 April 1870. Latitude 5.59S. Longitude 44.50E. Wind south easterly force3 to 4. Course W ½ S. Hog Point N87W 136 miles. 0525 latitude by Altair 5.43S. 0550 Set Top gallant sail and lee clew of mainsail.. 0615. In Top gallant sails.. 0730. Set Top gallant sails, Royals and Top stud sail. 0900 read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. 0930 In top stud sails, Royals and Forward jib. Sailmakers converting main deck awning. Watch at as requisite. Patent log 111 miles. PM W boats gear. Young gentlemen at steam instruction. Boys at cutlass drill. 16.45 Mustered at Quarters.. In first reef of topsails. 2000 Latitude by Crucis 6.15S.
28 April 1870. Latitude 5.31S. Longitude 42.38E. Wind south easterly force 2 to 3 dropping to 1 before increasing to 4 at midnight. Course W ½ S at 4 knots maximum. Barometer dropping from 30.08 inches to 29.96 inches. 0445. Squared yards. 0530 latitude by Altair 6.22S. 0600. Out reefs. 0730 Set Royals and port topmast stud sails. 0900. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers.. marines at rifle drill. 0900 Braced forward. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers converting awnings. in Royals and port topmast stud sails. Braced forward. PM Employed making and mending clothes. 1450 Braced forward. Shifted forward Top sail..15.45. In Top gallant sails. Up foresail.. 1750 Braced round. 2035. Braced round. 2335 Braced round.
29 April 1870. Latitude 6.41S Longitude 41.34E. Wind SE to easterly force 2 to 3. Course West. 0145 Squared yards. 0615 Braced forward. Set fore sail. 0730 Braced forward. Set Mainsail and Top gallant sails. 0900 Mustered at quarters. Training part of watch at drill. Sailmakers repairing and roaching fore topsail and altering main deck awning. Watch employed grafting and pointing of ropes. PM Third class riflemen at drill. Midshipmen and boys at seamanship. Watch employed as in the forenoon. 1645 Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1700 Lit fires for condensing. 2100 Altered course to W ½ N.
30 April 1870. On route from Maki to Zanzibar and back. 0001 Course West Wind SE force 2 to 3. Shortened sails to Topsails. 0310 braced sharp up. 0530 Saw land of Zanzibar Island on Starboard bow. Shortened and furled sails. Pointed yards to wind. 0600. Proceed under steam. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1000. Set Jib, Fore top staysail and forward Trysail. Squared yards. 1300 course north . 1320. In fore and aft sails. 1445 Passed Chomby Island. 1540 Anchored off Magazine to south of town in 11 fathoms with sandy bottom – veered to 30 fathoms. Loosed sails. Anchorage bearings Chomby Island S by W ½ W. Banry island NW. 1655. Mustered by Divisions. Furled sails. Condensing.
1 May 1870. At anchor. Wind calm increasing to force 4 at noon before dying away. Barometer at noon 20.14 inches. 1010. Mustered by divisions and performed Divine Service. PM finished condensing.. 1700 drew fires. 17.15. Mustered at Quarters.
2 May 1870. Wind south easterly calm. AM Exercised at General Quarters firing at target. Raised screw for inspection and then lowered it. PM. Watch employed fitting Top gallant gear. Training party of watch at truck gun firing shell at target. Sailmakers converting Main deck awning.
3 May 1870. At single anchor. South calm to force 4. Barometer dropping to 10.09 inches. 0400. Rove messengers. 0930 Lit fires under starboard boiler. 1100. Weighed and proceeded under steam. 1130.Saluted Sultan of Zanzibar with 21 guns.. Flagship returned salute with 21 guns. Shaped course for South Pass. Unrove messenger and anchor gear. PM watch employed altering chafing gear, making sennit. Boys of watch at rifle drill. Exchanged colours with English ship COROMADEL of Bombay steering to the north. 1430 Came t in 15 ¾ fathoms of Chomby Island with sandy bottom. Veered to 3 shackles. 1645 Issued Divisions with clean hammocks.

 

4 May 1870. At anchor. Wind southerly force 2 to 3. Barometer rising to 30.12 inches. 0510. Draw fires forward. 0530 Weighed and proceeded under steam.. Pointed yards to wind. Down Top gallant and Royal yards.. 0600. Course south. 0630 Braced round. 0700 Course SE. Set fore and aft sails.0750. Set forward sails and Top sails. Furled square sails . Prayers. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. 1030 Made sail to top sails and Courses. Crossed main and Top gallant yards and set sails. 1320. Set top gallant sail. Exercised third class of small arms men at small arm drill. A heavy swell from SE. Sailmakers repairing forward Top gallant sail. 1645. Quarters. 1815.Shortened and furled square sails and tacked.. 1920. In fore and aft sails – commenced steaming.
5 May 1870. Latitude 6.40 S. Longitude. 40.49E. Course SE by E – Zanzibar to Make. African island N 81 E Wind Southerly force 1 to 3. Barometer 30.10 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. 0640 Crossed Mizzen op gallant yard. 0915. In Trysails and spanker. Made sail to Topsails, Fore and Main top gallant sails and Courses. Braced forward on starboard tack. 0955 stopped steaming. 1150. In Top gallant sails. Up courses. 1320.Braced round. Employed making and mending clothes. 1620 finished condensing. 1640. Commenced steaming. 1710 Altered course to SE. Shortened and furled sails. 1820 split jib. Down Jib and Topmast Staysail. 2020 Course SE by E. 2100. Set Fore and aft Trysails and forward top Stay sail. 2200. In Fore and aft Trysails and forward top Stay sail. Swell from SE.
6 May 1870. Latitude 6.20S. Longitude 41.43E. Course SE by E changing to N by E the ENE. Wind SE by E force 2 increasing to 4.opping to 30.03 inches. 0600 Shifted jib. 0625 Made sail to Topsail, Courses and Head sails. 0650. Stopped steaming. 0735. Set Top gallant sails and Spanker. 0900. musters art Quarters. Read prayers and Return of Courts Marshal. Watch employed fitting gun tackles. Sailmakers fitting main Deck awning. PM. Boys of watch at cutlass drill. Employed in making sennit. Sailmakers about Main Deck awning. 1645. Quarters. Exercised reefing Topsails.
7 May 1870. Latitude 5.39S. longitude 42.32E. Course NE by E becoming easterly. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 5. Employed cleaning ship throughout.100. Down Jib. Up Mainsail. In Spanker. Lowered Topsails. In first reef to a heavy squall from the SE.. 1315. Set mainsail. Out reefs. Set Spanker and Top gallant sails. Watch employed fitting gun tackles. 1645 Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1730 Latitude by moon mer. alt. 4.51S. 2115. In Spanker. 2330. Up mainsail and in Top gallant sails to a squall from the south.
8 May 1870. Latitude 5.0S. Longitude 45.39E. Course Northerly. Wind variable but mainly southerly force 2 to 6. Barometer dropping to 29.98 inches before climbing to 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. 0020 Down Jib. 0630 Wore ship. 0730 Set mainsail. 0915 Up Courses. 0945 Wore ship. Heavy squall from SE. 1645. Lowered and clewed up Topsail. 1730 Set Fore topsail.1800 Threw overboard 6lbs of preserved beef that had gone bad.
9 May 1870. Latitude 4.8S. Longitude 44.11E. Course Easterly. Wind direction variable force 2 to 6 before decreasing to 4. 0350. Rounded in. a swell from the SE. 0430 Up Mainsail. Trimmed. 0740 Trimmed. 09q0 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed repairing Fore topsail and making new gun tackles. Artificers making good small defects.1140. Up Foresail.1315. Out reefs. Set Top gallant sails Courses and Jib.. 1430. Braced forward. Set mainsail. 1520 in Top gallant sails. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail and Jib. 1550 Reefed Topsail
10 May 1870 . Wind SSE force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2 to 3.. 0800 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed pointing ropes and strapping blocks.. Third class at rifle drill. Artificers making good defects. PM Watch employed fitting gun tackles. 3rd class at rifle drill. Artificers as in the forenoon.. Sailmakers repairing Jib and roaching Foretop sail. Mustered at Quarters. Exercised at stations manning and arming boats. Passed through small tide rips.
11 May 1870. Latitude 3.26S. Longitude 47.3E. Wind SSE. Force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2 to 3. African island S79E. 363 miles. 0320. Latitude by Vega 3.44S. 090 Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed pointing ropes. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. PM Watch employed fitting gun tackles. Third class at rifle drill. Artificers making good defects. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 2058. Latitude by Mer Alt. of moon 3.42S
12 May 1870. Latitude 3.18S. Longitude 48.47E. course easterly becoming northerly at noon before returning to easterly at 1500. Wind south easterly force2 to 3 increasing to 4 at 2100. AM aired bedding. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayed Watch employed pointing ropes. Sailmakers roaching fore topsail and repairing Jib. Marines at drill. PM served out slops to Ship’s Company. Employed making and mending clothes. Washed clothes. 2135. Main top gallant sheet carried away. In Fore and Main Top gallant sails.
13 May 1870. Latitude 2.37S. Longitude 50.9E. Course E ¾ N. Wind SSE force 3 to 4. Bird island S78E 297 miles. 0100. Latitude by Antares 2.51S. 0730. Set Fore and main top gallant sails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Second gun’s crews at drill. Boys and second class ordinary at seamanship instruction. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail and Jib. PM. Midshipmen at seamanship. Boys under instruction. Sailmakers repairing Fore top sail. Artificers making good small defects. 15.30 Shifted Fore topsail. 1600 Mustered at Quarters. Exercised reefing Top sails. 2300 latitude by Mer Alt. Moon 2.19S.
14 May 1870. Latitude 1.56S. Longitude 51.27E. Course E ¼ North. Wind SSE force 1 to 3. 0030. Latitude by Antares 2.10S. 0800 clean ship. 1010 Light fires in starboard boiler for condensing. PM. Watch employed strapping blocks. 1645 Mustered by Divisions. Issued clean hammocks.. 1045 latitude by Antares 1.37S
15 May 1870. Latitude 1.8S. Longitude 5241E. Course Easterly until 1300 then south westerly. Wind south easterly force2 to 3. Barometer 29.98. maximum temperature 83F. 0050 latitude by Antares 1.40S. 1000 Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine service. 1340 Tacked. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1700 Furled square sails and pointed yards to the wind. 1720. Commenced steaming. 1730. Set Fore and main Trysails. 2050 Latitude by Crucis 1.26S [Alpha Crucis is the brightest star in constellation Crux.] 16 May 1870. Latitude 2.18S. Longitude 52.16E. Course south easterly. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4. 0305 latitude by Vega 1.47S. 0910 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Two guns crews at gun drill. Boys and second class ordinary at seamanship. Sailmakers repairing Jib and converting main deck awning. PM Heavy swell from SE. 1315 Tacked. Boys, ordinary, 4th guns and midshipmen at gun drill. Employed fitting gun gear and Main deck awning. Scrubbed hammocks. 2100 tacked.
17 May 1870. Latitude 3.6S. Longitude 53.30E. Course south easterly. Wind SE force 2 to 3. 0224. Latitude by Mer. Alt of moon 2.44S. a small swell from the SE. 0800. Heavy swell from SE. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Bow, odd, 4th and 6th gun crews of watch at gun drill. Employed pointing ropes and strapping blocks. Refitting gun gear. 1315. Tacked. First company at drill firing blank cartridge. Sailmakers converting main Deck awning and repairing Jib. Watch employed as in the Forenoon.. Artificer’s making good small defects.1645 mustered at Quarters. Inspected cleaned hammocks. Scraped masts and booms. Swell from the SE. 2100 Exercised at General Night Steaming Quarters.
18 May 1870.Latitude 3.40S. Longitude 53.46E. Silhouette Island bearing S 62 E 101 miles. Course Easterly. Wind south easterly force 2 to 4. 0500. Latitude by Cygni 3.42S [Cygni is a red hypergiant and one of the largest stars currently known with a radius about 1,183 times the Sun’s, equal to 5.5 astronomical ] Swell from the SE. 0900 Read prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Watch employed pointing ropes, fitting gun tackle and fitting Fore topsail. PM Second class and boys at rifle drill. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail and Jib. Watch employed refitting gun gear, making sennit and pointing ropes. 1650 Mustered at Quarters. Down top gallant masts and yards. Swell from SSE. 2010. Latitude Centauri 3.47S. [Alpha Centauri is the closest star system to the Solar System at a distance of 4.37 light-years] 19 May 1870. Latitude 3.44S. Longitude 55.9 E. St Anne’s Peak S25E 58 miles. Course SE. wind South easterly force 1 to 4. 0430 Eased engines and sounded in 20 fathoms. 0630 In fore and aft sails and altered course to SE. 0900 Quarters. Read prayers. Sounded in 7f fathoms. 1015. Observed Bird Island. Altered course to SE by ½ S. Marines firing blank cartridges. Watch employed fitting gun gear. 1130 observed land to the south. 1200 Course SSE. 1230. Altered course S by E ½ E. employed making mending clothes. Carpenters altering Top gallant masts. Sailmakers repairing forecastle awning, Fore topsail and Jib. 1600. Silhouette Island S ¼ E. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1800 course SSE. Silhouette Island S4E. 1900 Reduced revolutions to 30 per minute. 2247 Altered course to SE ½ S. Midnight North island SE about 3 miles.
20 May 1870. Steering for Outer anchorage. Wind SSE 1 to 2 increasing to 4. 0200. Altered course to SE by S. 0350 altered course to ENE. 0500 Squared yards. 0600 Came to off St Anne’s Point. Sandy bottom in 9 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. 0845 Weighed and shifted berth to Barachois. [a coastal lagoon separated from the ocean by a sand or shingle bar] 0920 Came to in 10 fathoms with sandy bottom. Moored ship with 3 ½ on sandy bottom and 3 ½ on broken bottom. Out ladder. Out boom boats. PM. Loosed sails. 1415 Furled sails. Watch employed strapping blocks for gun tackles and storing booms. Sailmakers repairing Jib. Artificers making good small defects. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 1700. Furled sails. Up Top gallant masts. Up and moored boats. Watering by launch

Port Victoria

21 May 1870. Moored in Port Victoria. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2. Maximum temperature 79F. Employed cleaning ship. PM. Lost overboard by accident one 8” block. Launch away watering. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.
22 May 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 3. 1015 Mustered by Divisions to perform Divine Service. 1310 Gave special leave to both watches. Mustered at Quarters. Sunset – up boats.
23 May 1870. Wind South easterly force 2 to 3. Maximum temperature 80F. AM Employed repairing Fore and main topsails. Read Warrants for dis-rating.. Artificers and carpenters as requisite. 1315 Furled sails. Down Royal yards. Employed fitting gun gear. Bows, odd and 1st gun crews at truck gun drill. Washed clothes.
24 May 1870. Wind calm increasing to force 4 from the SE. 0930 Mustered at Quarters. Watch employed fitting gun tackle and making sennit. Sailmakers repairing Fore top sail and jib. Boys at rifle drill. PM. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.
25 May 1870. Wind SSE force 1 to 2. Maximum temperature 81F. 0920 Mustered at Quarters. Boys at Seamanship. Watch employed as required.. Sailmakers repairing Foretopsail and Jib. PM Employed repairing forward and Main Topsails. Caulkers caulking waterways. Gave genera leave port watch. Mustered at Quarters.
26 May 1870. Wind calm increasing to force 1 to 2 from ESE. Barometer steady t 30.03 inches. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Employed fitting new Main topsail lifts. Whitewashing tops. Pointing and grafting ropes. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail and Jib. Also altering 2nd cutters fore sail. PM. Employed making and mending clothes. Artificers making good small defects.
27 May 1870. Wind force 1 from the SE. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Employed repairing Fore topsail.. 1150. HMS BULLFINCH arrived. PM. Received four bags of sugar. Employed plaining main trysail mast. Caulking waterways.. Sailmakers repairing sails. Up main trysail mast.
28 May 1870. Wind southerly force 1 to 2. 0800 Dressed ship in honour of the anniversary of Queen Victoria’s Birthday of the 24th. Employed cleaning ship.PM Saluted with 21 guns in honour of HBM’s birthday. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Undressed ship.
29 May 1870. Wind SE force 1 to 2. Broken cloud. Barometer rising to 30.10 inches. 0730 A Portuguese gunboat arrived. 1000. Mustered by the Open list. 1130. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special leave to both watches. Mustered at Quarters.
30 May 1870. Wind SE force 1 to 3. Barometer steady at 30.07 inches. Maximum temperature 81F. 09110. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed as requisite. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers altering boats sails. Artificers making good defects. Caulkers caulking wedges round main mast.. 1220 HMIS SURPRISE arrived. PM. Watch employed as requisite. Second class at rifle drill. Boys and 2nd class ordinary at seamanship. 1715. Mustered at Quarters. Watering by launch.
31 May 1870. Wind south easterly force1 to 3. 0500. Commenced coaling. Noon Received 90 tons of coal. 1900. Completed coaling to 145 tons
1 June 1870. Wind south easterly force 1 to 2 . AM Employed cleaning ship throughout. 0950 Loosed sails. Carpenters and artificers as required. Threw overboard 6lbs of bad pressed beef. 1330 Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Furled sails. Sailmakers repairing boat covers. Quarters. Watered ship.
2 June 1870. Moored in Port Victoria. Wind SSE force 1. Broken cloud. Maximum temperature 82F. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed repairing fore topsail and as required.. Let go lifebuoy – all correct. PM. Making and mending clothes. 1600. Washed clothes.
3 June 1870. Wind SSE force 2 to 4. AN Portuguese gunboat steamed in from quarantine grounds and anchored. Mustered at Quarters. Watch employed as required. First sub division and first company of small arms men firing at a target. PM. Second company firing at a target. Sailmakers making boats covers.. Mustered at Quarters. Watering ship by launch.
4 June 1870. Wind SSE to SE force 2 to 4 decreasing to 1with broken cloud. Maximum temperature 79F. Barometer 30.05 inches falling to 30.00 inches at midnight. AM. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Scrubbed hammocks. Watering ship by launch. PM employed as required. 1715 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks.
5 June 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 4 decreasing to 2 later. Maximum temperature 81F. Barometer rising to 20.04 before falling to 29.99 inches at midnight. 0630 French mail steamer arrived. 0945. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. PM Gave special leave to both watches and privilege leave to port Watch.. 1300. French mail ship DANUBE sailed. 1415 Portuguese gun boat sailed. 1715 Mustered at Divisions.
6 June 1870. Wind SSE force 2 to 3 increasing to 3 to 4 later. Barometer steady at 30.06 inches.. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed squaring ratlines. Sailmakers repairing fore topsail. Artificers making good small defects. 1315. Up screw for cleaning. PM Watches as in the forenoon. Discharged J. Fry and J. Baloam to BULLFINCH and received J. Ward and Taylor from her. Down screw. Sent condemned stores to BULLFINCH. Gave general leave to starboard watch.
7 June 1870. Wind SSE force 1 to 3. Barometer rising to 30.14 inches before falling to 30.08 inches at midnight.. 0900 mustered at Quarters. Employed squaring ratlines of lower rigging. Sailmakers repairing Foretopsail.. PM. As in the forenoon. Artificers making good small defects. 1715 mustered at Quarters. Up boats.
8 June 1870. Wind SSE force 2 to 3. Broken cloud. Maximum temperature 79 Barometer 30.09 inches. 0915 HMS Bull finch sailed.. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed at squaring ratlines of Top mast rigging. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. Artificers making good small defects. PM. As in the forenoon. Discharged Mr Driver Chief Engineer ( Invalided) to mail ship for passage to England. 1715 Mustered at General Quarters. 1730 mail ship arrived from the south with Sir H. Barkly Governor of Mauritius. Unbent mainsail for repair. 1740. Bent Mainsail.
9 June 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 5. Barometer steady, 0900 manned yards and fired a salute of 17 guns on Sir H. Barkly’s embarkation. 0930. Quarters and prayers. French mail steamer sailed. Read warrant for reduction to 2nd class and imprisonment of AB Thomas Green. Watch employed as required. PM. Gave special leave to both watches and privilege leave to starboard watch. Employed making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.
10 June 1870. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 5. Barometer falling to 29.95 before rising to 30.00 inches at noon. Maximum temperature 79F. 0825 HMIS gunboat SURPRISE sailed. Employed as required. Sailmakers repairing boats covers. Artificers making good small defects. Received 6 bullocks. PM. Watch employed setting up top gallant rigging. Sailmakers making cutter covers.. Watering from launch. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. In boom boats. Rove messenger and anchor gear. Up boats.
11 June 1870. Wind Southerly force 2 to 3 increasing to 4 at 1600 before falling to 3. 0500. Weighed starboard anchor. Shortened in to 2 ¼ shackles on port cable. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Hoisted in small boats.. Noon lit fires under port boiler. Barrachois Maki . 1400 Weighed and proceeded under steam. Watch employed unreeving anchor gear and messenger. 1505. Set Foresail and Fore topsail. 1645.Mustered at Quarters. 1715. SW point of Silhouette Island. Bore north and shaped course W by N ½ N. 1800. Set main and Mizzen topsails, Jib, top Staysail and lee clew of Main sail. 1820 Stopped steaming. 2350. Sounded in 55 fathoms (sand)
12 June 1870. Latitude 4.12S. longitude 53.27 E. Maximum speed through the water 6 knots. Course westerly. Wind SSW force3 to 4. Barometer at noon 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 78F. 0048 Braced forward. 0345. Hove to and sounded in 70 fathoms. 0800. Altered course to W ½ S. Set top gallant sails and Spanker. 0945. Mustered by the Open List. 1000. In Spanker. Performed Divine Service. 1315. Finished condensing and drew fires.. 1645 mustered at Quarters. Bent port stud sails.
13 June 1870. Latitude 4.6S. Longitude 50.39E. Course W ½ S. Wind southerly force 4 to 5. 0600. Reset sails. 0900 mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Employed refitting Royal yards. Sailmakers repairing spare Fore topsail. Artificers making good small defects.1000. Set port Foretop stud sails. 1155. In port Foretop stud sails. 1212.Braced forward. Sailmakers repairing fore top sail. Third class at cutlass drill. Watch employed making mats and hook ropes etc. Scrubbed and washed clothes.2155 altered course to W by ½ S. 2250 latitude by Mir alt. Antares 4.15S. [Antares is a supergiant star with a stellar classification of M0.5Iab] 14 June 1870. Latitude 4.45S Longitude 48.30E. Course Westerly (Seychelles to Zanzibar) Wind southerly force4 to 5. 0736. Windward Fore Top gallant sheet carried away. In Top gallant sails. 0745. Set Top gallant sails. 0900 Quarters. Course W by S. Trimmed. Prayers. Watch employed pointing ropes, making small mats and repairing Main topsails. Third class at cutlass drill. 1130.In Mizzen Top gallant sail. Patent log at noon 132 ¼ miles. PM Third class of cutlass men at cutlass drill. Boys under instruction at seamanship. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing Main deck awning, forecastle awning, and Main topsail. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1650 Reefed Topsails. 2200 latitude by Mir act Centauri 4.55S. Barometer 30.05 inches. Temperature 66F.
15 June 1870. Latitude 6.8 S. Longitude 45.9 E. Course westerly. Maximum speed through the water 7 knots. Wind southerly force 4 to 5. 0600 Out reef of Main topsail. 0820. Out reefs of Fore and Mizzen topsails. Prayers and Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers altering awnings. Artificers making good small defects. Boys at cutlass drill. Watch employed variously. Patent log at noon 144 ½ miles. 1315 Braced forward. Altered course to W by S ½ S. Cutlass men of watch at cutlass drill. Sailmakers repairing Main and forecastle awnings. Artificers making good small defects. Rove new main signal halyards. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Exercised at Fire Quarters. 1745. Rounded in (To haul on a fall to take up the slack of the rope)
16 June 1870. Latitude 5.38 S. Longitude 42.35 E. Course westerly. Wind southerly force 4 to 5 lessening to 2 to 4 in the afternoon. Barometer rising from 30.06 inches at midnight to 30.13 at noon and 30.06 at 1400 before rising to 30.14 inches at 2200. Maximum temperature at noon 81F. 0217. Latitude by Mir Act of Moon 5.43 S. Aired bedding. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Marines at rifle drill. Employed refitting clothes lines, pointing ropes etc. Sailmakers repairing awning and main topsail. 1000. Set Fore topsail stud sails and main topsail. Cutlass men at drill. 1100 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected bedding. Crossed Royal yards, set Royals. Patent log 137 ½ nautical miles. 1315 Altered course to SW by W ½ West. In Top starboard stud sail. Making and mending clothes. Washed clothes. 2010 in Royals and Forward jib.
17 June 1870. Latitude 6.28 S. Longitude 40.41E. Course SW to westerly. Wind SSE to SSW force 4 to5 lessening to 2 to 3 later in the day. Broken cloud. 0450 In Mizzen Topgallant sail. Employed getting up and ranging cables for survey. 0730 Rounded in. 0800. Employed surveying and paying down cables. Sailmakers repairing Forecastle and Main deck awnings. Artificers making good small defects. Patent log at noon. 112 nautical miles. 1220. Altered course to WSW. 1510 Braced forward. Sailmakers as in the forenoon. 1720 Mustered at Quarters. Deviation 1.30. Head WSW. 1820 In Top gallant sails

18 June 1870. Course SW by W to SW by S. Wind force 3 to 5 dying to 1 to 2 at noon. Barometer 20.19 inches. Temperature at noon 80F. 0150. Latitude by Antares 5.27S. Observed land about SW. 0430 Shortened and furled sails. Squared yards. 0455. Commenced steaming. 515. Altered course to SSW. 0730 Exercised at General Quarters firing at target. 0800. Kizimkas Point West. 0815. Course SW. 0910 Cape Kizimas North. Employed cleaning ship throughout.1110. Struck soundings in 7 and 9 fathoms. 1440. Passed Chomby Island. Magnetic bearing – South end of Barry W by N ¼ N. 1610 Came to with broken bottom in 11 fathoms. Veered to 3 shackles. 1700 Mustered at Quarters – out small boats.. Loosed sails. Unbent Trysails and Studing sails. 1800. Furled and unbent sails. Down Upper yards. Stowed away sails.

19 June 1870. At Anchor off Zanzibar. Wind SSE to westerly force 1. British Barque BHONMUGGER arrives. 0900. Divisions – performed Divine Service. PM Schooner ANN BANFIELD of Scilly arrived from the Cape with stores for the Government. 1720 Mustered at Quarters.

20 June 1870. Wind south westerly force . Barometer rising from 30.10 inches to 30.22 inches. Sent down lower and topsail yards. Employed refitting the yards. 0800. Dressed ship with masthead flags in honour of the Accession of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Artificers making good small defects. 1200. Fired a Royal Salute in honour of the Accession of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Zanzibar Flag ship also saluted. Employed refitting ship. 1752. Undressed ship. Up boats.

21 June 1870. Wind south westerly force 1 to 2 increasing to 3 later. Employed refitting ship. 1110. Sent up lower yards. PM Employed as in the forenoon. 1400 Crossed Topsail yards and refitting. 1630 Out boom boats.

22 June 1870. Wind south westerly force 2 to 3 decreasing later to 1. 0850 Prayers. 0900. Exercised at General Quarters. Prussian Consul came onboard. A party of small arms men shooting at target. PM. Marines and midshipmen firing at a target. Sailmakers repairing foresail. Watch as requisite. Artificers making good small defects.. Manned and armed boats sent away firing shot and case and rockets. Boats returned unarmed.

23 June 1870. Wind southerly force1 to 2 . Barometer 30.24 inches. Temperature at noon 80F. Employed provisioning ship from ANN BRAMFIELD and white washing bread rooms. Artificers making good small defects.. PM. Making and mending clothes. Receiving stores and painted starboard hammock clothes. Scrubbed and washed cloths.

24 June 1870. Wind southerly force 1 to 2. Storing bread and provisioning ship.PM as in the forenoon and storing spirit room. Artificers making good small defects.
Quarters.

25 June 1870. Wind southerly force 1. Maximum temperature 78F. Employed cleaning the ship throughout. Received firewood. Threw overboard 6lbs of unfit persevered beef. PM Getting sails ready for bending. Bent upper sails. Mustered by Divisions. Bent sails on. Crossed Top gallant yards.

26 June 1870. Wind South westerly force 1 to 2. Barometer rose to 30.77 inches at midnight before dropping 30.22 at midday. 1015. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. PM Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. Lit fire under port boiler for condensing.

27 June 1870. Wind southerly calm to force 3. Maximum temperature 80F. AM. Employed cleaning and whitewashing holds
PM. Employed provisioning ship and storing holds. Issued soap to ships company. 1730. Able Seaman J. Goggin fell from under the Main top and departed this world at 1800 – aged 36.

28 June 1870. Wind southerly force 1 to 3 with a maximum temperature of 78 F. Barometer steady at 20.17 inches. 0915. Quarters and prayers. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing Foresail. 1430 Funeral party left the ship for Chappany to inter the body of Able Seaman Goggin. 200o Funeral party returned to ship . Mustered by Divisions. Rove anchor gear. Bent on Trysail.

29 June 1870. Wind Southerly force 2 increasing to 4 later. Barometer rising from 30.17 inches to 30.22 inches. 0800. Dressed ship in honour of the Anniversary of the Coronation HM Queen Victoria. In boom boats. 0900. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers repairing main topgallant Try sail.. Sultan’s Prime Ministers visited. Saluted them on leaving with 16 guns. Flagship returned the salute. Noon. Fired a Royal salute which was returned by the flagship. 1215. Up steam in one boiler. 1415. Weighed and proceeded under steam. Undressed ship. Sailmakers repairing Main top gallant sail. 1645 Quarters. 1655 Came to off Choomby island in 15 fathoms with broken bottom. Veered to 3 shackles. Anchor bearing – North end of Choomby – East and west end of Bany N 1/2W. Sent cutter to communicate with Mozambique. 1940. Cutter returned.

30 June 1870. Latitude 6.38 S Longitude 39.31S. At anchor. Wind southerly force 2 to 3. 0200 Finished condensing. Banked fires.0500 Drew fires forward. 0540 Up anchor and proceeded under steam. Shaped course for the south. Set Fore and aft sails.. 0746. Course SE.0800. Set Foresail, Top sail and Top gallant sail. In fore topsail. Braced forward. Set the Spanker. Read Articles of War. Set main and Mizzen topsails and Top gallant sails. PM. Employed making and mending clothes.. 1430 lost sight of land. 1440. In top gallant sails and Spanker. Up courses. 1510. Set Courses. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1900 Set Top gallant sails. 2100 Shortened and furled square sails. Set Trysail and Spanker. Commenced steaming.

1 July 1870. Latitude 5.53S Longitude 41.1E. Course easterly. Wind south easterly force 3 increasing to 4.African island N85E at 742 nautical miles. 0200. A swell from the SE. 0900. Mustered at Quarters. Watch employed making mats. Guns crews of watch at drill. Sailmakers repairing Main top gallant sail and making deck clothes. Artificers making good small defects. Read Warrant for 10 cells for Ordinary Thomas Palmer for drunkenness. PM Swell from SE. Second company of small arms men at drill.bs of bad preserved meat. Carpenter repairing Galley. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Latitude by Viga 6.14S

2 July 1870. Latitude 5.42S. Longitude 42.28 East. Course easterly. Wind south easterly force 4. African Island N 85 E at 652 nautical miles. 0300 set Topsail. 0610.Made sail to Topsails. Set mainsail. 0643. Stopped steaming. Condensing. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 1050. Set Top gallant sails. Swell from SE.. PM Watch employed as needed. Observed Mozambique NNE. 1645 Mustered at Quarters.2000. condensing.

3 July 1870. Latitude 5.15S. Longitude 44.7E. Course easterly. Wind south easterly. Barometer 30.14 inches at noon. Maximum temperature 78F. African Island N 87 E at 555 nautical miles. 0300 Swell from SE. Daylight – sighted Mozambique N56 W. 0600. In Main trysail. Mustered by divisions for Divine Service. 1100. Swell from SE. 11645 Mustered at Quarters. Swell from SE.

4 July 1870. Latitude 5.10S. Longitude 45.43E. Course easterly until 2000 and then SE by E. Wind SSE becoming Southerly force3 increasing to 4. African Island N87E at 448 nautical miles. 0600 Reset sails. 0800 Swell from SE. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers altering spare main topsail. In fore Trysail and Mizzen top gallant sail. PM. Passed a barque passing to the north. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Main sail, Main top gallant sail and Forecastle awning. Artificers repairing small defects. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 1700 Lost sight of barque. 2345. In top gallant sails, Jib and Spanker.

5 July 1870. Latitude 5.28S. Longitude 47.37E. Course SE by S changing to easterly at midday and northerly from 2000. Wind SSW becoming SE by E force 4 increasing to 6 occasional 7. African island N84E at 344 nautical miles. Barometer dropping from 30.06 inches to 29.95 inches before rising towards midnight. 0610 Set Main top gallant sail and Jib. 0620. Down Jib. Mustered at Quarters and prayers. 0920. Altered course to ESE. In first reef of Top sails and Main top gallant sails. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail. 1120 In second reef of Topsails. 1245 Lee clew of Main topsail carried away and sail split. Unbent sail and replaced with spare main topsail. Heavy squall. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 2210 Out second ref of Topsails. Braced forward.

6 July 1870. Latitude 4.8S. Longitude 48.47E. Course Easterly – northerly at noon and then easterly again. Wind south easterly force 5 decreasing to 3 before increasing to 5 towards midnight. African Island S 01 E at 277 nautical miles. 0615. Crossed Fore and Main top gallant yards. 0740 Crossed Mizzen top gallant yards and shifted Jib. 1000 Set main Top gallant sail. Employed repairing main Topsail, Mainsail and forecastle awning. Artificers making good small defects. PM Set Fore and Main trysails, furled courses. Bent and set Fore staysail and on steaming covers. To avoid being set to leeward of Seychelles and having to use steam against strong trade winds and NW current up steam in starboard boiler and proceeded under steam and fore and aft sails. Swell from SE. Mustered at Quarters. Down Top gallant masts and set spanker. Split Jib. Down Jib.

7 July 1870. Latitude 3.56S. Longitude 49.55E. Course ESE changing to south easterly before returning to an easterly direction. Wind force 3 to 5. African Island S75E at 217 nautical miles. 0140. Latitude by Cygni 4.2S. 0600 Sent Jib in for repairs. Swell from SE. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Sailmakers repairing Jib.. Artificers making good small defects. Bent small Jib. Watch as required. 1150. Reset sails. PM. Sold the effects of the late Able Seaman J Groggins. Making and mending cloths. Artificers making good small defects. Swell from SE. Washed clothes. 1820 Set Foresail. Down Fore staysail. Stars obscured.

8 July 1870. Latitude 4.9S. Longitude 51.17 E. Course easterly Wind SSE force 3 to 5 decreasing to 2 to 3. African island S74E at 147 nautical miles. Heavy swell from SE.. 0900 Muster at Quarters and prayers. Watch employed repairing Main topsail. Sailmakers repairing Jib and forecastle awning. Artificers making good small defects.PM. Boys at cutlass drill. Midshipmen at seamanship. Carpenters repairing Galley. Sailmakers repairing Main sail, Jib and forecastle awning.16.50 mustered at Quarters.

9 July 1870. Latitude 4.30S. Longitude 52.41E. Course Easterly. Wind SSE force 2 to 3. Silhouette Island East at 167 nautical miles.0030. Latitude by Altair 4.25S. 0800. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Sailmakers repairing Jib. 1125. Shifted Jib. Artificers making good small defects. Carpenters repairing Galley. 1520 Set Topsails. 1645. Mustered at Quarters.. 1756. Mizzen topsail split. In Mizzen tosail.2040 altered course to E ½ S. 2100 Latitude by the moon 4.22S.

10 July 1870. Latitude 4.42S. Longitude 55.2 E. Course Easterly. Wind force 3 to 4 decreasing to calm at 1900 before picking up to force 2. Silhouette island S 78 E at 15 nautical miles. 0610. Altered course to E by S. 0800. Set Mizzen topsail. Mustered by the Open List. Performed divine service. 1050. Rounded in. 1115. Observed land on port bow and ahead. 1130. Course SE by E ½ E. 1300. Observed Maki ahead. 1400. Course SE by E. 1500. South point Silhouette bearing north. Course E by S ½ E. 1625. Course ESE. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Shortened and furled sails. Squared yards. Up Top gallant masts. HMS Dryad in Barachois. 1820. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 13 ¾ fathoms and veered to three shackles. Banked fires. Condensing. Magnetic bearing – St Anne’s Peak E by N – End of Cerf Island SSE

11 July 1870. Wind southerly force 1 to 2. AM. Put into quarantine until 19th. Read Admiralty Order for the discharge of H.M.D. Grant Assistant Paymaster. 1020. Shifted berth under steam. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Opened two cases of tobacco which were found to be deficient by 16 lbs. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Jib and main topsail. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.

12 July 1870. Wind SSE force 2 increasing to 5 before falling to 2. 0800. Loosed sails. Mustered at Quarters and read prayers. Employed unshipping and cleaning capstan. Carpenters repairing ship’s rudder head. Sailmakers repairing Jib and main topsail.. PM Small arms men at rifle drill. Artificers at various jobs. Replaced capstan. 1715. Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. Furled sails.

13 July 1870. Wind SSE force 2. Temperature 76 F. Barometer steady at 30.05 inches. AM. Observed total eclipse of the moon. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters. Firing empty and filled shell at a target. PM. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. 1715 Quarters. Rove messenger. Given Pratique [Pratique is the license given to a ship to enter port on assurance from the captain to convince the authorities that she is free from contagious disease.]

14 July 1870. Wind south easterly force2. Maximum temperature 81F. AM Up steam in one boiler. 0500. Shortened in to one shackle. 0545. Weighed and shifted berth to Port Victoria. 0630 Came to with broken bottom in 10 fathoms . Moored ship with 5 ¾ shackles on starboard cable and 3 shackles on port cable. 0900. Out boom boats. Quarters and prayers. Employed as needed. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Employed making and mending clothes. Received stores from BULLFINCH and Warrant Officers stores from DRYAD. Mr Tout- engineer and 6 marines joined. Scrubbed and washed clothes. Received engineer stores.

15 July 1870. Wind south easterly force 1 increasing to 4 by 1700. Barometer rising from 30 inches to 30.05 inches. 0800. Discharged W.B. (Rest of text unreadable) to DRAYAD. Thos. Symond Master at Arms joined from DRAYAD. 0945. DRAYAD sailed. Mustered at Quarters. Employed refitting Jib. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Second company of small arms men at drill. Midshipmen and boys at rifle drill. 1715 Mustered at Quarters.

16 July 1870. Wind south to SSW up to force 7 decreasing to 4 at midday. AM Employed cleaning ship throughout. 0900 Portuguese man of war came out of quarantine and shifted berth to Barachois. PM> employed scraping masts and booms. 1715 mustered at Quarters. Up boats.

17 July 1870. Wind SSW force 7 decreasing to 3 to 5. Barometer dropping to 29.97 inches. 0500. English brig BRISK arrived. 0945. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service.. PM. Gave special Leave.. Mustered at Quarters. Unbent fore and main trysails.

18 July1870. Wind SSW force 1 to 4. Barometer 29.95 inches before rising to 29.99 inches. Maximum temperature 77F. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed repairing rigging mats, reeving new Top sail halyards. Sailmakers repairing Trysails. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Exercised six guns crews at gun drill. Watch employed as needed. Sailmakers as in the forenoon. Preparing for coaling ship.

19 July 1870. Wind South westerly force 2 to 3. Barometer dropping to 29.96 inches. 0520. Commenced coaling ship. Artificers making good small defects. PM received 64 tons of coal. Employed coaling ship. 1600 Received 98 tons of coal. 1840. Finished coaling. Received 116 tons. Cleaned ship.

20 July 1870. Wind SW force4 to 5 becoming calm. Barometer dropping to 29.90 before rising to 29.98 Inches. AM. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Sent stores for BULLFINCH to store on shore.. PM Employed preparing for sea. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. Artificers making good small defects. In boom boats. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

21 July 1870. Wind Calm. Barometer rising to 30.00 inches. Maximum temperature 78F. 0800 Crossed top gallant yards. 0825. Unmoored ship. Shortened in on sandy bottom to two shackles. In small boats. Bent Trysails. Carpenters making good small defects. 1200. Lit fires in boilers. 1400. Weighed and proceeded under steam out of harbour. Carpenters making frames for gratings. 1500 Shaped course ESE. Heavy swell from SE. 1650. Mustered at Quarters.

22 July 1870. Latitude 5.15 S. Longitude 56.57 E. Course ESE – Maki to Mauritius. Wind direction variable from SSW to South to ESE force 1 increasing to 4. Barometer 29.93 rising to 30.02 inches. 0610 Sun rose N76E. Heading ESE.. 0850 Set fore and aft sails except Main trysail and Jib. Exercised at General Quarters. 9.50 Set Foresail. 1000 to 1030 Sounded in 12 fathoms. Employed pointing and grafting etc. Sailmakers repairing main topsail. 1200. Course SE ¾ E. 1230. Exchanged Colours with an American Whaler- HERALD. Employed unbending gangers. 1330. Up Foresail. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail. Artificers making good small defects. Pointed yards to the wind. Mustered at Quarters. 1800. Set Main trysail. 2025. Tacked.

23 July 1870. Latitude5.54.S. Longitude 57.35E. Course South easterly. Wind force 3 later increasing to 6. AM Employed cleaning ship. 0915 Split Jib. Took in Jib and Spanker. 1315. Tacked. Set Foresail. Threw overboard 22 lbs of cocoa – it being bad. Stowed bower anchor. 11645 mustered at Quarters.

24 July 1870. Latitude 5.37S. Longitude 58.29 E. Course Easterly. Wind SSE force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3. 0600 Set single reefed Topsails. 0630. Shifted and set Jib.
0700. Stopped steaming. 0800. Condensing. Set mainsail and Spanker. 0945. Mustered by the Open List and performed Divine Service. 1110. In Topsails. 1645. Mustered by Divisions. Issued clean hammocks. 1840. Set Top gallant sails. 2005. Latitude by Antares 5.11S.

25 July 1870. Latitude 4.32S. Longitude 59.47E. Course Easterly. Wind SSE force 3 to 4. Barometer steady. 0610. Reset sails. 0745. Out reefs. 0800. Shifted Fore topsail. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Employed repairing Main sail and Fore topsail. Artificers making good small defects.. 1030 In Mizzen topgallant sail. Sailmakers repairing Main sail and Fore topsail. PM. Watch employed refitting sails. Second and third parts third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Fore and Main topsails.1515. Shifted Mizzen topsail. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. Swell from the SE.

26 July 1870. Latitude 4.40S. Longitude 60.35E. Course Easterly. Wind ESE rising to force 6 before falling to force 1 at 2200. Barometer falling from 30.05 to 29.96 inches at 1600 before rising again. 0120. In Topgallant sails and Spanker. Up courses. 0310 Set Foresail. Wore ship. Set Mainsail Clew of Jib split. Down Jib. Commenced steaming. 0730. Shortened and furled sail except Foresail. Set Forward and Main trysails. 0825. Shifted Jib. 0830 In Forward trysail. Set jib. 0850. Tacked. Watch employed as required. 1110. Down Topgallant yards. Sailmakers repairing Mizzen topsail. PM. Sailmakers repairing Main topsails. Artificers making good small defects. Watch repairing Mizzen topsail and Jib..16.45 Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. 1710. Shortened sail. Shaped course ESE. 1750. Increased speed 5 revolutions. (Speed through the water 3 knots).

27 July1870. Latitude. 4.40S. Longitude 62.32E. Course easterly. Wind ESE to SE force 1 to 4. 0240. Kept array. Set Foresail, Jib, Top staysail and Main trysails. 0350. Shortened sail. 0700 Punished W. Roberts Boy first Class with 24 cuts of the birch. Set fore and aft sails save forward jib and Foresail. 0900 Prayers. Exercised at gun drill. Quarters. Set Top sails. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail. 1125 Set Mainsail. 1315 .Shortened and furled Topsails and mainsail. Employed repairing main topsail and Jib. Carpenters making target and gratings for Main hatch.. 1530. Shifted Jib. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. 1800 Swell from SE. 11820. Tacked. 1930. Tacked. 2010. Down Jib. 2030. Tacked. 2205. Latitude by Vega 4.42S.

28 July 1870. Latitude 4.45S. Longitude 63.44E. Course Easterly. Wind SE to SE by S force 3 to 4. 0015. Tacked. 0630. Set Jib. Swell from SE. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Read return of Court Marshals. Employed as required. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Employed making and mending clothes. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail and Jib. Artificers making good small defects. Scrubbed and washed clothes.1630 Variation by Azimuth 4 0 West.

29 July 1870. Latitude 4.55S. Longitude 65.7E. Course Easterly. Wind SSE force 2 to 3. 0900. Mustered at Quarters. Read Warrant for reducing W. Norton- Ordinary Seaman – to 2nd class for conduct. 0940 Set Topsails, Mainsail and Jib.. 1020 Stopped steaming. First gun crew at gun drill. Boys at seamanship. 1115 Crossed Fore and main top gallant yards. Set top gallant sails. PM. Second company of small arms men at rifle drill. Threw overboard 6 lbs of bad preserved beef. Sailmakers repairing Main topsail. Midshipmen at cutlass drill. 1645. Exercised reefing topsails. One cask of pork condemned by survey thrown overboard. Stars obscured.

30 July 1870. Latitude 4.33S. Longitude 66.26E. Course easterly until 1400 then SSW. Wind southerly force 1 to 3. Maximum recorded speed through the water 3 knots. 0214 latitude by Mir Alt of “Fomalhaut” 4.26S. [Fomalhaut, also designated Alpha Piscis Austrini is the brightest star in the constellation of Piscis Austrinus and one of the brightest stars in the sky] Employed cleaning ship. 1530 In Trysails. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1655. Tried to tack. 1705. Wore ship. In first reef or Topsails. 1845 In Top gallant sails, Spanker and Jib.. 2040 Set Jib and Spanker.

31 July 1870. Latitude 5.29S. Longitude 66.15E. Course SSW. Wind SSE / SE force 3, occasionally 4. 0100. Completed water by condensing. 0600. Out reefs of Topsails. 0800. Performed divine Service. 1400 French mail steamer DANUBE passed standing to the SW. She communicated by signals war between France and Prussia but did not know the cause. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Lost sight of steamer.

1 August 1870. Latitude 7.1S. Longitude 65.13E. course south westerly. Wind SE to SSE force 4. 0550. Fore top gallant split and was taken in.. 0730 Sent down Fore top gallant yard. Shifted the sail. 0810. Crossed Fore top gallant yard. 1015 Down Jib. 1125. Shifted Jib and bent on Inner jib. Sailmakers repairing mainsail and Jib. Third class at rifle drill. PM Sailmakers repairing mainsail and Main topsail. Third class at rifle drill. Artificers making good small defects. 1600 Washed clothes. 2000. Longitude by Aquila 64.34E.

2 August 1870. Latitude 8.58S. Longitude 64.28E. Course S by W. Wind south easterly force 4 to 5. 0850. Weather main top gallant sheet carried away. In Top gallant sails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Cleared sail room and white washed it.. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Made up and stowed away sails. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers fitting Spanker. 1445. In two reefs of Fore and Mizzen topsails. One reef in main topsail. 1645 Mustered at Quarters. Three in number – log worn out and rendered useless. 1815. Set Fore and Main top gallant sails.

3August 1870. Latitude 10.38S. Longitude 65.7E. Course south westerly. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4 rising to 7 at 2000 before decreasing to 4. 0730. Out reefs of Topsails. 0900. Prayers and exercised at General Quarters. Employed fitting spare Spanker and Mainsail.. Artificers making good small defects. 1050. Reset sails. 1125. Shifted Spanker. 1315. Out reefs in Topsails. Cutlass men of watch at drill. Sailmakers about fore and main Top gallant sails and Main sail. 1500 Set Spanker. Artificers making good small defects. Watch employed refitting mainsail and as needed. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. 1835. In top gallant sails. 1845. Departed this life Henry Gale RMSM from disease of the heart. In second reef of Fore and Main topsails. In first reef of Main topsail.

4 August 1870. Latitude 12.1S. Longitude 62.20E. Course south westerly. Wind SE force 2 increasing to an occasional 5. 0140 Out second reef of Top sails. Set Fore and Main Top gallant sails. 0320. In Top gallant sails. 0600 Out first reef of Fore and Main topsails. Set Fore and main top gallant sails. 0710. In Fore and Main top gallant sails. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Watch employed as needed. Sailmakers repairing Fore and Mizzen top gallant sails. Committed the remains of RMSM Henry Gale of the Light Infantry to the deep. PM Employed making and mending clothes. Sailmakers and artificers as in the forenoon. Scrubbed and washed clothes. 2110 In first reef of Fore and Main topsails.

5 August 1870. Latitude 13.41S. Longitude 61.13E. Course south westerly. Wind force 4 to 5 reaching force 6 at 2200. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. 0940. Unbent Forward jib. Watch employed repairing main topsail and as necessary. Training party at cutlass drill. Sailmakers repairing main topsail and Spanker. Artificers making good small defects. 1110. Lost Spanker. 1145 Set Spanker. 1230. Course SSW. 1320. Sounded in 22 fathoms – coral bottom. Second class cutlassmen at cutlass drill. Sailmakers repairing Spanker and spare Mainsail. Artificers making good small defects. 1500. Sounded in 19 fathoms – coral bottom. Altered course to SW by S. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. Up Mainsail. Sounded in 18 1/2 fathoms – coral bottom. Set Mainsail. 1800 . Sounded in 17 fathoms – coral bottom. Altered course to SW ½ S. 1850 Trimmed sails. 1900 Up Mainsail course. Course SW ½ W. Sounded in 25 fathoms – coral bottom.1910. Set Mizzen sail . In Spanker. 1930. Sounded in 30 fathoms – coral bottom.

6 August 1870. Latitude 15.36S. Longitude 59.32E. Course south westerly. Wind south easterly force 5 to 6 decreasing to 4 at noon before increasing to force 5. 0600. Altered course to SW ¾ S. 0730 Trimmed and altered course to SW. employed cleaning ship throughout. 1100. Sounded in 45 fathoms. Rounded in.1420 Out reefs of Topsails. Set Top gallant sails. 1545. Mustered at Divisions. Issued clean hammocks. In first reef of Topsails. Braced forward. 1900. Windward Fore top gallant sheet carried away. In Fore top gallant sail. 1920 In Main top gallant sail.

7 August 1870. Latitude 17.36S. Longitude 58.24E. Course SSW. Wind SE by E force 4 to 5 decreasing to 3 to 4. Barometer rising to a maximum of 30.20 inches. 0400. Lit fires under one boiler for condensing. 0940 mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. 1210. Altered course to S by W. 1315. Out reefs. Set Fore and main Top gallant sails and Spanker. 1645. Mustered at Quarters. In first reef of Topsails. 1955. Starboard forward Top gallant sheet carried away. In Fore top gallant sail.

8 August 1870. Latitude 19.98S. Longitude 57.32E. Course south westerly. Wind SE by E becoming ESE force 4 decreasing to 1. Flat island light house S31W 16 miles. Barometer rising to 30.26 inches. Maximum temperature 72F. 0600. Out reefs of Topsails. Set Fore Top gallant sail. Crossed mizzen top gallant yard. 0800. In spanker.. 0845 In Fore and main top gallant sails. 0900 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. 0930. Shortened sail to Foresail and fore and aft sails. Proceeded under steam. Watch employed repairing main topsail and Spanker. Artificers making good small defects. Observed land bearing SSE. 1255. Course South. 1315. Set Fore and main topsails. Second class of drill at cutlass drill. Employed fitting new Topsail ties. Repairing main topsail and Spanker. 1655. Shortened and furled sails. Squared yards. Stopped. 1755. Health Officer and Harbour Master came onboard. Proceeded. 1835 Took in navy moorings. Employed securing ship.

9 August 1870. At mooring of Cooper island Mauritius. Wind SE to ESE force 2 to 3 decreasing to 1. AM Out small boats. 0925. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers.. Employed fitting new Main topsail ties and as requisite. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing mast covers and Spanker.. PM. As in forenoon. Second part of 3rd class at rifle drill. Second class of cutlass at drill. 1500. Out booms boats. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.

10 August 1870. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 4 later. 0800. Loosed sails. Prayers. Exercised at General Quarters.. Watch employed fitting Topsail ties and passing filled shell on deck.. Sailmakers repairing forward jib, Spanker and Top starboard staysail. PM. Employed discharging powder and shell. Artificers making good small defects.. 1650 Unbent Fore and Main Trysails. Down Topgallant yards and unbent the sails. 1830. Furled unbent sails.

11 August 1870. Wind calm rising to force 4 from SE. 0915. Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks. Read prayers. Watch employed fitting new Topsail ties and repairing Mainsail. Sailmakers repairing mainsail. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Gave special leave to both watches and privileged leave to starboard. Making and mending clothes. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

12 August 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 3. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Read Warrant for reducing AB. W Hawky to 2nd class. Third class of drill at rifle drill. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing main sail and Spanker. Employed fitting new ties. PM. Employed scraping mats and booms. Rove new ties. 1715. Quarters. Down main gaff. Lifted Main trysail mast to secure hoops. Up gaff.

13 August 1870. Moored off Coopers Island. Wind north westerly force 1. AM. Employed cleaning ship. Watering from tank – received 14 tons. PM. Employed as required. Hauled up pinnace and second gig on shore for painting. Mustered at Quarters. Received 18 ½ tons of water.

14 August 1870. Wind SE force 1. Barometer 30.26 inches. Maximum temperature 75F. AM. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special leave. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Liberty men returned.

15 August 1870. Calm and light airs. Barometer steady. 0745 Mooring lighter came alongside.1015. slipped from moorings and towed to dockyard by a tug.. Employed warping ship into dock.. PM. Employed scrubbing ships bottom.. Artificers making good defects. Mustered at Quarters. Raised propeller.

16 August 1870. Wind easterly force 1 to 2. AM. Cleaning ships bottom. Sailmaker repairing Top gallant sails. Artificers making good small defects.. 1430 Read Warrant for imprisonment with hard labour of Able Seaman W. Roddan, Able Seaman Peter Ingram and Ordinary JNO Cane. Mustered at Quarters. Gave special leave. Mustered by the Open List.

17 August 1870. Wind NE calm increasing to force 3. 0745. Let water in to dock. 0910 Mustered at Quarters. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Assistant Harbour Master came onboard. Transported ship out of dock. Proceeded to Navy moorings in tow of tug. 1550. Took in moorings. Washed clothes.

18 August 1870. Wind SSE force 1 to 2 increasing to 4 later.. AM. Caulkers from dockyard caulking upper deck. Scrubbing masts and yards.. Gave leave to starboard watch. PM Caulking ship. Artificers making good small defects. Watch as required. Starboard watch returned from leave.

19 August 1870. Wind SE force 1 to 2. Barometer dropping from 30.26 inches to 30.17 inches at noon.. AM Gave general leave to starboard watch. Caulkers from shore caulking upper deck. Employed painting masts and yards.. Artificers making good small defects.PM. Caulking as in the forenoon. Read Warrant for the reduction of Jno Ward and Private Ed Wilmot RMDLI to second class and 30 days imprisonment. Painting spars.1835. Received 31 tons of water. Starboard watch returned from leave.

20 August 1870. Wind south easterly force 2 to 3 increasing to 5 later. AM Cleaning ship. Gave general leave to port watch. PM. Cleaning ship. Painting masts. 1935 Port watch returned from leave.

21 August 1870.Wind south easterly force 2 to 4 decreasing to 1 to 2 later. Barometer rising from 30.27 to 30.30 inches. 0930. Mustered by Divisions. 1020 Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave general leave. 1715. Mustered at Quarters. Liberty men returned from leave.

22 August 1870. Wind south easterly force 1 to 4. Barometer rising to 30.32 inches. 0700. Gave general leave to port watch.. Caulkers from shore caulking outside of ship. Watch employed fitting upper yards., painting masts and yards. Sailmakers repairing Mainsail. Found main top gallant mast had sprung. It was surveyed and condemned.. PM. Employed as in the forenoon. Mustered at Quarters. Port watch returned form leave.

23 August 1870. Wind SSE force 2 to 4 decreasing to 2 later. Barometer rising to 30.37 inches. AM. Watch employed refitting and painting upper yards. Caulkers from shore caulking outside of ship. Sailmakers repairing mainsail.. Artificers making good small defects.. PM. Caulking and scraping ship’s sides. 1400. Let go life belt for trial and found to all correct.. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

24 August 1870. Wind South easterly force 1 to 2 increasing to 3. Barometer rising to 30.38 inches before falling. AM. Party on shore loading lighter with powder and shell. Employed receiving shell and puttying ships outside. PM. Employed receiving shell and powder. Storing powder magazine and shell room. Sailmakers repairing Foresail. Artificers making good small defects. Mustered at Quarters.

25 August 1870. Wind southerly force 1 to 6 decreasing to 1 to 3 later. 0930. Mustered by Divisions. Read prayers. Watch employed in un-storing and cleaning booms. Sailmakers repairing Foresail. Artificers making good defects. PM. Watch employed in re-storing booms. Sailmakers and artificers as in the forenoon. Scrubbed and washed clothes.

26 August 1870. Wind south easterly force 1 increasing to force 3. Barometer dropping to 30.28 inches. 0910. Mustered at Quarters. Watch employed scrubbing paintwork. Sailmakers repairing main topsail. Carpenters repairing port Quarterdeck nettings. PM. Employed scrubbing paintwork and painting ship inside. Gave special leave to both watches and privilege to port watch. 1720 .French mail ship steamer “DANUBE” left harbour. Discharged J. Porter, J. Lee – Bosun in charge and C. Hopkins RM to mail ship for passage to England.

27 August 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 3. AM. Employed painting ship’s side and as required. Artificers making good small defects. Carpenters altering port Quarter Deck nettings. PM. Read Warrant for imprisonment of Ordinary Purcy and Ordinary Jn Thomas. Painting ship. Sailmakers repairing Foresail. Mustered at Quarters. Watering ship. Received 21 tons.

28 August 1870. Wind SE by S. force 2 to 5 decreasing to 1 to 2 at noon before increasing to force 2 to 3. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Performed Divine Service.. PM. Gave special leave. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

29 August 1870. Wind south easterly force 2 to 5. AM. Employed painting ship. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. Artificers as usual. Sent party on shore to haul up launch and launch pinnace. Carpenters repairing lockers. PM. Received 15 tons of water.. employed painting ship inside.16.45 Mustered at Quarters.

30 August 1870. Force 2 to 3. Maximum temperature 76F. AM. Employed painting ship inside and fitting spare Topsail ties. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. Carpenters repairing lockers. PM. Employed painting ship. Received sugar. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

31 August 1870. Wind SE force 2 to 3. Barometer falling from 30.25 inches to 30.129 inches. Gave general leave to port watch. Watch employed making sennit and as requisite. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing main topsail. PM. Employed as in the forenoon.1715. Mustered at Quarters. Liberty men returned form leave.

1 September 1870. SE to ESE. Force 1 to 4 decreasing to 2 to 3. Barometer falling to 30.15 inches. Maximum temperature 72F. Gave general leave to starboard watch. Employed as most requisite. PM. Employed Painting and as most requisite. 1715. Mustered at Quarters.

2 September 1870. Wind SE force 1 to 2 decreasing to calm by midday. Barometer dropping to 30.10 inches at noon. Maximum temperature 76F. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Employed storing booms and getting up sails ready for bending. Sailmakers repairing sails. PM. Employed making up sails and as needed. Artificers making good small defects. Bent upper sails. 1715. Mustered at Quarters. Bent sails and crossed Top gallant sails.

3 September 1870. Wind West force 1 to 2. Barometer rising towards noon and then falling to 30.10 inches. Maximum temperature 73F.A. Employed cleaning the ship throughout. PM Employed as needed. Joisted ship’s pinnace to clean the bottom.. mustered by Divisions and issued clean hammocks.

4 September 1870. Wind West changing to SE at midnight. Force 1. 0745 The French mail steamer “MOZAMBIQUE” arrived. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special leave to both watches. 1715 Mustered at Quarters. Liberty men returned.

5 September 1870. Wind calm increasing to force 2 from the NW. Barometer falling to 30.13 inches. 0800. Loosed sails. Crossed Royal yards. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Employed as needed. Sailmakers repairing wind sails [a funnel of canvas employed to ventilate a ship by conveying a stream of fresh air down to the lower decks] Artificers making good small defects. 1315. Furled sails. Down Royal yards. Employed as needed. Second Class and third class at drill. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. Watered ship receiving 21 tons.

6 September 1870. Wind SSE force 1 to 2. Barometer rising from 30.11 inches to 30.25 inches. AM. Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Second class at cutlass drill. Third class at rifle drill. Watch employed fitting tacks and sheets and pointing ropes. Sailmakers making wind sails. Artificers making good small defects. PM. Employed as in the forenoon. Third calls at rifle and cutlass drill. Mustered by Divisions. Inspected clean hammocks Launched and brought off launch.

7 September 1870. Wind direction variable from SE to through east to NNW force 1 to 3. Barometer continues to rise to 30.27 inches. 0800 Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails.0900. Exercised at General Quarters and Fire Quarters.. Artificers making good small defects. A boat hook and a stave lost overboard by accident.. Furled sails. Down upper yards. Employed as most requisite. 1330 Sent boom boats and second cutter sailing. Artificers making good small defects. 1550. Boats returned onboard. Mustered at Quarters.

8 September 1870. Wind westerly force 1 to 2. Barometer steady. 0800. Crossed upper yards. 0915 Mustered at Quarters. Prayers. Read Articles of War to Ship’s Company. Watch employed fitting tack and sheets. Sailmakers altering boom boat sails. Artificers making good small defects. Boys of watch at cutlass and rifle drill.. PM. Gave special leave to both watches and privilege leave to starboard watch. Employed making and mending clothes. Washed clothes. Liberty men returned.

9 September 1870. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 2 to 3. Barometer rising to 30.26 inches. 0545 Coal lighter from coal store opposite naval mooring came alongside. Employed coaling ship. 1130. Completed coaling to 118 tons in 6 hours. Coal supplied by Ireland Fright & Co. PM. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Scrubbed coaling suits. Up and moored boats.

10 September 1870. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 1 to 2. Cleaning ship throughout. Pm. Employed as requisite. Mustered at Quarters. Watering by tank. Gave special leave for both watches and privilege leave to port watch.

11 September 1870. Wind SE by E. force 1 to 2 increasing to 2 to 4. Barometer rising to 30.43 inches. AM. Mustered by Divisions. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Performed Divine Service. PM. Gave special leave to both watches.1715. Mustered at Quarters.

12 September 1870. Wind SE force 1 to 2 rising to force 4 at noon before decreasing . Barometer continued to rise to 30.44 inches at noon before falling slightly. Maximum temperature 73F. 0800. Loosed sails. 0915. Mustered at Quarters. 0930. Furled sails. Prayers. Employed bending Fore and main trysails and as requisite. Sent launch and pinnace away firing. Artificers making good small defects. Sailmakers repairing hammocks and clothes. PM. Watch employed as most requisite. Third class at rifle drill. Second class at cutlass drill. Artificers making good small defects. 1545. In boom boats. Watering ship by tank from Control Department – receiving 20 tons. On steaming covers. Washed clothes.

13 September 1870. Wind south easterly force 2 to 3 increasing to 6 at 2200. Barometer falling to 30.23 inches before recovering to 30.35 inches. Temperature at noon 68F. 0800. Mustered at Quarters. Read Warrant for 30 days imprisonment of Ordinary Seaman Chas. Burnham. Preparing for sea. PM. Steam up. 1320 Slipped from moorings and proceeded out of harbour under charge of Assistant Harbour Master ( Mr Morgan) who left the ship at 1340. 1400. Set Fore and aft sails save Main trysails. 1415. Course W by S. 1450. Set Topsails and Foresail. Employed as requisite. 1745. Cape Brabant SE ½ E. Signal Mount Port Louis E by N. 1930. Stopped steaming. In Spanker. Down Jib.

14 September 1870. Wind south easterly until Noon then ESE until 2000 when it became SE. Wind force 3 to 4 increasing to 6. 0015. Lowered Fore and Mizzen topsails. Furled Fore and Mizzen topsails. In Fore trysail. 0350. Up Foresail. 0525. Observed Belle Air Light SW ¼ W. 0540. Set Fore topsail. Course SW by ½ W. 0730. Set Foresail. 0900. Quarters and prayers.. Pilot came onboard. 0930. Shortened and furled sails. 0935. Stopped and came to in 14 fathoms on the starboard anchor. Veered to 50 fathoms. Anchor bearing Signal staff south and Cape Barnard W by S. Saluted French Flag with 21 guns. Artificers making good small defects. PM. English consul left the ship with a 7 gun salute.. Midshipmen and cutlass men of watch at cutlass drill. Watch employed repairing ratlines and making sennit. Sailmakers making cover for hammock nettings. 1715. Exercised at General Quarters. Comment from the log. – Although this is the chief port of the island there is never more than a dozen vessels lying in the roadstead and they are generally French. The port round to the west is a little more sheltered from the strong winds which of course masks a heavy surf on the shore and the rollers make it very uncomfortable for ships making long stays and especially for loading cargo. There is one tolerable sized fort on Point Des Jardens which evidently being repaired and put in order for the present war. There is also a small battery in front of the hospital which is very conspicuous white building to the right of the town.

15 September 1870. Wind SE by E becoming ESE force 4 to 6 increasing to 7 at noon before becoming 4 to 5. 0630. Punished Boy First Class. A Newton with 24 cuts of the birch as per Warrant. Divisions. Prayers. Marines at drill. Watch employed at fitting new ridge ropes [these are of various kinds from the centre rope of an awning, the man-ropes to the bowsprit, safety lines from gun to gun in bad weather] and sennit. Sailmakers repairing Fore top gallant sail and Mizzen Royal. Unbent mizzen topsail. Issued slops to Ship’s Company. PM. Making and mending clothes. Sailmakers repairing Mizzen topsail. Washed clothes. Sunset.

16 September 1870. Wind SE becoming ESE force 3 to 5 increasing 4 to 6 before decreasing to 3 to 5. 0900. Quarters and prayers. Watch employed repairing mizzen topsail and shortening up Topsail lifts. Second class at cutlass drill. Sailmakers repairing Mizzen making good small defects. 1100. Bent Mizzen topsail. PM. First company of small arms men and Midshipmen at rifle drill and firing blank cartridges. Employed pointing ropes. Sailmakers repairing Top gallant sails. Artificers making good small defects. Carpenters putting gripe on launch [Is generally formed by the scarph of the stem and keel] 1700. Quarters. Rove anchor gear. Observed a steamer standing west. 1940. (Sunset) Arrived at anchor a French transport “L’INDRE”. The landing is very difficult at times having to be landed at the pier by either using the ladder or basket.

17 September 1870. At single anchor. Wind SE moving to easterly force 2 to 3 increasing to 2 to 4. 0900. French troopship “L’INDRE” shifted berth. Employed cleaning ship throughout. PM. Watch employed as requisite. 1450 Draw fires forward.. 1510 Weighed and proceeded under steam for Mauritius. Pointed yards to wind. Set Fore and aft sails. 1645. Mustered at at Quarters. Sunset. Belle Air Light House 80WSt Denis Town W 80W. Heading East. Down Jib. 2000. Belle air Light House SW. 2010. Set Foresail. 2100. Lost sight of Belle air Light SW by S.

18 September 1870. From Reunion to Mauritius. Wind south easterly force decreasing to 2 to 3. Course E ½ N becoming easterly. 0300. Latitude by Mir alt Achernar 20.5S [Achernar /ˈeɪkərnɑːr/ is the name of the brightest component[12] (by visual brightness) of the binary system[7] designated Alpha Eridani (α Eridani, abbreviated Alpha Eri, α Eri), which is the brightest ‘star’ or point of light in, and lying at the southern tip of, the constellation of Eridanus, and the tenth-brightest in the night sky.] 0725. Observed land bearing E by S. 0935. Mustered by Open list. Performed Divine Service. 1125. In Fore and aft sails and Foresail. PM. Light ship Port Louis E by S 30. 1615. Altered course to east.1650 Mustered by Divisions. Issued clean hammocks. Squared yards. Threw overboard 6 lbs. of bad preserved and boiled beef. 1800. Stopped. Health Officer and Harbour master came onboard. 1805. Proceeded. 1830. Stopped and took in Navy mooring. Employed cleaning ship.

19 September 1870. Wind south easterly becoming north westerly by noon. Wind force 3 to 6 decreasing later to 1. 0500. Out lower booms, small boats and accommodation ladder. 0800. Loosed sails, crossed Top gallant yards. Quarters and prayers. Third class at rifle drill. Cutlass men at drill. Sailmakers repairing Royals. Artificers making good small defects. 1140. Out boom boats. Mr Tout – Engineer – reprimanded for committing a nuisance in his mess. Refusing to get it cleaned up. Cautioned as to his future conduct. 1305. Furled sails. Employed as requisite. Third class at rifle drill. Sailmakers repairing Fore and main top gallant sails. Artificers as in the forenoon. Midshipmen at rifle drill. Carpenters repairing boats. Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.

Editorial note. The Midshipman is promoted Acting Navy Sub Lieutenant and the entries from this date change in character

20 September 1870. Moored in harbour at Port Louis, Mauritius. Small arms companies firing blank cartridges.

21 September 1870. Exercised at General Quarters . Loosed sails to dry. Exercised at manning and arming boats.

22 September 1870. No entry

23 September 1870. Wind SSE force 1 becoming easterly force 2 to 3. Barometer rising from 30.27 to 30.34. maximum temperature 79F. 1300. In boom boats. Pilot for Mahebourg came onboard. 1645. Brigadier general E. Smyth – Acting Consul – came onboard. The French mail steamer MOZAMBIQUE left harbour. Steamed out of harbour and saluted General Smyth with 13 guns. 1730. Proceeded round by the north to Mahebourg by steam. 1745. Assistant Harbour master left the ship. Set fore and aft sail. 2000. Cannonur Light SE. exercised at Night Quarters firing blank. 2140. Braced round, strong NE current. 2200 Lost sight of commoner Point Light S by W ½ W. Round Island NE, Gunners Quoin NNW, Flat Island and light NW by N ¼ N

24 September 1870. Wind easterly force 4 decreasing to 1. Barometer steady. 0730 Anchored off Mahebourg, Mauritius. 0020. Flat Island Light NW by N. altered course SE by S. 0330 altered course on observing Frouquits Light SW by S to S ½ W. 0515. Altered course to SW. 0530. Course W by S. 0645 Passed Frouquits Light House. 0745. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 6 ½ fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Magnetic bearings Froquites Light House S74E – Point Chenilles S5W.

We entered by the southern channel which is the deepest of the three entrances. In entering and leaving the port you can pass very close to Isle Passe as there is plenty of water but on the other side the water breaks in about 7 fathoms in bad weather and therefore best to avoid it and keep to the Island side of the channel.

The harbour is surrounded with reefs for a great distance outside and rather resembles Victoria harbour Seychelles. There were more formerly buoys and beacons to mark the channel but they have been washed away and not replaced. On one reef there is an iron rod with a piece of brook lashed to it. This marks the Litte Pattie and in or two other places they have the same sort of mark. Makebourg is the HQ of of the XXth Regiment stationed at the Mauritius. There are no forts appears to be left entirely to the land forces.. Saluted the Governor General with 13 guns.

Directions for leaving the anchorage.
On leaving keep two factory chimneys (just to the right of the town) bearing west until abreast of Little Pate then keep a point to the north (E by N) factory chimney’s under Lions Head. NNW. Altered course to E by S with Red cliff kept about ENE. Chimmellis Point bearing SW alter course to SSE and S by E until abreast of Island de Passe and then to clear a shoal of 7 fathoms which sometimes breaks keep to the east about SE by E Light House on Frouquits Island. Bare north when clear of of this shoal

25 September 1870. Gave general leave to both watches.

26 September 1870. Sent party ashore to fire at rifle butts. The small arms companies and marines firing at targets 300 and 600 distance.

27 September 1870.Wind easterly force 2 to 3 increasing to 4. Barometer falling from 30.30 inches to 30.20 inches. Maximum temperature 73F. 0840. Pilot came onboard. 0900 Proceeded by steam and sail. Pointed yards to wind.0945. Frouquite Light N ½ W. 1015. Course SW by S. Made all plain sail. 100 Point Souffleur WNW. Bamboo Peak NE ½ N. course W ¾ N. 1600. Cape Brabant SE by S 4 miles. Shortened and furled sails. Lowered cutters and dropped a target and steamed round it firing shell and case. Passed a French Barque she evidently fancied we were going to take her as she squared her main yard. This part of the coast is covered with sugar estates and private houses, the entrance to Black River and Tamarin River could be distinctly seen by the old fashioned formerly towns defending them. Picked up target and proceeded NNE. 1955. Observed Belle Buoy Light E by N ½ E. 1940. Course NE by E. 1950. Altered course for Light. E by N ½ N. 2000. Flat Island Light NE by ½ E and Belle Buoy Light E by N. 2000 Came to in 15 fathoms and veered to 36 fathoms. Magnetic bearings Belle Buoy Light east I mile – Flat Island Light NE ¾ N

28 September 1870. Drew fires forward. Assistant Harbour master came onboard. Shifted under steam to Navy moorings up the harbour. Your head and stern moorings are always prepared by a lighter therefore all you have to do is pass out two hawsers and heave them in but merchantmen have to anchor with their own anchors ahead and one astern in the hurricane months up the right hand side of the harbour. Moorings are found for them and they are moored in tiers of 3 to 6 vessels in each and never allowed to go up or down the river unless in charge of a pilot. Water to be had by applying to the control Department. They send it off in water tanks. The Quarantine Regulations are very strictly kept and the coolie ships arriving from India invariably have to undergo a fortnight or three weeks quarantine. Guard being kept in boat to prevent any communication with the shore. There are three large buoys (Iron. Red) especially for the of mail steamers just abreast of the Navy moorings. The sea breeze or SE wind generally sets in about 0900 – very light and occasionally varies to the north or NW and falling calm at night leaving a heavy damp.

1 October 1870. French mail steamer DANUBE arrived from Aden and Bourbon

2 October 1870. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Performed divine Service. Gave special leave to both watches.

2 -4 October 1870. Moored in Mauritius Harbour.

5 October 1870. Wind south easterly force 1 to 3. Exercised at General Quarters. Preparing for sea. Draught of water aft 17 feet 10 inches. Forward 16 feet 8 inches. In boom boats. 1635. Assistant Harbour Master came onboard. 1730 . Slipped moorings and proceeded out of harbour under steam with mails onboard for Tamatare . 1735 Shaped course NW by W ½ W. Assistant harbour master left the ship. Made all plain sail accept Royals and Forward jib. Hove –to and sent mails on board Englis Barque HOPEFUL. 1845 altered course WSW under Topsails, foresail and Head sails. Stood off the island during the night – under sail.

6 October 1870. Wind ESE force 1 to 3. 1710. Daylight. Cape Brabant E by S and Tamarin Mountain E by N ½ N. 0730 tacked NE for Port Louis. Wind failing and slo heading. Shortened and furled sails. 0900. Commenced steaming. Course NE ½ N. Noon . Cape Brabant SE 1/2S. Mount Tamarin E by N. 1600 Light ship east 8 miles. The health officer and Assistant harbour master came onboard Moored at Navy moorings. Mauritius. Authorities very much surprised at our extraordinary quick passage to Tamatare and back

7 October 1870. At Navy moorings, Mauritius. Out boom boats.. Loosed sails to dry.

8 October 1870. Employed cleaning ship

9 October 1870. Mustered by Open List. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel.

10 October 1870 French troop ship L’INDRE arrived to obtain news and left at 1815 for Bourbon.

11 October 1870. Sent our diver to repair English schooner PHOBE . Shifted jib boom for exercise

12 October 1870. No entry

13 October 1870. No entry

14 October 1870. No entry

15 October 1870. No entry

16 October 1870. No entry

17 October 1870. Cleared and cleaned holds. 1310. French troop ship L’INDRA Arrived and anchored at Bell Buoy. Received a cask of rum 28% above proof.

18 October 1870. No entry.

19 October 1870. Employed refitting rigging and setting it up.

20 October 1870. Employed refitting rattling and blacking down rigging.

21 October 1870. Landed field piece crew for drill at fort.

22 October 1870. Employed as needed.

23 October 1870. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Performed Divine Service.

24 October 1870. Crossed upper yards and loosed sails.

25 October 1870.Cutteres hauled up on shore in Government Yard

26 October 1870. Crossed Royal Yards and loosed sails. Exercised at General Quarters and Fire Quarters. Furled sails. 1700. Manned and armed boats. Boats firing at a target.

27 October 1870. Making and mending clothes. Watering ship by tank.

28 October 1870. Crossed Royals and loosed sails to dry. Provisioning ship by launch. 1715. Exercised shortening and making all plain sail, shifting jib and reefing Topsails.

29 October 1870. Field piece party ashore at Fort George exercising firing at a target.

30 October 1870. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Performed Divine Service. Gave special leave to both watches.

Dry Docks – Three in number with every facility for the repair of ships, the dimensions are.
Albion Dock length 318 feet breadth 60 feet. Maximum depth 20 feet Minimum depth 16 feet.

Hay Dock Length 318 ½ feet, breadth 46 ½ feet. Maximum depth 16 ½ feet. Minimum depth 12 feet.

Stevenson’s. Length 378 feet breadth 60 feet. Maximum depth 60 feet. Minimum depth 16 feet

These docks are in a half finished sort of state there not having been build down to the bottom except at the entrance for money not being to hand they commenced docking at once.. Blacksmith shops are sever in number with one or two large ones in the town belonging to the Government. There are four timber yards and boat builders with all sorts of wood at hand.. the old Mauritius docks are very small and the water alongside will not admit large vessels discharging cargoes but at all times there are several small island coasters, brigs and schooners. They have commenced deepening a large place for the purpose of making them larger. Two large dredging machines are continuously at work – it will be a large place when it is finished and wharves built. At the inner end of the Chausce they have made a bridge so as to admit a flow of water from the other side into the harbour to help in clearing it of all the dirt and filth. The buoys were laid down chiefly for the warping in before they had tugs here but keeping them on the port side for entering is no danger. The mark for coming in is Petts Botte Mound directly over a small shoal just to the left of the town about SE ½ S.

1 November 1870. 1500. Employed shortening and making sail and shifting top sails.

2 November 1870. Preparing sails and fitting anchor gear for laying out anchors.

3 November 1870. Gave general leave to starboard watch. 0900 French mail steamer EMINE arrived

4 November 1870. Cleaning bread room. Gave general leave to port watch. 0800 Hoisted ensign half-mast on receipt news of the loss of HMS Captain Blyth Brothy. Received 5028 lbs of biscuits and 308 lbs of preserved potatoes, 22 bags of sugar. Stowed bread room.

5 November 1870. Usual Saturday routine

6 November 1870. Performed Divine Service

7 November 1870. Gave General leave to starboard watch

8 November 1870. As needed. In boom boats

9 November 1870. 0800 Dressed ship in honour of the anniversary pf the Prince of Wales Birthday. The whole of the merchant craft doing the same. 1230. Up screw. Found screw covered with long sea weed although it had been up within the last two months.

10 November 1870. At drill. 1130 Landed funeral party to inter the remains of Tom “Sea-breeze” Krooman ( Crewman) who died at Hospital. Preparing for sea. (Mauritius to Maki, Seychelles. 1600 Lit fires under one boiler. Assistant Harbour Master came onboard 1720. Slipped from moorings and proceed out under steam.1740 Assistant Harbour Master left the ship. Set fore and aft sails. 2000. Flat Island light – East. Cannonic Light – SE ½ S. Made all plain sail save Royals and Fore Jib.2135 Stopped steaming. 2230. Flat Island Light SE ¾ S. 2330 Flat Island Light SE by S ¼ S.2355. Lost sight of light bearing S ½ E.

11 November 1870. Latitude 18.33S. Longitude 57.5E. Variation 70W. Current WSW. Agalega Island N5W 485 miles. Wind east force 2 to 4. During forenoon wind fell to light so steamed for one hour. Third class and second class at cutlass drill and truck gun drill. 1235. Course N by E. 1538. Again commence steaming until 2300. Making and shortening sail as required. Condensing. Under sail and steam.

12 November 1870. Latitude 16.16S. Longitude 57.1E. Wind NE force 3 to 2 increasing to 4 from the east PM. Barometer 30.17 inches. 0330. Up Mainsail . wind fell light from NE. commenced steaming at 0350. Braced forward.. shortened and furled sail and set fore and aft sails. Being Saturday carried out the usual routine.. 1700. Made plain sail save Royals and Forward jib. Stopped steaming. Condensing.. In main trysail and Spanker. Under sail and steam.

13 November 1870. Latitude 13.49S. Longitude 56.51E. Current W by S. Wind E by S force 4. Under sail. Agalega Island N4W 200 miles. Observed several large meteors. 0500 Finished condensing and drew fires. Set Royals, Forward jib, starboard Topmast and Top gallants. Stud sails.. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service.. Noon. In sails save for Topmast stud sail. 1210 altered course to north. Shifted Topsails.2100 In Top mast studding sail.

14 November 1870. Latitude 11.45S.Longitude 56.18E. Current west. Wind easterly force 3 to 4 decreasing to 2. Barometer 30.15 inches and dropping. 123 nautical miles covered. Under steam and sail. 0740. Commenced steaming. Shortened and furled square sails. 1030. S
Stopped and made all plain sail. Set Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Employed as requisite.

15 November 1870. Latitude 9.36S. Longitude 55.44E. Current west. Wind easterly force 3. Barometer 30.14 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. Platte Island N3W 229 nautical miles. 1030. Commenced steaming. Making and shortening sail as necessary. First company of small arms men at rifle drill.

16 November 1870. Latitude 7.19S. Longitude 56.15E. Current N40E. Wind E by S force 2 becoming light airs. Barometer down to 30.11inches. Maximum temperature 84F.Platte Island N25W 101 nautical miles. Under sail and steam. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. 1030. Observed Coeivy N by W. Shortened and furled sails. Noon Coeivy Island north 7 miles. Altered course to the west end of the reef. This island appears to be thoroughly well wooded and from the south a remarkable white cliff is to be seen. At a distance the Island appears as two . The sea was breaking heavily on the reefs. A brigantine was anchored off West Coeivy. On the coral bank to the north and west of the island we got soundings in 12 to 13 fathoms (sand and coral). Centre of Coeivy E ½ S. 1500. Lost soundings. Course N 1/2W. Second and Third classes at detail gun and cutlass drill. 1630. Lost sight of Coeivy Island SE ½ S. 2100. Course north .

Coeivy Island

17 November 1870. Latitude 4.57S. Longitude 55.45E. Current N19E. Wind light airs from the east. Barometer 30112 inches. St Annes Island N29W 24 nautical miles. 0615. Lit fires under second boiler. 0835 sighted land on port bow (Maki). 1145. Frigate Island NNE ½ E. Under steam. Noon. St Annes Peak N29W. 24 miles.. Squared yards.. 1600 Rounded North Point of St Annes. 1630 Arrived in Barachois. Let go in 10 ½ fathoms on broken bottom and moored ship 3 shackles on each cable. Open hawse to SE on mooring swivel. Found here a Portuguese bark and two brigantines.

The weather on the passage had been exceedingly fine with so little wind. We have felt the heat very much. The currents have been rather irregular. One day having a strong westerly and the next hardly any.

18 November 1870. Out boom boats. Employed scraping and blacking guns. Received from shore Warrant Officers stores belonging to BULLFINCH. 1630 A. French gunboat SURPRISE from Mayotta arrived.

19 November 1870. Calm and light airs. Barometer steady at 30.12 inches. Cleaned ship throughout.

20 November 1870. Divisions. Performed Divine Service.

21 November 1870. 0800 Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Lai out targets. Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at targets. 1700. Furled sails. Down Royal yards.

22 November 1870. Employed coaling ship. Small arms men firing at target. Received 40 tons 17 cwt per lighter.

23 November 1870. Lighter came alongside. Received 14 tons 11 cwt. Employed cleaning ship. Blacked guns. 1715 French mail steamer EZMINE arrived form Mauritius. Discharged AB W. Pope and Ropemaker Robert Wright (Invalided) to mail steamer EZMINE for passage to England.

24 November 1870. 0900. Mail Steamer EZMINE sailed. Employed making and mending clothes.

25 November 1870. Pistolmen firing at targets. Cutlass men at drill. Mail steamer from Aden arrived a week late.

26 November 1870. Mail ship sailed for Mauritius and French gunboat SURPRISE for Mayotta. Employed cleaning ship.

27 November 1870. Moored in Barachois, Maki. Loosed sails to dry. Performed Divine Service. In boom boats. 2330. Observed a brilliant meteor.

There has been so little water at our usual place of watering on account of the dryness of the season that we have been obliged to make own water. The weather has been very hot and close.

28 November 1870. Maki to Zanzibar.

Draft of water. Aft 17 feet 10 inches. Forward 16 feet 6inches.

9730 unmoored ship. Weighed starboard anchor and shortened in to two shackles on port cable. 0800 Lit fire under starboard boiler. Preparing for sea.. 1045. Weighed and proceeded under steam. Noon magnetic bearing Mamelle Rock NE ½ N. North Island NW. Exchanged Colours with an American whaler.. 1600 SW end of Silhouette island.. 1800 North Point Maki E ¾ S. North Island NE ¼ N. Course W by N ½ N. Set fore and aft sails.

29 November 1870. Latitude 4.30S longitude 53.46E. Current S24W. Wind West force 1 to 2 becoming light airs. Barometer 30.08 inches. Maximum temperature 88F. West 90 miles from Silhouette. Steaming under fore and aft sails. 0800. Course W ½ S

30 November 1870. Latitude 4.59S. Longitude 52.42E. Current S59W. Wind light airs. Barometer 20.06 inches. Under steam. 0900. Exercised firing at a target with shot and shell. Refitting main topsail. 1510. . set fore and aft sails save for Flying Jib. Condensing. Reduced speed to 40 revolutions.

1 December 1870. Latitude 5.34S. Longitude 49.56E. Current S 41E16. Under steam. Wind calm with broken cloud. Condensing . In fore and aft sail. Marines at drill. Altered course to west. Surveyed slops. Deviation by Amp. 1.30W.

2 December 1870. Latitude 5.41S Longitude 48.8E. Under steam. Calm and light airs. Steaming. Got chain cables on deck. Employed surveying the cables. Set head sails and Fore trysail. 2000. Longitude by Altair and Aldebran. 47.21E

3 December 1870. Latitude 5.9S. longitude 45.44E. Under steam. Light northerly wind becoming NW force 2. Made sail on foremost. 1410 Tom Lewis – crewman fell overboard. Stopped and let go of lifebuoy. Sent cutter away. 1430 Cutter returned with man. Up boat and proceeded. Main Plain sail save Royals. Stopped engines. Breeze sprung up from the north.

4 December 1870. Latitude 6.39. Longitude 40.35E. Under sail. Wind North force 3 to 4 becoming NW force 2 to 3. Set Topmast studding sail. Performed Divine Service. 1215. Altered course to W 1/2N. Wind steady at north force 2 to 3.

5 December 1870. Latitude 5.57S. Longitude 41.41E. under sail. Wind NNE 5 to 4 becoming N by E 4 to 5. 0200. Latitude by Capella 6.30S. Repairing sails. 1240 Josiah Neville – tailor died. 1900. In top studding sail. 2140. Course NW by W ½ W. In top gallant sails

6 December 1870. Under steam and sail. Wind NE force 4 becoming ENE force 2. Barometer 29.98 inches to 30.08 inches. Maximum temperature 86F. Latitude by Jupiter 6.40Scourse to W by N ½ N. Latitude by Canopus 6.32S. 0404. Course W by S. A strong current setting to the north and west. 0545. Sighted land bearing between NW by W and NW. Wind falling to light. Lit fires under starboard boiler. 0600 Set Top gallant sails and altered course to WNW. 0700 Commenced steaming. 0720. Committed the remains of the late Josiah Neville to the deep. 0735. Proceeded. Shortened sail and furled them. 0800. Cape Hizimkas (?) 9 miles. 0900. Exercised at General Quarters firing shot and shell at target. 1005. Proceeded. 100. Set headsails. Sailmakers making forecastle awning. 1300. Course north. 1710. Arrived of Zanzibar. Let go on broken bottom in 9 ¾ fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Saluted the Sultan with 21 guns which were returned by flagship. Anchorage bearing Shangang Point S1/2 E – South end of Barry Island W by N ¼ N.

The Sultan (Burgath) who is at present on the throne has lately come to it by the death of his brother who was the Sultan here on our last visit but in very poor health. The new man seems to object to the treaties about the slave, but only after having been placed partly by the help of the Consuls and the public but has now taken a line for the present for himself

7 December 1870. Wind NNE force 2 becoming ENE force 2

8 December 1870. Wind ENE force 1. Barometer 30.15 inches to 30.03 inches. Maximum temperature 84F.

9 December 1970. Wind calm becoming ENE force 1 to 3

10 December 1870. Wind NNW force 3 becoming E by N force 1. Barometer steady

11 December 1870. Wind northerly force 3 becoming easterly force 1. Maximum temperature 87F.

12 December 1870. At anchor off Zanzibar. Wind Northerly force 1 to 2 becoming easterly force 3 to 4.

13 December 1870. Wind N by E force 2. Maximum temperature 81F

14 December 1870. Wind northerly force 2 veering to Easterly force 1

15 December 1870. Wind north easterly force 1 to 2 becoming calm

16 December 1870. Wind NNW force 1 becoming variable force 1

17 December 1970. Wind northerly force 1 to 2 veering to easterly force 1 to 2. Barometer maximum 30.07 inches – minimum 29.93 inches

18 December 1870. Wind NNE force 1 to 2 becoming ESE force 2

19 December 1870. Wind North force 1 becoming ENE force 1

20 December 1870. Wind North force 2 to 3 becoming NE force 1

21 December 2870. Wind North force 3 becoming NE force 4 to 3. Maximum barometer 29.98 inches.

22 December 1870. Wind North force 3 to 4 becoming NE force 2 to 3. Barometer steady

23 December 1870. Wind north force 1 to 2. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 0730. Fort and Flag ship of Zanzibar fired a salute of 25 guns and dressed ships it being the first day of the three day Feast of Beram,

24 December 1870. Wind NNE force 2. Barometer maximum 30.07 inches.

25 December 1870. Wind N by E force 1 to 2 becoming ENE force 3. Sunday Mustered and performed divine Service. Ship’s company not allowed leave.

26 December 1870. Calm becoming ENE force 3. Up screw for inspection. Setting up top gallant rigging and as requisite. 1320. In boom boats. Preparing for sea. Weather fine.

27 December 1870. Wind N by E force 2 to 3 becoming ENE force 3. Maximum temperature 84F. 0400. Lit fires under number 1 boiler. 0530. Weighed and proceeded under steam through northern passage. 0800 Barry island SSW 1/2W. 0910 Altered course to N by ENE. Lit fires under port boiler. 1100 Proceeded with two boilers. 1130. Course NE by N. Artificers making good small defects . Stashed deck cargo of bread and beef. Noon. Hog Point E ¼ S. North Point Moina S 1/4E – magnetic bearings. Set fore and aft sails.2300 In fore and aft sails. Steaming north inside Pemba and main land.

28 December 1870. Wind NE by N force 3. Under steam and sail. African Isles S86E 800 nautical miles. Misty morning – could just see the mainland. Exercised at at General Quarters. Swell from NE. Noon altered course to NE. 2330 Set fore and aft sails. 1159. In fore and aft sails.

29 December 1870. Wind NE by E force 3 becoming ENE force 4.Under steam and sail. African isles S81E 740 nautical miles. 0630. Set fore and aft sails. Making and mending clothes. . In flying jib. Made nothing to 2.50S. altered course to E by S. wind NE by N. 1600. Making and mending clothes.

30 December 1870. Wind east force 3 to 4 becoming NNE force 2 to 3 Under steam and sail. African Isles S86E 612 nautical miles. 0400 steaming full and bye with fore and aft sails. Africa S86E 624 nautical miles. Wind shifted to NE by N. made all plain sail except for Royals. Stopped steaming/. Passing through several tide rips.

31 December 1870. Wind NE by E force 3 becoming NNE force 3 to 4. Under sail. African Isles S88E 480 nautical miles. Daylight found Main topsail split. Shifted sail. Quarters. PM. In reef of Topsails.

1 January 1871. Latitude 4.48S. Longitude 47.13E. Course S85E. Wind N by E force 4 becoming NNE force 2 to 3. Under sail. 0600. Out reefs. Performed Divine Service.

2 January 1871. Latitude 5.10S. Longitude 49.9E Course S70E. Wind NNE force 3 to 4. Under sail. Clearing boats and store room and surveying remains. 1400 Saw a vessel standing to the west under rather reduced sail.

3 January 1871. Latitude 4.59S. Longitude 50.58E. Course N84E. Wind Northerly force 2 becoming NNW force 2. Under sail. Surveyed boats, stores and hemp cables. 1500. Rounded in. Set Topmast studding sails. Wind NNW. Wind drawing to the westward.

4 January 1871. Latitude 4.18S. Longitude 52.51 E. Course N70E. Wind NW by N force 2 becoming north westerly 3 to 4. Under sail. 0615. Set Port Top gallant studding sails. Cleared sail room. PM. Quarters . Exercised reefing and shaking out reefs of Topsails. Wind NW force 3 to with broken cloud.

5 January 1871. Latitude 3.30S. Longitude 55.13 E. Course N71E. Wind NW 2 to 3 increasing to 3 to 4. Under sail. 0625. In studding sails. 0730 Set Studding sails. 0845. Course E ½ N. Surveyed gunners store. Sailmakers making Poop awning. Making and mending clothes. 1530. In Studding sails and Top gallant sails. 1900 Set fore and main Top gallant sails. Weather very unsettled and raining.

6 January 1871.Latitude 3.28S. Longitude 57.22E. Course N89E. Wind North force 3 becoming NNW force 1 to 2. Under sail. Addoo Atoll N80E 960 nautical miles. (Now spelt Addu Athollhu – Maldives) Fine weather. Set port Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Noon Altered course to E by N. shifted Jib and main topsail.. 1145. Observed a partial eclipse of the moon.. Light airs from the south. Passed some sea weed.

7 January 1871. Latitude 3.13S. Longitude 58.51E. Course N82E. Wind WSW force 2 becoming westerly force 1 to 2. Barometer maximum 29.89 inches maximum temperature 80F. Under sail. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Passed some sea weed. 1145. Rounded in. Boys at rifle drill..1820 Squared yards. Condensing.

8 January 1871. Latitude 2.40S. Longitude 60.21E. Course N70E. Wind WSW force 1 to 2 becoming W by N force 2.Under sail. 0610. Set Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service.. Noon. Altered course to east. Current setting to northwards. 1315. In studding sails. Set Port topmast and Top gallant studding sails. 1705. Braced forward on port tack. Weather rather threatening. In studding sails. Passed through plenty of sea weed during the day.

9 January 1871. Latitude 2.19S. Longitude 62.0E.Course N78E. Wind WNW force 2 to 3 becoming NW by W force 2 to 3. Under sail. Addoo Atoll N82E 678 nautical miles .Employed getting up and surveying Carpenters stores. Set Port Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Strong current to the NE. Noon altered course to E ½ S.

10 January 1971. Latitude 2.22S. Longitude 64.1E. Course S88E.Wind NNW force 3. Under sail. Weather looking very unsettled with lots of rain. In lower and top gallant stud sails to a squall from WNW. Condensing. A northerly set.. altered course to east. Exercised shifting sails.

11 January 1871. Latitude 2.39S. Longitude 66.21E. Course S83E. Wind WNW force 3 to 4 becoming NW force 3 to 5.Under sail. Passing showers of heavy rain with very little wind. In topmast stud sails. Up Mainsail. Squared yards. Altered course to E by N. Wind variable between NNW and west with occasional squalls. Weather looking threatening..

12 January 1981. Latitude 2.6S. Longitude 68.35E. Course N76E. Wind W by S force 4 becoming west force 4 to 5.Under sail. Barometer 29.99 inches. Maximum temperature 84F. Out reefs. Set top gallant sails. Heavy rain.

13 January 1871. Latitude 1.36S. Longitude 70.39E. Course N76E. Wind south westerly force 4 to 6 becoming westerly 4 to 5. Under sail. Weather threatening at 0001. 0330 In top gallant sails. Braced forward on starboard tack. During the night heavy rain with thunder and lightning. 0745. Heavy squalls. In first reef of Forward and main top sails. And a second reef in Mizzen topsail.. Squared yards. Fore noon sights not good and very late – 1440. Noon. Altered course to East. Longitude by Chronometer 71.26E. 1835. Set Top gallant sails. Fine weather with light SW wind.

14 January 1871. Latitude 1.13S. Longitude 72.32E. Course N77E. Wind SW force 2 reducing to light airs. Under sail. Out reefs. Cleaning ship throughout. Noon. Altered course to E ½ S. Strong easterly set. Squared yards. Up mainsail. Light westerly winds. 2300. Observed two vessels lights bearing south. One supposes to be steamers. Midnight. Lost sight of steamers bearing SW ½ S.

15 January 1871. Latitude 1.6 S. Longitude 73.39E. Course N84E. Wind SW force 2 to 3 becoming light airs from the south. Overcast. Under sail. Daylight. Braced forward to a light breeze from WSW and southward. Course E ½ S . set starboard stud sails. Performed Divine Service. 1300. Wind shifted to southward. Braced forward. Set mainsail and Jib.

16 January 1871. Latitude 1.9S. Longitude 74.49E. Course S88E. Wind south force 1to 2 becoming SW force 1. Broken cloud Under sail. Cleared Bread room. Surveying bread. Strong currents to the eastward. Working for Equator. 1415. Meridian 900. Rounded in. Up weather clew of Mainsail. Sunset – Deviation by Amplitude. 0.56W. 21030. Squared yards. Up lee clew of mainsail.

17 January 1871. Latitude 1.17S. Longitude 76.39E. Course S86E. Wind WNW force 3 becoming North westerly force 4 to 5. Under sail. Barometer at noon 29.92 inches / Midnight 29.97 inches. Daylight. Splendid clear weather. Set por. Passed through tide rips. 1120. In stud sails. Trimmed. In Top gallant sails. Down Jib and lowered Top sails to a squall from NW which came up rather suddenly with plenty of rain and wind force 5 to 6. 1320. In first reef of Top sails and set Top sails. Wind NNW force 6 with rain. 1700 In second reef to Top sails. Set mainsail. Wind falling light. 1900. Out second reefs of Top sails. Set Main sail and Top gallant sails. Squared yards. 2330. Braced forward. Wind NNW force 2 to 3. Weather clearing up.

18 January 1871. Latitude 1.41S. Longitude 78.42E. Course S79E. Wind North force 2 becoming N by W force 2. Under sail. Made sail at daylight. Exercised at General and fire Quarters.. Set port Stud sails. 1700. Exercises shifting Course, Jib and Spanker.

19 January 1871. Latitude 1.58S. Longitude 80.21E. Course S79E. Wind NNW force 1 increasing to force 3.Under sail. In Stud sails. Rounded in . 0610. Set port Stud sails. Aired bedding. Noon . Altered course to E by N ½ N. Paid down Ship’s
Company. Employed making and mending clothes. Wind NNW force 2 to 3

20 January 1871 Latitude 1.49S. Longitude 83.2E. Course N78E. Wind NW force 3 to 4 becoming north westerly force 3 Under sail. Sunrise. Deviation by Amplitude 1.20E. Sailmakers making Quarterdeck and Poop deck awnings. Strong easterly current. Issued slops to Ship’s Company. Noon. Altered course to NE by E ½ E. Shifted Topsails. Midnight. Wind NW by W force 3 to 4. Appearance of skies threatening lightning all round.

21 January 1871 Latitude 1.7S. Longitude 85.51E. Course N76E. wind NNW force 4 becoming variable from the north force 3. Under sail. In Stud sail s. 0015. Altered course to NE by E.. weather very thick. In top gallant sails. Down Jib. In first and second reef of Topsails. Wind light. Shortened and furled sails. 1945. Proceeded under steam. Very heavy rain. Calm.

22 January 1871. Latitude 0.21S. Longitude 87.35E. Course N66E. Wind northerly force 3 becoming north by east force 1 to 2. Under steam. 0100. Set fore and aft sails. 0720. Commenced steaming with both boilers. Performed Divine Service. 1820. In fore and aft sails. Wind hauling round to the north and east.

23 January 1871. Latitude 1.27N. Longitude 88.50E. Course N35E.Wind S by E force 1 becoming SSW force 1. Under steam. Barometer maximum 30.04. maximum temperature 83F. Foul Point Ceylon N47W 618 nautical miles. Daybreak. Made sail to Top gallant, Jib and lee clew of mainsail on the starboard tack. Light wind from SSE. Weather fine. Crossed the Equator in Longitude 88E.. Noon. Altered course to north.. Set N53E 35 miles. 1400. Shortened and furled sails. Light airs from SSW with broken cloud. Passed a large tree and some bark.

24 January 1871. Latitude 3.34N. Longitude 88.43E. Course N3W. Wind variable from the north becoming NE force 2 with broken cloud. Under steam. Barometer rising. Calm and light airs. Northerly current. 0015. Altered course to NNW. 0250 Set fore and aft sails. 0500. Set Topsail, Top gallant and Mainsail. Light wind from NE. Weather fine.

25 January 1871. Latitude 5.48N. Longitude 88.15E. Course N12W. Wind E by N force 2 becoming NE force 2 to 3. Under steam and sail. Barometer rising to 30.08 inches. 0600. Slight breeze sprung up from E by N. Stopped steaming. Starboard Topmast and Top gallant sails set. Noon. Wind heading. Under steam again. Course NW. 1700 Stopped steaming. Banked fires.

26 January 1871. Latitude 7.14N. Longitude 88.45. Course N46W. wind north east force 2 Under steam and sail. Barometer rising to 30.14 inches. Wind light. 0100. Proceeded under steam. Light airs from NE. Noon. Altered course to WNW. Passed through a very strong tide rip. Deviation by Amplitude 1.0W. 2026. Stopped steaming.

27 January 1871. Latitude 7.44N. Longitude 84.49E. Course N75W. wind NNE force 2 becoming N by E force 1 to 3. Under steam and sail. Barometer 30.15 inches. 0610. Wind fill light. Commenced steaming. 1045. Stopped and hove to board an Engle’s barque from Chittagong standing SW. Noon. Proceeded under steam course NW by W ½ W. Wind N by E force 2. 2130. Stopped steaming

28 January 1871. Latitude 8.33 North. Longitude 82.43E. Course N63W. Wind NNE force 2 to 5 becoming 3 to 4. Under steam and sail. Barometer 30.16 inches. Foul Point, Ceylon West 84 nautical miles. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Noon. Altered course to W by N ½ N. Bent cables and restored anchors. 1800. Commenced steaming. 2000. Altered course to W by N. 2120. Stopped steaming. Wind fill light from NNE force 2. Commences steaming course W by S.

29 January 1871. 0630. Arrived in Trincomalee Harbour under steam. Wind NE force 1. Barometer steady at 30.16. maximum temperature 81F. 0140. Observed foul point Light SW by S. Altered course to SW by W. shortened and furled sails. 0245. Observed Round Light SW. Altered course to SW. 0510. Eased engines. 1833. Stopped and came to with a broken bottom in 10 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. 1000. Mustered by Divisions. Performed Divine Service. Joined the ship Dr Mc Donogh, Mr Beston – Chief Engineer. And Mr MacLean – Clerk. Anchorage bearings – all magnetic. – Admiral Flag staff NE, York Shoal buoy NW. 1730. Draught of water . aft 17 feet 8 inches. Forward 15 feet 1 inch. Out boom boats. Unbent Trysails and Stud sails.

30 January 1871 . At single anchor. Wind calm becoming NE force 1. Barometer dropping to 30.12 inches. Unbent sails. Down top gallant yards. Sent shackles and cargo of provisions ashore to Dockyard. Sent sails to sail loft. Artificers making good small defects. Landed field pieces and shackles

31 January 8171 at single anchor. Wind NE force 1. Barometer rising to 30.17 inches. 0510. Down Top gallant masts. Sent Topmasts down in to tops. Down top gallant and Royal rigging. Unrove running gear. Artificers making good small defects. Party at dockyard returning stores.

1 February 1871. At anchor off dockyard in Trincomalee. Light airs becoming north force 2 to 3. Barometer falling to 30.12 inches. Employed refitting ship and dressing running gear. Sent a dockyard party on shore. Returned condemned rope to dockyard. 1400 Read Warrants for the committal of Ordinary Chas Lacy, Able Seaman John Magrath and Thos. Green to 42 days imprisonment with hard labour. Crossed Topsail yards.

2 February 1871. Wind N force 2 reducing to light airs. Employed refitting ship and rattling down, serving gear etc. Sent gunners condemned stores to Gun Wharf . Surveying Officers on shore surveying provisions.

3 February 1871. Wind NE force 1 becoming northerly force 1 with broken cloud. Sent Party to dockyard. Employed refitting ship and rattling down. Running new running gear. 1400 Up Top gallant masts. Dockyard water tank came alongside. Received 13 tons of water.

4 February 1871. Wind calm becoming northerly force . Barometer dropping to 30.02 inches maximum temperature 79F. Employed blacking down. Sent dockyard party to dockyard. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

5 February 1871. Wind calm becoming NE force1. Mustered by Division and performed Divine Service. Gave special leave to both watches and privilege leave to starboard watch.

6 February 1871. Wind SSW force 1 to 2 becoming NE 1 to 2. Barometer dropping to 30.05 inches. Maximum temperature 84F. Rigged Jib boom as derrick to lift screw on deck to fit Banjo frame. ( Banjo – The brass frame in which the screw propeller works and is hung for hoisting the screw on to deck. The frame fits between slides fixed on the inner and outer stern posts.) Returning Warrant Officers stores. Gave General leave to starboard watch (36 hours)

7 February 1871. Wind light north easterly airs becoming north force 1. Employed returning gunners stores, fitting gun gear and grafting ropes. Banjo fitted. Down screw

8 February 1871. Wind southerly force 1 becoming calm. Unrigged derrick and fitting gun gear. Rove screw purchase. Up and down screw for trial. Sunset gave 36 hours leave to port watch.

9 February 1871. Wind calm with occasional light airs. Party at dockyard. Watered by tank from dockyard. Returning Engineers condemned stores.

10 February 1871. Wind north easterly force 1 becoming NNE force 1 to 2. Returning Engineers and Warrant Officers stores from yard and storing them. Grafting and pointing ropes

11 February 1871. Wind northerly force 1 becoming force 1 to 2. Employed cleaning sip throughout.. Crossed Top gallant yards. Field piece crew at drill in dockyard.

12 February 1871. Wind NNE force 2. Performed divine service. Gave special leave and privilege leave to both watches.

13 February 1871. Wind ENE force 1 to 2 becoming NE force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.02 inches. Preparing to coal. 1000. French barque PERIE MAREI came alongside and secured.. Commenced coaling. 1800 Received 77 tons 12 cwt.

14 February 1871. Wind calm and variable becoming NE force 1. Barometer rising to 30.06. coaling ship. 1400 Finished coaling ship. Received 168 tons. Barque hauled off and anchored.

15 February 1871. Wind calm and variable becoming NE force 1. Hauled up launch and first cutter at dockyard.. Receiving Warrant Officer stores. Out kedge and 7” hawser as spring.. exercised at General Quarters firing at target. 1800 In kedge and hawser.

16 February 1871. Wind calm and variable becoming NE force 1.Party at dockyard repairing sails. Employed grafting and pointing gun gear.

17 February 1871. Light airs becoming variable force 1. Employed clearing holds. A party ashore drawing provisions. Also a party at Gun Wharf drawing shell. Steamer QUITO arrived. Employed cleaning hold.

18 February 1871. Calm becoming north easterly force 1. Party at dockyard. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Watered by tank. Steamer QUITO discharging stores for dockyard.

19 February 1871. Calm becoming NE force 1. 0615. Steamer QUITO sailed. Mustered by the Open List. Performed Divine Service.

20 February 1871. Easterly force 1. Barometer 30.04 inches. Third and fifth guns crews at rifle drill. Employed pointing and grafting ropes. 1600. Exercised at General Quarters.

21 February 1871. Calm becoming NNE force 1. Barometer 30.09 inches. Field piece party on shore firing at target. Read articles of War. 1800. Down Top gallant yards and bent on sails.

22 February 1871. Wind NE force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.11 inches. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Employed pointing and grafting ropes. Party at Gun Wharf drawing powder.. both companies of small arms and Marines at drill on shore.

23 February 1871. Wind NNE force 1 becoming N by E force 1. 0620. HMS FORTE arrived. 0800. Saluted flag of Admiral Cockburn with 13 guns. Received saop and tobacco. Employed pointing ropes.

24 February 1871. Calm becoming N by E force 1. Employed pointing and grafting ropes.

25 February 1871. Calm with broken cloud becoming NNE force 1. Cleaning ship. Field piece crew at drill on shore. 1800. Up screw and then lowered screw.

26 February 1871. North westerly force 1 becoming north force 1. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service. Watered ship by tank. Bent Fore and Main trysails

27 February 1871. Variable force 1 becoming East force 3.Rear Admiral George .H Cockburn came onboard and inspected ship. Mustered by Divisions and Open list. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Employed preparing for sea. Discharged “time expired” men to HMS FORTE.

28 February 1871. Wind variable becoming ENE force 3. Preparing for sea. In boom boats. 1230. Up steam in one boiler. Draught of water – Aft 18 feet. Forward. 16 feet 9 inches.1410 Weighed and proceeded out under steam. Anchor came up foul fluke first and long bight of chain hanging down. Steamed slowly to clear it. 1600 Lit fires. 1625.. Flag staff Point NNW. Round Island SW by W. Shaped course NE by E. Wind ENE force 4. 1730. William Brooks fell overboard. Stopped and let go life buoy. Lowered the cutter and picked up the man. 2000. Foul Point Light SW ¼ W. Passed two vessels passing to the south west. Set Fore and aft sail.

Remarks.

“On our arrival here there was no coal in the store as the FORTE had taken the last on her way to Calcutta but before we left two vessels had arrived with coal. The last one an English one over 5 months from the Tyne. The weather had been very fine having had rain only on two or three occasions with northerly winds. Generally during the morning we had calms and a light variable airs and then the breeze set in from the north and east force 3 about noon and falling light towards Sunset. A small steamer (Paddle) arrived on the evening of the 27, 45 days from Port De Galle (Shri Lanka) where they had started for Singapore but failing for want of coal. She reached the Nicobar islands (a group of 19 islands, 12 of which are inhabited, between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in the Indian Ocean near the Indian mainland. They cover an area of 1,600 sq km.) where she took plenty of wood onboard and through some means or other was found off Foul Point. The communication between this an Port De Galle is likely to be improved by the arrival of a steamer from England for which the Harbour Master – Captain Varian has been sent home for the purpose of bringing her out.”

1 March 1871. Latitude 9.30N. Longitude 82.35E. Course N55E. Wind E by S force 3 becoming ESE force 2. Barometer 30.08 inches. Under steam. 0800. Altered course to NE. 1030. Stopped. Machinery working very irregular. Found on inspection the key of the after slide rod of the foremost engine had worked out. Continued under fore and aft sail until 2015. When we proceeded as before; also made sail to Top gallant sails. Wind hauled to the southwards of east. Course ENE

2 March 1871. Latitude 10.23N. Longitude 84.12E. Course N61E. Wind SE force 2 to 3 becoming E by S force 2. Under steam and sail. Wind steady from SE force 3 but the weather very close. Administered corporal punishment to two marines and one sailor. (Names not given). Sunset – wind fell light. Furled sails. Sea very smooth.

3 March 1871. Latitude 11.12N. Longitude 86.23E. Course N69E. Wind ESE 2 becoming south easterly force 3. Under steam and sail. Wind during the day steady from ESE force 3. Weather fine. Employed as required. 1715. Made all plain sail.

4 March 1871. Latitude 12.6N. Longitude 88.52E. Course N70E. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4 becoming SE force 2 to 3. Under steam and sail. Employed cleaning ship. Noon altered course NE by E. Wind SE with fine weather.

5 March 1871. Latitude 13.11N. Longitude 91.19E. Course N66E. Wind SSE force 2 becoming light airs. Under steam and sail. Performed Divine Service. Noon altered course to NE by E. Passed a ship and a barque standing to the southward. 2000. Shortened and furled sails. Passed two vessels standing to the westward.

6 March 1871. Latitude 14.10N. Longitude 93.18E. Course N63E. Wind north force 3 with broken cloud. Under steam and sail. Observed Landfall Island SSE 0645. Observed Little Coral Island (?). 0825 altered course NE. Noon Table Island. 1330. Altered course to N by E ½ E. Breeze sprung up from northward force 2 to 3. Made all plain sail. 1600. Table Island Light House SW ¼ S.. 1650. Lost sight of light house on Table island. Fine weather. Towards evening it became cloudy and showery

7 March 1871. Latitude 15.11N. Longitude 95.44E. Course N67E. Wind northerly force 2 to 3 becoming NW force 1. Barometer 30.10 inches. Under steam and sail. Rangoon Light N27E 88 nautical miles. Daybreak observed discoloured water. 0900. Altered course to NE by E. Wind northerly force 2 with broken cloud. 1245. Altered course to NE by N. 1540. Stopped and sounded in 11 fathoms (mud). 1545.Altered course NNE. 1640. Course n by E ½ E. shortened and furled sails. Wind fill light from southwards. Soundings varying from 8 ½ to 9 ½ fathoms. 1010. Course N by E. Passed several vessels. 1130. Course NNE. 1150. Observed China Bucher Light Pier at 15 miles bearing NW. Altered course to N by W.

8 March 1871. Steaming up the River Rangoon in charge of pilot. Wind calm becoming SSE force 2. 0040. Observed Eastern Grove bearing NNE. 0052. Stopped. 0055. Came to with sandy bottom in 6 fathoms and veered to two shackles. 0545. Fired a gun and hoisted Pilot jack. 0930. Pilot came onboard but owing to the ebb tide we did not weigh until about 1145 in order to use the flood tide. Several vessels were at anchor. Proceeded up the river and moored off the main wharf in 7 fathoms on a mooring swivel at 1715. Moored the ship with 3 shackles on each cable. Found here Italian corvette PRINCESS CLOTILDA. Anchorage bearings China Bucher Light W ½ N. Eastern Grove Light N by E ½ E. Church steeple N43W. Flag staff N4E.

Remarks.
Moored off Main Wharf – Rangoon March 1871

During our passage across we steamed the whole time with sail set when the wind would stand except for a space of 10 hours when we proceeded under fore and aft sails whilst the key connecting the slide valve rod with the slides was being replaced by engineers. We passed no sea weed and saw very few birds. Several vessels were sighted standing to the southward and westward. Of the morning of the 6th sighted Landfall Island and the Andamans a little later. The latter appeared very high; the former low and covered with trees. The Coco’s showed out like a lot of trees as they are low islands and well wooded. Table Island is well deserving of its name as it is very flat and not many trees. The light house is an iron tower with red and white bands. The light is a flashing 2 – visible 22 miles. Vessels should not approach within one mile as there are some rocks off the north side. They have a flag staff on which they hoisted the diamond. Daybreak of the 7th we were in the discoloured water which of course got gradually worse as drew near off the mouth of the river. The tide ran very strong. We swung head to NE with the ebb which bought down very muddy waters. The mouth of the river is buoyed with buoys that are black on the starboard hand and white on the port hand. The number of buoys each side are about four. The outer black one being striped white and known as the Fairway Buoy. It also has a staff and plate. There is a large stone pillar; the upper part red and the lower part white on Elephant Point with some tall palmyras trees which mask and would not be seen very far but shows the mouth of the river on the opposite side ( Eastern Grove) a light house that has been lately raised, but this light although of good power is not at a height it ought to be as vessels making for China Buchur Light on a NNW course have no guide to tell them when they are close to it or not as the Eastern Grove light is not then in sight and therefore no bearings. A vessel ran ashore on the spit off China Buchur on the 5 April 1871 through not knowing the distance off. On entering the river a NNE course takes you up until Mao village just opens up off Elephant Point Light House bearing NE alter course for the village about WNW. Keep the west shore ( A black buoy marking the shore on the starboard hand) until just above Deep Water Point where you sheer over to East shore keeping Syrian Pagoda open a little to the right of a single tree that will be seen nearly on with it close to the shore. From here you keep East shore until you open the shipping well off Rangoon and then sheer across Hastings Shoal. This shoal is the most dangerous as at low water there is only about 1 ¼ fathoms on it and therefore vessels have to wait sometime before crossing it.. A mark for telling the height of the water here is on a pier on Monkey Point where if the horizontal beam is seen there is less than 18 feet on the shoal. If the beam is covered there is over 18 feet of water on the shoal. This shoal is formed by the meeting of the two rivers but does not increase in the slightest according to the Pilots.
The tides run very strong and boats will easily capsize by getting athwart of any vessel.

9 March 1871. Moored off main Wharf. Rangoon. Wind east force 1 becoming SE force 2. Barometer 20.08 inches. Maximum temperature 89F. Employed as needed.

10 March 1871. Wind easterly force 2 becoming variable force 2. Employed coaling ship – loose coal.

11 March 1871. Wind force 1 becoming variable force 1. Employed cleaning out pinnace.

12 March 1871. Wind west force 2 to 3 becoming SE force 1. Barometer 30.01 inches. Maximum temperature 98F. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel.

13 March 1871. Wind west force 2 becoming south easterly force 2 to 3. Chief Commissioner visited ship. Manned yards and saluted with 13 guns.

14 March 1871. Wind SE force 1 with broken cloud becoming southerly force 2. Maximum temperature 98F. Dressed ship and fired a Royal salute in honour fo the King of Italy’s birthday.

15 March 1871. Wind WNW force 2. Maximum temperature 94F. Watered ship, but not being of good quality we will in future condense. Employed pointing spare breechings ropes and grafting ropes.

16 March 1871. Wind calm becoming south easterly force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.01 Marines at drill. Employed making and mending clothes.

17 March 1871. Wind SE force 2 becoming southerly force 1. Italian frigate left harbour.

18 March 1871. Wind light and variable becoming westerly force 1. Barometer 29.97 inches. Maximum temperature 92F. Cleaning ship.

19 March 1871. Wind light and variable up to force 2. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel.

20 March 1871. Wind west force 1 becoming south force 2 maximum temperature 96F. Employed as requisite.

21 March 1871. Wind SSW force 2 becoming south force 2. After Quarters at truck gun drill. Exercised at moving Top gallant masts.

22 March 1871. Wind westerly force 1 becoming south force 3. As requisite.

23 March 1871. Wind easterly force 1 becoming south easterly force 3.maximum temperature 91F. Employed pointing breechings and as required.

24 March 1871. Wind west force 1 becoming south easterly force 3. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. 1500 Observed main Wharf on fire. Sent a party with fire engine but they only saved a few of the piles. There was a lot of guano bags in the store and they were smouldering for two or three days.

25 March 1871.Wind variable force 1 becoming south force 1 to 2. Cleaning ship.

26 March 1871. Wind variable force 1 becoming south force 3 to 4. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. In Pinnace. Employed preparing for sea. 2300. General Fytche (Lieutenant-General Albert Fytche CSI 1820–1892), came onboard for passage to Akyat.

27 March 1871.. Wind variable light airs becoming SSW force 3. Barometer 30.04 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. 0515. Unmoored and weighed port anchor. 0745. Weighed and proceeded under steam with Bengal marines 8th Nemesis in company. 0800 Steamed down Rangoon River. Saluted flag of Chief commissioner with 13 gun salute and manned the yards. We weighed at top of high water and therefore had the ebb tide down. 1310 Discharged the pilot. Shaped course SW by S. 1410 Fairway buoy NE ½ N 3 miles. Set fore and aft sails. 1900 China Buchur Light bore north. 2000. Lost sight of light.

28 March 1871.Latitude 15.25N. Longitude 94.52E. Course S59W. Wind W by N force 2 becoming NW force 3 Under steam. 0150. Observed Krishna Light ( Visibility 14 nautical miles) WNW. 0300. Course WSW.. Bow and Odd guns crews at drill. 1720. Observed land on starboard bow. Pagoda point and Alguada Light House. 1900. Alguada Light NW by ¾ N. Course WNW. 2120 Exercised at General Quarters firing blank.2240 lost sight of Alguada Light bearing SE. (Revolving light every one minute visibility 18 nautical miles.)

29 March 1871. Latitude 17.1N. Longitude 93.30E. Course N42W. Wind NW force 2 to 3. Under steam

30 March 1871. Latitude 19.14N. Longitude 92.39E. Course N20W. NW by N force 2. Under steam. Savage Island Light House N18E 53 nautical miles. 
Daybreak observed land on starboard bow. Employed as requisite. Passed several sail standing to the southwards. Noon. Altered course to north. High land on starboard bow. 1800. South End of Bolonga East. altered course to N by E. Shortened sail. 2000. Came to in 8 fathoms and veered to 2 ½ fathoms. Anchorage bearings. Savage Point Light. Tableland E ½ N

31 March 1871. Wind variable force 1 becoming west force 2. 0530. Weighed. 0540 Proceeded under steam. Exercised a General Quarters firing shot and shell at target. 0630. Proceeded up to Akyat. Found NEMISIS and Mail steamer DACCA at anchor. 0820 Came to with broken bottom in 4 ¾ fathoms and veered to two shackles. Moored off town of Akyat. River Aracan. 1410. Left Akyat under steam. 1600 Savage Island Light north. Eight point of Bolonga SE ¼ S. Under steam and fore and aft sail

Remarks ( Copied as written)

The town of Akyat is situated at about 8 miles up the Aracan River on the north bank. There is a tolerable amount of trade in rice and butternut. There are very few houses to be seen from the anchorage. On the charts a light is placed on Borongo island but it is no longer inhabited. The Savage Island light appears to be a revolving one but on the charts it is a fixed one. On making for the entrance generally steer for Tableland on an easterly course until Savage Islands Light bears about north. The buoy on the south end should of shoal is shifted further to the north than what it is on the chart. A miserable light has shown for two to three years on Summit table land. The clearance for all lighthouses which we could see with what appears to be ruins of a lighthouse. This land may be seen at a great distance. The least water on the bar is 18 feet and the deepest water is with the Savage Island light bearing about NNE.

1 April 1871. 1410 Left Akyat under steam for Bassein River. Wind variable force becoming SW force 2.

2 April 1871. Latitude 18.33N. Longitude 92.31E. Course S13W. Wind S by E force 3 to 4 becoming southerly. Barometer 30.10 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. Under sail and steam.

3 April 1871. Latitude 16.25N. Longitude 93.43E. Course S28E. wind south force 1 becoming north westerly force 2 with broken cloud. Under sail and steam. Performed divine Service. Noon. Cape Nigrais S58E 41 nautical miles. 1500.Sighted land on the port bow. 1800. Pagoda Point N80E. Diamond Isle S56E. Steered for Diamond island on a SE course until Pagoda Point bore north, then steered east making an allowance for tide. 1830 sighted Alguanda Light SSE 1945. Came to in 5 fathoms with sandy bottom and veered to 2 shackles. Anchored off Diamond Isle. Anchor bearings Pagoda Point NW by W. Diamond Island SSW ½ W.

Remarks

Vessels anchoring off Diamond island should only just open Alguada light to the east of the shore nor open it too much. Cape Nigrais may be known by the rocks off it and also being at the end of a range of high land. Pagoda Point had a pagoda on its very point and is therefore very conspicuous. Porian Point is very low with white cliffs. Received a pilot from Diamond island and started up the river on the morning of the 4th. Alguada Light on with east end of Diamond leads clear of Fairway buoy. During the SW monsoon the sea breaks very heavily on outer shoals and raises a very heavy sea. In the channel. The south buoy on the outer shore has been washed away and not replaced. Port Dalhouria although described in sailing directions does not exist.. The channel between Negrais Island and mainland is blocked up. The Fairway buoy is red and marked as Fairway bearing NE one nautical mile and a half. The town of Bassein is situated about 80 feet up high on the on the east bank. There are several villages on the way up. The largest of which is Napecta just above the junction. The passage to the north of Diamond Point island should not be attempted during the SW monsoon by sailing vessels. Diamond Point is a low island covered with trees. There is a pilot station house where the pilots board from.

4 April 1871. 0520 Steamed up the Bassein River in charge of pilot on the last of the flood tide. Noon Abreast of the Ashley Rocks. They are marked by red buoys.. 1540 Anchored of Town of Bassein sandy bottom in 10 fathoms and veered to 2 shackles. Only a few ships here plus a tug. This river is comparatively clean to the Rangoon and not too strong in tide.. Wind NW force 1 to 2 becoming north westerly force 2.

5 April 1871. At single anchor off Bassein. Wind NW force 1 increasing to 2. Employed as requisite. Gave special leave to both watches.

6 April 1871 0400. Proceeded down river in charge of pilot at high water. Wind variable force 2 becoming WNW force 3. Found on weighing port anchor that the stock was broken off. Caused most probably by the ship over running her anchor and fouling the stock with her cable. 0800 Abreast Enterprise island. Noon sighted Diamond island SSW ½ W. made sail. 1415. Discharges pilot. 1430 Diamond island bore west. Shaped course SSE. 1615 Alguada Light House W by N ½ N. Course E by S ½ S. Squred yard. 2230 Altered course E by N.

7 April 1871. Wind NW force 3 becoming westerly force 3 to 4. Maximum temperature 90F.0040. Observed Krishna Light N by E ½ E. 0001. Altered course to NE by N. Performed Divine Service. Altered course N by S 1100. Pilot came onboard. 1145 China Buchur Light House bore NW. 1430 . Shortened and furled sails. 1610 Arrived off Rangoon .Let go on sandy bottom in 7 fathoms. Veered to 3 ½ shackles. Let go on broken bottom and moored ship with 3 shackles on each cable.

8 April 1871. Moored off main Wharf. Wind westerly force 2 becoming w by S force 3 to 4.Employed cleaning ship throughout

9 April 1871. Wind westerly force 1 becoming SE force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.05 inches. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Gave specia leave to both watches.

10 April 1871. Wind southerly force 2 increasing to 3 latter. Barometer 30.11 inches. Maximum temperature 91F. Employed coaling ship. Received 145 tons.

11 April 1871. Calm and light airs becoming southerly force 3 to 4. British Mail Steamer NEMESIS arrived. Small arms men at drill. Lit fires under 1 boiler to condense.

12 April 1871. Wind westerly force 1 becoming southerly force 4. 0900 Unmoored ship and weighed starboard anchor. Mail Steamer BUSHIER arrives. 1030 Weighed and proceeded in charge of Pilot over Hastings shoal and anchored. 1230. Weighed and proceed down river. Set fore and aft sail. 1550 Passed Elephant Point. 1800. China Buckur Light House w by S ½ S. Fairways buoy SW by S. 1830 discharged pilot. 1900 Shaped course ESE. 1000 China Buchur W by N. Eastern Grove Light N by W ¾ W

13 April 1871 Wind light and variable becoming south westerly force 2. Barometer 30.02 inches. Under steam and sail. 0245. Altered course to East. 0340. Double Island Light E by N. altered course NE by E ½ E.. Daylight. Land ahead. 0600. Pilot came onboard.. 0630. Double island Light S47E. 0900. High water at mouth of river. 1100 Arrived of Government Pier, Maulmain. Burma (Mawlamyine, Myanmar). Came to in 7 fathoms with broken bottom and veered to 5 shackles. Let go and moored ship with 3 shackles on each cable.

Remarks
We left Fairway buoy Rangoon River at nearly high water and therefore carried on Ebb tide across the Gulf to Amherst Point and found us at 0340 13th to the south and a little off the double Island Light which was bearing E by N. It is a fixed light of great brilliance and visible for 18 nautical miles . At daybreak the high land of Armhurst island and mountains were very quickly sighted. The double island when bearing to the north of east appears as two islands. The northern part having the white light house on it..
We arrived at the Patch Buoy at ( Iron, staff and ball) at about 0800 high water having taken a pilot a short distance outside.
Vessels should never enter or attempt the river without a pilot as the buoys are constantly being shifted on account of the alteration of the sand.. The pilot station is at Amherst Point but there is generally a schooner off Green island. The starboard side of the channel entering is distinguished by (black) iron buoys, every third with staff and ball. The port side is red (iron buoys) but only two. The reef (B) buoy is the second on or first after passing the Patch Buoy. The channel at present is up the east side between shoals crossing over to Natmo Point above which 2 or 3 miles are two iron buoys (red) marking the Clifford Rocks. Here it is where we had least water, only having 3 ¼ fathoms and drawing 18 feet 2 inches aft. The tide had of course fallen. From there we crossed over to docks and timber yards and steamed up to Government Wharf – a fine iron pier. The mail ships do not use this but go to a wooden one. A very few ships and mostly all timber ships. Pagodas are to be seen in all directions on the highest hills and some even built on rocks. The east bank is with houses (Native) the front of which forms the Main Street which runs parallel with the river. The upper part of this river is called the Salsrein(?) and is not navigable for any great direction.. The breeze set in regularly at noon from the the south and west hauling to the westward towards Sunset. this was generally the case at Rangoon, setting in very strong. The land breeze being very light from the eastward. High water at Maulmain is two hours later than at Amcherst

14 April 1871. Moored off Maulain. Calm becoming south westerly force 2. Barometer 29.99 inches. Exercised at General Quarters and Fire Quarters. English Mail Steamer BUSHUR arrived.

15 April 1871. Wind westerly force 2 becoming south westerly force 2. Employed cleaning ship. Steamer AVAGEE arrived.

16 April 1871. Calm becoming NW force 1. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Gave leave to both watches.

17 April 1871 Wind NW force 1 becoming SE force 2. Unmoored ship and weighed port anchor. 1400. Weighed and proceeded down river river in charge of a pilot. On passing Clifford Rocks we had 5 fathoms ( Nearly high water) and least water 4 ½ fathoms. 1620 Came to off Anchoring Creek in 6 ½ fathoms with broken bottom and veered to 2 ½ shackles.

18 April 1871. Wind east force 1 becoming SW by S force 2. 0800 British mail steamer NEMESIS arrived from Maulain with Commissioners of Tanasserim on board. 100. English steamer DEFIANCE from Taroy and Mergui arrived.1255. Weighed and proceeded down river in company of NEMESIS. 1545. Discharged pilot. Shaped course SSW. 1600 Double island Light House SSE ½ E. 1740. Double island Light bore E by N. 8 nautical miles. 2000.NEMESIS E by S.

On leaving the mouth of the river the sea was breaking over the reef which is marked by a single buoy without a staff or ball.

19 April 1871. Latitude 13.55 N. Longitude 97.16. Course S3W. Wind SSW force 2 becoming west force 2. Barometer 29.98 inches. Under steam and sail. 0100. Set fore and aft sail. Daylight observed land SE by E and NEMESIS on starboard bow.. 1210 Altered course to SE by S. made sails to Top gallant sails. 1600 Course SE. Stopped. 2010. Furled sails and proceed under steam. 2235. Departed this life Thos. Gould AB. Lighting to the Eastward and westerly wind force 2 to 3.

20 April 1871. Wind variable with light airs from the south. Under steam. 0200 Observed land on port bow E by S. 0245. Altered course to SE by S. 0310. Altered course to SSW. 0330 Taroy Point E by N ½ N. Cabotta SW 1/2/ W. 0345. Stopped and sounded in 21 fathoms.. Daylight. Little Canister E ½ S. Tanasserim SSW ½ W. 0510 Proceeded. 0800. NEMESIS sighted steaming up inside of Taroy Point Island.. altered course ESE. Passed through channel between Iron Island and Little Camister and Tory Rocks. Here we met with strong tide eddies, being high water at Mergui. Noon. The beacon marking the entrance to the river were very different to make out. They were rather small and consisted of a black and white basket on a pole. The third beacon marking the shoal on the western side of the river is a t present not there. The forth is a buoy ( white and a staff) about a mile north from pier. 1245 Came to in Port Mergui with sandy bottom in 3 ½ fathoms and veered to 1 ¾ shackles.. 1630. Sent a Funeral party on shore to inter the remains of Thos Gould. AB who died of heart disease on the night of the 20 April.

Remarks

The town of Mergui is very small and few Europeans live on the side of the hill above the native town and is tolerably large with a large white Bazaar which is seen a great distance off. There appears to be no particular trade to this place as only dhows were in the harbour. The DRYAD when she about two months ago anchored off the Kings island and communicated with boats.

21 April 1871. Left Mergui for Hastings Harbour. Wind variable force 1 becoming west force 2. 1035 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour. Captain Pearce and Colonel Brown embarked onboard NEMESIS. Steamed out between beacons and Kings Island and Iron island. Found here very strong tides in eddies. NEMESSIS steamed southward inside islands. 1600 Little Canister N15E. North point of Iron island N by E. 1635. Course SW ¾ S. 1800. Western Canister N69W. Mount Elphinstone (?) S by E. 2000. Mount Elphinstone S by E. Tanasserim Island NW. 2200. Mount Elphinstone E by N1/4 N. Smart Island SE. Course S ¼ E. 2230. Set Fore and aft sails.

22 April 1871. Latitude 10.58N. Longitude 97.57E. Wind SE force 2 becoming southerly force 1. Barometer 29.85 inches. Maximum temperature 87F. 0400. Fletcher island NW by W. 0430 Altered course to S ¼ E. 0800. Black Rock NW by W ½ W. Steering for Lord Loughborough Island. 1740 Came to of Lord Loughborough Island in 14 fathoms with sandy bottom. Veered to 65 fathoms. Anchorage South Sentinel N15W and centre Sir W James island E 12 N. Sent cutter and gig away armed to examine village which was found deserted with only the sticks or poles that form their hut left. We have come here (Archipelago0 for the purpose of taking the pirates that frequent these islands during the fine monsoons. Their business appears to be to stop trading vessels (dhows chiefly) and demand the most valuable things but if resistance is shown they will use force and the consequence is people have been killed. These pirates are from Singapore. Four or five men are at present under sentence of death. Most of the islands we passed between were thickly wooded down to the water sedge. The natives in the fine weather inhabit the outer islands and go in when the SW monsoon commences.. The Black Rock shows a very perpendicular face to the northward and not a vestige of shrub or anything but rock. Once or twice small rocks were mistaken for sail. We gave chase until we saw our error.

23 April 1871. Latitude 10.15N. Longitude 98.25E. wind SE force 1to 2 becoming SW force 2. 0100. Very heavy rain with thunder and lightning. 0540. Weighed and proceeded. 0800. Quion Island S 77W SE Hump S 70E.. 0845 Course SE by S for Russell’s Island. . Performed Divine Service. Observed a junk ENE and proceeded after her at full speed. 1142 Stopped and boarded the junk. She had bill of clearance. 1155 Proceeded NW. 1530 Stopped and came to in Hastings Harbour with Sand bottom in 7 fathoms and veered to 20 fathoms. Anchorage. South point of Hastings Island E by N. Haycock island N12 W.

24 April 1871. At single anchor. Wind calm becoming westerly force 1 to 2. Loosed sails to dry. 1520 Sighted NEMESIS. 1615 NEMESIS anchored.

25 April 1871. Wind calm becoming SW force 1. 0530. NEMESIS sailed with Captain parish and Colonel Brown for Pak-chan River. During night lightning to the eastward. Loosed sails to dry. 1750 Out boats which were manned and armed. Boats away firing shot and shell at rock on shore.

26 April 1871. Light airs becoming west force 1. Employed s requisite. Exercised pivot guns firing shot and shell at object on shore. 2100 Thunder and lightning and cloudy to eastward.

27 April 1871. Wind calm becoming North force 1. 1800 Hoisted in second cutter for repair. Marines at company drill. During our stay here it has been intensely hot. The harbour being entirely closed that we seldom had any breeze. A slight breeze from the northward set in about noon for two to three hours. The islands abound with monkeys; and they say wild hogs but we did not see any of them. The NEMESIS on going up the Pak-chan river passed across a mud flat and to the northward of the islands at entrance. She went right up to the town. Several junks passed the eastern entrance whilst here but where only traders.

28 April 1871. 1400. Left Hastings Harbour for Port Blair (Andaman Island). Wind calm becoming NW force 2. Loosed sails. Exercised at General Quarters. Lifted screw for examination. In boom boats. 1000. NEMESIS arrived. Noon. NEMESIS sailed. 1315 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour. Wind NW. 1400 Shaped course W by N ½ N. 1600. Russel’s Island East. NW Hump north 20 E. 1845 Set Fore and aft sails. Wind north westerly force 3 to 4 with broken cloud.

Port Blair

29 April 1871. Latitude 10.34N. Longitude 96.26E. Course N80W. Wind NW force 2 becoming N by W force 2.Under steam. Daylight – two sails in sight. 1000Passed through a strong tide rip. . 1600. Wind northerly force 2 with broken cloud.

30 April 1871. Latitude11.16N. Longitude 94.20E. Wind NW by 2 becoming light airs. Barometer 29.90 inches. Maximum temperature 88F. Port Blair N75W 97 nautical miles. Under steam and Fore and aft sails. Performed Divine Service. Swell from south westward 1800. Altered course to W by N.

Sailing from Hastings Harbour to Port Blair and Madras.

1 May 1871. Single anchor off Ross Island, Port Blair. Wind north westerly force 2 becoming northerly force 2.0200. weather cloudy and misty. Could not make out land although dead reckoning placed us within sight of land. 0425. Stopped. 0500 Proceeded. Land ahead on starboard bow. 0600. Ross island N ½ W. 0740. Altered course to WNW. 1030. Arrived in Port Blair. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 9 fathoms and veered to 3 shackles. Anchorage bearing Atalanta Point N70W.. South Point S7E. We were to have secured to the pier at Chatham Island for the purpose of coaling but the Master attendant thought as they had not such a large vessel up there before it was not advisable to go up in our case. Therefore we coaled from a lighter manned by the convicts the next day and by 1500 received 114 tons.

2 May 1871. Wind WNW 1 becoming north easterly 2. Barometer 29.97 inches and falling. Coaling received 114 tons

3 May1871. Wind West force 2 becoming SW force 3 during the forenoon. 17.30. Left harbour under steam. 1800. South Point Ross Island NW. Set fore and aft sails.

Remarks

Ross Island appears very conspicuous by the tree standing in the centre of the buildings which are seen a good distance off. In the neighbourhood the forest has been completely cleared with exception of here and there specimens of very fine tall palms are left standing.
Most or nearly all the officers of the settlement live on Ross island with two Companies of a European Regiment and some native regiment. The greater portion of the convicts are distributed about.
Some Andamese men and women came on board to see the ship but there chief desire appeared to be for tobacco and biscuits. They are particularly small people but those that we saw were well formed. A particular habit of theirs is to plaster their bodies with clay which kept the heat off. The men wear the usual native cloth round the middle and the women even less (a leaf).
A monthly mail runs between tis and Rangoon on its way to Calcutta. A party of convicts have been sent down to colonise Island Nicobar.

4 May 1871. Latitude 10.20N. Longitude 92.29E. Wind SW by S force 2 becoming SW by W force 4. Barometer 29.81 inches. Maximum temperature 84F.Under steam and sail. 0200. Lost sight of land NW by N. Steaming south to round Little Andaman. 0745 Little Andaman NW by W. 0800 Course WSW. Noon Little Andaman N ½ W. Wind SW by W force 4.

5 May 1871. Latitude 9.58N. Longitude 91.14E.Wind SW force 5 to 6 becoming WSW force 4. Barometer starting to rise. Under steam and sail. Heavy rain, thunder and lightning. Midnight wind WSW force 1 and cloudy.

6 May 1871. Latitude 9.20N. Longitude 89.20E. Wind W by S force 4 becoming SW force 4. Under steam and sail. Daybreak. Weather very unsettled. During the day had several squalls of wind and rain. Wind between SW and WNW force 3. Under fore and aft sails

7 May 1871. Latitude 8.51N. Longitude 87.24E. wind SW force 4 becoming SW by W force 3. Barometer 30.00 inches. Under steam and sail. Weather slightly improving. Wind steady from SW. 1400. Exchanged colours with an English ship standing to westward.

8 May 1871. Latitude 9.7N. Longitude 85.44E. Wind SW force 4 becoming south westerly force 4. Under steam and sail. Swell from SW. made sail to single reefed Topsail and reefed Courses. Kept away to the northward. 1515 Out reefs fo Topsails. Set Top gallant sails. 1700 Shifted Courses. In first reef of Topsails. 2100 Stopped steaming. Wind SW force 5.

9 May 1871. Latitude 10.23N. Longitude 83.52E. Wind SW 4 becoming WSW force 3. Under steam and sail. 0430. Shortened sail to a squall from SW. Made sail. 1030 Shortened and furled Square sails. Wind W by S. Proceeded under steam. Swell from SW. 2040. Set Foresail. Wind w by S force 2. Fine and clear weather with sudden showers of rain.

10 May 1871.Latitude 10.48N. Longitude 82.25E. Wind WSW force 5 becoming SW by W force 4. Under steam and sail. 0300. Made sail to singe reefed Topsails, Courses and Top gallant sails. Wind SW by S force 2 to 3. 0400. Shortened sail to a heavy squall from westward. 0500 Shortened and furled Square sails. One sail in sight. 0900 Shirted Fore and Main Topsails.. Set Foresail. Noon. Wind WSW force 5 to 6. Course NW by W ½ W. 1315. Set mainsail. Watch repairing Fore and Main Topsails, making treasure net, mats and grafting ropes etc. 1600 One sail in sight. 1700Set single reefed Topsails and Top gallant sails. Passed two sails. 2115. Stopped steaming. Wind SW by W force 4. Midnight. Weather squally. In Topgallant sails and second reefs.

11 May 1871. Latitude 12.53N. longitude 80.43E. Wind W by S force 3 becoming southerly force 3.Under steam and sail. Madras Light House N65W 29 nautical miles. 0110. Made sail. 0146. Commenced steaming. 0800. Out reefs. 0920 Shortened and furled sails. Wind W by N force 3 to 4.. fine weather. 1015. Unbent Fore topsail for repair. In Fore and Aft sails. 1130. Course NW. 1140. Sighted land on port bow. Employed making and mending clothes. 1350. Course WNW . 15 45 arrived in Madras Roads. Came to in 6 ½ fathoms with broken bottom and veered to 4 ½ shackles. Anchorage bearings. Light House SW by W. End of pier NW by N

12 May 19871. At single anchor off Madras Bir. Wind south westerly force 2 becoming SE force 2. 0800. Unbent Mainsail for repairs. Exercised at General Quarters. Discharged invalids to P &O steamer MOOLTAN. 1800. MOOLTAN sails.

13 May 1871. Wind NE force 1 to 3 becoming SSE force 3 then east force 2. Employed cleaning ship throughout. East India Company steamer ORIENTAL arrived from coast and Rangoon. Mended furl of sails.

14 May 1871. Wind south force 1 increasing to 2. Sunday. Mustered by Divisions and performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Gave special leave to both watches.

15 May 1871.Wind NNE force 5 to 7 becoming southerly force 2. Barometer 29.80 inches. Maximum temperature 90F. Crossed Royal yard, loosed sails. Employed cleaning Bread Room. 1315 Furled sails. Down Royal yards. Restowed Bread Room . 1700 Received money for Trincomalee Dockyard.

Remarks

On our way here this time the ship was comparatively still the ground swell being very small allowing the surf boats to land with ease – ships boats of course go to the pier steps on the lee side. There were only about eight European merchant vessels here with several country vessels. The Time Ball at Madras that is spoken about in the Sailing Directions was not seen by us from the ship. A gun is fired from the Fort of St George at 2000 Mean Time. The weather here was totally cool; the SW wind blowing forth, the sea breeze setting in about noon and lasting till about 0700

16 May 1871. 1430. Left Madras Roads. Wind NE force 1 to 2 becoming SE force 2 to 3. Under steam and sail.0530 French mail steamer MENAIN arrived. Employed pointing ropes and as requisite. 1120 Received 4000 lbs of bread from commissariat employed storing the bread. Noon. Preparing for sea. 1520 Weighed and proceeded under steam. 1600 Shaped course S by E ½ E. POINTED YARDS TO THE WIND. 1800 Madras light House NNW. 2000 Lost sight of madras light.2200. Set fore and aft sails. Wind SSW force 3 to 4..

17 May 1871. Latitude 11.48N. Longitude 80.57E. Wind south westerly force 4 becoming SSW force 2. Under steam and sail Foul Point Ceylon S6E 196 nautical miles. Mustered at Quarters. Set foresail. Wind SW. 1035 Set topsails and main sail. Down top gallant yards. 1215. Altered course to S ½ E. Light breeze hauled off land shore to SSW and south. Shortened and furled sails 1020. Set fore and aft sails. Wind SW by S. 2200. Observed a very brilliant meteor to the north east

18 May 1871. Latitude 10.17N. Longitude 81.21E. Wind SW by S force 4 becoming SW force 5 to 4. Under steam and sail. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Watch employed refitting upper yards. 1212. Altered course to S ¼ W. Set Foresail. 1900. Up and set furled foresail. Wind SW by S force 3.

19 May 1871. Latitude 8.47N. Longitude 81.29E. Wind south westerly force 5 to 6 becoming SW force 4. Employed fitting upper yards. 100. Observed land SW. 1130. Altered course to SW.. in Fore and aft sails. 1340. Course3 SW by S. 1500 made number to FORT FREDERICK. Unbent Trysails. 1600 Foul Point light House S47E. Round Island Light House S55W.. 1727. Came to with broken bottom in 12 ½ fathoms and veered to 3 ½ shackles. 1745. Out boats. Unbent sails. Down top gallant masts. Sent sails ashore to Dockyard. Anchorage bearings. Admiralty fall staff NE. Round Point W by N ¾ N.

Remarks

We had fine weather and strong SW wind causing heavy sea. Sea breeze setting in during the afternoon. We had a strong northerly current for the first two days. On the morning of the 19th we were about abreast of Palk Straits the wind blew very strong from the SW with a heavy sea; the ship in consequence making less than 3 knots an hour.

20 May 1871. At single anchor of Trincomalee Dockyard. Wind SW force 3 decreasing to 2. Sent party to dockyard. Down lower and topsail yards for refitting. Hauled first cutter up on slip. 1600. Up both jack and mizzen topsail yards.

21 May 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 4. Barometer 29.94 inches. Up lower and topsail yards. Sent roman Catholics to chapel. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine service. Gave special Leave to both watches and privilege leave to starboard watch.. hauled up launch on baot slip.

22 May 1871. Wind SW force 4 decreasing to 3. Maximum temperature 91F. Employed refitting and rattling down rigging. Hauled up second cutter. 1600. Coal lighter came alongside. 1745. Pointed top gallant masts.

23 May 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 5 decreasing to 2. Coaling ship. Dockyard party on shore. 1050. HMS COLUMBINE arrived from Socotra off which her main yard went in two and came on here with it fished. 2030. Received 176 tons of coal.

24 May 1871. Wind SW force 3 decreasing to 2. Barometer 30.00 inches. Party at dockyard repairing sails and making wind sails. Repairing boats.. 0800 Dressed ship in honour of the anniversary of HM birthday. Cleaning ship throughout. 1200 Fired a Royal Salute. Scrubbed masts and booms.

25 May 1871 Wind SW force becoming ESE force 2. Preparing for painting ship. Party at dockyard. Painting yards etc. Gave general leave to port watch

26 May 1871. Wind SW force becoming ESE light to calm airs. Painting ship. Party at dockyard repairing boats and sails.. Two carpenters assisted to make main yard for COLUMBINE. Watering from dockyard tank.

27 May 1871. Wind SW force 1 becoming ENE force 1.Sent usual party to dockyard. Two carpenters on shore assisting to make Main yard for COLUMBINE. Painting ship. Gave general leave to starboard watch.

28 May 1871. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Mustered by Divisions. Performed Divine Service.. Gave special leave to port watch

29 May1871.Wind SW force1 becoming ENE force 1. Sent party to dockyard. Employed as requisite.

30 May 1871. Wind SW force 2 to 4 increasing to 4 to5. Barometer 29.95 inches. Maximum temperature 92F. Party at dockyard refitting sails. Numbers 3 and 4 of guns crews on shore firing shot and shell at target with howitzers and field gun.

31 May 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 5 decreasing to 2 to 4. Clearing holds. Party at dockyard. Returned shakes. ( Pieces of timber with cracks or rents in them). Cleaning and whitewashing holds and Spirit Room.. employed re-provisioning ship and receiving Gunners Stores. Employed storing holds.

1 June 1871. Wind SW force 4. Barometer 29.92 inches. Sent party to Dockyard. Watch employed variously.

2 June 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 4 becoming WSW force 3. Party at dockyard. up screw. 1130 down screw. Employed making up sails for bending. Captain parish went onboard COLUMBINE and mustered Ship’s Company. Supplied COLUMBINE with 2800 lbs of biscuits. Bent sails and crossed Top gallant yards.

3 June 1871. Wind SW force 4 becoming WSW force 5 to 6. 0630. HMS COLUMBINE sailed. Cleaning ship throughout. Party at dockyard employed as requisite.

4 June 1871. Wind SW force 4 to 5. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine service. Gave special leave to to both watches and privileged leave to port watch.

5 June 1871. Wind SW force 4. Party at dockyard. Listed ship over to port with the guns. (7 ½ keel) to get at leak. Found that brine pipe was damaged. (Discharges brine from the bottom of the boilers) Employed repairing brine pipe. Lt. Eden and Lt Hallett RN surveying dockyard stores. Launched boats. Artificers repairing brine pipe.

6 June 1871. Wind SW force 4Party at dockyard. 1100 brine pipe finished. Transported guns. Pistol men of watch firing at target.

7 June 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 4 increasing to 5. Second company of small arms men firing at a target. Party on shore repairing sails.. first company of small arms men and marines on shore firing at a target. Completed water.

8 June 1871. 1649. Left harbour under steam. Wind SW force 4 increasing to 5. 1330. In boom boats. Preparing for sea. 1340. Lit fires under both boilers. 1545. Weighed and proceeded. Course SE ½ S. 1715. Made all plain sail save Royals and Flying jib. 1800. Foul Point N60W. Alligator Rocks S40W. Stopped steaming. Course SE ½ S.

Remarks

The dockyard appears to in every way efficient for the supplies of the ships of the station, except in the Victualling Department which is generally deficient of some things, especially bread. On our provisioning only sufficient sugar and flour to take us to the Capes. At Madras we received 4000 lbs of biscuit from contractor ( Parry and Co)about 2000lbs of which we turned over to COLUMBINE so as to facilitate her departure. The Control Department and naval contractor supplying us biscuit; the latter producing very inferior stuff.. The COLUMBINE took her departure on the 3 June having received two spares for main yard – the first ones being condemned on examination and two of our carpenters were employed in assisting with the other.
We had very little rain and a strong SW monsoon blowing the whole time with exception of two or three days ( 26 – 29 may) when the wind hauled round to ENE. The anchorage in Back Bay is nice and quiet this time of the year; several small craft being at anchor.

9 June 1871. Latitude 7.7N. Longitude 82.19E. Course S34E. Light variable winds becoming SW force 4. Under steam and sail. 0115. Commenced steaming. Furled square sails. 0620. Altered course to S by E. Observed a ship standing to the northward. A heavy swell from southward. 0900 Lowered cutter and gig. Exercised at General Quarters firing shell at target. 100 proceeded under fore and aft sail. A long swell from southward. 1830. Stopped steaming and made sail. 1900 alatered course to SE by S. Wind steady from SW force 5 to 6.

10 June 1871. Latitude 4.44N. Longitude 83.56E. Course S34E. Wind SW force 5 to 6 decreasing to 5. Under sail. 0130. Rounded in wind SW by W force 6. Swell from SW. 1120. Set Fore and main top gallant sails. Weather inclined to be squally. 1530. Main topgallant split. Shifted main top gallant sail. Working to cross Equator in 860 E.

11 June 1871. Latitude 2.18N. Longitude 86.39E. Course S35E. Wind SW force 4 to 5 decreasing to 4. Under sail. Weather unsettled with rain. 1315. Altered course to SSE. 1820. Out reefs. Performed Divine Service

12 June 1871. Latitude 0.30N. Longitude 86.59E. Course S29E. Wind SW force 4. Barometer 30.07 inches Under sail. Squally and rainy. 0600. In first reefs of Topsails. Gin block of lee Main topsail sheet carried away. Lashed a shackle in lieu. Heavy westerly swell. 1000 commenced steaming. Course South. Crossed the Equator in 870 ¼ E. wind steady but light and inclined to rain.

13 June 1871. Latitude 1.21S. Longitude 87.10E. Course S6E. Wind SW force 3 becoming south westerly force 2. Under steam and sail. Steaming. Rain during the night. 2015. Calm. In Fore and aft sails. Working for Rodrigisy Island

14 June 1871. Latitude 3.22S. Longitude 87.20E. Course S6E. Wind WSW force 2 becoming south westerly force 4.Under steam and sail. Squally and rainy. Noon. Breeze sprung up from SW again force 3 to 4. Clew of Jib carried away. Shifted Jib. Steaming. Under Fore and aft sails.

15 June 1871. Latitude 5.14S. Longitude 87.36E. Course S8E. Wind WSW force 2 becoming south westerly force 3. Under steam and sail. Weather squally and rainy all day. Employed making and mending clothes. Shortened sail as requisite. 1900. Tacked; wind sifted to south force 3. Set to the eastward 230.

16 June 1871. Latitude 6.41S. Longitude 86.59E. S11W. WSW force 3 dying to light airs before becoming SE by S force 2. Under steam and sail. Squally and passing showers. 0600. Observed a steamer on the starboard bow standing ESE. Shaped course SW. Noon. Light and calm. Steaming. 1500. Light airs sprung up from SSE. Heavy swell from eastward. 1800 Made sail to Topsails and main to gallant sail. 2020. Stopped steaming. 2100. Rounded in ; wind fell light.2300. commenced steaming. Observed a brilliant meteor to the eastward. We have at last picked up the SE trades. ( latitude 70. Longitude 870 -10E which be accounts we ought tp have reached close to the Equator in lieu of which we have carried the SW wind down until yesterday with very wet weather and easterly swell.

17 June 1871. Latitude 8.32S. Longitude 85.52E. Course S38W. Wind SE force 5 becoming SE by S force 4 Under sail. 0120. Stopped steaming. 0620.. In main trysail. Condensing, cleaning ship. 1200 Set Fore and main top gallant sails. Crossed Royal yards. Set royals and Flying Jib. Bent and set Top stud sails. 1225 altered course SW by W. wind SE by S force 4 with broken cloud.. 2240. Latitude by Antares 9019’ S. easterly swell.

18 June 1871. Latitude 10.21S. Longitude 82.54E. Course S58W. Wind SE by S force 5 becoming SSE force 4. Barometer 30.15 inches. Under sail. 0200. In Royals and Flying Jib. Mustered by Open List and Performed Divine Service. Braced forward. Noon Altered course to SW by W ½ W.

19 June 1871. Latitude 11.45S. Longitude 79.49E. Course S66W. Wind SSE force 4 . Under sail. Employed as requisite. Gun crews at rifle drill. Course S by W ½ W

20 June 1871. Latitude 13.21S. Longitude 76.19E. Course S62W. Wind SSE force 5 to 6. Distance travelled 210 nautical miles. Under sail. Weather fine. Under plain sail ( Save Royals, Flying Jib and Port Top stud sail) Heavy swell from southward and eastward. In Top gallants and topmost stud sail

21 June 1871.Latitude 14.51S. longitude 73.40E. Course S63W. Wind SSE force 4 becoming ESE force 3 to 4. Under sail. Daybreak. Set fore and main top gallant sails. 1215 Altered course to W by S ½ S. Wind shifted to ESE with a little rain. Watch employed as requisite. Sixth and eighth gun’s crews and riggers at gunnery instruction.

22 June 1871. Latitude 15.49S. Longitude 71.6E. Course S69W. Wind ESE force 4 decreasing to 3. Barometer 30.12 inches. Under steam and sail. Wind steady and weather fine. Watch employed making fenders and picking oakum. Marines at drill. Shifted Foresail. Making and mending clothes.

23 June 1871 Latitude 16.30S. Longitude 69.19E. Course S68W. Wind SE by S force 3 becoming S force 3. Under sail. Surveyed cables. Cutlass men of watch and small arms men firing at a target. Altered course to W ¾ S. Wind shifted to the south.

24 June 1871. Latitude 16.51S. Longitude 67.5E. Course S81E. Wind South force 3 increasing to 5. Barometer 30.23 inches. Maximum temperature 76F Under steam and sail. Very fine weather.. wind steady at south. 0615. Set port topmost stud sail. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Altered course to W by S. 1730 In Topmost stud sail. In Top gallant sails. Weather squally and rainy. 2230 In first reef of Fore and main topsails.

25 June 1871. Latitude 17.32S. Longitude 64.8E. Course S76W. Wind SSE force 5 becoming S by E force 5. Under steam and sail 0600. Lowered main topsail to repair. Set double reef fore and main Topsails. Performed Divine Service. Course W by S ½ S. Split Fore Top gallant sail and took it in.. Wind S by E

26 June 1871. Latitude 18.29S. Longitude 61.28E. Course S69W. Wind S by E force 3 becoming SSE force 4. Barometer 30.30 inches. Under both steam and sail. Out reefs of Fore and Mizzen topsails. Sailmakers making boat awnings. Second company of small arms men firing blank cartridges. Fine night but rather squally with rain.

27 June 1871. Latitude 19.29S. Longitude 58.48E. Course S68W. Wind SSE force 4. Under steam. Midnight. Wind S by E force 3 to 4. Smooth sea. 0200. In first reef of Fore and main topsails and second reef of Mizzen topsail. )800 Out reefs. In Top gallant sails. Read Return of Court Martials. Set Fore and main top gallant sails. Party at drill. Noon. Flat Island S69W. 68 nautical miles. Altered course to W by S ¾ S. 1600. Observed Round island W by S. 1700 Wind freshening; in second reef of Fore and main topsails. 1700. Course WSW. 1800. Gunners Quoin W by S. Serpent Island NW 1/2W. Flat Island W ½ N. 1840 Altered course to west. 1920. Cannonier Light SW by W ½ W. 1945. Flat island light bore NE by E ½ S. altered course to SW by W ½ W. 2000. Cannonier Light SSW. Flat island Light NE by E ½ E. 2010 Shortened and furled after sails. 2040 Exercised at Night Quarters firing blank. 2050 commenced steaming. 2100 Connonier Light bore SE by S. altered course to SW by S and as requisite for light vessel.. shortened and furled sails. Observed Bel Light on port bow. 2300 Came to of Bell Light in 17 fathoms with sandy bottom and veered to 45 fathoms. Anchorage bearings. Bel Light east 2 cables.

Remarks
We made a tolerable quick passage from Trincomalee having accomplished it in under 19 days – a distance of 2910 nautical miles. The Equator was crossed on th 12 June in Longitude 870 15’E with steady wind from SW. When we arrived we commenced steaming under Fore and Aft sails heading south still keeping the SW wind which occasionally hauled to the westward but at times light with rainy and squally weather. This continued until the 15th when we fell in with SE Trades. The heavy swell from the eastward giving us warming. With the Trades generally at SSE we sighted Round island on the 27th at 1600. The weather being very fine and high barometer. Stood in for passage between Flat island and Gunners Quoin on a WSW course until Round Island and Serpent Island were in one and then altered course to W ½ N through the channel. The reefs off round island and Gabriel Island were breaking heavily. The three remarkable pillars of basalt were not to be seen on Round Island.

28 June 1871. Moored in Mauritius Harbour. Wind SE by E becoming SE force 4. 0700. Mater attendant came onboard and brought us in and moored Navy moorings. 0945. Dressed ship in honour of the anniversary of Her Majesty’s coronation. Caulker from shore caulking ship. 1200. Fired a Royal Salute. Transported starboard guns over to port – incline 80 – to get at leak. Hauled up pinnace and gig. Sunset. Undressed ship.

29 June 1871. Wind SE force 3 decreasing to 2. Caulking ship. Carpenters repairing pinnace and gig.

30 June 1871. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 2. Barometer 39.20 inches. Maximum temperature 74F. Employed coaling ship. Commenced a t0500. 1330. Finished coaling. 1740. Mail steamer EMIRINE sailed.

1 July 1971. Port Louis, Mauritius. Wind SE force 1 to 2 decreasing to 1. Caulkers from shore caulking ship. 1100. Loosed sails. 1820. Furled sails.

2 July 1871. Wind SE force 1 becoming east force 2. 1015. Mustered by Division. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Performed Divine Service.

3 July 1871. Wind East force 2 becoming SE force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.33inches. Maximum temperature 74F. 0800. Crossed Royal yards. Loosed sails. Raised screw for inspection and then lowered it.. 1315. Furled sails. Down upper yards. Received 16 tons of water per tank.

4 July 1871. Wind SE force 2 becoming east force 2. Crossed Top gallant yards. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed blacking and scraping guns. Received 15 tons of water per tank. Carpenters on shore repairing boats. Black down rigging.

5 July 1871. Calm becoming east force 2. Gave general leave to starboard watch. Un shipped sheet anchors stocks to scrape them before re stocking them.

6 July 1871. Calm becoming SE force 1. 0600. Gave leave to port watch. Employed pointing, grafting etc and fitting new tye. (A runner of thick rope or chain which forms part of the purchase used for hoisting the Top sail and Top gallant yards.) Carpenters repairing boats onshore.

7 July 1871. Wind SE force 2. Employed repairing main sail and pointing and grafting. Party at cutlass drill.

8 July 1871. Wind ESE force 3 to 4 becoming SE force 3. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

9 July 1871. Wind east force 1 to 2 becoming south easterly force 3. 0800. French mail steamer DANUBE arrived. Mustered by the Open List. Sent roman Catholics to Chapel. Performed Divine service.

10 July 1871. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 3. 0800. Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Foremost Quarters at gun drill. Employed as most requisite.

11 July 1871. Wind SE force 2 becoming south easterly force 2 to 4. Maximum temperature 72F. Gave general leave to port watch. Employed as most requisite. Carpenters repairing upper deck. Sent field piece ashore. Received 17 tons of water.

12 July 1871. Wind ESE force 2 to 4 increasing to 5. Gave general leave to starboard watch.. Employed repairing mainsail. Training company at cutlass drill.

13 July 1871. Wind ESE force 2 to 4 decreasing to 2 to 3. Crossed Upper yards and loosed sails. Marines at drill. Employed as most requisite. . 1115. Furled sails. Down Upper yards. Employed making and mending clothes.

14 July 1871. Wind SE force 2. Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Exercised at General Quarters. 1030. Furled sails. Down Royal yards. Watch employed repairing mainsail. Sent field piece on shore. 1700 manned and armed boats.

15 July 1871. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 2. Barometer 30.36inches. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

16 July 1871. Wind SE force 4 increasing to 5.. Mustered at Divisions and Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel.

17 July 1871. Wind SE force 4. 0800 Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Foremost Quarters at gun drill.1315 Furled sails. Down Royal yards. First company of small arms men at drill.

18 July 1871. Calm becoming SE force 1.Sent down Topmasts on deck. Carpenters repairing boats. 1500. Up Topmasts.

19 July 1871. Wind SE force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.30 inches. Setting up Topmast rigging. Sent up Top gallant masts. Employed as requisite.

20 July 1871.Wind SE force 1 to 2 becoming ESE force 3 to 4. 0800. Loosed sails to dry. Field gun party landed.

21 July 1871. Wind SE force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.34 inches. 0800. Crossed Top gallant and Royal yards. Exercised at General Quarters. Field piece party ashore at Fort St George firing at target. Manned and armed boats.

22 July 1871. Wind SE force 2 increasing to 3. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

23 July 1871. Wind ESE force 4 becoming south easterly force 3 to 5. Barometer 30.41 inches. Performed Divine Service.

24 July 1871. Wind ESE force 4 becoming ESE force 5. Exercised making and shortening sail and shifting Topsail. Landed second company of small arms men.

25 July 1871. Wind SE force 3 to 4 becoming north westerly force 2 then ESE force 3. Barometer 30.31 inches. Landed First company of small arms men for drill. Employed as requisite. Slight NW wind set in at 1400 for about an hour – generally called the Malagash wind from being in the direction of Madagascar.

26 July 1871. Calm becoming west force 1 to 2 then south force 1. Barometer 30.24 inches maximum temperature 81F. Employed as most necessary.

27 July 1871.Wind SE force 2 becoming force 1 to 2. Barometer rising. Pistol men of watch firing at a mark. Marines at drill. Second field crew on shore.

28 July 1871. Wind SE force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.35 inches. Exercised at General Quarters and firing stations. Issued soap and tobacco to ship’s company.

29 July 1871. Wind SE force 1 increasing to 3.French mail steamer DANUBE sailed. Shifted Topsails. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

30 July 1871. Wind light and variable becoming west force 2 to 4 the SE force 1. Barometer 30.30 inches. Performed divine service. Gave special leave to both watches and privilege leave to port watch.

31 July 1871. Wind NW force 1 becoming easterly force 2. Maximum temperature 75F. Up screw. Landed First company of small arms men for drill

1 August 1871. Wind ESE force 4. Barometer 30.35 inches. Landed Second company of small arms men for drill. Sailmakers repairing main topsail.

2 August 1871. Wind SE force 3 increasing to 4 at times. 0730. HMS FORTE arrived bearing flag of Rear Admiral Cockburn and picked up Navy moorings . employed provisioning and preparing for sea. In boats.

Remarks.

Since our arrival we have had fine weather with the exception of a few showery days with squalls from the SE. On regulating our chronometer by the Time Ball on Signal Mountain we found that were 25 seconds slow of our error. Our chronometer having by the sights taken on those at the Coal Wharf kept their rates very nearly. The Time Ball is dropped from the Pamlemouse Observatory by magnetic wires and generally during the week it would fail and stick halfway three or four days.
The harbour has been very empty and they are now expecting a large number of ships.

3 August 1871. 1400 Left harbour under steam for the Cape of Hope. Wind ESE force 3 to 4 becoming SE 3 to 4. Preparing for sea. Mooring lighter came down to us. 1350 Slipped from moorings and proceeded under steam out of Port Louis. Manned yards and saluted flag of Rear Admiral Cockburn with 13 guns. FORTE returned the salute with 7 guns. 1500 Shaped course SW by W. Light ship east. Cape Brabant SSW. Made sail to Top gallant sail on Foremast. 1800. Magnetic bearings Tamarind Mountain SSE by E . Cape Brabant S 52 E. Wind SE force 3 to 4. 1900 Made all plain sail.

4 August 1871. Latitude 21.45S. Longitude 55.27E. Course at 1800 S50W. Wind NE force 3 to 4 becoming easterly force 2. Under both steam and sail. Daybreak. Observed Bourbon West. 0800 south point of Bourbon NW ¾ W.. 0900 Stopped steaming. Wind ENE 3 to four. 1200. Bourbon Island north. Cape of St Mary S68W 620 nautical miles. 1330 Altered course. Set Royals, Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. 1615. Wind fill light from the east. Commenced steaming.

5 August 1871. Latitude 22.59S. Longitude 53.27E. Course S56W. Light airs from east and west becoming SW force 4 to 5.Under both steam and sail. Barometer at Midnight 30.30 inches and rising to 30.48 inches Furled sails 1500. Breeze sprang up from the southward force 4. Made sail. 2359. Barometer 30.48 inches Latitude 23.20S Longitude 53.0E.

6 August 1871. Latitude 23.50S. Longitude 31.22E. Course S66W. Wind southerly force 5 to 6 becoming SSE force 4.Under both steam and sail. Maximum temperature 65F. Performed Divine Service. Noon. Wind South force 4 to 6. Barometer 30.55 and rising to 30.60 inches at midnight. 1430. Stopped steaming. Weather appeared unsettled with heavy clouds to the south westward. Midnight. Wind SSE force 3 to 5.

7 August 1871. Latitude 24.58S. Longitude 49.33E. Course S56W. Wind SE force 4 becoming easterly force 4. Under steam and sail. 0430. Wind fill light. Steamed until 0930. When wind reminded steady at SE; shifting gradually to the northward. Barometer steady.

8 August 1871. Latitude 26.53S. Longitude 46.58E. Course S49W. Wind east force 4 to 5 becoming NE 5 to 6 and then NE by E force 6 to 7.Under Sail. Barometer 30.50 inches. On preventer parrells. Wind steady during the day at ENE force 6 to 7.. Noon. Barometer 30.50 inches. 1230 Altered course to W ½ S. Midnight Barometer 30.34 inches.

9 August 1871. Latitude 28.11S. Longitude 43.55E. Course S64W. Wind NE force 6 to7 becoming N by W force 5.Under sail. Barometer 30.26 inches. Weather fine and clear. Wind sifting to the northward with falling barometer. – 30.13 inches. Midnight. Lightning to the westward.

10 August 1871. Latitude 28.51S. Longitude 42.3E. Course S66W. Wind west force 3 increasing to force 6. Under steam and sail. 0110 Lowered Topsail to a squall from westward which was very heavy during the time it lasted. It was accompanied by rain. Proceeded under steam with Fore and Aft sails standing to the northward.. Midnight barometer 30.22 and rising.
11 August 1871. Latitude 28.3S. Longitude 40.51E. Couse N53W. Wind WSW force 5 becoming SW by S force 4. Under steam and sail. Maximum temperature 67F.
Wind shifting to the southward with a heavy SW swells. Under steam and double reefs. Fore and main topsails and Courses. 0800. Altered course to W by N. Midnight Wind steady at SSW. Barometer rising.

12 August 1871 . Latitude 28.0S. Longitude 38.41E. Course N88W. Under Captain Robert Gordon Douglas for Australia (See letter). Wind SW force 4 becoming light airs from the south. Under steam and sail. 1015. Out reefs and set Mizzen Topsail. Light airs from southward and eastward. 1230 Course west. 1335. Able seaman George Bowler fell overboard. Stopped; heaved to and picked up man and Life buoy. Midnight . Wind east with heavy swell from SW.

13 August 1871. Latitude 29.5S. Longitude 35.57E. Course S66W. Wind north 4 becoming N by E force 4. Under sail and steam. 0216. Stopped steaming. 0420. Commenced steaming. Wind hauling to the northward and light.. Daybreak observed a sail standing to the westward. Noon. Wind north force 5 with clear weather. Barometer falling as before with for northerly wind. Performed Divine Service. Midnight r 30.26 inches.

14 August 1871. Latitude 30.21S. Longitude 33.2E. Course S62W. Wind NE force 2 becoming E by N 4 and later SE force 4. Under sail. 0525. Proceeded under steam with sail to Top gallant sails, wind having fallen light from the eastward and inclined to haul to the southward.. 0810. Observed a ship NNW which proved to be the English ship TRINCULO . Sailmakers employed repairing Forward top gallant sail and altering Main and Quarterdeck awnings. Barometer 30.36 inches and steady.

15 August 1871. Latitude 32.16S. Longitude 29.55E. Course S55W. Wind NE by N force 4 to 5 becoming NE force 5 to 6. Under sail. Barometer 30.38 inches and falling. 0015 Proceeded under steam. 0400. Stopped. Guns crews at drill. Wind NNE force 3 to 4. We got the first of the Agulhas current setting WSW 300. [The Agulhas Current is the western boundary current of the South Indian Ocean. It flows down the east coast of Africa from 27°S to 40°S ] Barometer 30.12 inches.

16 August 1871. Latitude 34.9S. Longitude 25.54E. Wind NE force 3 to 4 becoming light and variable. Under sail and stream 1700 anchored off Port Elizabeth. Algoa Bay. Barometer 30.20 inches. Course w by N. 0430 Commenced steaming. Observed a sail west. 0700. Observed land from N by E to west. 0815. Shortened sail and furled square sails. Course NW. 1200 land on starboard bow. Light house bearing N55W 12 nautical miles away but owing to the misty state of the atmosphere and the mirage we could not make out the land until 1515 when the light house was sighted.. About the same time the Island of St Croic and Jahiel were seen on the starboard bow and the houses of Port Elizabeth on the hill. 1700. Came to with sandy bottom in 7 fathoms and veered to 45 fathoms. Mended and furled sails. Anchor bearings. Fort Frederick W ½ S. Beacon Point S12E.

Remarks

During our passage we have had variable currents – not for two days together setting in the same direction except for the last two days when we were in the limits of the Agulhas current within 150 miles of the shore. We passes 2 or 3 sail on the way to the Cape. Numerous birds were generally hovering about the ship; chiefly Cape pigeons and albatross. Owing to the strong mirage on making the Bay were once or twice deceived as the appearance of the land and then we did not see the light until 15 when it bore SW 1/2W at the distance of about 6 nautical miles. The marks for Dispatch or Roman rock are the Red beacons and Light house in one ( Red and white) and two red and white square beacons with balls to the southward of Beacon Point, but on coming in we di not see the inner beacon owing to our looking for it along the shore as shown by the chart. Instead of which it is situated 1200 yards on higher land instead. The Port Elizabeth light is situated on the hill close to Donkin Monument and shows a fixed white light visible 12 nautical miles. From the balcony of the light house. The Time Ball is dropped at 1300 Cape mean Time corresponding to 1 hour 28 minutes mean time at this place. If failing it will be hoisted 8 minutes later. Latitude of lighthouse 33057’ -45S Longitude of lighthouse.250 37’-16E

Up to the 14th they had had a succession of westerly gales and during our stay we had light winds from the southward and eastward with a slight swell.

Coal lighters are large half-decked boats carrying about 12 to 18 tons which are loaded from the shore abreast the store houses and haul off through the surf. The stone breakwater is blocked up with sand and they are now trying to clear it but it is almost useless as the sea washes it in. they were sometime getting coal off owing to the heavy surf. some ws brought down already on the jetty and we received our first coal on the afternoon of the 17th taking in about 60 tons at the high price of £4 per ton.

17 August 1871. Wind WSW force 2 becoming south westerly force 2 PM. Coaling ship.

18 August 18711700 Weighed and left harbour for Simon’s Bay. Wind calm becoming ESE force 4. 1700 Weighed and proceeded out of harbour under steam. Strong breeze from the SE. Found a strong set towards the point. Set Fore and Aft sails. 1915. Shaped course W by s. Set single reefed Fore topsail and Foresail. 2000. Cape Recife NE ½ E. 2030. Lost sight of light NE by E.

19 August 1871. Latitude 34.53S. Longitude 22.54E. Course S71W. Wind NE force 3 becoming NW by W force 6. Under sail and steam. 0200. Altered course to WNW. Barometer falling – 30.00 inches. Wind E by N hauling of to the northward. 0620 Extreme of land NE by E ½ E. Cocks comet NE. 0645. Altered course to NW by W. Jib pendant stranded. Noon. Barometer 29.02 inches. Wind northerly force 3. Cloud bank gathered to the westward and in about half an hour the wind sprang up from the WNW increasing in force. Shortened and furled square sail. Bore up for Mossel Bay N ½ W. 1750. Observed land bearing north. Course NW. 1900. Sounded in 55 Fathoms ( Sand) . wind moderating. Altered course to W by N. 2100. Sounded in 44 fathoms ( find dark sand). 2300 sighted Cape St Blaize orth. Altered course to west . Midnight. Cape Blaize N by E. light airs form northward.

20 August 1871. Latitude 34.53S. Longitude 20.56E. Course West. Wind N by W 3 becoming NW 3. Under sail and steam. Barometer 29.92 inches. Maximum temperature 64F. 0203. Lost sight of Cape Blaize light. Daylight. Observed land from E by N to NW by N. 0645. Course W by N ½ N. a heavy westerly swell. Performed Divine Service. 0650. Sighted Agulhas light NW ½ W. 1000. Light bore N ½ W. Wind north westerly force 3 to 4. Steaming with Fore and Aft sails set.

21 August 1871. Latitude 35.4E. Longitude 19.50E. Course S79W. Wind NW by N force 6 to 8 becoming NW force 4. Barometer 30.19 inches. Maximum temperature 59F. 0300. Agulhas light bore E by N ¾ N. Wind strong from NNW. Barometer 29.86 inches and steady. Wind freshening with heavy sea. 0900. Wore and stood NNE. Wind NW by N force 6 to 8. 1200. Bore up for Strungs Bay. Shaped course ENE. 1230 Sighted land ahead. 1330 Agulhas Light House NE. . the lighthouse is 100 feet high and painted red and white; showing a white light with visibility of 18 nautical miles. Northumberland Point is low and sandy with scattered bushes. The large store house with flagstaff was seen over the point. 1545. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 7 fathoms and veered to 42 fathoms. Down Top gallant masts. At anchor in Strungs Bay. Anchorage bearings Northumberland point S50W. White House S85W. Light airs from the northwards. This bay affords a good anchorage for vessels during westerly gales but to the southward of WSW it is not safe. As few fishermen live here the nearest town with a telegraph office s a t the distance of 30 miles. A boats crew of fishermen came off to the ship and said that they expected a south easterly wind in a short time as it is generally sets in soon after the westerly winds fall light.

22 August 1871. Latitude 34.55S. Longitude 19.45E. Course West 12. Wind north easterly force 3 becoming WNW force 3. Under steam and sail. Barometer 30.20 inches. Cape of Good Hope N62W 71 nautical miles. 0800. Weighed and proceeded under steam. Wind east force 3. 11030 Cape Agulhas light House bore NE by N 5 miles. Shaped curse NW by W. swell from the westward. Noon. Gunners Quoin N ½ W. 1315. Course NW by N. 1600. Danger Point NE by N. 1800. Cape Handklip N ¼ E. Course NNW. Observed Cape Light NNW. 2130. Overserved Roman Rock Light to north. Altered course to north. 2210. In Fore and Aft sails. 2300. Roman Rock Light N ½ W. 2340 Came to with sandy bottom in 10 fathoms and veered to 30 fathoms in Simons Bay. Bearings. Roman rocks light E by S ½ S. found here HM Ships RATTLESNAKE, ICARUS, GLASGOW and SERINGAPATAM.

23 August 1871. Wind NW 3 becoming N force 3. Barometer 29.91 inches. 0620. Up top gallant masts. 0800. Saluted the Broad Pennant of Commodore Commerell with 9 guns. Weighed and shifted berth under steam and took in dockyard. mooring. 1000. Loosed sail. Out boats. 1315. Furled sails. Employed getting up stores for survey. 1630. HMS GLASGOW sailed for Zanzibar and Trincomalee. Anchor bearings. Roman Rock light House S 78E. ; Dockyard flag staff S45W; Peak close to Handklip. S 41.10E .

Remarks
We left Algoa Bay with wind from ESE force 4. On nearing Cape Recife we appeared to be setting towards the reef which was breaking very heavily and certainly worth while giving a good berth as the current generally sets towards the point.

24 August 1871. At moorings in Simon’s Bay. Wind north westerly force 4 becoming west force 3. Employed coaling ship. 1500. Assisted HMS TORCH. . 1630. Received 168 tons of coal.

25 August 1871. Wind north westerly force 2 becoming NNW force 3. Barometer 30.30 inches. Unbent sails. 1650. Exercised at General Quarters.

26 August 1871. Wind NNW force 1 becoming W force 2. Barometer 30.40 inches. Employed cleaning ship

27 August 1871. Wind southerly force 2 becoming SSE force 4. Performed Divine Service.

28 August 1871. Wind SSE force 2. 0800. Fired a gun and hoisted Court Martial Jack. 0930. Court assembled (Captain J.E. Parish President). For the trail of commodore Genest HMS TORCH.

29 August 1871. Wind south easterly force 5. Barometer 30.16 inches. Court assembled. Dockyard and working party ashore

30 August 1871. Wind calm increasing to light airs. Barometer 30.10 inches. Maximum temperature 71 F. Gave general leave to port watch.

31 August 1871. Wind westerly force 2 becoming SW force 2. Court assembled.

Remarks
About 1000 on the 19 August the barometer falling and wind hauling to the northward, there appeared signs of an approaching gale from the northwards and westwards by the cloudy and misty looking bank in that direction; rising fast and about noon it came on greatly. A little rain and wind force 6 to 8; the barometer having fallen gradually from Midnight (30.00 inches) to 27.79 inches at 1400. Altered course to Mossel Bay for about five hours but with the wind falling light we shaped course as before. During the next day the wind was from the N by W force 3 to 4 with the barometer at 29.90 inches with a beautiful clear sky.
On the 21st at about 0100 with Cape Agulhas Light about NE by E the wind again freshened from NNW in heavy squalls and little rain. Wind force 8 to 9. Barometer 29.84 inches.. At about noon the wind still holding good ( force 6 to 9) and making no headway by steaming against a very heavy sea we altered course to ENE for Strings Bay where on anchoring the wind fell light and the barometer began to steady. The next morning the breeze sprang up from the east and shifted to WNW during the afternoon.

Currents – Up to noon of the 19th we has a south westerly current of 30 nautical miles in 17 hours but the next two days an easterly set about 20 miles a day. On leaving Strings Bay no set was noticed… Being a clear night we sighted the Cape and Roman Rock Lights at full their distance and took the inshore passage up to Simons Bay.

Merchantmen occasionally come for water and coal in preference to Table Bay which of course is open to the westward gales occurring at this time of the year.

1 September 1871. Moored off Dockyard, Simon’s Bay. Wind NW force 1 increasing to 2. Barometer 30.22 inches. Maximum temperature 66F. Noon. Court assembled. Employed watering ship. Receiving Carpenter’s stores.

2 September 1871.Wind West force 2 becoming NNW force 4. Court assembled at 0930. Employed cleaning ship. 115. Court dissolved.

3 September 1871. Calm becoming north westerly force 1 to 3. Mustered by Open List. Performed Divine Service.

4 September 1871. Wind north westerly force 4 becoming westerly force 3. Raised screw for inspection. Employed returning sails and drawing Boatswains stores.

5 September 1871. Calm becoming south force 2. Barometer 30.50 inches. Rove new lower rigging lanyards and set up lower rigging.

6 September 1871. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4 becoming calm. Employed returning condemned stores, setting up lower rigging and refitting ship. 1130. HMS ICARUS sailed.. Employed setting up Topmast rigging and rattling down lower rigging.

7 September 1871. Wind south easterly force 4 becoming SSE force 5 to 6. Barometer 30.03 inches. Employed refitting ship.

8 September 1871. Calm all day. Maximum temperature 76F. Dockyard party ashore. Employed as requisite.

9 September 1871. Calm becoming SSE force 2. Employed cleaning ship.

10 September 1871.Wind SSE force 2 becoming calm with broken cloud. Barometer 30.32 inches. Performed Divine service.

11 September 1871. Wind calm becoming south westerly force 1. Dockyard party ashore.

12 September 1871. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 3 to 4. Watch as requisite, repairing sails.

13 September 1871. Calm all day. Barometer 30.16 inches. Swung ship with small kedge anchor for firing at target. Received Engineers and Carpenters stores.

14 September 1871. Wind westerly force 2 becoming SW force 2. 0720 English steamer CAROLINA arrived with Government stores. Sent working party of 30 men in clearing CAROLINA of stores. Employed as most requite.

15 September 1871. Calm all day. Barometer 30.20 inches. Maximum temperature 70F

16 September 1871. Wind south westerly force 2 becoming southerly force 4. Cleaning ship throughout. Party at dockyard storing stores.

17 September 1871. Wind southerly force 6. Barometer 30.39 inches. Maximum temperature 60F. Mustered by the Open List. Strong southerly wind. Down Top gallant masts.

18 September 1871. SSE force 4 becoming light airs. Employed as requisite.. Sailmakers repairing Trysails. Down mizzen Topmast to repair mast head.

19 September 1871. Wind WSW force 2 becoming SW force 2. Barometer 30.10 inches. Sent party to dockyard. Employed as requisite. Up Top gallant masts. Ships company bathed. Exercised at Night Quarters.

20 September 1871. Wind light and variable becoming south westerly force 2 Barometer 30.28 inches. Hauled up launch in dockyard. Bent sails. Employed as requisite.

21 September 1871. Wind south westerly force 1. 1030. Manned and armed boats firing shot, shell, case and rockets at a mark. Making and mending clothes.

22 September 1871. Wind south westerly force 1 to 2 becoming SW force 2. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Sailmakers making launches coverers. Employed picking oakum, pointing ropes as required.

23 September 1871. Wind SE force 2 becoming SW force 4. Employed cleaning sip throughout.

24 September 1871. Wind variable force 2 decreasing to force 1. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Performed Divine Service.

25 September 1871. Wind SE force 2 becoming south westerly force 1 to 2.0630. Lit fires under starboard boiler. 0730. In boom boats. 0815. Slipped moorings steaming as requisite round a target. Exercised at General Quarters firing shot, shell and case at a target. 1040. Took in moorings. 1110. Out pinnace. Employed picking oakum, pointing ropes etc.

26 September 1871.Wind west force 1 to 3 becoming SW force 3 to 4. Working and dockyard party at dockyard. Picking oakum. Condensed and sent ashore spare Topmast. Artificers making good defects.

27 September 1871. Calm becoming NW force 1 to 2. Employed picking oakum for caulking. Carpenters making loer boom Caulkers from dockyard caulking ship.

28 September 1871. Wind northerly force 4. Barometer 30.00 inches. Caulkers from dockyard caulking ship. Employed picking oakum. Carpenters repairing decks

29 September 1871. Wind north force 3 becoming NW force 4. Employed as requisite and scraping ship’s side. Exercised 5 and six firing at a target with 12 pounder howitzer. Sailmakers making waist awning curtains.

30 September 1871. Wind NW force 2 becoming north force 2. Barometer 30.17 inches . maximum temperature 66F. Caulker caking ship. Employed picking oakum. 1400. HMS TORCH sailed for the West Coast. Up screw.

No formal weather reports available for October 1871

1 October 1871. Captain Gordon Douglas superseded Captain Parish. Performed divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel.

2 October 1871. Caulkers caulking ship. Party ashore at dockyard fitting new sails.

3 October 1871. As yesterday.

4 October 1971. Light westerly winds. Caulking ship

5 October 1871. Employed painting ships and as requisite.

6 October 1871. A party returning shakes and drawing Warrant officer’s stores. Received a new Topmast.

7 October 1871. Received sails from dockyard. re provisioning ship

8 October 1871. Performed Divine Service. Strong SSE winds

9 October 1871.Employed drawing provisions and storing holds. Coaling ship.

10 October 1871.Bent Fore and main trysails. Received bread and powder and stored them. BATTLESNAKE shifted berth; she having dragged during the day.

11 October 1871. Light westerly wind with slight rain all day. Discharged kroomen. 1500 Wind shifted suddenly to the southwards. Sunset. Down Top gallant masts.

12 October 1871. Employed as most requisite. Strong SSE winds with steady barometer 930.47 inches). Sunset Braced yards to wind.

13 October 1871. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Employed as most requisite. Wind from SSE.

14 October 1871. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

15 October 1871. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel. Pointed yards to wind.

Remarks – Simons Bay
During our stay we had very fine weather except with the westerly wind. We occasionally had a slight rain. The cloud and mist hanging over Simons Berg but with the south easterly wind which were foretold by the disappearance of Muysenberg and the hills on the eastern shore of the bay, by being covered by cloud with also the rise of the barometer. Having fresh winds for a couple of days and then falling light and probably shifting to west.
From the 10th to the 16th October we were detained by a strong SSE wind force 5 to 6 and squally causing even a sea in the anchorage. Barometer 30.47 inches at the commencement and fil gradually to 30.10 on the 16th. In provisioning and coaling ship the African tug is usually at the disposal of the ship

16 October 1871. Wind fill light. Employed preparing for sea. 1100. Slipped moorings and proceeded under steam out of Simon’s Bay taking the inside passage with Roman Rock Light on with Elsey Peak bearing. Sighted the Bellons breaking heavily. Noon. Beacons in one W ¾ S. Light house S55W. Shaped course south. 1300. Stopped for half an hour owing to hot bearing in the engine room. 1800. Danger Point S63E Cape of Good Hope N5W. Up screw. Altered course to SW by ¼ S. made sail to single reefed Topsails and Top gallant sails.2115Lost sight of Light N by E. Light southerly wind.

17 October 1871. 0700. Wind fell and light airs sprang up from north westward freshening at about noon. Set starboard Topsails and Top gallant stud sails. Midnight. Wind westerly force 3 to 4

18 October 1871. Wind shifted to the south westered with passing showers. Barometer rising slowly. In second reefs of Topsails. One sail in sight. 2100. Wore and stood WSW. Wind shifting top the southward

19 October 1871. Heavy SSE swell. Out reefs. Wind drawing to the eastward. Making and mending clothes.

20 October 1871. Midnight . Breeze sprang up from ENE freshening quickly. Barometer falling. 0200. Reefed Foresail and close reefed Fore and main topsails. Furled Mizzen topsail. 1100. Out second reef of Topsails. 1700. Barometer fallig still and weather looking more settled. Treble reefed Topsails. Reefed Courses. Dow Top gallant yards. Lightening to the north westwards and to the north. Midnight Barometer 29.79 inches.

21 October 1871. 0200. Wind fel almost to a calm and one hours’ time it sprang up from the south westward. Daylight. Sail in sight. Out third and second reefs of Topsails and reefs of Courses. Crossed Top gallant yards and set Top Gallant sails. Heavy easterly swell. Second sail in sight standing eastward. Barometer 29.87 inches. Wind south westerly force 4.

22 October 1871. Daybreak. Two sail in sight. Altered course to SE by E. easterly swell. Wind from westward

23 October 1871. Wind increasing and heavy appearance of the weather. Closed reefed Fore and main Topsails. Down Top gallant yards. On preventers braces and parralls. Employed as requisite. Barometer falling slightly and at 1400 weather moderated to a strong breeze.

24 October 1871. Blowing at times. A fresh gale with squalls of wind. Rain nearly all day. 1500. Reefed Foresails. Barometer 29.76 to 29.82 inches. Sailmakers repairing Mizzen top gallant sail.

25 October 1871. Wind shifted to the SW blowing fresh all day with occasional squalls. Barometer rising. Sailmakers repairing Fore top gallant sails. Watch employed as requisite and picking oakum. 1420 Set and reefed mainsail.

26 October 1871. Out second and third reefs of Topsails. And reefs of Courses. Light south westerly wind. Barometer rising. Sailmakers repairing Fore top gallant sail. 1100. Mustered by the Open list. Numerous birds following the ship. C. Pigeon, Albatross and Petrel. 2000. Braced round to a light breeze from northward.

27 October 1871. Northerly wind all day increasing in force to 8. Barometer falling rapidly. Midnight. barometer 29.62 inches. Temperature 58F.. Course SE by E. 1600. Close reefed and reefed courses. Down Jib and set Fore staysail. 2100. Up mainsail. Altered course to SE by S.

28 October 1871.0400. wind from N by E blowing a full gale and barometer falling rapidly. On preventer braces. Down Top gallant masts. 0700. Altered course to south. Noon. Barometer 28.99. Temperature 55F. 1210. Wind shifted to WNW from northward in a heavy squall. ( Force 10). Braced round to WNW. The shift of wind also affected the temperature of the air so much as to occasion it falling to 44F. . During the early part of the day we had a heavy cross sea making the ship labour very heavily making the Upper deck and even the sides leaking from one end to the other. The barometer immediately began to rise, the wind abating in force, during the evening.

29 October 1871. 0730. Course ESE. 0900. Performed Divine Service. Wind westerly force 3 to 6. 1700. Out fourth and third reefs of Top sails and reef of courses. Barometer rising.

30 October 1871. Wind light and every appearance of fine weather. Out reefs. Up Top gallant masts and crossed them; set their sails. Bent on new set of Topsails and Courses.

31 October 1871. 0600.Wind light from NW and shifted to the northward. A large ship was standing to the SE. All plain sails and Top stud sails. 1700. In first reef of Topsails and in Royals.

1 November1871. Simon’s Bay to Fremantle calling at St Pauls Island. Latitude 40.23S Longitude 61.29E. Course S89E. Wind N by E force 4 becoming NNE force 4. Under sail. Barometer 30.45 inches. Maximum temperature 58F. Fine clear sky. Out reefs. Watch employed as requisite. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. Course E by S ½ S

2 November 1871. Latitude 40.00S. Longitude 64.57E. Course N82E. Wind NNE force becoming N by E force 3. Under sail. Fine weather. Under all plain sail save Mizzen royal. Barometer 30.48 inches which very high to what we had of late. The sea was remarkably smooth for the distance from land.

3 November 1871. Latitude 39.44S. Longitude 68.46E Course N80E. Wind NNE force 3 becoming NNW force 3. Under Sail. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Noon. Course E by S. had Lower and Top gallant stud sails set during the day. 2100. Exercised at night Quarters firing blank.

4 November 1871. Latitude 39.11S. Longitude 71.43E. Course N89E. Wind N force 4 becoming NNW force 3. Under sail. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Making an average of 160 nautical miles per day.

5 November 1871. Latitude 38.42S. Longitude 76.4E. Course N78E. Wind north force 4 becoming NNW force 4. Under sail. Performed Divine Service. Weather as for the 4th. St Pauls Island east 109 nautical miles. In second reefs and top gallant sails. Shortened sail as required for sighting the Island of St paul by daybreak. Bent cables.

6 November 1871. 0630. Anchored off St Pauls Islands – at single anchor. Wind north westerly force 4 becoming NNW force 4. Barometer 30.36 inches. Maximum temperature 59F. 0415. Made sail. 0445. Sighted the island of St Paul bearing SW. Trimmed sails. Shaped course SSW. Shortened sail and came to in 20 fathoms abreast of Crater Lake with broken bottom and veered to 76 fathoms. Anchorage bearings. Ninepin Rock N55W magnetic. Hutchinson’s Point S15W magnetic.
The after part of the wreck of MEGARA is still to be seen right on the bar with the four boilers awash in about 1 to 2 fathoms of water outside but nothing could be seen of the rest of the hull having fallen in to the deep water of the Crater lake on the bar. Ballast cables etc were never seen. The two Frenchmen of the island hoisted French Colours. They say that on the same day the men left in the MEGARA a gale from the SE drove her u further and also parted on the 6 September. Captain and officials landed and found great quantities of stores of all descriptions. Took shore observations for errors of chronometers and found they had kept their old rates from the Cape notwithstanding the cold weather. Lowered the screw.

7 November 1871. Wind north force 5 to 6 becoming south westerly force 3 to 4. Barometer 30.32 inches. 0430. Light fire under port boiler for the purpose of picking up an inshore billet but owing to a fall in the barometer and strong northerly wind we did not weigh. Towards noon the shafted suddenly to the SW with a rapidly rising barometer. Kept anchor watch.

8 November 1871. Wind westerly force 2 becoming southerly force 2. Barometer 30.56 inches. 0600. Weighed and shifted berth under steam. Anchored in 9 fathoms with sandy bottom and veered to two shackles. Out boom boats. Anchorage bearings Ninepin Peak N22W. Hutchinson’s Point S18E. Picket on shore and working party shipping off stores. Employed hoisting in and stowing stores. Midnight Wind light airs. Barometer 30.31 inches.

9 November 1871. Wind NNW force 2 becoming northerly force 3 to 4. Employed as per the 8th. Engineers and stokers clearing away screw from hull. Wind shifted to the northward force 4. Veered cable to three shackles. Lit fires under starboard boiler.

10 November 1871. Wind northerly force 3 becoming north force 3. As the 10th. Dismantling tents. 1900. In boom boats. There appeared to be no fresh water on the island except from the place used by the MEGARA which is on the summit of the hill a short distance from the huts. Fish were caught in great quantities in both anchorages but nothing was to be had from the island in the way of vegetables etc. Kelp grows very quickly within 2 or 3 cables from the shore. The water is very clear and the bottom dark sand. A SW wind seldom happens but when it does it blows very heavily for a day or two, shifting to the NW it will blow with equal force until it settles into fine weather.

11 November 1871. 1515. Left St Pauls Island. Wind north force 2 becoming NE force 2 to 3. Barometer 30.40 inches. Maximum temperature 61F. Under steam. Up Top gallant masts and crossed upper yards. 1515 Weighed and proceeded under steam. 1700. Stopped. Made all plain sail save for Royals, Spanker and Flying jib.. Up screw. Unbent cables and stored anchors. 1930 Last sight of St Pauls Island WNW. Course ESE. Wind NE.

12 November 1871. Latitude 38.57S. Longitude 79.35E. Course S80E. Wind NE force 3. Under sail. Performed Divine Service

13 November 1871. Latitude 39.22S. Longitude 82.33E. Course S80E. Wind NE force 3. Under sail. Fine weather and very smooth seas. All plain sail.

14 November 1871. Latitude 39.19S. Longitude 85.16E. Course N88E. Wind NE force 2 to 3 becoming NNE force 2. Under sail. Barometer 30.34 inches. Settled weather. Plain sail and Topmast Stud sails.

15 November 1871. Latitude 39.9S. Longitude 87.24E. course N84E. Wind NNE force 3 becoming SE force 4. Under sail. Barometer 30.20 inches. As for the 14th and Top gallant stud sails until 1400 when we were taken aback with the wind from S by W with rain. Braced round. Barometer had been falling slowly since noon of the 14th and was now 30.13. double reefed Top sails and reefed Courses. In Mizzen topsail. Force of wind 4

16 November 1871. Latitude 38.31S. Longitude 90.8E. Course N70E. Wind southerly force 5 becoming SSE force 3. Under sail. 0100 Wind increased to force 6 to 7 . Barometer falling steadily. Close reefed Top sails. 0730. Out second reefs. 1700. Reefed Course. Barometer 29.90 inches. Swell from SW and after 2000 the wind fell light from SW.

17 November 1871. Latitude 37.46S. Longitude 91.31E. Course N59E. Wind WSW force 2 becoming SW force 4. Under sail. Barometer steady at 30.05 inches. Daylight. Out reefs. Plain sail save for Mizzen royal and Topmast stud sails. 1700 In first reefs.
18 November 1871. Latitude 37.15S. Longitude 94.45E. Course N79E. Wind south westerly force 3 becoming WNW force 3.Under sail. Fine clear weather. Plain sail and top gallant stud sails. 1400.Wind shifted to the northwards. Barometer falling from 30.04 inches at 0800.

19 November 1871. Latitude 36.57S. Longitude 98.5E. Course N83E. Wind WSW force 4 becoming W by N force 3. Barometer 29.89 inches. Maximum temperature 56F.Under sail. 0100 wind shifted from the WNW to WSW. Daybreak . One sail in sight. Performed Divine Service. Plain sail save mizzen Royal and Spanker. 1700 in second reef of Top sails. In Royals and mizzen top gallant sails. A great number of birds were seen today; chiefly the Swallow. Midnight. Wind WNW. Barometer 29.84 inches and falling. A SW swell.

20 November 1871. Latitude 36.50S. Longitude 101.43E. Course N88E. Wind north westerly force 4 becoming NNW force 5. Under sail. Barometer 29.77 inches. Wind shifting to the northward. The weather very threatening in appearance.. 1700. Close reefed Fore and Main topsails. Reefed Courses. Barometer falling. 2000. Barometer 29.61 and rising

21 November 1871. Latitude 36.23S. Longitude 104.44E. Course N79E. Wind westerly force 2 to 4 becoming W by N force 4. Under sail. Barometer rising. Course east. 0300. Weather improving. Out reefs and made sail to Top gallant sails. Noon. Altered course to E ½ N. Strong westerly winds. Ship making good speed.

22 November 1871. Latitude 35.29S. Longitude 108.17E. Course N73E. Wind west force 5 becoming WNW force 5. Under sail. Wind steady. Rottnest Island Light House N61E 41S. Midnight. Barometer 29.93 inches.

23 November 1871. Latitude 34.21S. Longitude 112.4E. Course N70E. wind NW by W force 6 becoming W by S force 5. Under sail. Strong westerly wind. Barometer falling. 0800. 29.84 inches; from then rose steadily.

24 November 1871. Latitude 32.30S. Longitude 114.54E. Course N52E. wind SW by W force 6 becoming south westerly force 5. Under sail. Maximum temperature 62F. 0235. Lowered Top gallant sails to a squall from WSW to WNW. Strong SW wind. Squally weather and showery. Noon Course NE by E. 1600. Observed land NE by E. 1630 light House Rottnest Island ENE. 1800. Duck Rock S82E. pilot met us halfway but did not take him onboard . 1950. Came to in Gage Road in 5 ½ fathoms with sandy bottom and veered to 6 shackles. Anchorage bearings. Arthurs Head Light House S30E. Menstan (?) Rock S69W.

Remarks

We have made a tolerable quick passage having 40 days including 5 at anchor of St Pauls and if it had not been for us calling there we should most probably have done it in 30 days as the wind were stronger to the south in latitude 40 and 39. For in general in edging up for St Pauls the wind fell lighter. On leaving the Cape we had easterly winds with overcast cloudy squally weather until the 5th day from port when we fell in with the westerly winds in latitude 41S. Longitude 25.41 E with a long heavy swell. On leaving St Pauls we has north easterly breezes for 3 or 4 days and stood south to latitude 39.20S. Longitude 87.24E where the wind came from SE and southward gradually hauling round to the westward by which we reached Fremantle, the wind shifting to the south westward within 100 nautical miles from the land where we met with a heavy swell. Then we experienced the whole breeze. Currents have very irregular with the exception of 3 days easterly set after leaving St Pauls of about 12 miles a day.

25 November 1871. At single anchor in Gage Roads. Wind west force 4 becoming westerly force 4. Barometer 30.16 inches. Cleaning ship. 1345. Cargo boat came for MARARA’s stores. Sent Upper Deck cargo ashore.

26 November 1871. Wind West force 2. Barometer 30.07 inches. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel.

27 November 1871. Wind WSW force 2 becoming south westerly force 2. Barometer 30.21 inches. Employed setting up fore rigging, rattling down lower Topmast rigging. Hauled up first cutter on boathouse slip at pier 9South)

28 November 1871. Wind East force 2 becoming SSW force 2. Maximum temperature 75F. Employed blacking down and refitting as requisite. 1400. Gig capsized whilst going ashore under sail and gybing. Picked up men and boat.

29 November 1871.Wind WSW force 1 becoming NE force 2 and then Westerly force 1. Cleaning ship. Out boom boats

30 November 1871. Wind WNW force to becoming westerly force 2 then SSW force 3. Barometer 30.18 inches. Sent launch ashore to water from watering jetty.

1 December 1871. Wind SW force 2 becoming south westerly force 2. Maximum temperature 72F. Exercised at General Quarters. Hauled pinnace up on boat slip for refit.

2 December 1871. Wind NW 2 becoming SSW force 4. Received 6 tons of water. Cleaning ship.

3 December 1871. Wind NW 2 becoming SSW force 4. Barometer 30.16 inches. Performed Divine Service.

4 December 1871. Wind southerly force 2 becoming SSW force 4. Barometer 30.26 inches. Crossed upper yards and loosed sails to dry.

5 December 1871. Wind light and variable becoming SSW force 2. As most requisite

6 December 1871. 1700. Fremantle to Georgraphe Bay. Latitude 33.22S. Longitude 115E. Wind south force 1 becoming SW force 3. Under steam. Barometer 29.98 inches. The water from shore not being good commenced condensing.. Employed preparing for sea. 1730. Weighed and proceeded under steam through southern passage. 2000. Rottnest Light N ½ W. 0830 Shaped course SW ½ W.

7 December 1871. Course S20W. Single anchor off Busselton. Wind south westerly force 3 becoming SSW force 2. 0900 Exercised at General Quarters. Sounded in 30 fathoms (Sand). 1320. Altered course to SE Set Fore and Aft sails. 1420. Course ESE. 1515. Stopped and came to with broken bottom in 5 fathoms off Busselton Veered to 3 shackles. Anchorage bearings. Cape Naturalist N 67 W. Bean at Brusselton S12E

8 December 1871. 2000. Geographe Bay to Fremantle. Wind SW force 1 increasing to 2. Barometer 30.14 inches.

Remarks

Found on sounding towards the shore that the water shoaled very gradually and that we might have anchored about a mile off. The mark is very conspicuous as it shows against the trees and is situated a few yards to the left of the pier. The timber station situated to the west of Brusselton could not be made out on our coming in as it is situated quiet in the Bight of the Bay and would, I think, only be seen by vessels coming in round Cape Naturalist. To the eastward of our anchorage was another timber station and pier about 3 miles from Brusselton – off which the barque BRIDGETOWN was at anchor. Our observations were correct by the chart but the position of Cape naturalist appeared to be 2 miles to the southward of its position as shown. On our way back to Fremantle we caught a glimpse of the Bunbay Fixed light at the distance of about 15 nautical miles.

Exercised firing at target. 1755. Weighed and picked up target. 1915. Governor Wild of Western Australia came onboard. Saluted him with 17 guns. 1930 Proceeded. Shaped course N by E. Set Topsails. Top gallant sails and Froe sail. 2330. Sounded in 20 fathoms – sand. Stopped.

9 December 1871. Single anchor in Georg Roads. Wind S force 2 becoming SSW force 3. Strong southerly wind. Daybreak. Land on starboard bow. 0520. Proceeded under steam. Wind falling light to the eastward. 0620. Sighted Rottnest Light House N by E, 0800. Passed through South passage. 100. Stopped and came to in 5 fathoms with broken bottom and veered to 36 fathoms. Manned yards on Governor Wild leaving the ship. Anchorage bearings Arthurs Head Light House N 62E. Strugglers Rocks N 87 W.

10 December 1871. Wind SW force 3 to 4 becoming SSW force 4. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to chapel.

11 December 1871. Wind south force 3 becoming SSW force 4 and SSE force 3 later. Barometer 30.24 inches. Exercised at making and shortening sails. Shifting Topsails and Courses.

12 December 1871. Light and variable airs becoming southerly force 2. Employed as most requisite

13 December 1871. Wind ENE 3 becoming SSW force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.14 inches. Maximum temperature 75F. Employed as most requisite.

14 December 1871. Calm becoming SW force 3. Barometer 30.02. 0615. P & O Mail steamer NUBIA arrived from Galle for coal.. Boats away firing at targets. 2320. SS NUBIA sailed having coaled.

15 December 1871. Wind south westerly 3 to 4. Barometer rising. Party firing at target. Employed as most requisite

16 December 1871. Wind SW force 3 becoming SSW force 2. Maximum temperature 69F. cleaning ship

17 December 1871. Wind SSW force2 becoming south westerly force 3. Barometer 30.15 inches. Sent roman Catholics to chapel. Performed Divine Service

18 December 1871. 1900. Freemantle to Nickol Bay Western Australia. Latitude 30.11S. Longitude 114.31. Course N27W. Wind SW force 3 becoming SSW force 4. Under Sail. Barometer falling. Preparing for sea. In boom boats. 1330. Up screw. 1740. His Excellency Governor Weld came onboard. Saluted him with 17 guns. 1900. Weighed and proceeded out of Gage Roads under sail. 2000. Rottnest Light house SW. Shaped course NNW. Sounded in 23 fathoms ( Coral). Wind SW by S force 4.

19 December 1871. Latitude 30.11S. Longitude 114.31E. Course N27W Wind SSW force 3 becoming south force 4. Under sail. Daybreak. Land on starboard beam. A long heavy swell from southward. Set Port stud sails. 0210. Sounded in 32 fathoms. Altered course to N ½ W. 0634. Latitude by Mir Alt of moon. 29.15S. Sounded in 30 fathoms ( grey sand) Steering to pas to eastward one mile of reef at the entrance to channel . 0900. Sounded in 36 Fathoms ( Grey sand). 1000. Altered course to NNW.

20 December 1871. Latitude 27.6S. Longitude 113.27E. Course N19W. Wind S by E force 5 becoming south force 6. Under sail. Daybreak. Observed land along starboard beam. Sounded in 20 fathoms ( White sand) 0900 Exercised at General Quarters. Sounded in 24 fathoms. Employed as requisite. 2200. Altered course to N by E. Wind south

21 December 1871. Latitude 23.15S. Longitude 112.47E. Course N9W. Wind south force 6 becoming south westerly force 6. Under sail. Barometer 29.98 inches. Fine clear weather

22 December 1871. Latitude 20.29S. Longitude 114.51E. Course N34E. Wind S by E force 4 becoming east force 1.Under sail. Maximum temperature 84F. 1410. Light wind . Proceeded ahead under steam. Surveying cables and re-storing them. 1655. Sounded in 30 fathoms. 1700 Passed over the position of Ritchies Reef as shown in Admiralty charts 1055 Australia west coast sheet 7. Latitude 20.17S. Longitude 115.7E and sounded in 44 fathom (Fine white sand.) 1740. Altered course to eastward to sight reef as placed by Captain Stokes 16 miles eastward. 1850 Sounded in 32 fathoms. 2000. Altered course to north. Sounded in 25 fathoms. 2005. Sounded in 18 fathom – hand lead 13 fathoms. 2010. Altered course to SW. Sounded in 27 fathoms. 2325. Altered course to north

23 December 1871. Latitude 20.2S. Longitude 115.48E. Course N63E. Light and variable airs from the east. Under steam. 0400. Altered course to east. Sounded in 44 to 50 fathoms during middle watch. Noon. Course E by S. made plain sail save for Spanker. Stopped steaming. 1800 Wind fill light. Proceeded under steam. Sounded every hour. 33, 30, 29, 28. Coral sand and shingle. Course E by S.

24 December 1871. 0330 Observed Legendre Island two points before starboard beam. 0510. Altered course to E by S. 0800. Byout S6E. North Point of Delambre Island S85W. 1050. Came to in 5 ½ fathoms with broken bottom, sand and shingle. Veered to 3 shackles. At single anchor in Tien-Tsin Harbour Cape Lambert. Visit to Tien Tsin Harbour, Australia with Governor Sir Fredrick Weld. Town was then renamed “COSSACK” (See later article on town of Cossack) Wind SE force 2 becoming NW force 2. Barometer rose from 29.85 inches to 29.92 inches. Maximum temperature 87F.

Cossack ( Previously known as Tien-Tsin)

25 December 1871. Wind SW force 1 becoming NW force 3. Performed Divine Service.

26 December 1871. Wind west force 2 becoming WNW force 2.landed on Cape Lambest and found position to agree with chart. It is very low and flat point ending in cliff down to the shore. Water shoaled very gradually towards the point and found there was a deep bay about a mile wide west of the Cape with a dangerous reef of rocks running out and not marked on the chart. No vessels save coasters visit this place and they are all small vessels who go up the mouth of the river which is beaconed off and accessible over the bar at high water.

27 December 1871. Wind west force 2 becoming WNW force 3. Employed as requisite

28 December 1871. Weighed anchor. Under sail for target practice. Wind NW force 2 becoming WNW force 2 with broken cloud. Maximum temperature 88F. 100. Weighed and proceeded out for target practice. 1600. Came to in 4 ¾ fathoms with broken bottom and veered to 3 shackles. Anchorage bearings Jarman Island S5W. Picard Island S37E.

29 December 1871. Wind WSW force 2 becoming WNW force 2 and later NW force 4. P[arty firing at target.

30 December 1871. Wind SSE force 1 becoming NE to NW force 4. Preparing for sea. Wind shifting to NE. 2000. Heavy thunder storm. Wind NE to NW. down Top gallant masts and pointed yards to wind. Barometer fell slightly.

31 December 1871. Wind east to ESE force 2 becoming North to west force 3. Performed Divine Service. 1800. Light and variable airs with rain, thunder and lightning. Barometer steady. Prevailing wind NW during our stay.

1 January 1872. At anchor in Tien Tsin Harbour. Wind easterly force 2 becoming north easterly force 2. Barometer 29.72 inches to 29.80 inches. Maximum temperature 84F. 0100. Heavy squall from the eastward with vivid lightning and thunder. Prepared for sea but owing to the north easterly winds and unsettled appearance of the weather did not weigh.

2 January 1872. Wind north easterly force 3. Wind still from NE. Gave up the idea of going to Turtle island. Prepared for sea. The prevailing wind appears to be from NW with fine weather, but strong easterly gales happen here about at about this season and this time last year the place was visited by a tremendous hurricane from the eastward which swept away everything moveable before it – even lifting the roofs of houses at Roeburn. The height of rise of tide is given as 18 feet but I should think it was considerable more at spring tides by the way the reefs were left dry at low water.
The pearl grounds are situated of Condon Creek a few miles from Breaker Inlet and 22 from North Turtle Island where we were to have anchored and then sent a boat in through the banks which no boat should attempt without a pilot or person acquainted with the place as the rise and fall is said to be 24 feet. 1230. Weighed under steam and proceeded to the north westward. Light NE wind. 1600. Begout Island – south. North Point Delambri – west. 1700. Made sail to Top gallants. Stopped steaming. Raised screw. 1830 sounded in 26 fathoms – course shingle and sand. 2130 . sounded in 26 fathoms – grey sand. Both Begout and Delambri islands are low and quite bare. The north end of Delambri forms a smaller cliff with a sandy shore. Flat Rock situated to the NNE of Picard Island is well worthy of the name it has and is easily seen against the low land to the eastward.

3 January 1872. Latitude 20.12S. Longitude 115.35E. Course N87W. Wind NE force 2 becoming light and variable. Under both steam and sail. Maximum temperature 89F. 0030. Sounded in 27 fathoms ( Sand and shingle) Light northerly wind. Sounded at 0130, 0230, 0330. In 26 fathoms. ( Sand and shingle) 0615. Commenced steaming. Light north easterly wind. 0900. Observed land on port bow WSW which were the Monte Bello Islands and by the chart Ne 1055 Sheet 7 NWC distant about 30 miles and by Stokes position of the islands about 15 miles. The latter certainly appears correct as it is very improbable we should have seen them at a greater distance. Noon. Assumed position of Ritchies Reef S86W 14 miles ( latitude 20.15S.Longitude 115.22E) North point of Trimouille S12W. ritchies Reef latitude 20.16S. longitude 1150 22’ 30”E. 1230. Sighted Ritchies Reef breaking heavily WSW. [Tryal Rocks, sometimes spelled Trial Rocks or Tryall Rocks, formerly known as Ritchie’s Reef or the Greyhound’s Shoal, is a reef of rock located in the Indian Ocean off the northwest coast of Australia, ] Bearings – hill Trimouille S11E. North extreme of land S5E. alatered course west. 1300 Hill Trimouille S30E. Sounde 24 fathoms ( sand, shingle). North breakers of reef S24W.1330. Sounded in 20 fathoms ( coral, shingle) North breakers 1350. South breakers. Hill Trimouille S52E. 1430. Reef bore S86E. Longitude by chart 115010’ 30”. Altered course to SW ½ W. 1445. Lost sight of Richies Reef. The reef, although known by the coasters and others to out of its position, there has never been a chance of verifying the position as given by Captain King in the Admiralty Charts and Directions; although a small note ( Volume 3 W.A. Directory- page 164) infers that Captain Stokes a few years later placed the above reef and Monte Bello 16 mile to the eastward and whose positions have now been found correct as regards the reef and islands and placed by Navy Lieutenant E.O Hallett as Latitude 20.16S. Longitude 1150 22’ 30”. Bearing from hill of Trimouille Island N52W 14 miles. Our position on the night of 22 December 1971 on shoaling suddenly from 26 to 13 fathoms must have placed us within a short distance of the Ritchie Reef. For this day the least we was 24 fathoms ( coral, shingle). From the masthead the reef’s appeared in two parts breaking heavily but nothing dry. 1620. Sounded in 40 fathoms ( grey sand). Longitude 115.14E. 1840. Sounded in 40 fathoms (rock). Lightning to south and east. Swell from south westward. 2100 exercised at Night Quarters.2315. Shortened and furled sails. Wind light from SW.

4 January 1872. Latitude 21.36S. Longitude 113.28E. Course S55W. wind southerly force 2 becoming south westerly force 2 Under steam. During forenoon wind light from SSE. Noon . A light breeze sprung up from SW. Stopped steaming. Braced up on port tack. Expectig to meet SE trade winds at 100 miles from land which at this time of year the trades should be more to the eastward – that is ESE to ENE which would allow us to lay south and then make the with the SW winds.

5 January 1871. Latitude 21.16S. Longitude 111.50E. Course N77W. Wind south westerly force to increasing to 4. Under Sail. Steady sw westerly winds. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed as most requisite. Unbent cables and stowed anchors.

6 January 1871. Latitude 20.00S. longitude 109.57E. Course N59W. Wind south westerly force 4 decreasing to force 3. Under sail. Employed cleaning ship throughout. Reef of Topsail.

7 January 1872. Latitude 18.37S. Longitude107.14E. Course N58W. Wind SW force 4 becoming WSW force 4. Under sail. Steady south westerly winds. Performed Divine Service

8 January 1872. Latitude 19.54S. Longitude 107.50E. Course S24E. Wind SW by W force 3 becoming south westerly force 3. Under sail. 0600Out reefs. Employed getting Warrant officers stores ready for survey. Sailmakers repairing boats sails. Swell from southward. Second company of small arms men at rifle drill.1700. Wore ship. Wind shifted to SSW and consequently broke off to SE. Winds shifted to WSW but did not remain in that direction. Took 900 southward when it again shifted to the southward.

9 January 1872. Latitude 19.56S. Longitude 106.42E. Course N88W. Wind SSW force 2 becoming SSE force 4. Under sail. Barometer 29.92 inches. Maximum temperature 76F. Surveying Warrant Officer’s Stores. Noon. Wind drew round to SSE force 4/5 which was the trade wind blowing well from the southward. Barometer steady at 2980 inches.

10 January 1872. Latitude 21.19S. Longitude 105.00E. Course S49W. Wind south easterly force 3 becoming SSE force 4. Under sail. Weather fine. Wind shifted two or three times to SE during the day but back again to its old point.

11 January 1872. Latitude 22.16S. Longitude 103.18E. Course S59W. Wind SSE force 4 decreasing later to 3. Under sail. Barometer 29.99 inches. Heavy swell.

12 January 1872. Latitude 23.3S. Longitude 101.44E. Course S62W. Wind SSE force 3 increasing to 4 later. Under sail. Exercised at General Quarters. Employed surveying clothing and sails.

13 January 1872. Latitude 24.1S. Longitude 99.39E. Course S63W. Wind SSE force 4. Under sail. Maximum temperature 71F. Noon. Shift of wind to southward. Tacked but three hours after wore ship. Wind again shifting to SSE. Barometer rising 29.95 inches. Wind coming in squalls with passing showers.

14 January 1872. Latitude 25.19S. Longitude 98.10E. Course S46W. Wind SSE force 4 increasing to 5 and 6. Under sail. Barometer 30.12 inches. 1000. Lanyards of both of windward fore Topmast backstays carried away. In Fore topsails and Top gallant sail, head sails and Spanker. Rove new lanyards. Fore and maintop gallant sheets carried away. Spliced sheets. Picket sail forward and Forward and Main to gallant sails. 2100. Main Top gallant yard carried away in lee quarter through hoisting to taut up. Split Top gallant sail. Sent down sail and yard. Fitted spare yard. Barometer 30.12 inches.

15 January 1872. Latitude 27.15S. Longitude 96.12E. Course S42W. Wind SE force 5 becoming SE by E force 5. Under sail. Barometer 30.30 inches at midnight.. 0600. Crossed main and Top gallant yards. Wind steady at SE and SE by S.Squally.

16 January 1872. Latitude 29.25S. Longitude 94.23E. Course S36W. Wind SE force 4 increasing to 5. Under sail. Barometer 30.37 inches at noon. Employed fitting spare Top gallant yard

17 January 1872. Latitude 31.10S. Longitude 93.4E. Course S33W. Wind SSE force 2 becoming 3.Under sail. Barometer 30.41 inches. Maximum temperature 65F. Heavy swell from SSW but no sign of the westerly wind although supposed to be out of the limits of the SE trades and barometer being so high as to almost expect a change. Sailmakers repairing Top gallant sails.

18 January 1872. Latitude 32.23S. Longitude 91.29E. Course S48W. Wind southerly force 2 becoming SSW force 2 . Under sail. Barometer slowly falling 30.32 inches.. Maximum temperature 68F. Under all plain sail. Wind light and shifted to south and SSW during the forenoon. Tacked and stood to the eastward and being moved at the distance of 1220 miles west of Ratnest Light. Shaped course to ESE.

19 January 1872. Latitude 32.32S. Longitude 93.40E. Course S85E. Wind south westerly force 2 becoming SSW force 4. Under sail. Exercised at General Quarters. Light rain and squally. Starboard topmast and Top gallant stud sails

20 January 1872. Latitude 32.14S. Longitude 96.37E. Course N83E. Wind southerly force 4 becoming SSE force 4. Under sail. 0100. In first reef of Fore and main topsails. Braced forward. Wind shifting again to the eastward. Steering to the southward as the wind will allow of us laying.

21 January 1872. Latitude 32.47S. Longitude 97.4E. Course S34E. Wind SE by E force 3 becoming SE force 1. Under sail. Barometer 30.42 inches. Swell from SW. 1700 Shortened and furled sails. Down screw and proceeded under steam.

22 January 1872. Latitude 33.40S. Longitude 97.47E. Course S34E. Wind south force 1 to 2 becoming SW by S force 3. Under steam and sail. 0900. Made all plain sail to light breeze from SW. set starboard Stud sails.1815. stopped. Raised screw. 2230. In stud sails.

23 January 1872. Latitude 33.41S. Longitude 100.49E. Course East. Wind southerly force 3 to 4 becoming SSE force 3. Under sail. Maximum temperature 63F. 1330. Braced forward wind having shifted suddenly to south from SW by S. still a heavy south westerly swell.

24 January 1872. Latitude 33.13S. longitude 102.58E. Course N75E. Wind SE force 3 becoming S by E force 3. Cloudy. Under steam and sail. Barometer 30.30 inches Maximum temperature 63F.Wind light from SE. 0630. Got steam up. Shortened and furled sails. Proceeded under steam with fore and aft sails. Heavy swell from SW. 1700 Light wind from southward. Made sail to Top gallant sails. Birds were seen.

25 January 1872. Latitude 33.8S. Longitude 105.48E. Course N88E. wind S by E force 4. Under steam and sail. About noon wind freshened. Stopped steaming. Weather cloudy, squally and very damp. Barometer very steady.

26 January 1872. Latitude 32.32S. Longitude 108.6E. Course N72E. Wind SE by S force 3 to 4 becoming SSE force 4. Under steam and sail. Daybreak. Wind fresh and inclined to draw to the eastward.0900. Commenced steaming as breeze fell light from SE. Wishing to keep to the southward of Fremantle and Beaver Reef. Heavy swell from SW and a strong westerly current which I dare say was caused by its setting round the Cape Leeuwin to the westward.

27 January 1872. Latitude 32.7S. Longitude 110.29E. Course N78E. Wind SSE force 3 to 4 becoming south force 4. Under steam. 0600. Passed English brig ELIZA BLANCHE standing SW. She was the only vessel we saw on this trip and she arrived at Fremantle 3 or 4 days after us. Steaming all day. Steering ESE with all plain sail.

28 January 1872. Latitude 32.26S. Longitude 113.18E. Course S82E. Wind south force 4 increasing to 5. Under steam and sail. Barometer 29.95 inches. Steady southerly wind. 1600. Wind freshened so much that we stopped steaming and proceeded under plain sail save Royals and going 10 knots. Kept a sharp lookout for Rattnest Light during the first watch but it was not sighted. Course since 200 E by N

29 January 1872. At single anchor. Gage Roads. Western Australia. Wind south force 1 to 2 becoming SSW 3 to 4. Maximum temperature 77F. 0230. Sighted Rattnest Light NE about 3 miles. Immediately altered course to NW as we were ought to have seen it at the distance of 15 to 20 miles being a fine and clear night. Shortly afterwards it was observed that the light was totally eclipsed for about 4 or 5 minutes which showed the machinery was rather out of order. (From enquiries made later it was proved to be the case and steps taken to repair it.) 0300. Down screw and commenced steaming.. 0600. Rattnest Light W ½ N Stragglers S ½ W. Stopped and came to with sandy bottom in 5 fathoms and veered to 42 fathoms. Anchorage bearings. Light House S88E Menstone S70W. 100. His Excellency Governor Wild landed. Unfurled mainsail, out boats. Down main yard for survey which was found rotten in starboard quarter which appeared to have been occasioned from old sore having been putted up and the water having found its way in had rotted the inside for about 15 feet. It was also sprung just outside the boxing on the starboard quarter and therefore the starboard yardarm was cut off. The schooner WATER LILY arrived 3 or four days before us having left the day after from Tien Tsin ( Cossack). She appears to kept in the shore taking advantage of the land breezes which are during this month well from the eastward. She reported that there had been a heavy easterly gale almost appearing as a hurricane the day after we left harbour.

30 January 1972. Wind south force 2 to 3 becoming SSW force 4. Repairing main yards, refitting Top gallant and Royal rigging and as requisite

31 January 1872. Wind ESE force 2 becoming SW force 3. Barometer 30.07. maximum temperature 74F. Repairing main yards, refitting Top gallant and Royal rigging and as requisite

1 February 1872. At single anchor in Gage Roads. Wind easterly force 2 becoming SW force 2. Barometer 30.02 inches. Up to the 5 February employed about Main yards, repairing Topsails and Courses.

2 February 1872. Wind east force 3 to 4 becoming SSW force 3 to 4 with broken cloud.

3 February 1872. Wind east force 1 to 2 becoming SSW force 2 to 3. Maximum temperature 76F.

4 February 1872. Wind easterly force 2 to 3 becoming S by W force 3. Maximum temperature 80F

5 February 1872. Wind easterly force 2 becoming SSW force 2. Barometer 30.08 inches. Coaled ship from coal lighter – 75 tons.

6 February 1872. Wind easterly force 2 to 3. Becoming S by W force 2. 6th to 11. About main yard, gave General Leave and received MERAIR’s stores from the Control Stores, Fremantle. Main yard was repaired with a spar ( Yellow pine from shore) scarped to the other part of the yard. Half dozen bolts driven through, our own four iron fishes ( Long metal pieces convex on one side and concave on the other which are bound round the yard to strengthen it) were used. The yards were ready on the 11th for service.

7 February 1872. Wind easterly force 4 becoming light and variable later. Maximum temperature 82F.

8 February 1872. Wind easterly force 3 to 4. Becoming south westerly force 2.

9 February 1872. Wind ENE force 3 to 4 decreasing to force 1 to 2. Maximum temperature 90F.

10 February 1872. Wind easterly force 1 becoming light and variable from the SE and ESE. Barometer 29.93 inches. Maximum temperature 75F.

Remarks

During our stay this time we had fine weather with strong land and sea breezes with the exception of the last two or three days when we had a shift of wind from the NW bringing rain and the barometer falling slightly until the wind set in from SW again with the usual fine weather. Salt meat etc were purchased here for the Ship’s company.

11 February 1872. Wind variable force 2 becoming NW by N force 3.Empoyed preparing and securing cargo for sea.

12 February 1872. Wind north easterly force 2 becoming south westerly force 2. Barometer 30.06 inches.

13 February 1872. 1900 weighed and proceeded out of Gage Roads. Wind south easterly force 1 becoming south force 3. 1800. Weighed under sail and proceeded out of Gage Road to north of Rattnest Island. 2200. Rattnest Light SW ½ W. Arthur Head Light SE. altered course west. Wind SE by S force 2 or 3. Midnight. Rattnest Light SE ½ E. altered course to SW by S.

14 February 1872. Latitude 33.00S. Longitude 114.29E. Course S30W. Wind SE by E force 3 becoming SSE force 4. Under sail. Course SSW. Strong current setting westward.

15 February 1872. Latitude 34.7S. Longitude 113.11E. Course S47W. Under sail. Wind sifted to S by E. exchanged Colours with an English ship standing NW. Cape Leeuwin bore east 100 nautical miles

16 February 1872. Latitude 35.37S. Longitude 110.52E. Course S52W. Wind SSE force 4. Under sail. Barometer 30.31 inches. Maximum temperature 66F. Northerly current.

17 February 1872. Latitude 36.50S. Longitude 109.16E. Course S47W. Wind south force 2 to 3 becoming SSW force 3.Under sail. 1000. Wind hauled round to SSW, went about and stood SE by E. We had stood as far as 109E and latitude 37S before picking up the westerly wind.

18 February 1872. Latitude 37.12S. Longitude 110.38E. Course S71E. Wind SSW force 2 becoming WSW force 2. Under sail. Barometer 30.13 inches. Heavy south westerly swell.

19 February 1872. Latitude 38.5S. Longitude 113.2E. Course S65E. Wind SSW force 4 becoming southerly force 3.Under sail. Barometer rising 30.32 inches. Employed as most requisite and repairing sails. Wind hauled to the SSE.

20 February 1872. Latitude 37.54S. Longitude 114.13E. Course N79E. Wind light airs from SE becoming variable. . Under sail. Barometer 30.38 inches. Heavy swell from westward.

21 February 1872. Latitude 37.51S. Longitude 114.36E. Course N79E. Wind light easterly airs becoming ENE force 1. Under sail. Barometer falling – midnight 29.96 inches. SW swell.

22 February 1872. Latitude 38.8S. Longitude 115.26E. Course S66E. Wind light and variable becoming SW force5. Under sail. Barometer 29.87 inches dropping to 29.78 inches. Maximum temperature 66F. south Cape Tasmania S77E 1549 nautical miles. Light airs fro NE during the forenoon. Shifted to north westward gradually hauling round to SW force 6 to 7. Squally and passing showers.

23 February 1872. Latitude 39.32S. Longitude 118.35E. Course S60E. Wind SW 6 decreasing to 4 later. Under sail. Maximum temperature 57F. Breeze steady. Employed as most requisite.

24 February 1872. Latitude 40.30S. Longitude 121.44E. Course S68E. Wind SW force 3 to 4 becoming westerly force 3.Under sail. Barometer 30.27 inches. Heavy westerly swell

25 February 1872. Latitude 41.17S. Longitude 124.7E. Course S67E. Wind NW by W force 3 becoming NW force 2 to 3.Under sail.2000. Observed a very brilliant meteor.

26 February 1872. Latitude 42.9S. Longitude 126.14E. Course S61E. Wind northerly force 5 becoming NNE force 4.. Barometer 30.44 inches. It was most remarkable the smoothness of the sea with the fresh breeze from the north eastward. The ship even going 9 knots.

27 February 1872. Latitude 43.39S. Longitude 130.12E. Course S65E. Wind NNE force 4 becoming NE by N force 4 to 5.Under plain sail. Cloudy and misty weather..

28 February 1872. Latitude 44.5S. Longitude 134.38E. Course S79E. Wind north force 6 becoming NW force 3 Under all plain sail and port stud sails. Cloudy and misty weather. Exceedingly heavy dews at night.

29 February 1872. Latitude 44.11S. Longitude 137.32E. Course S87E. Wind NW 3. Under sail. Barometer 30.30inches. maximum temperature 58F. South Cape Tasmania N86E 421 nautical miles. Noon. Altered course to E by N.

1 March 1872. Latitude 44.00S. Longitude 13950E. Course N83E. Wind north force 2 becoming 3 to 4. Under sail. Began to feel the south westerly swell. Weather misty and cloudy with heavy dews at night.

2 March 1872. Latitude 43.45S. Longitude 143.38E. Course N85E. wind north force 4 becoming NNW force 4. Under plain sail. Very thick fog which prevents getting sights for the latitude or longitude and did not clear away until about 1400. This enabled sights for latitude and longitude to be taken. These almost agreed with the dead reckoning. Noon. Altered course to east.1530. Sights showed a westerly drift of about 10 miles. Strong breeze from NNW clearing fog. Barometer steady. Bent cables. 2000 Altered course to E by S.

3 March 1872. Steaming up D’Entrecsteaux Channel. 1900 anchored in Apollo Bay. Wind south easterly force 4 becoming ENE force 3. Barometer 30.37 inches . maximum temperature 59F. 0200. Wind hauled round to SW and southward force 5 to 6. In first and second reefs of Top sails. Barometer 30.14 inches and rising. 0500. Altered course to ENE. 0600. Out reefs and made to Top gallant sails. 0610. Sighted Menstone rock NNE 80. 0620 Up steam under both boilers. 0845. Sighted South Cape NE. 0900 commenced steaming. Shortened and furled sails. Set fore and aft sails. 1035. Sighted the Eddystone rock E by S. Course NE by E. 1200. In fore and aft sails. 1300. Sighted Bruny Island Lighthouse N16E. Course N by E. 1430 Altered course for D’Entrecsteaux Channel. . 1500. Lighthouse Bruny Island N64E. 1600. North end of Partridge Island NE. 1850. Stopped and anchored in Apollo Bay in 9 ½ fathoms with sandy bottom. Veered to 2 shackles. Midnight. Wind although not too fresh followed us around to SE, NE and was then light from the NNE.

4 March 1872. 0515. Steamed up the Derwent River to Hobart. 0900. Anchored in Apollo Bay Tasmania . Wind north force 3 becoming SSE force 1 to 2. Maximum temperature 76F. 0500.Weighed and proceeded under steam for northern entrance of channel. 0840. Came to in Sullivan’s Cove in 12 fathoms with sand bottom. Flagstaff of Prince Alberts Battery and Signal Hill in one.

Remarks.

Swan River to Hobart Town
This passage has taken an unusually 21 days and on the whole experienced fine weather with one or two exceptions. One started with a SE wind with which we stood off from the Cape Leeuwin about 200 miles and on our 5th day out in latitude 36.40S the wind hauled round to SSW and SW force 3 which we held for a week with two days of balmy light and variable airs from SE, eastward and northward. The remainder of the time north westerly and occasionally backing round to the eastward. He highest barometer was 30.44 inches with a northerly wind and had seldom been lower than 30.00 inches during the passage. The highest with southerly wind 30.38 inches.
Off the Cape Leeuwin we felt the westerly current of about 1 knot and then for only one or two days and then with southerly wind a NE by easterly current for 7 days at about 20 knots per day on average and with the northerly wind a current setting E by S and S51W for 2 days at 10 knots per day.. March 3. A current had set us west nearly 2 ½ knots per hour and consequently we only sighted the Menstone Rock at 0600 and South Cape at 0845. Maatsurykest (?) and Needle rock were sighted – the former a wedge shaped island sloping to the coast. at 1035. Sighted the Rocks of Pedra Blanca and Eddystone – the latter resembling a tower or pillar. Bruny Lighthouse 335 feet high visible 22 miles revolving every 20 seconds.

The Channel of D’Entrecsteaux is not recommended for sailing vessels except in the summer season owing to the contrary direction given to the winds from the high hills and the openings. Therefore the passage by Storm Bay is strongly advised. We passed up mid channel nearly the whole way; the only danger being the Actaion Shoals which were seen breaking heavily. The Whirlpool Rock on which is moored a black can buoy which we passed on our port hand side and the Bank between the Three Huts and Cape (???) Point which is also marked by beacons, and by bearings on the other shore it is easily passed. Not being able to fetch in Hobart Town by light anchored in Apollo Bay ( About 20 miles from the town)in ten fathoms ( mud). The channel which is about 30 to 40 miles long varies from 4 miles within the entrance to ½ mile at the northern entrance. With plenty of water and beautiful scenery with several villages and farms. Next morning stood up channel and were telegraphed up to Hobart Town by signal from Mount Louis, Point Pierson. A pilot came off but he was not wanted.. Passed a whaler at anchor a few miles south of the town. they generally appear to call for provisions. A very few vessels in harbours. Two steamers run to Melbourne and Sydney weekly.

5 March 1982. At single anchor off Hobart Town. Wind variable force 1 to 2.Employed as requisite. Firing at targets with small ars.

6 March 1872. Wind northerly force 2 becoming NW force 2 to 3.Out boom boats. Fired shot, shell and rockets.

7 March 1872. Wind NNW force 3 becoming SE force 2. Barometer 30.09 inches. Maximum temperature 88F. His Excellency The Governor M’ Du Lave visited the ship. Saluted and manned the yards.

8 March 1872. Wind SSE force 2 becoming southerly force 1. Maximum temperature 64F. as requisite.

D’Entresteaux Channel Apollo Bay

9 March 1872. 1030. Left Hobart under steam and proceed out via Storm Bay. Wind calm northerly light airs becoming south easterly force 1 to 2 and later southerly force 2. Under sail. Noon. Trymark Point ENE 1/ ½ miles. 1300 Shaped course SE. Iron Point Lighthouse N78E, Yellow bluff S13E. 1715. Stopped made plain sail on starboard tack. Up screw. Altered course E by S with wind south. 1800 Cape Haone N10W. In first and second reefs Topsails.2100 Cape Pillar N ½ E 10 miles. 2000. Course NNE. Midnight Wind WNW force 3 to 4.

10 March 1872. Latitude 42.2S. Longitude 149.32E. Course N39E from 2000 hours. Wind south westerly force 4 becoming SW force 4 followed by SW force 4. Under sail. Maximum temperature 60F. Daybreak. Land on port bow. 1000. Lost sight of land. The wind during the forenoon veered to the SW and southward with slight squalls of rain and wind. After a few minutes worked round to SE and at midnight was ESE with weather. Barometer rising.

11 March 1872. Latitude 39.25S. Longitude 149.32E. Course N10E. Wind ESE force 3 becoming ENE force 3. Under sail. Barometer 10.37 inches. Moderate breeze from eastward and ENE. Under all plain sail until sunset. Braced forward, reefed Topsails, in Royals. Noon. Course North. Expecting to have a south easterly set from land.

12 March 1872. Latitude 38.33S. Longitude 151.8E. Course N24E. Wind NE force 4 becoming NE by N. Under sail. Wind veered still to the northward of which it showed signs of doing yesterday evening. 0300. Wind was at NNE and consequently we were obliged to tack. The wind during the day between NNE and NE. Ship making about E by S. weather cloudy and squally.

13 March 1872. Latitude 39.36E. Longitude 152.44E. Course S50E. Wind NE by N force 5 to 6 becoming north easterly force 6.Under sail. Wind and weather same as yesterday. Barometer steady at 30.20 inches. 1300. Wore having bought south Head Light to bear N12W

14 March 1872. Latitude 38.32E. longitude 151.45E. Course N36W. Wind north easterly force 5 decreasing to 4. Under sail. Weather cloudy and squally. Wind from NE by N to NE by E. 2300 Wore ship. Wind veering to NE. Barometer slowly falling 29.98 inches.

15 March 1872. Latitude 37.28. Longitude 151.40E. Course N4W. Wind NE force 3 to 4 becoming NE by N force 3. Under sail. 0345. Wore Ship. Light breeze form NE. Under all plain sail. 2000.Wind falling light from NNE. Commenced steaming. Shaped course north.

16 March 1872. Latitude 36.16S. Longitude 151.7E. Course N20W. Wind N by E force 2 becoming force 3.Under sail. Maximum temperature 76F. Steaming with fore and aft when they would draw. Noon. Altered course to N by E ½ E. 1700.made sail on port tack, wind NNE. Barometer falling 29.83 inches.

17 March 1872. Latitude 35.39S. Longitude 152.1E. Course N50E. Wind north force 3 becoming westerly force 2 and later southerly 3 to 4.Under sail. 0400. Wind north; tacked. Barometer 29.78 inches. During the night vivid lightning to northward. 0900 Wind fell light and variable almost suddenly and then freshened up from westward. Tacked with wind gradually hauling aft. During the rest of the day was from south and SSE blowing fresh. Barometer rising since 0800. Gradually rising from 2980 inches at midnight to 30.01 inches.. altered course to N by W ½ W and NW by N having a strong south easterly current against us.

18 March 1872. 1300. Arrived and moored to buoy in Farm Cove, Port Jackson. Sydney. Wind south force 3 to 4 decreasing to 3. Daylight. Land on port bow but could not tell what part. Stood west to close land for we had expected to sight the lights on Outer South Head early and the latter we did not sight until about 0800 which gave us a current setting to the south eastward nearly 2 knots per hour. The lighthouse bore on sighting NW by N. 0930. Shortened and furled sails. Proceeded under steam still feeling the current. 1145. Stopped and took on pilot. Proceeded. 1245. Arrived in Farm cove and took in moorings. Down upper yards and masts. Out boom boats. Unbent sails. Wind fell light with heavy rain.

Remarks

During our passage it will be seen from the above that we had constant northerly, north westerly winds until within a day of Port Jackson when it shifted to southward with a rising barometer. Current generally setting to the south viz two day setting to SW by W 30 miles per day and 4 days setting to the SSE from 15 to 20 miles per day but these were not at all regular for sometimes there would not be any current the next day. We has a strong easterly current for one day abreast of Bass’s Straights. A government pilot boarded vessels of war and consequently we were taken in by one who said that the Western Channel was always used but would give no particular reason for not using the Eastern Channel although we heard from the harbour master that it was a good channel but that they the pilots had an obligation to use it.
The harbour is the finest in Australia and perhaps of the best in the world; bieing5 ½ miles from the entrance to Sydney Cove with wharves in Woolloomlloo Bay, Sydney Cove and Darling Harbour with several slips. It is very easy to come up the harbour by following the Sailing Directions which are given very clearly and fully. The marks are easily made out. Several forts are in the course of construction on either side of the entrance. On arriving here we shackled our cable to the buoy in Farm Cove, which is used for the Flagship when they are here. Our launch and paddle boat were used in bringing water off from the jetty Our chronometer Webb was rated by Time ball at 1300 mean time Sydney. The other two Frodsham and Arnold were sent ashore to J Allerding – Chronometer and Watch Maker. The former having stopped at Freemantle and the other no rate at all. They were placed in his hands shortly after our arrival and were received on board about the 16 April having been rated and keeping very good time.

19 March 1872. . At moorings. South force 3. Barometer 30.16 inches. Maximum temperature 62F. Employed unreeving running gear, hoisting out and landing MEGAIRA’s stores at Commonwealth Stores, Sydney Cove using our boom boats. Fresh southerly wind with squally, cloudy and rainy weather.

20 March 1872. Wind south force 3. Maximum temperature 72F. Landing MEGAIA’s
stores. Employed watering ship

21 March 1872. Wind south westerly force 1 to 2 becoming south force 1 to 2.
Employed hoisting out, landing and storing MEGAIRA’s stores in Commonwealth
Store. Refitting fore yard gear

22 March 1872. Wind south westerly force 1 becoming NW force 1 and light airs
later. Maximum temperature 82F. 1600. Employed hoisting out, landing and storing
MEGAIRA’s stores. Rigged shears for unshipping rudder. 1600.Unshipped rudder
and landed it at Garden island

Farm Cove, Port Jackson, Sydney Australia.

23 March 1872. Wind north westerly force 1 to 2. Becoming calm with light airs. Surveying officers surveying rudder at Garden Island and in their report recommended that as the rudder head was not completely decayed a new main piece was adequate and therefore a spar being chosen by the Carpenter was bought by the Commissariat and handed over to us. Setting up Topmast rigging and refitting ship.

24 March 1872. Wind westerly force 1 to 2 becoming south easterly force 1. Sunday.
Sent Roman Catholics to chapel.

25 March 1872. Calm becoming easterly force 2.Rattling down rigging and refitting
Ship.

26 March 1872. Winds light and variable becoming south westerly force 2. Maximum
temperature 79F. Employed as yesterday and surveying officers surveying
MEGAIRA’s stores on shore. Carpenters repairing rudder.

27 March 1872. Wind W by N force 5 becoming west force 4. Employed refitting
ship and hoisting screw on deck.

28 March 1872. Wind SW force 1 becoming south easterly force 2. Surveying officers
at Commonwealth Store MEGAIRA’s stores. Refitting ship.

29 March 1872. Wind west force 1 becoming ENE force 1 later calm the south force
5. Barometer 30.22 inches . Maximum temperature 66F. Good Friday. Performed
Divine Service. Heavy rain.

30 March1872. Wind south westerly force 3 becoming SW force 3. Employed as
Requisite.

31 March 1872. Wind south westerly force 2 becoming SSW force 2. Barometer
30.08 inches . maximum temperature 72F. Sunday. Performed Divine Service

1 April 1872. At moorings in Farm Cove, Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Wind calm
becoming easterly force 1. Maximum temperature 78F.Employed refitting, painting
masts. Carpenters repairing rudder at Garden Island. Surveying officers surveying
MEGAIRA’s stores. Refitting ship.

2 April 1872. Wind calm becoming south easterly force 2. Barometer 39.16 inches.
Maximum temperature 70F. as the 1 April.

3 April 1872. Wind southerly force 2 decreasing to 1. Barometer 30.20 inches. As the
1 April.

4 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming calm with light airs. 1650. HMS
Basilisk [HMS Basilisk was a Bloodhound-class gun-brig built by Randall in Rotherhithe and
launched in 1801] arrived with the schooner PERI in tow.

5 April 1872. Wind south westerly force 1 becoming easterly force 1. Barometer
30.02 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. Employed as most necessary

6 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming calm. Barometer 30.08 inches.
Employed as most necessary

7 April 1872. Wind calm becoming south force 2. Barometer 30.20 inches. Employed
as most necessary.

8 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming north easterly force 2. Employed
coaling from steam collier – 120 tons. BLANCHE arrived from New Zealand.

9 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 to 2. Becoming east force 1. Barometer 30.15
Inches. Employed drawing provisions. Mail Steamer BANGOLORE arrived.

10 April 1872. Wind light and variable becoming south force 2. Barometer 30.24
inches. Maximum temperature 69F. storing holds and watering ship.

11 April 1872. Wind southerly force 2 becoming SE force 3. Barometer 30.35 inches.
As requisite.

12 April 1872. Wind south westerly force 2 becoming SSE force 1. Drawing stores
and watering ship 1700. Bent sails.

13 April 1872. Wind calm becoming NNE force 2. Cleaning ship throughout. A
French Sloop of War arrived

14 April 1872. Wind south force 2. Barometer 30.23 inches. Maximum temperature
67F. Performed Divine Service.

15 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming SE force 2. Barometer 30.32 inches.
Employed as requisite. Carpenters repairing rudder.

16 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming south force 1. Maximum
temperature 74F. Shipped rudder.

17 April 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming east force . Transported guns
forward. Sent divers down to examine rudder.

18 April 1872. 1730 left Farm Cove under steam for Figi (Fiji) Islands. Wind calm
becoming NE force 1 and later east force 2. Balls Pyramid ( Lord Howe Islands)
N69E 362 nautical miles. Sea temperature 70F. Crossed Royal yards. In boom boats.
Preparing for sea. 1540 Lit fires under starboard boiler. 1730. Slipped from moorings
and proceeded out of Port Jackson. Wind ESE .1900. Shaped course ENE. 2000.
Outer South head light SW. 2230 Lost sight of Inner South Head Light. During our
stay we had chiefly westerly and southerly winds. The former being the strongest and
bringing fine weather. The latter generally with heavy cloudy weather and rain for
several hours together and several days of calms and light and variables

19 April 1872. Latitude 33.53S. Longitude 162.38E. Course S88E. wind SE by E
force 2 becoming SE force 2. Under sail.0115. lost sight of outer South head light –
West. 0815. Made plain sail and stopped steaming. Altered course to NE by E. Winds
light from SE. Up screw. Stowed guns and unbent cables. Midnight. Wind fell very
light.

20 April 1872. Latitude 33.14S. Longitude 152.37. Course North. Wind light airs
from the SE becoming NE force 2. Under sail. Barometer 30.37 inches. Maximum
temperature 72F. Light airs from south eastward and westward until 2100. Light
breeze sprang up from NE by E. Tacked.1440. Observed land bearing NW at sunset.

21 April 1872. Latitude 32.49S. Longitude 154.1. Course N70E. Wind NNW force 3
becoming SW force 2 and later SSE force 4. Barometer 30.12 inches and steady.
Under sail. Performed Divine Service. Altered course to N by ½ E. Wind gradually
hauled round NNE to west and SSE. Freshening. In second reef of Top sails. Down
Royal Yards. Strong lightning to southward. Working to Ball’s Pyramid.

22 April 1872. Latitude 32.6S. Longitude 156.40E. Course N72E. Wind southerly
force 3 becoming NW force 2. Barometer 30.07 inches Under sail. 0300. Wind
falling light from SE. Out reefs. Daylight. Observed sail bearing Sw. Wind at 0400 backed round to south. Noon. Wind SW. Light airs from westward and as far as NW at 2000. Again veering and freshening from the westward and WSW. Noon. Altered course to ENE. Passed an American bark (barque). Barometer falling slightly. Midnight 29.24 inches

23 April 1872 . Latitude 31.32S. Longitude 159.32E. Course N77E. Wind south
westerly force 5 becoming SW force 4. Barometer 29.88 inches Under sail. 0540. Sighted Lord Howell Island E by N. altered course to east. Wind freshened to a strong breeze. ( 6 to 7). In second reefs of Topsails and reefs of courses. 0645.Saw Ball’s Pyramid E by S. 0700. Ball’s Pyramid S80E. Mount Ganer (?) N55E. 0800 Ball’s Pyramid S78E. Ganer Point N10W. Passed between island and rock between 0730 and 0800. Very heavy sea over bank ( 40 fathoms). Ship running causing her to roll very heavily. Maximum roll 40 degrees. SSW ¾ W. Lord Howells Island W by S ½ S. during forenoon wind SW force 4 to 5. Squally and heavy passing showers. Barometer which had hardly fallen all day yesterday continued to do so until 0800 when it was at 29.88 inches. ( At noon of yesterday it was 30.05 inches) and at noon was 29.90 inches and shortly rose to 29.97 inches. Weather cleared up during afternoon, wind steady.

24 April 1872. Latitude 30.23S. Longitude 162.1E. Course N62E.Wind SW force 3
. Under sail. Course NE ½ E steering to pass to northward of Norfolk Island. Steady south westerly wind force 3. Fine weather. Reefed Topsails and Royals.

25 April 1872. Latitude 29.32S. Longitude 163.58E. Course N63E. wind WSW force
3 decreasing to 2. Under sail. Maximum temperature 73F. Sea temperature 74F. wind SW to WSW gradually falling light and at 2000 had lightening from north westward.

26 April 1872. Latitude 28.56S. Longitude 165.35E. Course N67E.Wind north force 3
decreasing to 2 and becoming north westerly force 3 later. Barometer 30.00. Under
sail. Maximum temperature 71F. Wind northerly between NW and NNE with squally weather and heavy rain accompanied with thunder and lightening.

27 April 1872. Latitude 28.27. Longitude 167.54E. Course N76E. Wind NW by N
force 4 becoming NNW force 4. Under sail. Wind working between NW and northerly. Barometer 29.90 to 29.93 inches

28 April 1872. Latitude 27.29S. Longitude 169.49. Course N58E. wind north westerly
force 4 becoming WNW force 4. Barometer 29.87 inches Under sail. Maximum
temperature 76F. Performed Divine Service. Wind NNW. Barometer steady.

29 April 1872. Latitude 26.32S. Longitude 171.29E. Course N59E. wind north
Westerly force 2. Under sail. Employed as requisite. Variation by Amp. N 30 E. Barometer steady.

30 April 1872. Latitude 25.42S. Longitude 172.8E. CourseN61E. Wind north westerly
force 3 decreasing to 1. Barometer 29.97 inches. Maximum temperature 76F. Sea
temperature 76F.Under sail. Wind from the north westward veering to the westward at 1800 but only a light breeze. Noon . Altered course to NE by N ½ N

See following article on “1872 Pacific Islanders’ Protection Bill”

1 May 1872.. Latitude 24.51S. Longitude 174.12E. Course N49E. Wind westerly force 1 becoming WNW force 2. Under sail. Fine weather and light breeze from the westward. Employed as requisite. Noon. Course NNE.

2 May 1872. Latitude 23.48S. Longitude 175.6E. Course N38E. Wind WNW force 2 becoming light airs from the west. Under sail. Maximum temperature 79F. Sea temperature 76F. Light westerly wind falling to a calm at 2000.During forenoon employed firing at a target.

3 May 1872. Latitude 23.22S. Longitude 175.21E. Course N28E. Wind calm and light airs becoming easterly force 1. Under sail. Light airs from SW and SE. A light breeze from E by S. SW swell. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Variation 100 22’ Easterly.

4 May 1872. Latitude 22.45S. longitude 175.44E. Course N30E. Wind calm and light airs. Under sail. Cleaning ship throughout.

5 May 1872. Latitude 22.18S. Longitude 176.16E. Course N49E. wind WNW force 2 becoming west force 2. Under sail. Barometer 30.00. Maximum temperature 80F. Performed Divine Service.

6 May 1872. Latitude 21.3S. Longitude 177.22E. Course N39E. Wind SW force 1 becoming south and easterly force 2. Under sail. 0100. Wind WSW gradually hauling round to southward and freshening from the eastwards with lightening and rain.
7 May 1872. Latitude 19.29S. Longitude 178.7E. Course N24E. Wind easterly force 2 becoming NE by N force 3. Under sail. 0825. Sighted Mount Washington, Kandavu Island NW. This mountain is very conspicuous owing to its great height. As luck would have it the wind headed and at noon came from the NE force 4 for if the wind had remained in the eastward we might have easily weathered the Island. 1410 Tacked. Stood ESE. 1830 Proceeded under steam. Furled sails. Housed Top gallant masts. Midnight Wind NE by N . Course ENE

8 May 1872. Latitude 19.21S. Longitude 179.27. Course N84E. Wind N by E force 3 becoming NW force 1 to 4. Under sail and steam. Maximum temperature 84F 1500.,.Lightening to Northward. 0730.Observed a schooner to NW. 0800. In fore and aft sail. Altered course to N ½ W. Wind N by E force 3 to 4. Sighted Matuka Island NE. 0900. Making very little headway against wind and sea . Made sail on port tack. Wind shifting to NW. 1235 sighted Moala Island NNE. 1400 Shortened and furled sails. 1430 Stopped and came to in Matuku Harbour Matuku Island with sandy bottom in i8 fathoms and veered to 2 ½ shackles. Anchorage bearings ( Magnetic) Kara Levu N85E. ????? Island N40W. Wind NW with heavy showers.

Remarks.
The prevailing winds during our passage have been from the westward and northward and no trade wind which was although the Directions say are seldom found to the westward might have been expected and were looked for. On our leaving we has the first day a strong set to SSW of 20 miles but the next day although we had only a light wind we found a tremendous current of 40’ to NW taking us in sight of of the coast. After that we were generally set to the eastward and northward on an average of 15 miles per day. On the day of our sighting Kandavu as will be seen by data there was scarcely any set but the next day in standing to the eastward we were set S by E 22 miles placing us in the same latitude as the day before. The view of the Island of Matuku is very good. The centre peak of Kara Levu being easily made out.
The course east through the Herald leads rather close to Norths edge of shoal and E ¾ N course leads through and by which we went in by (Kara Levu E ¾ N) the surf was seen breaking heavily on the reef as far as we could see from the masthead. The rock on the SW corner of North reef was just awash. The bottom was just seen on the outside edge of the reef very plainly, but quite clear in mid-channel.
The natives came off in great numbers in their small canoes, ringing off pigs, fowls, yarns and fruit which they sold for coppers and soap. Several of the officers went to see the chief and were well received by the natives. The Wesleyan Mission had a native missionary here sent from the Island of Lakimba.

9 May 1872. At single anchor. Wind NW force 2 decreasing to 1. 0800. Crossed top gallant yards and loosed sails. 1140. Furled sails. Wind northerly force 2 to 3 falling light towards midnight.

10 May 1872. Wind calm with light airs becoming NW force 2 to 4. Eight of Solomon Islanders swan ashore. Stern guns firing at an object on the shore. 0900. Wind springs up from NNW. With heavy and threatening looking weather accompanied with very heavy showers of rain and at times squally from NW. 1600. Ship having dragged derig a squall and therefore close to reef astern.. Weighed under steam and anchored with Broken bottom in 18 fathoms veering to 3 shackles. Wind NW force 3 to 4. Anchorage bearings Haro-Levu N85E. Valanga island N33W. heavy rain and lightning to the north westward.

11 May 1872. Wind WNW force 2 to 4 becoming NWN force 3. Barometer 30.01 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. Wind as yesterday. Weather cloudy and rainy. Fires banked.

12 May 1872. 0800. Weighed anchor. Latitude 1900S. Longitude 179.37E. Course N29W. Wind WSW force 2 becoming SSE force 1. Under sail. Barometer 30.12 inches. Sea temperature 81F.Wind having shifted to the south westward. Weighed at 0800 and proceeded under steam. Made sail as soon as clear of the reef. Shaped course NNW. Stopped steaming. Sunset. Moala N45E. Matuku S40E. Angua N24W. Wind shifted round to SE.

13 May 1872. Latitude 18.3S. Longitude 179.2. Course N30W. Light airs from the NE becoming ESE force 1. Under steam and sail. Day break Moala East Angan NW. 0630 Proceeded under steam. Wind NE and variable. 1120. Shortened and furled sails. 1600. Anchored in Levuka Harbour in 12 fathoms with sandy bottom. Veered to 3 ½ shackles. Wind SE force 2.. Anchorage bearings Black Stone S34E. South extreme of land S10E.

14 May 1872. Anchored off Levuka Oraulau Island. Wind southerly force 2. Barometer 30.23 inches. English Consul came onboard.

Matuku Island

15 May 1872. Wind ESE force 1 becoming NE to ESE force 2. Barometer 30.12 inches. Laid out target on reef. Fired shot and shell at it.

16 May 1872. Wind south easterly force 1 increasing to force 2 to 3. Maximum temperature 84F. Employed as requisite and coaling ship

17 May 1872. Wind ESE force 1 becoming SSE to ESE force 2. Barometer 30.03 inches. Coaling ship.

18 May 1872. Wind SSW to east force 2 becoming SSE force 2. Shifted seized brig CARLs berth. Coaling.

19 May 1872. Wind SSE force 2 . Performed Divine Service.

20 May 1872. Wind SSW force 1 becoming SW force 1 to 2. Completed coaling. Received 110 tons.

21 May 1872. Calm with light airs becoming westerly force 1. Employed cleaning ship and watering.

22 May 1872. Naval Court assembled to try Captain and crew of CARL for illegal trading in natives and other charges

23 May 1872. Light airs from the east becoming SE force 1. Small arms men firing at targets. Manned and armed boats firing shot and shell at targets.

24 May 1872. Wind SSE force 2. Barometer 30.13. Maximum temperature 82F. Dressed ship on the occasion of Her majesty’s Birthday and fired Royal Salute. Brigantine SARAH PILE left for Sydney with mails.

25 May 1872. Wind south easterly force 1 to 2. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

26 May 1872. Wind SSE force 2 becoming south easterly force 2. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

27 May 1872. Wind south easterly force 3 to 4 becoming ESE force 2. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

28 May 1872. Wind ESE force 2 becoming light and variable. Barometer 30.08 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

29 May 1872. Wind light and variable becoming NNW force 1. Barometer 30.06 inches. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

30 May 1872. Wind NW force 1 becoming NNW force 2. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

31 May 1872. Wind NW force 2 becoming south westerly force 2. Barometer 30.02 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. Repairing, bending sails and rattling down rigging.

1 June 1872. Wind SW force 2 becoming SSW. Received water and cleaned ship

2 June 1872. Wind variable becoming southerly force 2. Performed Divine Service.

3 June 1872. Wind southerly force 3 becoming SSE force 4.Laid an embargo on Barque METEOR and schooners MARIA DOUGLAS and MARION RENNIE; the former sailing under two owners one of them being a foreigner and therefore illegal . the latter having no papers Vid. The Shipping Act.

4 June 1872. Wind SSE force 4 becoming south easterly force 5. Employed as requisite.

5 June 1872. Wind south easterly force 3 increasing to 4. Barometer 30.17 inches. As requisite

6 June 1872. Wind SSE force 2 becoming ESE force 3. As requisite

7 June 1872. Calm and light airs becoming easterly force 1. Exercised at General Quarters.

8 June 1872. Wind west to south becoming ENE force 1. Barometer 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 82F. Sent prisoners from Barque CARL to British Barque DUKE OF EDINBURGH for passage to Sydney.

9 June 1872. Wind northerly force 2 becoming north westerly force 2. Watering ship per launch ( in bulk). Cleaning ship. Performed Divine Service.

10 June 1872.. Calm then southerly force 1 becoming south force 1 to 2. Employed as requisite.

Remarks

During our stay which was close on a month we had the SE trade wind nearly the whole time. Generally from SSE hauling to the eastward as the day advanced with the barometer steady at a mean 30.06 inches. Temperatures – before our arrival here they had the same weather as we had a at Matuku which is considered rather unusual at this time. Occasionally the wind was from the westward and NW with rain and increasing the rain very much.
The beacons are not so conspicuous as you might wish for; they being small; about the size of a sentry box; and of slate colour with a red diamond painted on the front face. We were puzzled in trying to make them out on the Harbour Master (Whom we had taken onboard but did not avail ourselves of his aid) alluding to them.

A pilot came off in a whaler boat but we did not require him and then we gave him a tow in. Shortly afterwards the Government pilot and harbour master came off and who was allowed on board on our seeing he carried the Fijian Flag. (Blue and white perpendicular with a red crescent and a white dove with a sprig in its mouth in the centre)

[Current flag
The Union Jack (upper left), is representative of the country’s long association with Great Britain. The flag’s blue field is symbolic of the surrounding Pacific Ocean. The coat of arms display a golden British lion holding a cocoa pod, as well as panels displaying a palm tree, sugar cane, bananas and dove of peace.]

He gave us to understand we could not take a position abreast of the Kings Pier on account of our being in the way of the traders of the place which was ridiculous

The reef is well defined at the entrance and dry in several places at low water. Also the bank in the centre of the harbour dries at low waters and a rock to the northward of the town about a cables length off shore is awash at low water.

11 June 1872.. Wind SSE force 2 becoming SE by E force 1 to 2. Barometer 30.02 inches. Preparing for sea. 1200. Weighed under sail with light SSE wind and beat out in 2 ½ hours. 1330 Shaped course to north to pass through Wakaia (Wakaya) Island. 1600. Pottage Island NW. Mokongai NE. 1800. Point Makindrage E by S and Pottage Island west. 2200. Passed through channel which people said was impossible for large vessels to go through owing to a strong current but we did find such to be the case. Midnight. Wind fell calm.

12 June 1872. Wind ENE force 2 decreasing to 1.0. commenced steaming. 0840 Sighted Vanua-Leva 9 Great Land) and had wind spring up from ENE. 1340. Anchored in 15 fathoms with broken bottom on east side of Savu Savu Bay.

The shores here is lined with coral patches and vessels should not anchor in less than 20 fathoms for we found the next day we were uncomfortably close to a patch.

13 June 1872. 1400. Anchored in Sarn-Sarre (?) Bay. Wind calm becoming NW and SSW force 2. Barometer 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 85F. 1040. Shortened in to 2 shackles. Cutter sounding. 1330. Weighed under steam and proceeded out through reef which was well defined. 1355. Sounded in36 Fathoms ( Coral) 1400. Sounded in 45 fathoms 9 Mud). 1430. Stopped and banked fires. 1500. Shaped course ESE. 2000. Lightning to the eastward.

14 June 1872. 1330. Weighed under steam for Vuna Point. Wind southerly force 1. Barometer 30.12 inches. Light southerly wind. 0350. Observed land on port bow. Wind fell, furled sails and commenced steaming on E by N. 1315. Stopped and sent cutter sounding. 1330. Came to off Tarruna (?) Island with broken bottom in 32 fathoms and veered to 4 ¾ shackles. Anchorage bearings Coralib Island N22E. Vuna Point south.

Remarks
At Savu Savu there was a large store and ginning establishment and boat building shed which is considered the dockyard of Fiji. There are also a great many plantations more inland. The whites numbering about 200. Taveuni Island is considered the finest islands in the group and in consequence has a great many plantations. It is certainly the best in appearance. The weather during our stay was generally cloudy with occasional heavy showers. The wind veering from North, NNW to SSE and always light. The reef off Vuna Point showed out very plainly. At our anchorage we swung in 55 fathoms ( Coral) and inshore appeared to be foul ground. Better off we should not anchor in less than 30 fathoms.

15 June 1872. 13.30 anchored north of Vuna Point. (Now called Taveuni Island Latitude 16.59S. Longitude 179.54W). Wind northerly force 2 becoming NW force 2. Employed as requisite.

16 June 1872.Wind south easterly force 2 becoming light and variable. Employed as requisite.

17 June 1872. Wind light and variable becoming south easterly force 2. Barometer 30.02. Employed as requisite

18 June 1872 0600 Weighed under steam for Nanuku Passage. Wind northerly force 2 becoming NW force 2. Maximum temperature 84F. Made sail as requisite. 0800. Gora Island S55 W. South Point Taveuni north. 0830. Shaped course NE by E. 100. Sounded in 61 fathoms. 1430. Passed close to the assigned position of rock marked “dangerous” on chart 2691 and saw no sign of it. The chart appears very incorrect for several bearings placed her 6 or 12 miles out in some cases. On sighting Nanuka Island it showed two islands – the southern appearing to be the largest. 1600. Cap Island south ; Naitamba S66E. 1650. Course NE. 1715. Course NE by N. 1735. Course NNE.. Strong current setting to southward through Nanuka Passage.. 1745.Sighted the northern most island on the eastern side. 1800. Nanuka Island W by N ½ N. passed through passage. 2200. Stopped steaming and made sail. Course NE. midnight . wind SSW force 4. The Island of Nanuka appeared to be laid down towards the eastward and the reef off Yalangalala more to the northward.

19 June 1872. Latitude 16.11S. Longitude 178.7W. Course N63E. Wind south easterly force 3. Under steam and sail. Altered course to ENE. Wind shifted SE. Up screw. Working to past southward or Proby island. Set to the northward about 17 miles. Altered course to E by N ½ N

20 June 1872. Latitude 15.54S. Longitude 176.24W. Course N80E. Wind south easterly force 3 increasing to 4. Under sail. Fine weather. Plain sail. 1855. Sighted Proby Island E ½ S. . Midnight. Proby Island south.

21 June 1872. Latitude 15.00S. Longitude 175.5W. Course N57E. Wind south easterly force 3 decreasing to 2.Under Sail. 0300. Last sight of Proby Island. SW ½ W. Employed getting up and surveying chain cables. Wind SE by E.

22 June 1872. Latitude 14.9E. Longitude 174.25W. Course N37E. Wind easterly force 2 increasing to 3. Under sail. Wind veering to eastward and getting light. 0700 wind shifted in a squall with rain to SW but afterwards veered to the quarter and to the northward.. 1600. Tacked and stood to the south eastward.

23 June 1872. Latitude 14.50E. Longitude 173.48. Course S42E. Wind NE by E force 3 becoming NEN force 3. Under sail. Wind north easterly. Performed Div8ne Service. Working for Apolima Island. Still stood to the SE as we are already too much north.

24 June 1872. Latitude 14.59S. Longitude 172.23W. Course S82E. Wind NNE force 2 becoming light and variable airs before becoming ESE force 4. Under sail. During the night light NNE wind with lightning from NW and towards 0700 heavy bank came up in that quarter forming a complete arch from NW round to SW and which was evidently travelling fast and gradually freshening as it rose. Kept ship to her course NE by E. Shortened sail to Topsails and Courses. 0800. Squalls struck with sharp heavy rain. Close reefed Topsails. Up Courses. The wind freshened to about force 6 to 7 with scarcely any sea which showed that the wind did not extend very far and in fact was no sooner on us than it veered round on the starboard quarter. By 1000 the wind was at south and inclined to veer to the eastward. Made sail to Topsails and Courses. During the rest of the day the wind gradually veered to to NNE and consequently backing off to NW.

25 June 1872. Latitude 13.58S. Longitude 172.23. course N15E. Light airs becoming NNW force 4 changing to North 4 and then NNW force 1. Under sail. Wind fill light and at daybreak a light breeze sprang up from NW. 0700. Observed the Island of Savau (Somoa) to NW ½ W – distance 34 miles. 0930. Commenced steaming, wind WNW force 3, wishing to save our daylight. 1100 Sighted Manano Island and Apolima and Uprolin. Noon. Shortened and furled sails having completely lost the wind being to leeward of Savau. South Point of Savau N57W. Course NNE. A most remarkable sight was the spouts of water on the east of Savau arising from the holes in the rocks and the washing of the sea. The steep island of Apoloma was NE 14 miles at noon. 1330. Were abreast of the island bearing ESE. Altered course to NE by N. The wind which had been easterly at 1200 now shifted to north force 3 to 4.

Remarks
On the north side of Apolima there is an opening to the centre by a small channel through the reef. Several natives were seen here. The island of Manano appeared to be connected to Upolu by reefs. The bearing along the coast appeared to agree pretty well and by keeping 2 to 3 miles off the reef there appeared to be nothing in the way. The Prussian flagstaff and the church steeple showed out very plainly over the low point. 1700. Observed an American corvette standing in. Pilot came out but did not require his services. 1745. Came to in 7 fathoms with sandy bottom and veered to 5 ½ shackles. Moored ship with 3 shackles on each cable. Anchorage bearings ; church SW ½ W. Point E by N. On mooring swivel. The American corvette stood off during the night. The harbour is well defined by the buffs. The waterfall mentioned in the Directions cannot be seen at the distance named for it was certainly not very easy to make out. Found here three Prussian vessels and L.M. Barque ??? Williams.

26 June 1872. 1800. Arrived and moored in Apia Harbour. Opalen Island. Samoa. Calm and light airs becoming NW by N force 1. Down Top gallant yards and unbent sails. Noon. American corvette RESACA Steamed in very slowly; her boilers having broken out during the night.

27 June 1872. Calm and light airs becoming ENE and then east force 1. 0600. Schooner IMO form Sydney came alongside with coals and by 1100 had received 36 tons via schooners lift.

28 June 1872. Wind north easterly force 2 decreasing to 1. 0630. Crossed Top gallant yards. 0800. Dressed ship for HM Coronation Day. Sailmakers repairing sails (Bending). Noon. Fired a Royal Salute.

29 June 1872. Wind north easterly force 1. Employed cleaning ship.

30 June 1872. Wind calm. Barometer 30.15. maximum temperature 85F. Sent roman Catholics to church. Performed Divine Service.

1 July 1872. Wind calm with light airs becoming south easterly force 1. Employed scraping and blacking guns, shell and gun gear. Sailmakers repairing bending sails.

2 July 1872. Wind easterly force 1 increasing to 2. Sent launch away watering at the second river from the church ( Roman Catholic) from which place we got very good water. Low water being the best time using a good length of hose and small fire engine. Employed as requisite. 1700. French gunboat VANDREL arrived from Tongatuba ( Friendly Isles.) Reports having had a heavy south westerly gale on her way

3 July 1872. Wind light and variable becoming easterly force 3. As most requisite.

4 July 1872. Wind south easterly force 1 becoming SE force 1. Dressed ship ( mast head flags) American Ensign at main in commemoration of the anniversary of American Independence. Watering ship. Noon. Fired a Royal Salute in honour of the Declaration of American Independence. Watering ship per launch

5 July 1872. Calm becoming east force2. Barometer 30.03 inches. Maximum temperature 83F. Painting ship and as requisite.

6 July 1872. Wind east force 2 becoming south easterly force 1. Painting ship and as requisite.

7 July 1872. Wind south easterly becoming ENE force 1. Performed Divine Service and sent Roman Catholics to church. 1040. USS BASACA sailed.

8 July 1872. Calm. Maximum temperature 84F. 1950. French gunboat VANDREL sailed. Employed painting

9 July 1872. Wind north easterly force 2 becoming NNE force 2. As requisite.

10 July 1872. Light and variable winds becoming NNW force 1. As requisite.

11 July 1872. Wind north westerly force 2 becoming NNW force 1. Sailmakers repairing main sail and as requisite.

12 July 1872.Wind calm becoming east force 2 decreasing to 1. Completing water ring by launch. Employed as most requisite and repairing mainsail

13 July 1872. Wind east force 2. . Completing water ring by launch. Employed as most requisite and repairing mainsail

14 July 1872. Wind ENE force 1 becoming NE force 2. Barometer 30.11. maximum temperature 88F. Performed Divine Service. Gave leave to Ship’s Company.

15 July 1872.Wind north easterly becoming light and variable. Barometer 30.08 inches. As most requisite and preparing for sea. In boom boats.

16 July 1872. Wind light south easterly becoming easterly force 1. Crossed upper yards. Employed as requisite. Sunset. Down Topgallant yards.

17 July 1872. Wind variable force 1 becoming east force 1. Crossed upper yards. During forenoon exercised at firing shell at target. Sailmakers altering forecastle awning. Sunset. down upper yards.

18 July1872. Wind easterly force 1 becoming ENE force 2. 0630. Out boom boats. Crossed upper yards. Manned and armed boats. Exercised armed boats firing at taret with shot, shell and rockets. 1600. Down upper yards.

19 July 1872. Wind E by N force 2 becoming east and SE force 2. Barometer 30.12 inches. Maximum temperature 84F. Crossed upper yards. Employed as requisite. Unmoored ship. Weighed. ( sandy bottom). Shortened to 30 fathoms broken bottom. In boom boats.

Remarks
Aphia. The natives are at present at war being divided into two parties called the small party who are for the young king ( The deceased King’s son) and the large party who represent other king (The deceased king’s brother). They are constantly having skirmishes and on Sunday 14th a regular engagement took place at about 1730pm over at East Point lasting for about an hour and in the end three heads were taken by each party and several wounded ( These were attended by our surgeons at the Mission House with Dr Turner of the Mission. This fighting of course tended to raise the cost of provisions. The chief trade being carried on Mr Webber ( Prussian Consul) who had several ships trading between Hamburg and this place exporting the inside of coconuts (Cobra) and importing dried goods and general stores.
The harbour, although small for sips swinging, is capable of holding several ships with a kedge out astern and moored with open hawse to eastward. The western part of the harbour being suited for small vessels. There is no buoy as placed in the plan of the harbour. If the waterfall is seen and kept open to the east of the English Consulate it will lead in. No time of high water given at the Fr an Ch we made it to be about 6 hours Fr and Ch. The rise and fall not more than 6 feet.

20 July 1872. Wind south easterly force 2 becoming ESE force 2. 0935. Left Apia Harbour under steam there being no wind but on reaching the offing we got a nice breeze from the eastward. 1100 Shaped course to NW by W ¾ W. 1610 Came to off what we thought was Maataatu (Matautu?) but which turned out to be Safooni Island about 40 westward of Mataatu. The name had evidently been printed by mistake in the wrong place. We thought that the outline of the reef did not appear the same as in the plan of Maataatu on entering Safoone. We anchored for the night in 12 fathoms with the East Point N 50 E. White house ( native) S30E. there was only a large village. Several natives came off with their goods.

21 July 1872.. Wind ESE force 1 becoming easterly force 2.0530. Weighed and stood east for Mataatu and at 0650 anchored in 10 fathoms with broken bottom. Anchorage bearings. North Point N84E. North of river S26W. Performed Divine Service. The white people residing here are the missionary and the hands belonging to Mr Webber’s cocoa nut establishment. People seem to think that Safoone is the best harbour being more sheltered from the eastward. The plan of Mataatu is certainly correct and the North Point is made very conspicuous by the large red house and flagstaff with the German flag generally hoisted ( That belongs to Mr Webber) – also a low black rock rather like wharf shows very well against the white sand on either side. A little tot the right of this is a landing place or rather a place for boats landing. Here the natives came off in great numbers with fowls and yarns etc which were exchanged for clothing. The middle aged appeared to be all over at Apia.

22 July 1872. Wind ESE force 2 becoming ESE force 3 to 4. Barometer 30.14 inches. 1700 Weighed and stood out of harbour under steam. 1715. Left Mataalu Bay for Pango-Pango (Pago –Pago). Shaped course E by S. 2200. Lost sight of Safoone

23 July 1872. Latitude 13.54S. longitude 170.55W. Course S12W. Under steam. Wind SE by E force 4. 0400. Opolu on starboard beam. Fore and aft sails set. 0420. Departed this life Mr S. Grindy. ( No reason given) . 0800. Altered course to SE. Sighted two vessels standing into Apia. Noon. Steaming – steady SE wind. Tutuila in sight. Breeze S63E.

24 July 1872. Wind SE by E force 4 becoming easterly force 4. .0200. Tacked and altered course to ENE. 1030 Anchored in Pango –Pango Harbour in 20 fathoms and veered to 3 ½ shackles. Anchorage bearings Goat island S85E. White House S12E

Remarks
On making the entrance to the harbour we found our position correct by the bearings. The different points being in general very clear and deserving of the names attached to them. Breakers Point forming the eastern side, no mistake could be made as the sea was breaking well u on the point. The whale rock was scarcely breaking on our entering but on our leaving was breaking heavily with the heavy SE swell. The latter and the sunken rock are the only dangers. The harbour is large and would contain many vessels the only drawback being the amount of water for in the shallow water at the head of the harbour there is scarcely room to swing. Natives came off in great numbers with their goods to exchange them for old clothes. The American Government intend making this a coaling depot for their mail boats and have already commenced to call here dropping the mails in the agent’s boat who boards her outside.

25 July 1872.). Wind NE force 1 becoming light airs before becoming SE force 3 to 4. 1700. Weighed and proceeded under steam to clear the harbour Left Pango-Pango Bay for Tongatapu (Tongtapu) Tonga. Made plain sail and shaped course south. 1900. Stopped steaming. Up screw.

26 July 1872. Latitude 15.25S. Longitude 170.55W. Course S12W. Wind south easterly force 2 becoming SE by E force 3. Under sail. Employed as most requisite

27 July 1872. Latitude 16.9S. Longitude 171.37W. Course S40W. Under sail.

28 July 1872. Latitude 17.52S. Longitude 172.47W. Course S33W. wind ESE force 3 becoming ESE force 2. Under sail. Fine weather. Performed Divine Service.

29 July 1872. Latitude 19.22S. Longitude 173.22W. Course S20W. wind ESE force 3 becoming light airs. Under sail. Noon. Altered course to the south. Small arms men at drill. 1800. Up steam. Proceeded with Fore and aft sail and steam steering SSW. Strong westerly current.

30 July 1872. Latitude 20.58S.longitude 174.34W. Course S36W. Wind southerly force 1 becoming calm and light airs. Under steam. 0900. Altered course to SW and sighted the Island of Eua at 0930. Noon. Euaigee Island S62W 19 miles. 1400. . Sighted Tongatabu. 1545. Took in pilot (Native). 1740. Anchored off Nakalofa, (Nukualofa) Tongatabu in 12 ½ fathoms. Anchor bearings Church SSW. Pomgimode E ¾ N.

Remarks
We came up through the eastern passage arriving at the small port with the rock
(sunken) where boarded by the pilot who took us up the eastern side of rock. Three whaling ships were at anchor who kept their boats employed in the offing during the day looking for whales in which occupation they seemed to be successful. The High waters Fl and Ch appeared to be later than that given in the charts and that given by Mr Duncan of HMS Zebra seemed to be nearer the mark – viz 8 hours. The Wesleyan Church is on the highest part of the island and the flag staff and the king’s house below it to the eastward.

31 July 1872. 1740. Anchored off Nukalofa, Tongatapu (Tongtapu. Tonga). Wind ENE becoming NE force 2. Barometer 30.18 inches. Maximum temperature 78F. Crossed Top gallant yards and loaded sails.

1 August 1872. Wind ENE force 2 becoming NNE force 2. 1000. King george of Tonga visited ship accompanied by his interpreter. Received him with manned yards and saluted him on leaving with 21 guns. 1600. Left the anchorage under steam a direct course taking a vessel out out clear from the anchorage. 1800. Made all plain sail on starboard tack. Mallenoak S57E. Polva S24W, Stopped steaming. Shaped course WN ½ N

2 August 1872. Latitude 20.38S. Longitude 176.10W. Course N69W. NNE force 2 becoming north easterly force 1. Under sail. Exercised at General and Fire Quarters. Set starboard Topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Lightening from the eastward with rain.

3 August 1872. Latitude 20.20S. Longitude 176.58W. Course N68W. Wind north easterly force 1 becoming NE by E force 2 Under sail. Employed cleaning ship throughout. 0945. Passed a vessel standing to the northward; supposed to have been a Man of War . Most probably the USS RESACA

4 August 1872. Latitude 20.1S. Longitude 178.19W. Course N75W. Wind NNE force 4 becoming NW by W force 3. Wind at 0900 shifted to the westward from NNE veering to the SW. Under sail. Barometer 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 82F. 0645. Observed land (Turtle Island) on starboard bow bearing NE by N. Noon. Turtle island north agreeing within 3 miles being that too much to the westward. 1420. Turtle island NE by N. Lost sight of Turtle Island. Midnight. Wind southward with slight drizzling rain.

5 August 1872. Latitude 19.7S. Longitude 179.54W. Course N59W. Wind SSW force 3 to 4 becoming SSE force 4. Under sail. Barometer 30.17 inches . Maximum temperature 75F. 0730. Observed land ahead ( Totoya).0800. Wind veered to the south eastward force 4 with fine weather. 1010.Sighted Matautu WSW. Altered course to West. Noon. South Point S64W North Point Totoya N13W. 1240. Altered course to NW by W to pass between islands of Matautu and Totoya. Levuka observed . Spot bearing N40W 113 miles. 1600. Moala extreme NE by N. Matuku. West extreme S by E. Lost sight of Totoya. 1830. Altered course to NW by W ½ W. 1700. Shortened sail as requisite.

6 August 1872. Wind ESE force 4 becoming SE by E force 3.. 0100. Altered course to N ¾ W. 0320. Shortened sail to Fore topmast staysail and altered course to the north. 0400. Down screw and furled sails. 0445. Commenced steaming dead to wind to keep position until daylight. The morning being thick and no land in sight. Wind ESE force 3 to 4. Daylight. Mbatiki N44W. Oraulau N44W. Proceeded NW by N for Levuka. 0850. Came to with sandy bottom in 16 fathoms and veered to 48 fathoms. At single anchor in Levuka Harbour. Found here French Gunboat VANDREL. Out boom boats. Down upper yards. Unbent sails.

7 August 1872. Wind SE force 1 becoming south easterly force 2. Employed as most requisite.

8 August 1872. Wind SE force 3 becoming ESE force 2. Maximum temperature 81F. Employed scrubbing masts and yards. Sailmakers repairing main topsail.

9 August 1872. Wind SE force 2 becoming ESE force 2. Exercised at General Quarters. Carpenters repairing cutter.

10 August 1872. Wind ESE force 3 becoming south easterly force 3. 0820 French Gunboat VANDREL sailed.. employed cleaning ship.

11 August 1872. Wind SE by E force 2 becoming easterly force 2. Performed Divine Service.

12 August 1872. Wind Easterly becoming north easterly force 2. Passing showers. Party of men ashore firing at butts.

13 August 1872. Calm and light airs becoming north easterly force 2. Barometer 30.16 inches. Training party at rifle drill. Placed schooner ISLE OF BEAUTY under embargo. Watering ship by launch.

14 August 1872. Wind calm becoming north easterly force 1. Maximum temperature 86F. 0755. Bent sails. Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. Sailmakers repairing main topsail. 1040. Furled sails . Down upper yards.

15 August 1872. Wind ESE force 1 to 2 becoming east force 2. Marines at drill. Released schooners TABO-SASO, NANORA and Cutter HER KLUT. Watering ship by launch

16 August 1872. Wind south easterly force 1 becoming ESE force 1. Crossed upper yards and loosed sails.. Hauled out to a bow line. Exercised at General Quarters. Preparing for sea.

17 August 1872. Raised steam on starboard boiler. 0900 Weighed under steam and proceeded out of Levuka Harbour under steam and sail. As soon as clear of the reef stopped and made all plain sail. 1000. Shaped course SSE. Banked fires. Wind ESE force 1 becoming easterly force 1. Maximum temperature 82F. Sea temperature 79F. Noon. Makondranga – North. Mbatika N62E magnetic. 1600. High peak of Ovalau N24W. Angan north extreme N72E. In first reef of Topsails. Sent cutter away to board schooner which was the MARIAN BERNICE on the labour trade from North Hebrides. 1800. Wakayia N4E. Mbatika N40E. 2000. Altered course to SSW ½ W. 2200. Vili on starboard beam.

18 August 1872. Latitude 17.52S. Longitude 178.51E. Wind easterly force 2 with rain becoming SE by E force 5. Under sail. Barometer 30.06 inches. Maximum temperature 75F. Sea temperature 80F. 0345. Ovalau SE by S. 0800. Altered course to S by W ½ W for anchorage. 1300. Shortened and furled sails and commenced steaming. 1330. Weather so thick with rain. Headed off NW wind having freshened suddenly to force 5 with heavy rain making it difficult to approach the land; not being able to discern the reefs and every prospect of the weather lasting. 1420. Altered course to NNE ½ E. and made sail to double reefed Topsails, Courses and Top gallant sails. On Fore and main. 1530. Down Jib, in top gallant sails. 1715. Close reefed Topsails and reefed Courses. 1900. Altered course to NE ½ N. Weather thoroughly set in with heavy rain. Wind SE by E force 6 and squally with cloudy and threatening appearance. The barometer fell very little for at noon it showed 30.04 inches and at 1600 29.97 inches when it gradually rose. At midnight it read 30.05 inches.

19 August 1872. 0700 Anchored of Levuka. . Wind south easterly force 3 decreasing to 2. Under steam and sail. 0030.Sighted Angau island E by N. 0100. Altered course to N by W. 0135. Up Foresail and clewed up Main topsail. 0350. Sighted Mbatiki NE. 0410. Ovalau on port bow.0500. Commenced steaming head to wind to wait for daylight. Levuka WSW. Proceeded for anchorage. Anchored with broken bottom in 15 fathoms and veered to 44 fathoms. Wind SE with squally rainy weather.

20 August 1872. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 3. Barometer 30.12 inches. Employed as most requisite. Sailmakers repairing water tank. 1600. English barque METEOR arrived from Sydney – 12 days out.

21 August 1872. Wind ESE force 3 becoming north easterly force 3. Maximum temperature 81F. 0800. Crossed Top gallant yards and loosed sails. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail. 1100. Furled sails. Sunset. Down Top gallant masts.

22 August 1872. Wind ESE force 3 becoming north easterly force 3. Employed as most requisite. 1700. Up Top gallant masts. Heavy continuous rain. Wind from SSE and squally.

23 August 1872. Wind easterly becoming ENE force 3. Watch making gaskets etc. employed as most requisite.

24 August 1872. Wind easterly force 2. Barometer 30.18 inches. Maximum temperature 81F. Employed cleaning ship throughout.

25 August 1872. Wind easterly force 2 decreasing to 1. Performed Divine Service. Sent Roman Catholics to Chapel. Gave special leave to both watches.

26 August 1872. Wind easterly becoming south easterly force 2. Shifted main topsails yard and jib boom. Sailmakers as requisite. Light easterly wind with passing showers.

27 August 1872. Wind easterly force 1. Barometer 30.10 inches Crossed upper yards and loosed sails. Employed as requisite. Heavy rain all day with light airs from the eastward.

28 August 1872. 1040. Weighed and proceeded out under steam for target practice. 1325 Anchored off Levuka. Wind Light and variable becoming easterly force 1. A change in the weather for the better. Light SE by E wind. Lit fires under port boiler and proceeded at 100 to sea for target practice. Returning at 1330 to anchorage off Levuka in 14 fathoms and veered to 3 ½ shackles.

29 August 1872. Calm and light airs becoming westerly force 1. Out boom boats. Mustered by Open List. Watering per launch.

30 August 1872. Wind SSW force 2 becoming southerly force 2. barometer 30.11 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. Exercised at General Quarters. Sailmakers repairing Fore topsail.

31 August 1872. Wind southerly force 2 becoming south easterly force 2. Barometer 30.15 inches. Employed cleaning ship and as most requisite.

Remarks
On our way from Tutuila to Tonga we had light SE winds although 2 to 3 days before our starting there was a fresh breeze from that direction and which we had hoped would last. A south westerly current set us about 15 miles per day for the first 2 or 3 days. Then as we got further south and nearer the Tonga group a slight north easterly current was felt. Tonga would be difficult to make in bad weather on account of the lowest island of Tongatabu; thought the first to be made would be Eoa situated about ten miles from Tongatuba coast and about 250 feet high; tis island was seen long before we could make out anything else. The channel between the reef and the islands on the starboard hand and the reef bordering the shores of Tongatabu was perfectly clear of danger and moreover our bearings in this case were correct for they always agreed with the chart and our position.

In entering the narrow part of the channel we immediately got in to a very strong tide forming a number of eddies. A pilot (native) here boarded and would persist in saying that the eastern side of the rock was the proper side to go, whereas we had intended to go the other side and which I believe was perfectly safe.(French VANDREUIL having used the same). The pilot was allowed after some time to take us up the eastern passage and proceeding on the bearings on the chart for the anchorage taking us for some purpose of his own round a circular reef off Nakalofa (Nukualofa) instead of straight to town.

Our stay has here was only two days during which we has fine weather and light easterly wind.

We left Tongatuba by the northern passage under steam with light north easterly winds which we had expected to draw round to SE but instead veered round by the northward on the fourth day out gradually hauling to the SW and eventually to SE with a fresh breeze. Sighted Turtle Island whose position agreed with chart and as we has that day very good sights we were able to make use of the longitude.

The weather up to the 17th August was fine with light south easterly winds occasionally veering to the NE . from then we had light easterly winds sometimes freshening from the NE or SE accompanied with heavy continuous rain. The appearance of the weather generally very thick and a settled look of bad weather. Barometer generally very steady.

1 September 1872. Wind south force 3 becoming SSE force 2. Performed Divine Service. 1500. Fired and shotted guns as signal to English Schooner AMERICA. Sent cutter to board and remained all night. Heavy rain.

2 September 1872. Wind SE to ESE force 2. Maximum temperature 80F. Weather fine with light ESE wind. Loosed sails to dry. 100. Furled sails. Employed as requisite.

3 September 1872. Wind northerly force 1increasing to 2. Cloudy and showery all day. Employed as requisite.

4 September 1872. Wind westerly force 1 becoming SSE force 2. Training party and pistol men firing at target.

5 September 1872. Wind easterly force 3. Fresh breeze from the SE. Squally and accompanied with heavy rain. Watch employed as usual.

6 September 1872. Wind south easterly 4 decreasing to 3. Barometer 30.11 inches. Maximum temperature 78F. Exercised at General Quarters. Loosed sails. Party firing shot and shell at target.

7 September 1872. Wind south easterly force 2 increasing to 3. Usual Saturday routine. Light SE to ESE winds with heavy rain showers. Sky overcast and very heavy to the SE.

8 September 1872. Wind south easterly force 2. Barometer 30.07 inches. Performed Divine Service. Gave special leave to both watches.

9 September 1872. Calm and variable force 1 becoming south easterly force 1. Barometer 30 30.15 inches. Employed as necessary. Sailmakers making new target.

10 September 1872. Wind east to SE force 1 becoming SSE force 2. Usual wet weather with south easterly wind. Barometer steady.

11 September 1872. Wind south easterly force 4. Party firing shell at target moored on reef.

12 September 1872. Wind south easterly 1 becoming ESE force 3. Weather cleared up but still overcast and southerly.

13 September 1872. Wind SE force 4 becoming ESE force. Barometer 30.23 inches. Maximum temperature 76F. Wind freshened up from the SE with squalls. 1130. Down top gallant masts. Employed as requisite.

14 September 1872. Wind ESE fore 3. Sounded on a rocky patch off starboard bow; 3 3/3 fathoms. Buoyed and is in our chart as 3 ¾ fathoms but we had we had not seen it before although knowing where it was. Up steam in one boiler and shifted berth further out not having sufficient room between the ship and the shore in the event of our parting our cable and being brought up by another cable. Anchored in 14 fathoms with broken bottom.

15 September 1872. Wind easterly force 4 becoming ESE force 3. Wind moderated. 0800. Up Top gallant masts. Performed Divine Service.

16 September 1872. Wind easterly force 3 decreasing to 2. HTM King Tonkombau visited the ship. Received him with manned yards and fired a Royal Salute on his departure. Launch away watering. As requisite.

17 September 1872. Wind easterly force 2 decreasing to 1. Overcast and thick rainy weather with light easterly winds.

18 September 1872. Wind easterly force 2. Barometer 30 30.12 inches. Dent mails for England onboard English Barque MET????. 1600. In boom boats having completed watering.

19 September 1872. Wind easterly force 2 becoming NE force 2. 1000. Naval court assembled under the Presidency of Captain R.G. Douglas for the trail of Finlay Mac Liver alias Mac Ray; alias Mac Niven alias mac cow and Stephen Scott and John Martin; the former being the present master of Fijian schooner NUKULAU and the latter two men forming part of the crew who served with him in the NUKULAU some months ago under English colours and who are charged with murder and kidnapping in the high seas. 1850. Court adjourned. Light north easterly wind with heavy rain.

20 September 1872. Wind light and variable airs becoming NE force 1. Barometer 30.01 inches. Crossed Royal yards and loosed sails. 1100. Naval court assembled and at 1300 had sentenced prisoners to be conveyed to Sydney for trial. Fine northerly airs. Barometer rather lower than normal. Hoisted in Galley and accommodation ladder. Received 5 Solomon Islanders ( As witnesses in the NUKULAU case) for conveyance to Sydney.

Remarks
The bad weather of August continued during this month with the exception of now and then a fine day but the wind being now settled from the SE and easterly it is generally blowing fresh with almost continuous rain and at times squally. The appearance of the weather being rather unsettled. The barometer being generally steady; standing from 30.06 inches to 30.16 inches and for two days on the wind freshening from SE to ESE it was as high as 30.23.

On arriving from Tongatabu on the 6th we anchored rather further out and towards the shoals and though plenty of room swinging to a southerly wind we were rather close to the shore with a northerly wind. Our markers on this occasion were Hemmings House just open of American Consuls Office and English Consuls flag staff on with right hand corner of Government House. On the 19th our marks were Hemming House open of American Consuls Office and English Consuls flag staff on with High commissioner’s flag staff.

On 14th on shifting berth anchored with Morey’s flagstaff (Red ensign and situated a short distance behind English Consul’s house) on with English Consul’s staff and Hemmings House shut in with American Consul’s Office.

It had been proposed to have staffs placed in the centre of the diamond marks for greater accuracy in steering through the channel in the reef. Our water which was first got from the Key’s Pier and latterly from Hemming’s Pier was considered by good; the water being lead down the pier by pipes and filling our launch from the pipe at the price of ?? per ton.

21 September 1872. 1100. Left harbour under steam. Wind light airs from NE becoming NE force 2 and later north easterly force 1 to 2. 0600. Lit fires under the boilers and being detained for an interpreter for witnesses ( Solomon Islanders) did not weigh until 1115. In clearing the reefs made plain sail and shaped course SSE steaming to get clear of islands and wind being light from the northward. 2300. We were taken by the lee; the wind freshened from SSW suddenly. Stopped steaming ans stood away to the SE. In second reefs of Topsails.

22 September 1872. Latitude 19.29S. Longitude 179.5E. Course S11E. Wind southerly force 2 becoming westerly force 1 to 2. Under sail. Daylight. Wind light from the south and SE. weather fine. Out reefs. The Island of Matautu in sight bearing NE. 0800. Wore and stood SW. Wind falling light and variable. Shortened sail and commenced steaming . Course SW by S. 1500. Lost sight of the Island of Matautu. 1600. Made sail to light airs from the west. Stopped steaming. Up screw.

23 September 1872. Latitude 20.41S. Longitude 179.16E. Course S3E. Wind south westerly force 3 becoming WSW force 2. Under sail. Barometer 29.99 inches. Maximum temperature 73F. Wind unsteady between west and SW force 2 to 3. 1100. Weather Fore mast topsmast backstay carried awy. Fitted a 6 inch preventer backstay and another Topmast backstay. Employed as requisite. 1500. Sisghted a barque standing south. Shifted Topsails.

24 September 1872. Latitude 21.50S. Longitude 179.10E. Course S6W. Wind westerly force 3 decreasing to 1. Under sail. Barometer 30.02 inches. Maximum temperature 80F. A heavy swell from the eastward. Daylight. Sail in sight. Exercised at General quarters. 2000. The swell which had been all day from the eastward now came up from rh SW. the wind being as yesterday.

25 September 1872. Latitude 22.9S. Longitude 172.53E. Course S24W. Wind WNW force 1 to 2. Wind WNW force 1 to 2. Under sail. Maximum temperature 76F. Sea temperature 77F. Daylight. Sail in sight. Employed as requisite. Sailmakers altering awnings. Carpenters repairing galley. Light and steady wind from WNW. Exercised reefing Topsails.

26 September 1872.Latitude 22.9S Longitude 178.30E. Course West. Wind north westerly and easterly becoming NNW to NE. Under sail. Calm and light airs from northward. 0900. Lit fires under both boilers but a light breeze springing up from eastward put them out again. Exercised at General Quarters.

27 September 1872. Latitude 23.3S. longitude 177.16E. Course S52W. Wind northerly force 3 increasing to force 4.Under sail. 0600. Set royals, Fore topmast and Top gallant stud sails. Exercised at General Quarters. Watch employed making mats etc. 1315 In Top gallant stud sails and at Evening Quarters in first reef of Topsails , Royals and Topmast stud sails. 1940. In second reef of Fore and main Topsails and third reef of Mizzen topsail. Today the wind was steady from NW for the first time since we left harbour being in force fro3 to 4 during the day and rising rather squally force 5 to 6 for two or three hours in the evening and ending at WNW. Barometer being rather lower than usual having fallen to 29.88 inches during the afternoon.

28 September 1872. Latitude 24.47S. longitude 176.2E. Course S33W. Wind W by S force 3 becoming south westerly force 3. Under sail. Daylight. Out second reef of Topsails and third reef of Mizzen topsail. Squally and rainy weather. Wind veering to the southward making a decided difference in the temperature. Ship breaking off to eastward of south. Noon. Wore and made about west on the port tack. Shortening and making sail as requisite.

29 September 1872. Latitude 23.57S. Longitude 174.49E. Course N53W. Wind SSW force 3 becoming southerly force 4. Under sail. 0530. Broke off to NW. Wore but wind again shifted to SW and soon to SW.. Observed a barque standing to the westward ( DUKE OF EDINBURGH). 0300. Wind SSW and ship making SE. Wore and made about W by S. altered course to SW ½ W . Performed Divine Service. Variation by Ampe. 100 9’15” East.

30 September 1872. Latitude 24.2S. Longitude 173.3E. Course S87W. Wind SE by S. becoming ESE force 1 to 2. Under sail. Barometer 30.19. Maximum temperature 70F. sea temperature 73F. 0300. Weather fine and wind hauling to the SE. Rounded in and out reefs and made plain sail.. Company at drill. Watch as requisite. Noon. Altered course to SW. wind increasing between SE and SSE with clear sky. Barometer 30.14 inches. Variation by Ampe 110 17’ 15” Easterly

The Log of Midshipman Nedham ends at this point.

18 August 1873 Paid off at Sheerness

September 1873 Chatham

19 May 1875 Sold to Castle Yard for breaking up at Charlton

List of Ship’s Company

Kroomen – (crewmen). Fishermen. A tribe of African Negros inhabiting Cape Palmas, krou-settra and settra-krou, subjects of Great Britain and cannot be made slaves. They are specially employed in wooding and watering where hazardous to European constitutions – the Sailors Word Book Admiral W. H. Smyth

Barrett J. Gr RMA

Black. James Born Scotland, later resided in Co. Durham, was recorded as age 19 aboard the HMS Cossack in the 1871 UK Census. His rank was ordinary seaman. Before his sister married in March, 1876 in Co, Durham, he was reported “lost at sea”.
His father’s name was John Black, resided in Cassop Colliery, Durham previously lived Northumberland

Baloam. J Discharged to HMS Bullfinch 6 June 1870 whilst COSSACK was moored in Port Victoria Harbour Maki.

Beston Mr -Chief Engineer. Joined 29 January 1871 at Trincomalee

Bowler . George Able Seaman fell overboard at 1335 on 12 August 1871 Ship stopped; heaved to and picked up man and Life buoy.

Brooks. William Fell overboard at 1730 28 February 1871 and was recovered by cutter.

Brown Colonel . On board at April 1871.

Burnham. Chas. Ordinary Seaman. Sentenced to 30 days imprisonment on 13 September 1870.

Burrell. James H. Ordinary Seaman, found Guilty at his Court Martial held in November 1866 on board HMS Hibernia, of using threatening and obscene language and attempting to stab Daniel Denny, Master at Arms. He was sentenced to 48 lashes, 2 years imprisonment, and to be dismissed the service with disgrace

Cane. Jno Ordinary. Sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour on 16 August 1870 whilst the ship is in the Navy dock at Coopers Island

Chalmers. Sub Lt. Discharged to NYMPH 8 April 1870
Whilst moored in the Barachois at Maki

Clarke J Punished with 12 cuts of birch on 4 September 1869.
Cause unknown

Cousins. C Musician Loss of 1 GCB 29 January 1870

Denny. Daniel, Master at Arms. On board during 1866

Douglas. Robert Gordon Captain – onboard at 12 August 1871. Superseded Captain Parish 1 October 1971

Mr. Driver Chief Engineer Discharged ( Invalided) to mail ship for
passage to England. 8 June 1870

Edge. Oswald. Boatswain. Fell overboard at 0450 Tuesday 2
November 1869 (Air temperature 720F) whilst ship was at anchor off Johanna. Cutter sent to recover him and he was brought back onboard at 1500

Cockburn. James Horsford Captain 21 August 1855

Fanshaw. Edward Gennys Captain 19 August 1854 – 1855

Ferns. Jas Punished on 5 April 1869 with the birch. Cause
unknown

Mr Flood Midshipman – 2300 15 April 1870 jumped overboard and when brought back on board was found to be drunk and so violent as to be placed under restraint. Court of Enquiry held at 1100 the next day and he was discharged to NYMPH at noon for passage to FORTE

Gale. Henry W Private RMSM 1st Light infantry. Died from disease of the
heart 6.45 pm 3 August 1870 and buried at sea 4 August 1870

Gibson. Abra Punished with 24 cuts of the birch at 0500 29 January 1870.

Gibson, G Boy. Punished with 24 cuts of the birch – 31 August
1869. Cause unknown.

Goggin. J. Able Seaman. Fell from under the maintop at 1730 on 27 June 1870 whilst the ship was at anchor off Zanzibar. Died at 1800. Was buried the next day at Chappancy

Gould Thos. Able Seaman. Died of heart disease 19 April 1871 at 2335. Ship at sea off Rangoon in the Bay of Bengal. Taken ashore for burial at Port Mergui on 20 April 1871

Green. Thomas Able seaman. Read warrant for reduction to 2nd class and imprisonment 9 June 1870. Cause unknown. Whilst at Trincomalee committed to 42 days imprisonment with hard labour. 1 February 1871 cause unknown. ( Classed as an Ordinary)

Grant H.M.D Assistant Paymaster. Discharged Monday 11 July 1870 whilst at anchor at Maki.

Grey. Thomas De-rated to Seaman 2nd class 29 January 1870

Grindy. S. Died 0420 24 July 1872. No reason given

Hall Captain Onboard for Wednesday 6 January 1868

Hallett E.O Navy Lieutenant. Onboard in January 1872 and plotted the accurate position of Richies Reef also known as Tryal Rocks, sometimes spelled Trial Rocks or Tryall Rocks, the Greyhound’s Shoal, is a reef of rock located in the Indian Ocean off the northwest coast of Australia

Hawky .W Reduced AB. to 2nd class 12 August 1870

Ingram. Peter Able Seaman. Sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour on 16 August 1870 whilst the ship is in the Navy dock at Coopers Island, Mauritius.

Mr Honey

Hopkins. C. RM. Discharged to mail ship 25 August 1870 at Coopers
Island, Mauritius for passage to England.

Jones J. Master at Arms. Sent home by mail steamer from Maki
as an invalid 14 April 1870

Joy. J Discharged to HMS Bullfinch 6 June 1870 whilst
COSSACK was moored in Port Victoria Harbour Maki.

Lacy, Chas. Ordinary. Whilst at Trincomalee committed to 42 days
imprisonment with hard labour on 1 February 1871 cause unknown.

Lee. J Bosun in Charge. Discharged to mail ship 26 August 1870 at Coopers Island Mauritius for passage to England.

Lee. Jno Punished with 24 cuts of the birch at 0500 29 January
1870

Lewis Tom Crewman fell overboard 1410 3 December 1870 and
recovered by cutter at 1430.

MacLean Mr – Clerk. Joined the ship 29 January 1871 in Trincomalee

Magrath. John Able Seaman. Whilst at Trincomalee committed to imprisonment for 42 days with hard labour on 1 February 1871. Cause Unknown

McDonogh Doctor. Joined the ship 29 January 1871 in Trincomalee

Matthews. J. Boy First Clas. Sent home by mail steamer from Maki
as an invalid 14 April 1870

Moorman. Richard Captain 16 June 1859

Macpherson. Duncan, Midshipman: 28/07/1869
Date of Navy List – Appointment and date: June
1870:133 – Cossack 28 Jul 1869

Mitford. Mr Paymaster. Attempted to swim ashore on 11 July 1869
just after Midnight. Although the gig was lowered they
only found his clothes with the body being found at 0800. He was buried the same day ashore at Trincomalee Harbour.

Muriston. J QM to Captain M S Knight Carpe RMLI de-rated to
private 29 January 1870

Nedham Charles. S. Midshipman 1868 – 1871. See personal log in archives

Printed appointment completed in manuscript of Charles S. Nedham as Acting Navigating Sub-Lieutenant of HMS Cossack, 1870 and dated HMS Rattlesnake at Simons Bay 26 August 1871.

Neville. Acting navigating Lieutenant joined at Maki on 12 January 1870

Newton. A. Boy First Class .Punished. with 24 cuts of the birch as per Warrant on 15 September 1870 whilst at single anchor off St Denis. Reunion
Neville. Josiah Tailor. Died. 1240 5 December 1870 and was committed to the deep 0720 6 December 1870

Norton. W. Warrant for reducing – Ordinary Seaman – to 2nd class for conduct was read out at 0900 29 July 1870.

Ommany Mr E. M. Assistant Paymaster. Subject of a Court of Inquiry on 15 July 1869. Discharged to shore Tuesday 11 January 1870 as per Admiralty order.

Palmer. Thomas Ordinary. 1 July 1870 placed in cells for 10 days for drunkenness .

Parish. John Edward Captain 9 December 1868 until 1 October 1871

Parsonson Charles 1871

As far as my great grandfather is concerned, his name was Charles (Frederick?) Parsonson.  At age 21 on the 1861 census the Cossack was in Portsmouth Harbour, England.   He was listed as “Ord. 2nd Class”, a single man born in Greenwich, Kent.  I don’t know what ship he was on when the 1871 Census was taken but from some of the information you gave me it said the Cossack was in Australia Station in September of 1871 so my ancestor may have still been on the Cossack.  

In the 1881 census my great grandfather was listed as a crew member on the “British Commerce”.  He was 40 years old and married and his rank was “Master”.  I have discovered that the Commerce sank in the English Channel following a collision with the SS “County of Aberdeen” in 1883.  Only two survived – the captain and the boatswain.  So I believe that my great grandfather went down with that ship and I have a document showing a death registration for him in 1884.

Pope. W. De-rated to Seaman 2nd class 29 January 1870
Invalided home from Maki via the French mail steamer EZMINE for passage to England 23 November 1870. ( Rated AB at time of discharge)

Porter. J Discharged to mail ship for passage to England 26 August 1870 at Coopers Island, Mauritius.
Ordinary Jn Thomas.
Purcy Ordinary. Warrant read for imprisonment 27 august 1870 at Coopers Island, Mauritius.

Rellie 1855 Also served in H.M.S. Shannon which was involved with the Indian Mutiny. Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-59.
Reynard Acting Sub Lt. came onboard from the NYMPH8 April 1870 Whilst moored in the Barachois at Maki

Roberts. Robert Quartermaster. Sent home by mail steamer from Maki as an invalid 14 April 1870

Roberts, Thos C. 6.11.1872 Painter, born at Plymouth, Devon, on the 27th August, 1848; 5’ 3″, light brown hair, grey eyes. 19.3.1873 arrested. Sent onboard HMS Clio.

Roberts W. Boy First class. Punished with 24 cuts of the birch at 0700 27 July 1870

Rodden, Wm. 13.11.1872 AB, born at Westminster, on the 5th May, 1848; 5’ 7″, brown hair, hazel eyes. Sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour on 16 August 1870 whilst the ship was in the Navy dock at Coopers Island, Mauritius. The log spells the name as “Roddan”
Rolland. William Rae Captain 19 May 1863

Rugon. Pierre Francois

Sea-breeze. Tom Krooman (Crewman) Died in hospital 10 November
1870 in Mauritius

Spry Mr S. M Navigator. ?

Saunders A carpenter. Came back drunk from leave at 0715 on 11 October 1869 in the Seychelles and was placed under arrest.

Sanderson. J De-rated to Seaman 2nd class 29 January 1870

Symond Thos. Master at Arms joined from DRAYAD 15 July 1870 at Port Victoria

Shill Mr Discharged to England with three invalids at Mali, Seychelles 19 January 1870

Skibsted? Lt Discharged for Mediter? 19 January 1870 at Mali, Seychelles

Sullivan. Charles 2nd master 1857

Taylor. Lt. Onboard in 1869

Taylor. Received from HMS Bullfinch 6 June 1870 whilst COSSACK was moored in Port Victoria Harbour Maki.

Thomas Jas. B.I. C. Punished with 24 cuts of the birch at 0500 29 January 1870

Thomas. Jn. Ordinary. Warrant read for imprisonment 27 August 1870 at Coopers Island, Mauritius.

Tom. Peter Krooman (Crewman) Died 0015 Sunday 5 September
1869 and was buried ashore at 1700 in Trincomalee
(Ceylon)

Mr Tout Engineer. Joined at Port Victoria 14 July 1870.
Reprimanded 19 September 1870 for committing a nuisance in his mess. Refusing to get it cleaned up. Cautioned as to his future conduct.

Wade. Michael. Punished on Wednesday 17 February 1869 with 21 cuts of the birch

Ward. J Received from HMS Bullfinch 6 June 1870 whilst COSSACK was moored in Port Victoria Harbour Maki. This may be the Ward that was reduced to second class and 30 days imprisonment on 19 August 1870 whilst the ship was moored at Coopers Island, Mauritius.

White Richard Dunning Captain 26 May 1865

Mr White. Arrested onboard at 0945 Tuesday 13 April 1869. Cause unknown.
Wilmot. Ed. Private RMLI. Reduced to second class and 30 days imprisonment on 19 August 1870 whilst the ship was moored at Coopers Island, Mauritius.

Wright. Robert Ropemaker Invalided home from Maki via the French mail steamer EZMINE for passage to England 23 November 1870
COSSACK – Australia.

Name Origin: HMS Cossack was the ship that bought Governor Sir Frederick Weld to the Tsien Tsin Harbour.
Nestled at the mouth of the Harding River some 12kms North of Roebourne. Cossack has experienced a somewhat chequered past to bring it to its present state of today. The town was originally named Tien Tsin after the boat which carried the first settlers in 1863. The town was established as the major shipping port for the Northwest. The township soon became home to a large pearling fleet, and named Cossack after a visit from Governor Weld in the war ship “Cossack” in 1871.

With the cry of Gold in the 1880’s, hundreds of prospectors streamed through the port to seek their fortunes in the Pilbara fields. Cossacks fortune changed in the 1890’s when the silting of the harbour along with the growing need for an increase in the size of ships servicing the flourishing pastoral industry made the Harbour impractical. In 1910 the facilities were relocated to Point Samson. Hard times followed resulting in the eventual abandoning of the town in the early 1950’s. From then until 1979 the majestic stone buildings lay in ruins but once the historical significance of the town was realised, restoration work began to return them to their former glory. Today Cossack offers a unique look at our colonial past with a total of five of the original buildings now been fully restored. These include the Old Post office and Telegraph building which now houses the Art Gallery. The Old Court house which houses the Shakespeare-Hall Social History Museum, the Customs House now home of the Tea Rooms and Galbraith’s Store (See photo). It is planned that continued restoration work will be undertaken on the remaining buildings within the area. Cossack today beckons the traveller and offers truly a unique glimpse into out region’s past. The WA Museum and University of Western Australia are conducting ongoing archaeology at Cossack. Many of the items recovered date back to 1808, and are on display in the Old Courthouse Museum. There are a number of Aboriginal rock engravings on the surrounding cliff faces of the beaches around Cossack.

Pacific Islanders’ Protection Bill

When the 1872 Pacific Islanders’ Protection Bill reached its committee stage in the British Parliament in April and the Royal Naval presence in the Pacific was increased, naval officers found they had rather more in common with Consul March. As they went around the islands, they were most zealous in their duty to ‘impress on the chiefs that the English Government does not countenance and will not allow the kidnapping to go on’. Indeed, Captain Douglas of HMS Cossack sent his superiors three letters – with 103 enclosures and sub-enclosures – as witness to his earnestness in dealing with the cutter Volunteer alone. To what extent March’s behaviour in the matter of the Carl was influenced by his attitude towards the white elements in the Cakobau government is difficult to assess – and his espousal of the islander’s cause does seem rather at odds with his so-called racist views. Nevertheless, he too appears to have been genuinely concerned for the imported labourers’ welfare, and as zealous as Douglas in his attempts to regulate the labour trade.

It was March who issued licenses for the various labour vessels flying the British flag before they set out on their quest, and who conferred a measure of legality on their efforts; he also inspected the ships on their return, in order to ensure that the natives they carried had come of their own free will, and were in good health. Entries in his diary show him to have been highly critical of the whole business in general, and the callousness of the employers in particular:

Such blackguards included not only the captains and crews of the labour vessels, but also the planters and merchants on shore. In one official report March cited the example of the Nukulau, a ship that had sailed without consular clearance, to illustrate the difficulties under which he was working:

The Smith referred to was just one of a number of planters and traders in the Cakobau government who were in an ideal position to obstruct the consul – and did. It is not surprising, either, that their attitude was taken as official, and was adopted by captains who also felt themselves to be immune. All this should be kept in mind in the light of subsequent events. It was against this background of conflict between the two authorities on Ovalua, each with their own quite different interests, that Captain Joseph Armstrong brought his ship safely back to port. On Thursday, 18 April 1872, after many weeks at sea, and bearing the dangers of rocks, reefs, poisoned arrows – and the equally hazardou8s pleasures of Ponape – those on board the brig Carl breathed a sigh of relief. The vessel negotiated the narrow channels between the outlying islands, made for safe anchorage at Levuka, and it was over now they would reap the rewards of their labours, the head money would be apportioned more or less fairly, and they could be off to their various forms of rest and recreation.

Alas, once ashore on Ovalua – a port shared by the Royal Navy ships of the Australian station and patrolled by Consul March – the reality was to prove quite different.

In his account of his experiences in the South Seas, Captain George Palmer reckoned that the consul for Fiji and Tonga had ‘as difficult a billet as any gentleman in the diplomatic line, or indeed any other’. He was referring to 1869, when the islands harboured ‘every variety of villains from the neighbouring colonies’. By 1872 that particular consul had been replaced, although the villains stayed the same. Except that now the ‘Melbourne sharper’ and the ‘Sydney defaulter’, types described by the captain in his book, could – in Edward March’s opinion at least, – be found in King Cakobau’s cabinet. The Fijian government, for its part, expressed its contempt for the British consul in the most courteous of terms, but that contempt was plain. Matters between the warring parties came to a head after the arrival of Dr. Murray’s Carl.

On 23 April, Minister for Native Affairs F. E. Hennings respectfully invited Consul March to accompany him on board the brig that afternoon to inspect the native labour force and check that all was in order. The invitation apparently failed to reach March in time, and Hennings went alone, returning to his office afterwards, he found a message to the effect that March had already ‘done the needful, so there is no occasion for my going again, especially as the weather is bad and I am suffering from a bad foot’. 

It was a lame excuse in every sense for what may have been a piece of very bad manners. Bad foot or no, March was so appalled by what he found – ‘a state of confusion, the master intoxicated, and the discipline among the crew correspondingly bad’ – that he immediately swung into action. The natives were disembarked in batches, taken to the consulate, and suitable interpreters summoned. All, it soon became clear, ‘had been kidnapped and brought to Fiji against their will’. Moreover, the consul informed his superiors in England, the Line Island natives had told him they had been ‘cowed to the last degree whilst in the vessel’. Through the interpreters March was told of three deaths, and after the interviews two natives stayed on in the consulate: an old man deemed too ill to go anywhere else, and a girl who spoke English and who for three years had been under the tuition of an American missionary on Ebon Island in the Marshalls and the missionary’s wife. It must have been extremely galling for March to find out later that when Minister Hennings had followed him on to the Carl that day he had – contrary to the consul’s clear instructions – passed the immigrants fit for labour in the name of the Fijian government, and that most of them were quickly engaged for the plantations.

As well as being the Minister for Native Affairs, Frederick Hennings happened to be ‘the consignee of the Carl, the mortgagee of the Carl, and the person most interested in the disposal of the natives’. He was also, as March who was half Spanish on his mother’s side pointed out, German by birth and a naturalised Fijian – as if nothing more needed to be said. Hennings was promptly defended by his colleague, John Thurston, the Fijian Minister for Foreign Relations: March had passed the natives taken on the first ‘piratical’ voyage as having been honourably acquired, Hennings had been acting as the brig’s agent and not in his ministerial capacity when he in turn passed those recruited on the second. Thurston failed to point out that Fred Hennings was also acting for the brother and himself, and that the brig’s living cargo was transferred to their Makogai Island plantation, where they were immediately put to work. (They were still there months later, and three of them were found by Edward March before he relinquished office, ‘lying upon a mat on the ground, their glassy eyes telling of approaching death, turned towards me as if making a last appeal to be returned to their people’. Some were already dead ‘from consumption and the penetrating influence of deep dejection’.

The antagonism between Thurston and March was inevitable. Thurston had been acting consul and had fully expected the position to be his permanently; instead, March replaced him in November 1869. Thurston was not impressed with his successor, and his assessment of the consul as being both vain and idle was shared by many during the two years March was in his post. For a long time Thurston held out against pleas to join the Cakobau government and kept aloof from politics altogether, and it was only March’s espousal of the racist elements in planter society that forced him to change his mind.
‘If I am now a Fiji-man’, he told a friend when he had finally thrown in his lot with independent government, it was because of the man he termed ‘Don Eduardo’ or ‘this half bred Spanish bigot – an interesting turn of phrase for an official now pledged to promote harmony among the races. 

As well as dealing with the natives, Thurston’s ministerial colleague, Fred Hennings, also took care of the ailing Dr. Murray, who was ‘so ill that he had to be carried on shore and was placed in an empty house having no communication at all with the outside world’ – as Murray’s still devoted wife Caroline put it in her letter to officialdom on her husband’s behalf.

Certainly, while the brig Carl remained at anchor and the drunken debauch that had so scandalised the consul presumably went on, its owner stayed for some weeks in a detached cottage outside the town close to Hennings’ own residence under the care of Levuka’s Dr. Brown, and with his life, as he thought, in supreme danger. As he recovered from the effects of the ague that had laid him low from early in the voyage, he became aware of the consul’s interest in his affairs. Accordingly, and perhaps predictably, James Patrick Murray decided to take the necessary steps to preserve his reputation – and his neck. On 29 April, Edward March accepted Dr. Murray’s invitation to call. It was the consul’s third visit and with him came William Mitchell, another physician, anxious to check the sick man’s health. Dr. Brown, the man being paid to affect a cure, was reluctant to leave the patient alone with his visitors, which, in the light of what followed, was understandable. In a move which was to mean the end of the brig Carl’s usefulness to Fred Hennings, trader, and deal a considerable blow to the dignity not only of Hennings the minister, but of the Fijian government itself, Murray was invited to finish his convalescence at the consulate where, with March’s every encouragement, he made three devastating depositions concerning his former companions. 
The third and last deposition concentrates on the initial voyage alone, and is a horrifying account of the massacre that took place in September 1871 off the Solomon Islands. Because of the public outcry at the loss of those seventy or so human lives which formed the basis of the charges against the Carl, little attention was given to the deposition covering the subsequent events of December 1871 to April 1872, and they have largely been forgotten. They are startlingly damning documents and coming as they do from someone so deeply involved himself, they are little short of incredible. Upon examination, however, it becomes obvious why Dr. Murray made them.

The informed reader who knows of Murray’s behaviour after the failure of the Ladies’ Leichhardt Expedition back in 1869, and remembers the way in which the physician forestalled censure of his actions by casting the blame elsewhere, will have a sense of deja vu. But this time Murray readily admitted himself to be at fault. That he was guilty of murder, anyone on board the brig in September 1871 would swear, anyway, but when he set his name to his final testimony he called on a higher power as witness for the defence.

As a result, he added, he had ‘registered a sacred vow to devote my future life, as far as possible, to the suppression to this infamous and sanguinary traffic’.

Murray realised no doubt that his story of what had taken place on the second voyage would seem fantastic, and that he might even be called mad. He explained Hennings’ attempt to keep him in seclusion after his return as a calculated attempt to derange his mind, and render his evidence inadmissible. The reason for his taking part in the second voyage was, the doctor said, for reasons of health: he had some down with ague on Tanna Island and felt that se breezes would help his recovery. He left William Scott, his friend and partner, on the island to run their plantation – and, incidentally, meet his death at the hands of the natives – and looked to Captain Armstrong and the Carl’s young passenger, Archibald Watson, to care for him in his convalescence. At some point during the voyage, Murray said in his second deposition, feelings towards him changed. He was treated as not being quite in his senses, and subjected to a long process of persecution – first of a bantering nature, but finally of such proportions that he feared for his life.

Murray’s account of what occurred on board the ship was delivered under oath, but that does not necessarily make it the truth. That he was ill is evident: Watson’s log bears witness to that. That Archie took care of him, and that the crew saved him from drowning is also true. Did the whites perhaps indulge in a certain degree of horseplay to relieve the daily tedium, which Murray in his delirium misinterpreted? If they had seriously intended to dispose of him, as the doctor testified, and later elaborated, it would surely have been easy enough to arrange …
Whatever the truth, Murray lay for weeks in Hennings’ cottage in Levuka, brooding over the real or imagined dangers he had survived. When Edward March began to visit him and talk of his perceived mission to bring all blackbirders to justice, Murray must have begun to feel alarm. With the mention of HMS Cossack’s expected visit to the island, I believe the doctor panicked. And as the seriousness of his position struck home, the gravity of the charges he laid against his former companions intensified, in first one, then a second, then a third series of accusations brought against them to quick succession.
Murray’s charges led the consul to do all in his power to keep the Carl in Fiji. This was not difficult, as Murray, the owner, had given no orders to sail. In a place like Levuka where gossip was rife, the sudden friendship between the physician and the consul would have been the subject of some speculation – enough for Archie Watson, now clear of the Carl, to assess his own position. 
If Archie had indeed taken no part in the brig’s first voyage, there was no denying his presence on the second. As HMS Cossack approached the island of Ovalau, the so-called poisoner of James Patrick Murray and his ‘most inveterate enemy began to think of his future. Accordingly, he took the precaution of finding himself a lawyer. Who better to advise him than James Stewart Butters, one time mayor of Melbourne, presently colleague of Frederick Hennings and Speaker of the Fiji House of Commons – a man no stranger to litigation himself, and who had the mental and physical agility to escape any unheralded danger. Butters’s sang-froid was communicated to his young client and former associate, and – for the time being anyway – Archibald Watson kept his head.
 
Extract from Chapter Twelve – Painting the Islands Vermilion – Archibald Watson and the Brig Carl 
Jennifer M. T. Carter
Melbourne University Press 1999

Research sources:

The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to the Death of Queen Victoria by Sir Wm. L Clowes & others – Vol. VI. First published in 1903: Published again in 1997 by Chatham Publishing: ISBN No 1 86176 015 9.

British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817 – 1863 Design, Construction, Careers and Fates” by Rif Winfield Seaforth Publishing ISBN 987-1-8432-169-4

The internet (sources not guaranteed)

Painting the Islands Vermilion Extract from Chapter Twelve – – Archibald Watson and the Brig Carl 
Jennifer M. T. Carter
Melbourne University Press 1999

Relatives of the ship’s company

The National Archives
ADM 38/5903
ADM 38/5904
ADM 38/7858
ADM38/7859
ADM38/7860
ADM38/7861
ADM38/7862

The Times 9 January 1861

The Log of Midshipman C.S Nedham 9 December 1868 to 23 February 1869 held by the Naval Museum Portsmouth

 

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